- WFP: Brief Reporting period: 01 Jul – 30 Sep 2015
- Situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - Note by the Secretary-General (A/70/362)
- FAO: GIEWS Country Brief (as of 09 Sep 2015)
Appeals & Funding
Millions of vulnerable households globally could face increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9 to 12 months. Typically, this climatic condition develops during April-June and reaches maximum strength during December-February; this event could be the most powerful on record (Earth Institute 2015).
DPRK experienced flooding associated with seasonal rains in early August, and from Tropical Cyclone Goni on 22-23 August, affecting South Hwanghae and South and North Hamgyong Provinces.
A long period of abnormally dry weather has caused drought in DPR Korea (DPRK) affecting agricultural production, reducing access to water and leading to a deterioration of health, nutrition and sanitary conditions.
18 million affected in PDS-dependent households who are vulnerable to food insecurity and malnutrition.
According to official meteorological data, all provinces received below average rainfall, particularly in May and June this year.
Caribbean - Tropical Cyclone ERIKA
• ERIKA continues moving north-west as a Tropical Storm. On 27 August, at 9.00 UTC, its centre was located between Grand Terre of Guadeloupe and the island of Antigua.
• Over the next 24h, ERIKA’s intensity may slightly increase, but will remain a Tropical Storm. Its centre is forecast to pass near or over portions of the Leeward Islands and the British Virgin Islands on 27 August and near or north of Puerto Rico early on 28 August UTC.
Portugal – Forest fire
• A forest fire broke out in the municipality of Gouveia in the district of Guarda, central-northern Portugal, on 10 August. The fire is located near the civil parish of Aldeias e Mangualde da Serra. As of early 12 August, it was still active and nearly 400 firefighting personnel was involved in the extinguishing effort.
• According to EFFIS, the fire burnt an area of approx. 1,243 ha (as of 11 August).
For the last eighteen months, a long period of abnormally dry weather has affected DPR Korea (DPRK) affecting agricultural production, reducing access to water and leading to a deterioration of health, nutrition and sanitary conditions.
On 8 Aug Typhoon Soudelor killed six people in Taiwan, Province of China.
On 9 Aug Souledor hit Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Anhui provinces in mainland China.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
Drought and extreme cold weather since early Jul in remote and inland Papua Province, particularly Lani Jaya and Puncak Jaya Districts, has created acute food insecurity. Eleven people died, including seven children and 20,160 households are reportedly affected.
Local government is providing assistance, including 28 tonnes of food.1
Following days of heavy rain, there was flooding in Aceh Jaya District of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province on 15 Jul. Over 7,900 houses were inundated and 25,750 people affected, including almost 2,300 displaced.
For the last eighteen months, a long period of abnormally dry weather in DPR Korea (DPRK) has led to lower agricultural production, reduced access to water for drinking and irrigation, and led to a deterioration of health, nutrition and sanitary conditions. At least 70 per cent of those who are currently relying on Public Distribution System and are thus vulnerable to fluctuation in production (18 million people), could be seriously impacted by food shortages if alternative food resources are not made available.
PHILIPPINES - Severe weather
• Strong winds and heavy rains have been affecting northern and central Philippines over several days, due to the Southwest Monsoon enhanced by the Tropical Cyclones CHAN-HOM ("FALCON“) and LINFA ("EGAY").
• As of 14 July (NDRRMC), there are 16 dead and over 8,600 families affected in Luzon and Visayas.
• Over the next 24 h more heavy rain and thunderstorms, and possible consequent flash floods and landslides, may still affect some areas of Luzon.
- CHAN-HOM made landfall in the coast of Zhoushan city, Zhejiang province, on11 July at 8.40 UTC, as a strong Typhoon (max.sustained winds peed at 6.00 UTC was 157km/h).
It subsequently exited into the East China Sea and moved north-east towards DPRK, weakening into a Tropical Storm.
Typhoon Chan-Hom made landfall early on 11 Jul in Zhujiajian Township in the island city of Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, as a category 1 typhoon before being downgraded to a tropical storm on 12 Jul. Chan-Hom is decreasing intensity as it moves northeast. Some 1.9 million people in nine cities were affected by the storm, including more than 1.1 million evacuated as a precaution. No casualties are reported.
1.1 million people evacuated
Heavy rainfall across West Bengal caused landslides killing an estimated 40 people with many still missing.
Continuing rainfall is impeding relief efforts as the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) attempts to carry out rescue efforts.
There is a shortage of food and safe drinking water in the affected areas.
40 people dead
The NDRF is working alongside national disaster teams at the landslide sites. Heavy rainfall is expected to continue up to 9 Jul.
Elevation and Bathymetry
The region is home to the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China) at 8,848m, as well as the deepest surveyed point in the oceans,
Challenger Deep in the Marianas Trench at 10,911m.
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA DPR
In January 2015, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator allocated US$98.5 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to boost life-saving relief in 12 countries where humanitarian needs are high but financial support is low. Some $77.5 million will go to six countries affected by the crisis in Syria. Another $13 million will support aid operations in three countries in the Great Lakes Region in Africa, where the long running conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to have disastrous effects.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.