- FAO: GIEWS Country Brief, 13 Jul 2015
- UNICEF: Children’s lives at serious risk if DPR Korea drought continues, 8 Jul 2015
- IFRC: DPR Korea Annual Report 2014 (MAAPK002)
Appeals & Funding
· The growing season of May-October 2015 in east Asia is unfolding under an evolving El Nino event that will peak in late 2015.
· Below average rainfall has been the dominant feature of the 2015 season across East Asia, particularly from Myanmar across to southern Vietnam, where noticeable delays in the onset of the agricultural growing season have already been detected.
El Niño in Asia: Prolonged dry weather in several countries affecting plantings and yield potential of the 2015 main season food crops
Prolonged dry weather associated with El Niño has impaired the production outlook for the ongoing 2015 main season in several countries, including Cambodia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Philippines and Viet Nam
Snapshot 22–28 July 2015
Somalia: More than 10,000 people have been displaced in Lower Shabelle and Bay regions since AMISOM and Somali armed forces began their offensive. Al Shabaab has lost control of Bardhere in Gedo and Dinsoor in Bay. In accessible areas of Hudur town, Bakool, 33% GAM and 19% SAM were observed in a MUAC assessment in July – a significant deterioration since June. Very critical malnutrition rates persist in Bulo Burde, Hiraan.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Prolonged dry spell affected plantings and yield potential of 2015 food crops
Sharply reduced 2014/15 early season crops for second consecutive year
Government reduced the food rations for first distribution in July
Higher cereal import requirements forecast for 2014/15 marketing year (November/October)
Snapshot 15–21 July 2015
Iraq: More than 74,440 people have been displaced from Saqlawiyah in Falluja district since 8 July, and tens of thousands reportedly remain trapped in Falluja and Ramadi districts. There are now more than 3.1 million IDPs across 3,613 locations in Iraq; 300,000 people have been displaced from and within Anbar since military operations began in April.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
Drought and extreme cold weather since early Jul in remote and inland Papua Province, particularly Lani Jaya and Puncak Jaya Districts, has created acute food insecurity. Eleven people died, including seven children and 20,160 households are reportedly affected.
Local government is providing assistance, including 28 tonnes of food.1
Following days of heavy rain, there was flooding in Aceh Jaya District of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province on 15 Jul. Over 7,900 houses were inundated and 25,750 people affected, including almost 2,300 displaced.
Hot weather devastating farmland has led to an abundance of seafood in the East Sea, and citizens are desperate to reap the benefits. Daily NK report
Wednesday 15 July 2015 00.00 EDT Last modified on Wednesday 15 July 2015 04.27 EDT
With North Korea in the midst of a severe drought, residents are rushing to the East Sea to catch squid. News of the profits available has spread rapidly, spurring a growth in seasonal jobs and a huge increase in the the price of housing along the country’s coast.
Officials at the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization say North Korea has reduced the amount of food it gives to its people.
Cristina Coslet is the FAO’s Global Information and Early Warning System officer for Far East Asia. Ms. Coslet spoke to VOA by telephone. She said North Korean officials told the FAO that food rations for July are 310 grams per person per day. That is a 25 percent decrease from June. The average food ration between January and June 2015 was 410 grams daily.
For the last eighteen months, a long period of abnormally dry weather in DPR Korea (DPRK) has led to lower agricultural production, reduced access to water for drinking and irrigation, and led to a deterioration of health, nutrition and sanitary conditions. At least 70 per cent of those who are currently relying on Public Distribution System and are thus vulnerable to fluctuation in production (18 million people), could be seriously impacted by food shortages if alternative food resources are not made available.
PHILIPPINES - Severe weather
• Strong winds and heavy rains have been affecting northern and central Philippines over several days, due to the Southwest Monsoon enhanced by the Tropical Cyclones CHAN-HOM ("FALCON“) and LINFA ("EGAY").
• As of 14 July (NDRRMC), there are 16 dead and over 8,600 families affected in Luzon and Visayas.
• Over the next 24 h more heavy rain and thunderstorms, and possible consequent flash floods and landslides, may still affect some areas of Luzon.
Snapshot 8–14 July 2015
Yemen: More than 1,500 civilians have been killed since conflict began to escalate in March, and airstrikes and fighting continue despite the agreement to a six-day humanitarian pause over 11–17 July. There are now 1.26 million IDPs in the country – a 24% increase since mid-June. Only 20% of the fuel needed is available in the country, which is impacting upon all basic needs.
- CHAN-HOM made landfall in the coast of Zhoushan city, Zhejiang province, on11 July at 8.40 UTC, as a strong Typhoon (max.sustained winds peed at 6.00 UTC was 157km/h).
It subsequently exited into the East China Sea and moved north-east towards DPRK, weakening into a Tropical Storm.
Typhoon Chan-Hom made landfall early on 11 Jul in Zhujiajian Township in the island city of Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, as a category 1 typhoon before being downgraded to a tropical storm on 12 Jul. Chan-Hom is decreasing intensity as it moves northeast. Some 1.9 million people in nine cities were affected by the storm, including more than 1.1 million evacuated as a precaution. No casualties are reported.
1.1 million people evacuated
Seoul, South Korea | AFP | Friday 7/10/2015 - 06:46 GMT
June rainfall has helped alleviate what North Korea has described as its worst drought for a century, although key rice-producing areas remain badly affected, the South Korean government said Friday.
"It seems that ... the situation has considerably eased," Unification Ministry spokesman Jeong Joon-Hee told reporters.
The ministry said that, following an extremely dry May, rainfall in June had reached 90 percent of the level recorded a year ago.
Prospects for world cereal production in 2015 remain favourable, despite recent adverse weather conditions in some regions and continuing concerns over El Niño, with the global cereal supply and demand outlook for 2015/16 pointing to generally stable conditions.