- Human Rights Watch: North Korea: Events of 2015
- IFRC: DPRK Floods DREF operation n° MDRKP011 Update n° 2, 22 Dec 2015
- Situation of human rights in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - Note by the Secretary-General (A/70/362)
Appeals & Funding
Between January and December 2015, open sources reported 29 times on administrative decisions by states (26) or non-state actors (3) that affected aid agencies’ abilities to deliver aid. Seven reports referred to newly introduced bills, laws or regulations and 22 described specific measures using existing laws or regulations that affected the work of humanitarian organisations or their local partners.
Summary of WFP assistance
Subfreezing temperatures in North Korea’s northern provinces this month have caused water main pipes to freeze and burst, cutting off tap water supplies to local residents, sources inside the country said.
“As the temperature suddenly dipped below minus-30 degrees Celsius (minus-22 degrees Fahrenheit), the water pipes froze and burst in many parts of Chongjin city,” a source in North Hamgyong province said.
Chongjin is the capital of the province and North Korea’s third-largest city.
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
(Bangkok, 2 February 2016) United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 29 January 2016 released US$ 8 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for severely underfunded aid operations in the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea (DPRK). These funds will enable life-saving assistance for more than 2.2 million people most vulnerable and at risk of malnutrition. The DPRK was one of nine countries to receive such grants within the overall $100 million allocation to underfunded emergencies.
North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is an authoritarian state with a dynastic leadership that is among the most repressive in the world. In 2015, his fourth year in power, leader Kim Jong-Un continued to intensify repression, increased control over the North Korean border with China to prevent North Koreans from escaping and seeking refuge overseas, and tightened restrictions on freedom of movement inside the country.
Background and purpose
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has as its **Strategic Objective 5** to “Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises”. In support of its national counterparts, FAO aims to address the current and future needs of vulnerable people affected by the 2015‒2016 El Niño event.
$100 million has been approved from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) during the first 2016 underfunded emergencies allocation round to assist 4.5 million people in nine silent and severely underfunded crises. The funds will sustain life-saving relief in emergencies where levels of risk and vulnerability are alarmingly high, but available resources for humanitarian response are critically low.
(Addis-Abeba/New York, 29 janvier 2016) Aujourd’hui, le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies Ban Ki-moon a débloqué 100 millions de dollars du Fonds central de l’ONU pour les interventions d’urgence (CERF) en faveur d’opérations humanitaires qui manquent cruellement de fonds dans le cadre de neuf situations d’urgence négligées.
(Addis Ababa/New York, 29 January 2016) - United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today released US$100 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for severely underfunded aid operations in nine neglected emergencies. The funds will enable life-saving help for millions of people forced from their homes in Central and Eastern Africa, those affected by conflict and food insecurity in Libya and Mali, and the most vulnerable and at risk of malnutrition in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
2016 Requirements: US$4,209,600
UN children’s agency wants £12.6m to help 25,000 children affected by country’s severe drought as part of global £1.9bn appeal for 2016
Tuesday 26 January 2016 05.30 EST Last modified on Tuesday 26 January 2016 06.47 EST
About 25,000 children in North Korea require immediate treatment for malnutrition after a drought cut food production by a fifth and the government reduced rations, Unicef has warned.
Total affected population: 11 million
Total affected children (under 18): 6 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 6.9 million
Total children under 5 to be reached in 2016: 1.7 million
2016 programme targets
• 4.9 million people (including women of child-bearing age, pregnant women, lactating women and children aged 6 to 24 months) received micronutrient supplementation
• 25,000 children aged 0 to 59 months affected by SAM admitted for treatment
Burundi: As the security situation continues to deteriorate, the UN Security Council has expressed concern over possible mass atrocities and ethnic violence. Clashes continues in several areas of the country. Burundian refugees in DRC expressed fears over possible cross-border attacks by government forces.
Nigeria: An outbreak of Lassa viral haemorrhagic fever was announced in Nigeria on 8 January. At least 140 suspected cases and 30 confirmed cases, including 53 deaths, have been reported in 14 states. The indicated case fatality rate stands at 37.9%.
Gambia: Almost 182,000 people (9% of the population) are severely food insecure after erratic rains caused drought and crop failure. Most affected regions are Upper River, West Coast, and Northern Bank.
DRC: Violence between Hutu and Nande, in Miriki, Lubero, Nord-Kivu, allegedly over land, has left 17 dead and over 20,000 displaced. The displaced urgently need food and drinking water.
Iraq: In Ramadi and Hawija, Islamic State has stalled civilians’ attempts to escape conflict zones and persecution. People from Hawija must trek for two days across mountainous terrain to reach safety: 60 people were reported to have died on the journey between November 2015 and January 2016.
Media Statement by Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director for WHO South-East Asia
On 13 January, WHO South-East Asia Region completes five years without any case of wild poliovirus. This is a remarkable achievement in view of the continued threat of poliovirus importation from the remaining polio-endemic countries.
Zimbabwe: A poor 2014/2015 harvest coupled with delayed onset of rains this cropping season have left 1.5 million people facing food insecurity from January through March 2016. Government maize stocks are dangerously low and humanitarian food assistance plans underfunded. Over 850,000 people urgently require assistance.
December 2015 – Trends
- Deteriorated situations
Afghanistan, Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Niger
- Improved situations
January 2016 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts
- Conflict resolution opportunities