Snapshot 25 November–1 December 2015
Cameroon: New data indicate that 158,316 people are internally displaced – this is 65,000 more than the previous estimate. The vast majority have been displaced by Boko Haram-related violence, with fewer than 15% displaced by flooding and other natural disasters. Movement stays within Far North region, and Logone-et-Chari hosts around 60% of all IDPs.
The 2015 World AIDS Day causes feelings of loss and sadness as we commemorate the millions of people who have lost their lives to this epidemic during the past 35 years. However, on this occasion we also have good reason for hope. Public health experts have demonstrated the effectiveness of combination anti-retroviral medications (ARVs) in prolonging the lives of some 15 million people who now have access to them throughout the world, including in many of the low income countries.
An NGO with offices in Papua New Guinea's Eastern Highlands says a little rain has eased some of the drought pressure, but no enough to allow crop planting.
Read the full article on the Radio New Zealand International
Already in her 70s, Rufina Moi was forced to leave the Carteret Islands, Papua New Guinea, two years ago. A number of factors influenced her decision to leave behind her home, with the main one being land degradation: the declining area of land available to cultivate due to high population growth and sea-level rise. Losing her land presented problems she felt she could only deal with by leaving.
Regions in Papua New Guinea have been experiencing a significant drought over the past few months, with conditions likely to worsen. Megan Krolik, Disaster Risk Reduction Coordinator for the Pacific region, explains the situation.
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Posted by Richard Edwards
Climate change is already impacting the people of the Pacific. In Papua New Guinea, families are struggling to access water and put food on the table because of a severe drought. In Samoa, the owner of a modest beachfront resort has watched for years as her property erodes, with storm surges and flooding battering the shore, pulling her property toward the sea.
These are just a few of the courageous people I have met in the few months since I became the U.S. Agency for International Development’s Regional Coordinator for the Pacific.
Recurrent earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and volcanoes present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Some countries also face civil unrest and associated humanitarian impacts, as well as limited government capacity to respond to disasters. Between FY 2006 and FY 2015, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
Introduction and Executive Summary
A Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) is designed to provide information about the different needs, capacities and coping strategies of women, men, girls and boys in a crisis. The objective of this RGA is to provide an overview of the gender relations between men, women, boys and girls in those Papua New Guinea’s highland provinces affected by drought and frost as a result of the 2015 El Niño event.
Overview of El Nino in Papua New Guinea (PNG)
El Niño affects the weather in large parts of the world, depending strongly on location and season. The strongest effects on lowering precipitation are in South-East Asia and the western Pacific Ocean, especially in the dry season (August-November) where severe droughts can prevail (OCHA, 2015).
An official in Papua New Guinea's Eastern Highlands province says the area has seen a 50 percent drop in agricultural production because of the current drought.
The secretary of the Eastern Highlands Agriculture Society, Solepa Thomas Arganisafa, says the province is experiencing a decrease in many staple crops.
Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International.
As many as 4.7 million people in 13 Pacific countries (2.4 million in PNG and the total populations of the remaining Pacific nations) are at risk of adverse effects of drought including water shortages, food insecurity and disease.
Governments are taking measures to mitigate the potential impacts of the drought. The government is delivering water to drought affected areas in Fiji.
The Vanuatu government is delivering food to affected communities especially those affected by Tropical cyclone Pam.
This report examines trends over the first half of 2015 in both open-source and agency-reported data. We are pleased that this quarterly security analysis includes information from 11 contributing agencies - one more than last quarter. As compared to last quarter, this edition contains more reported incidents both from open sources (88, up from 51) and agencies (223, up from 198). As described below, many of the additional reported incidents affected humanitarian infrastructure and occurred in Africa and the Middle East.
World Toilet Day 2015: new World Bank report finds severe lack of access to water & sanitation for thousands of families across the Pacific
SYDNEY, November 19, 2015 – As more and more families migrate from rural areas to Pacific capital cities, water, sanitation and health challenges in rapidly growing informal settlements in key Pacific capital cities are in urgent need of response, according to a new World Bank report.
There is a need for Papua New Guinea to develop a regional relief assistance framework that will build links across Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies.
This is given the fact that PNG faces major threats on natural disasters and this framework will help to develop regional and global solutions and responses.
Foreign Affairs and Immigration Minister Rimbink Pato said this in Manila after giving a rundown on the El Nino effect, among others.
Globally, millions of vulnerable households are at risk of increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. No two El Niño events are ever the same and it is thought that this particular occurrence could be the most powerful on record. The strongest El Niño in 1997/1998 killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
The governor of Papua New Guinea's Chimbu province says money provided by the national government for drought relief is fast running out.
Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International.