Chad: Violence continues to fuel large-scale displacement in Lac region. Suicide attacks on 10 October killed 41 people and wounded 48 at a busy Bagasola market and a refugee camp on the town’s periphery. Over 71,000 people who have been displaced since July face urgent shelter, food, WASH and health needs.
7:45 pm GMT+12, 12/10/2015, Papua New Guinea
Two dozen people have already died from hunger and drinking contaminated water in drought-stricken Papua New Guinea, but the looming El Niño crisis could leave more than four million people across the Pacific without enough food or clean water.
The El Niño weather pattern – when waters in the eastern tropical Pacific ocean become warmer, driving extreme weather conditions – may be as severe as in 1997-98, when an estimated 23,000 people died, forecasters believe.
Fiji, Papua New Guinea, and Solomon Islands need to invest in the agriculture and fisheries sectors to improve their ability to combat the detrimental effects of climate change on food security and poverty.
The Papua New Guinea National Disaster Committee (NDC) reported that the number of people affected by drought has increased to approximately 2.4 million.
The Government of Papua New Guinea has planned up to 3 months of food assistance. Approximately EUR 1.83 million has been spent for procuring food supplies.
Distribution of food is a big challenge because of the poor infrastructure, political disagreements and concerns of civil unrest during distributions.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
According to the Government, over 2.3 million people are affected by prolonged drought across PNG.
Immediate needs are food and water. The Government is leading the response and has completed the first round of relief distribution to the most affected provinces in the Highlands.
The following syndromes have been flagged:
Diarrhoea: Cook Islands, Guam
Influenza-Like illness: Guam, Nauru, Tonga
Tuvalu: Seven samples sent to the Institut Lois Malarde, French Polynesia have tested RT-PCR positive for Chikungunya.
As of 27 September 2015; there have been 1317 cases since February 2015 in Marshall Islands. There were 3 cases for the month of September. The number of cases is decreasing.
March-April 2015: Tropical Cyclone Pam developed in the East of Solomon Islands on 6 March and gained strength as it moved south towards Vanuatu. Heavy rain, strong winds and sea swell, combined with king tides, caused widespread coastal flooding and wind damage. Pam hit Vanuatu as a Category 5 cyclone on 13 March.
Sydney, Australia | AFP | Friday 10/9/2015 - 03:15 GMT
Australia said Friday it is in talks with the Philippines to send refugees there, but refused to confirm reports of a Aus$150 million (US$109 million) deal to expand its controversial resettlement policy.
Under Australia's hardline policy to stop asylum-seeker boats reaching its shores, those arriving by sea are denied resettlement in Australia, even if found to be genuine refugees.
Port Moresby, 30 September, 2015
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
Recommendations of four regional assessments were tabled at the National Disaster Committee Meeting on 28th September, 2015.
An estimated population of 2.4 million is affected by the drought, frost and forest fires in all four regions of PNG.
Deaths directly related to drought are being investigated by relevant authorities.
SYDNEY—Australia’s High Court is considering a challenge to the legality of the country’s offshore processing system for asylum seekers. Under hardline policies, Australia transfers unauthorized migrants who arrive by boat to camps in the South Pacific on the tiny island republic of Nauru and in Papua New Guinea.
The High Court challenge has been brought on behalf of a woman from Bangladesh who was flown from Nauru to Australia for medical treatment and has insisted it is too dangerous for her to return.
By Michael Walsh, staff
Children in remote areas of Papua New Guinea are dying as a result of food shortages caused by frost and worsening drought, villagers say.
Severe dry weather has evaporated water sources in Panduaga as the El Nino weather event continues to ravage PNG's highlands.
Meanwhile, frequent overnight frosts have devastated food gardens, forcing villagers to rely on bush foods.
Rocky Herpet, a ward councillor in Hela province, said two children died after eating the unfamiliar food.
Afghanistan: The humanitarian situation in Kunduz is deteriorating as fighting for control of the city continues. Aid organisations have withdrawn, after a Médecins Sans Frontières hospital was bombed in an airstrike, killing 22 and injuring 37.
Burundi: At least eight civilians were killed in Bujumbura over the weekend as political violence persists, and people continue to flee. Some 128,000 people are reliant on food assistance: in some of the areas affected by insecurity, food prices are up to 95% higher than average.
At least four million people in the Pacific face hunger, water shortages and risk of disease this year and next due to droughts and erratic rains, influenced by climate change and the likely development of a ‘super El Niño’.
Continuing to address the broad range of challenges facing the global community, Heads of State and Government along with other high-level representatives hailed recent diplomatic successes, while decrying the plight of refugees and the crises leading to their flight, during day four of the General Assembly’s annual debate.
The monthly climate update for the Pacific says Fiji and Tonga are expected to receive below normal rainfall over the next three months.
Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International
Port Moresby, October 1st, 2015 – In response to the prolonged dry spell which is affecting Papua New Guinea as a result of the El Niño phenomenon in the Pacific region, the European Commission is providing 110 000 EUR in humanitarian funding to assist the most affected inhabitants.
A shipping container full of relief supplies for drought-affected Papua New Guinea has been robbed of all its contents.
Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International
Super El Niño and climate change cause crop failures putting millions at risk of hunger
At least ten million poor people face hunger this year and next due to both droughts and erratic rains influenced by climate change and the likely development of a ‘super El Niño’.
The Governor of Papua New Guinea's Chimbu province says the national government has to make more of an effort to determine the numbers in the Highlands affected by the drought.
This report is produced by Office of the Resident Coordinator in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 30 August to 28 September 2015. The next report will be issued on or around 14 October.
The 2015 El Niño has now fully developed and continues to strengthen. The climatic event is unlikely to end before early 2016