- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 2 | 1 Feb – 2 Mar 2015
- IDMC: Long-term recovery challenges remain in the wake of massive displacement
- IOM: Response to displacement due to conflict and natural disaster in Mindanao, 2 Feb 2015
Appeals & Funding
Manila (ICRC) – Thousands of people have fled their homes as fighting between government security forces and armed groups escalates in Maguindanao province, in central Mindanao. The number of displaced people is rising.
Entire communities from villages in Kalbugan and Buliok, in Maguindanao, displaced by a range of clashes in early February fear returning to their homes owing to the risk of explosive devices and the general uncertainty of the situation.
Armed conflict, clan feuds and generalized violence caused protracted displacements in Central Mindanao from 2012 to 2014. At the end of 2014, more than 77,000 were still without durable solutions, including 30,000 internally displaced peoples (IDPs) in Zamboanga City.
Afghanistan: Heavy snowfall has caused avalanches in northern, central and eastern Afghanistan; 280 people have died. Panshir province is most affected. Communication lines have been disrupted in places, power supplies to Kabul have been cut. Priority needs are for NFIs and emergency shelter; access to isolated areas is difficult.
Nearly 70,000 people fled their homes following armed encounters between the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters, Moro Islamic Liberation Front and the government forces in central Mindanao.
An estimated 124,000 people displaced by conflict across Mindanao in 2014.
Philippine Congress passed House Bill 5062 to enhance the protection of children in disasters and emergencies.
Displacement in Central Mindanao
Whirlwinds in East Java, East and West Nusa Tenggara and Yogyakarta provinces have caused considerable damage to houses and three casualties - one in Lumajang (East Java), one in Sumba (East Nusa Tenggara) and one in Yogyakarta. Over 115 houses in East Java, 85 houses in West Nusa Tenggara and three houses in Yogyakarta were damaged. Local authorities removed debris and provided construction material for home repairs. The Indonesian Red Cross provided relief items to affected families in East Java.1
3 people killed
Manila (ICRC) – Around 4,000 families displaced by the recent fighting between armed groups in central Mindanao are being assisted by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Philippine Red Cross (PRC).
It is almost a month since people in the affected communities started to flee from their homes. Some have sought shelter in temporary evacuation centres, while others have been staying with relatives, in Pikit, North Cotabato, or in Pagalungan, Maguindanao.
The Philippine Red Cross, as the foremost humanitarian organization, is ready to extend assistance to the people displaced by the clashes between Moro Islamic Liberation Front and Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters along the border of North Cotabato and Maguindanao provinces.
The clashes started last Feb. 3 and have already led to the displacement of some 20,000 residents from at least two barangays in Pagalungan town and seven barangays in Pikit town.
In November 2013, the strongest typhoon on record tore a path of destruction across the central Philippines, displacing four million people. In the disaster’s wake, the government adopted an ambitious plan to relocate 200,000 households away from at-risk coastal areas and resettle them out of harm’s way.
Snapshot 18-24 February 2015
Myanmar: 90,000 people are now reported to have been displaced by continuing violence between government troops and multiple armed groups in Kokang, Shan state. Aid organisations have been subject to attack – seven people were wounded in two separate incidents.
Fighting that broke out on 9 Feb between the Government of Myanmar Army and the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army and other armed groups has continued in the Kokang self-administered zone, northeast Shan State.
Butuan City – The recurring displacement of indigenous people from natural disasters and armed conflict in Caraga over the years have underlined the need for timely reporting and proper documentation of these incidents.
This has prompted the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in partnership with the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) to build community capacity to monitor, document and report incidents of displacements through a protection monitoring and information management training, 17-18 February.
Snapshot 11–17 February 2015
Myanmar: Fighting between the Myanmar army and the MNDAA, an insurgent group in the Kokang area of Shan state, displaced tens of thousands of people. Some fled into central Myanmar, while between 30,000 and 50,000 are thought to have crossed into Nansan, Yunnan province, China.
On 9 - 12 Feb heavy rainfall fell on the island of Java, including the capital Jakarta. Local authorities have reported four casualties and temporary displacement of almost 7,100 people. All IDPs returned to their homes by 13 Feb. Government agencies, Indonesia Red Cross, NGOs, military and police provided search and rescue support and relief to the displaced.
4 people killed
7,100 people evacuated
523,592 Refugees and asylumseekers 2,361 Identified unaccompanied minors 1,393,736 Stateless persons 20,000 Estimated irregular maritime departures in 2014
Population of concern
A total of 2.7 million people of concern including 1.4 million stateless and over 700,000 internally displaced.
NATURAL DISASTERS AND CONFLICTS IN ASIA-PACIFIC
FEWER LIVES LOST
In 2014, Asia and the Pacific experienced 126 natural disasters, which affected a total of 85 million people. Significantly, casualties were a quarter of what they were in 2013, with nearly 4,000 people killed by disasters in the region. Floods and landslides were the primary causes of death according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED).
Millions are newly displaced each year in the Philippines, mainly by natural hazard-related disasters such as typhoon and floods, but also by conflict and violence most of which is concentrated in the southern island group of Mindanao. The number of people newly displaced fell by more than half, from 7.5 million in 2013 to around three million in 2014. The absence of a major disaster of equal severity to Haiyan – the super-typhoon which devastated the region in 2013 – largely explains this drop.
Snapshot 4–10 February 2015
Guinea: An increase in Ebola case numbers has been reported for the second consecutive week. Resistance to the response remains high in Forecariah, worst affected by the outbreak; though ten prefectures have reported at least one incident of resistance. Clashes between armed forces and the community were reported in Matoto, Conakry.
Political instability in Bangladesh has led to incidents of violence and vandalism in several areas of the country including the capital. On 5 Feb, a truck was firebombed in the northern city of Bogra, killing the driver and a passenger, as activists enforced a month-long nationwide blockade of roads, railways and waterways ordered by former premier Khaleda Zia in pursuit of a general election. The fresh wave of violence has resulted in the deaths of at least 42 people. This instability is currently disrupting working modalities for UN staff.