- OCHA Philippines Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 1, 1 Dec 2015 – 15 Jan 2016
- Oxfam: Livelihoods in the Philippines: Impact evaluation of the project 'scaling up sustainable livelihoods in Mindanao'
- Cyphoons and Floods - Emergency Appeal n° MDRPH020
Appeals & Funding
Between 28 and 31 Jan, flooding was reported in both Sumatra and Java. Approximately 2,600 houses were inundated for days and at least six bridges connecting villages in Aceh were damaged. This is in addition to the 4,900 houses that were inundated the previous week and where water has now receded.
Local authorities reported no casualties and provided basic relief assistance.
2,600 houses inundadated
60 million PEOPLE WILL BE AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO IN THE FOUR MOST AFFECTED REGIONS
2.8 million PEOPLE REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS
10.2 million PEOPLE IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD IN ETHIOPIA
14 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA – EXCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA
El Niño status
Between 19 and 23 Jan, local authorities reported floods in Sumatra (Jambi and South Sumatra provinces), Java (Central Java and East Java provinces), and Sulawesi (South Sulawesi and North Sulawesi provinces). Following torrential rains, landslides killed three people in Kerinci District, Jambi Province on 20 Jan and one person in Manado Regency, North Sulawesi Province on 21 Jan. This flooding inundated at least 4,900 houses. Local authorities have provided emergency assistance.
Four people killed
Landless farmers bear the brunt of drying effects of El Niño in southern Mindanao.
85 per cent of the country is projected to experience drought due to El Niño by the end of April.
Government declares a state of national calamity as three weather disturbances affect the Philippines.
24,600 people remain displaced in Zamboanga as it faces serious water shortage.
Small-scale farmers bear the brunt of El Niño in southern Mindanao
In 2015, 14 typhoons and tropical storms entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility, 9 of which made landfall. Typhoon Koppu (known locally as Lando) in October and Typhoon Melor (Nona) in December displaced hundreds of thousands of people in Luzon. Government-led military operations in central Mindanao led to displacement of over 120,000 people, while 24,600 displaced people in Zamboanga City are still waiting for permanent housing. Minor eruptions and abnormal activities of Mayon, Bulusan and Kanlaon volcanoes prompted the authorities to raise alerts.
The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) on 30 September 2015 announced that a mature and “strong” El Niño now prevailed in the tropical Pacific Ocean, upgrading the categorization from “moderate” conditions observed in the four months since June.
The number of displaced families in North Cotabato province temporarily increased from 186 families to about 600 families (2,800 people) following armed conflict over land between two clans associated with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) on 7 Jan. About 60 per cent of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) returned home by 12 Jan. Remaining IDPs are staying with friends or relatives. Initial assistance was provided by municipal authorities.
2,800 people displaced
Current conditions and forecast
Oceanic and atmospheric indicators suggest the 2015/2016 El Niño has peaked with a return to neutral conditions expected during the second quarter of 2016. However, countries continue to feel the effects of El Niño which include below average precipitation during the rainy season, more intense cyclones in the North-Western Pacific and potentially more frequent cyclones in the South Pacific over the coming weeks, as well as drought in South and South-East Asia.
Severe Tropical Cyclone Ula will start to weaken as it moves south from Vanuatu after spending the past 13 days impacting countries across the Pacific. The cyclone passed close to the southern islands of Vanuatu as a Category 4 system on 10 Jan bringing heavy rain, some localised flooding, crop damage and heavy seas. Assessments are underway but there are no reports of major damage and there have been no requests for international assistance.
Typhoon Melor (known locally as Nona) made five landfalls over Northern Samar, Sorsogon, Masbate,
Romblon and Oriental Mindoro provinces with a maximum sustained winds of 150 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 185 kph on 14 and 15 December. The typhoon brought heavy to intense rainfall along its path as it crossed the islands in the Visayas and Luzon. The President on 18 December declared a State of National Calamity, to hasten the rescue, recovery, relief and rehabilitation of the government, the private sector and any international humanitarian assistance
On 18 Dec the President declared a State of National Calamity to hasten the rescue, recovery, relief and rehabilitation in response to Typhoon Melor (Nona). As of 21 Dec, the NDRRMC reported 41 deaths, 24 injured and 5 missing. International aid agencies are providing targeted humanitarian assistance and mobilising in-country resources to support the Government's relief operations. 41people dead
This week, on 17 December, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) will mark its 10 year anniversary. Created in 2005, CERF marked an innovative breakthrough in humanitarian funding by Member States of the UN General Assembly as a “fund for all, by all”. It raises and pools funds before the need arises, and provides fast, predictable funding to partners on the frontlines at the onset of a crisis, as well as financing critically underfunded emergencies.