- ACAPS Briefing Note – Displacement from Marawi City, Lanao del Sur, 23 June 2017
- IFRC: Philippines: Returnees - DREF operation update No. 1 - DREF operation n° MDRPH025, 15 Jun 2017
- ICRC: Marawi Operations Update No. 4 As of 14 June 2017
Appeals & Funding
- National Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Council (NDRRMC)
- PAGASA (Philippines Atmospheric, Geophysical & Astronomical Services Administration)
- Philippine National Disaster Response Pillar
- Food Security Cluster: the Philippines
- Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process
- Human Rights Watch: Philippines - Events of 2016
Almost one month after the Marawi armed conflict started, over 314,800 people are now displaced. 94 per cent are staying with host families, while 17,700 (6%) people are staying in 83 evacuation centres.
Almost three weeks after clashes between government troops and non-state armed actors escalated in Marawi City, Lanao del Sur on 23 May 2017, trapped residents inside the conflict area are gradually being rescued by the authorities and the number of displaced people continue to rise. While most of the displaced people are staying outside evacuation centres with host families, there are still more than 39,000 people in operating evacuation centres that need assistance.
In this issue
Marawi humanitarian crisis P.1
Sabah deportees in Tawi-Tawi P.2
Reproductive health in emergencies P.4
Philippines-US Disaster response simulation P.6
• Conflict in Marawi City continues, with over 100,000 displaced as they flee to nearby provinces. Martial law has been declared in Mindanao.
• Sabah deportees repatriated to the Mindanao island provinces of Tawi-Tawi, Basilan and Sulu find education and livelihood options are limited.
On 23 May 2017, the government launched a military and law enforcement operations in Marawi City, Lanao del Sur, with the objective of capturing a leader of the Abu Sayyaf Group after receiving reports that the leader planned to meet with another Islamic militant group. This escalated to a deadly firefight between government troops and combined forces of Islamic extremists which were able to occupy several facilities such as local hospital, city jail, schools, and other facilities.
WHY A REGIONAL FOCUS MODEL?
A key challenge faced by humanitarian agencies is how to ensure that limited available resources are allocated where they are most needed and are efficiently delivered in a principled manner. Decisions to allocate resources must strike a balance between meeting the immediate needs of crisis affected communities and supporting efforts to strengthen resilience and response preparedness to future emergencies.
The Philippines experience in humanitarian Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) started way before super Typhoon Haiyan. These are in 2009 Typhoon Ketsana, 2011 Tropical Storm Washi and 2012 Typhoon Bopha. In 2012, humanitarian agencies have since then organized ad hoc cash working groups to guide and support CTP, however, the dwindling structure disbanded in 2013. Despite this, the use of CTP in humanitarian programming and response continue to progress and used in both natural disaster and conflict emergencies.
This is the first consolidated presentation of the reported results of CERF funding, covering a full year of CERF allocations. As such, it serves as a pilot and will inform future CERF results reporting. This report was compiled on the basis of information provided by Resident Coordinators/Humanitarian Coordinators (RC/ HCs) and Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) in 66 consolidated reports covering the results of more than 450 CERF-funded projects.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Volcanic activity on Manam Island caused ash fall in Dugulava, on the northeast coast of the island. A Level 3 alert was triggered and 202 households were voluntarily evacuated to mainland Madang. Fuel for boats has been prepositioned on Manam Island as a contingency for a potential escalation of the situation which might trigger the need for additional emergency evacuation. A needs assessment of evacuated households is being conducted by provincial authorities.
200 households evacuated
• Displacement in the Mindanao island provinces of Sulu and Basilan continue.
Local authorities and humanitarian actors tackle challenges of repeated displacement due to conflict and seek permanent solutions.
• The Humanitarian Coordinator in the Philippines, Mr. Ola Almgren highlighted the importance of coordinating humanitarian and development assistance during his visit to Mindanao.
From January 2016 to February 2017, 96 incidents caused displacement of more than 695,500 people in 116 municipalities. In 2016, human-induced disaster, such as armed conflict, clan feud and crime and violence, displaced almost 280,000 people. More than 387,000 people were displaced in January 2017 due to several days of massive flooding caused by heavy and continuous rain.
The Philippines, which lies along the Pacific Ring of Fire, is frequented by seismic and volcanic activities. According to the Philippine Institute of Volcanolgy and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), around 100-150 earthquakes per year (with magnitude of 4.0 and above) have been felt from year 1600s to early 2000. This year, PHIVOLCS has recorded 122 earthquakes with a magnitude of 4.0 and above from January to April, 59 of these were in April alone. Three significant earthquakes in April 2017 affected the provinces of Batangas in Luzon, Lanao del Sur and Sarangani in Mindanao.