- More intense typhoons: What does a changing climate mean for food security in the Philippines?
- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 7 | 1 – 31 July 2015
- Resolving post-disaster displacement: Insights from the Philippines after Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)
Appeals & Funding
A rapid assessment launched after Cyclone Komen reports that a total of 2.6 million people affected, with Sathkia, Chittagong and Noakhali districts the worst affected. Nearly 220,000 households are in need of emergency assistance, the vast majority of whom require immediate food assistance. An estimated US$6.3 million is required to cover the needs and proposals were sent to donors.
2.6 million people affected
Floods and landslides affected over 1.3 million people, including 297,000 households displaced in Jul and Aug, according to Government reports. At least 106 people are confirmed dead. The Government, supported by local organisations, UN and INGOs, continues to lead the response, including clean-up, search and rescue and provision of relief assistance.
1.3 million people affected
El Niño is historically associated with lower rainfall amounts in the Asia-Pacific region; its impact is difficult to predict. Drought and floods are concurrently occurring in many countries in the region, however the effects of drought are expected to prevail and are likely to be heavier than expected.
Conflict and flooding trigger recurrent displacement in Maguindanao, eroding resources of the poorest and hampering their recovery.
UN Special Rapporteur on IDP rights calls for enhanced assistance to conflict-induced IDPs including indigenous peoples in Mindanao.
Intensifying El Niño may cause drought and water shortages in parts of the country and trigger erratic behaviour of tropical storms.
The Community of Practice (CoP) on Community Engagement comprises of 40 organizations coming from UN agencies, International Non-Government Organizations (INGOs), Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), Faith-Based Groups (FBGs), Media Development and Humanitarian Agencies (MDHA), Telecommunications Companies, Private Sector and the Philippine Government through Philippine Information Agency (PIA).
“Everyone is armed here and law and order is difficult to come by, and without peace, we will continue to live in fear and frequent displacement from our homes,” says Sumilalau Talambo, a 65-year-old farmer in Maguindanao province of Mindanao. A father of seven, he grows rice and corn for living in one of the poorest and most crisis-prone communities of the Philippines.
“Every time I return home, I have to start from scratch. Our meager resources get eroded each time we are displaced and our resilience weakens year after year.”
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
Communications with Communities (CwC) was established as an inter-cluster communication support service and coordination mechanism. The information needs and preferred communication channels assessment was also conducted in partnership with the Philippine Information Agency (PIA) and other humanitarian media groups.
Zamboanga Siege (September)
Typhoon Chan-Hom made landfall early on 11 Jul in Zhujiajian Township in the island city of Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, as a category 1 typhoon before being downgraded to a tropical storm on 12 Jul. Chan-Hom is decreasing intensity as it moves northeast. Some 1.9 million people in nine cities were affected by the storm, including more than 1.1 million evacuated as a precaution. No casualties are reported.
1.1 million people evacuated
WHAT IS AN INTERTROPICAL CONVERGENCE ZONE?
The Intertropical Convergence Zone, or ITCZ, is the region that circles the Earth, near the equator, where the trade winds of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres come together. The intense sun and warm water of the equator heats the air in the ITCZ, raising its humidity and making it buoyant. Aided by the convergence of the trade winds, the buoyant air rises. As the air rises it expands and cools, releasing the accumulated moisture in an almost perpetual series of thunderstorms.