- Harvard University: The Typhoon Haiyan Response
- UNHCR and Protection Cluster: Humanitarian funding analysis: Drought, the Philippines
- IFRC: Philippines: Typhoons and Floods Emergency Appeal Operation Update n° MDRPH020
Appeals & Funding
Following the 6.5 and 7.3 magnitude earthquakes which struck Kumamoto Prefecture on 14 and 16 April, an estimated 60,000 people remain in more than 600 evacuation centres. With the resumption of basic services, the number of the evacuees has decreased from 112,100 people last week. The Government has secured apartment units for 8,350 households as temporary accommodation. On 22 April, the Republic of Korea delivered food, bottled water and blankets, by sending two military aircraft to Kumamoto Airport.
The current El Niño started in Asia and the Pacific region from as early as March 2015. It reached strong levels in some countries in July 2015. In many countries the effects of the phenomenon remained strong throughout the first quarter of 2016. However, the humanitarian impacts have now become critical in many countries and humanitarian response have been ramping up.
A magnitude 6.5 and 7.3 earthquake struck Kumamoto Prefecture, in southern Japan, on 14 and 16 April. As of 18 April, 12:00 p.m. local time (GMT+9), authorities confirmed 42 deaths, 1,095 injuries and 11 people are still missing. Some 112,100 people remain in 1,021 evacuation centres in Kumamoto, Oita, Fukuoka, Miyazaki and Nagasaki prefectures – the majority of the affected are in Kumamoto. Aftershocks continue to be felt in the affected areas.
Welcome to the First Edition of the Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian CivilMilitary Coordination for Asia and the Pacific Newsletter. This Newsletter will be published every two months to provide an update on the RCG work as well as to inform the UN-CMCoord community about upcoming UN-CMCoord events in the Asia-Pacific region.
For this edition, as chair of the RCG for 2016, the Government of the Philippines would like to share with RCG members the following updates:
• 31,500 people remain displaced by continuous armed clashes in Maguindanao province since 5 February.
• CERF-funded emergency health project helps 212,000 most vulnerable people among those hit by Typhoon Koppu in October 2015.
• Inter-agency Cash Working Group applies lessons of cash-transfer programming in Typhoon Haiyan response to disaster preparedness.
Displacement – a way of life in Maguindanao
31,500 people remain displaced by clashes in Maguindanao
By EEC on 18 Mar 2016
How to properly deal with the massive amounts of waste generated by disasters and crises, including that generated by typhoons, earthquakes and conflicts, was the topic of a three-day workshop organised by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) in Sweden on 15-17 March.
As of 11 March, some 14,800 people affected by Typhoon Winston remain in 476 evacuation centres. All evacuation centres in Central Division have closed and only three remain open in Northern Division. In Eastern Division, however, 7,800 people remain in the centres including people from the most severely affected islands including Koro.
The 2015-2016 El Niño has passed its peak but it remains strong and will continue to influence the global climate. It is expected to weaken in the coming months and fade away during the second quarter of 2016. The World Meteorological Organization states that models indicate a return to an El Niño neutral state during the second quarter of 2016. Meanwhile, strong El Niño conditions are quite likely through March-April. It is too early to predict if there will then be a swing to La Niña (the opposite of El Niño).
On 4 March, the Government of Fiji and humanitarian partners jointly launched a Flash Appeal seeking US$38.6 million to respond to the life-saving and protection needs of 350,000 people affected by Tropical Cyclone Winston. To enable partners to provide urgent humanitarian assistance, US$8 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund was allocated for the Fiji response. Nearly 18,500 houses have been damaged or destroyed by the cyclone and more than 18,000 people remain in evacuation centres.
About 16,100 people displaced in transition sites of Zamboanga struggle to cope with water shortages.
Over 56,000 people are displaced by clashes between the military and armed groups in central Mindanao.
Local civil society steps up efforts to engage the elderly and disabled people in crises.
Philippine Congress passes the first bill in Asia to protect children in emergencies.
Drought hits Zamboanga IDPs
Successive clashes between the Government forces and armed groups in Maguindanao province have displaced over 5,000 families (25,000 people) as of 25 February.
Fighting began on 5 February in the municipality of Datu Salibo and spread to the neighbouring Datu Saudi Ampatuan and Sharif Aguak municipalities. The majority (4,300 families or 21,500 people) of the displaced people are staying in nine evacuation sites in these municipalities while the rest are staying with relatives and friends. Five civilians were wounded including a boy and a girl.
The Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Administration (PAGASA) reported on 9 February that a strong El Niño still persists in the tropical Pacific Ocean and expected to gradually weaken through April-May 2016. No tropical cyclone entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility in January and February. Most parts of the country received way-below to below-normal rainfall in January and parts of February. Climate outlook for March showed that 62 per cent of the country including almost the whole of Mindanao will experience drought and dry spell.
Clashes between Government forces and lawless elements displaced more than 17,000 people in Maguindanao province. Two separate incidents occurred on 5 and 10 Feb, leaving five civilians injured (three men, one boy and one girl).
17,000 people displaced
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Between 28 and 31 Jan, flooding was reported in both Sumatra and Java. Approximately 2,600 houses were inundated for days and at least six bridges connecting villages in Aceh were damaged. This is in addition to the 4,900 houses that were inundated the previous week and where water has now receded.
Local authorities reported no casualties and provided basic relief assistance.
2,600 houses inundadated
60 million PEOPLE WILL BE AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO IN THE FOUR MOST AFFECTED REGIONS
2.8 million PEOPLE REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS
10.2 million PEOPLE IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD IN ETHIOPIA
14 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA – EXCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA
El Niño status
Between 19 and 23 Jan, local authorities reported floods in Sumatra (Jambi and South Sumatra provinces), Java (Central Java and East Java provinces), and Sulawesi (South Sulawesi and North Sulawesi provinces). Following torrential rains, landslides killed three people in Kerinci District, Jambi Province on 20 Jan and one person in Manado Regency, North Sulawesi Province on 21 Jan. This flooding inundated at least 4,900 houses. Local authorities have provided emergency assistance.
Four people killed