- IDMC: Long-term recovery challenges remain in the wake of massive displacement
- IOM: Response to displacement due to conflict and natural disaster in Mindanao, 2 Feb 2015
- FAO GIEWS Country Brief, 30 Jan 2015
Appeals & Funding
Fighting that broke out on 9 Feb between the Government of Myanmar Army and the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army and other armed groups has continued in the Kokang self-administered zone, northeast Shan State.
The purpose of this paper is to review the multilateral response system for environmental emergencies, using,as a case study, the response to Super Typhoon Haiyan as conducted by UNEP and United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
On 9 - 12 Feb heavy rainfall fell on the island of Java, including the capital Jakarta. Local authorities have reported four casualties and temporary displacement of almost 7,100 people. All IDPs returned to their homes by 13 Feb. Government agencies, Indonesia Red Cross, NGOs, military and police provided search and rescue support and relief to the displaced.
4 people killed
7,100 people evacuated
NATURAL DISASTERS AND CONFLICTS IN ASIA-PACIFIC
FEWER LIVES LOST
In 2014, Asia and the Pacific experienced 126 natural disasters, which affected a total of 85 million people. Significantly, casualties were a quarter of what they were in 2013, with nearly 4,000 people killed by disasters in the region. Floods and landslides were the primary causes of death according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED).
Political instability in Bangladesh has led to incidents of violence and vandalism in several areas of the country including the capital. On 5 Feb, a truck was firebombed in the northern city of Bogra, killing the driver and a passenger, as activists enforced a month-long nationwide blockade of roads, railways and waterways ordered by former premier Khaleda Zia in pursuit of a general election. The fresh wave of violence has resulted in the deaths of at least 42 people. This instability is currently disrupting working modalities for UN staff.
This update seeks to support growth in innovative policy, practice and partnerships in humanitarian action to better communicate with disaster-affected communities. Readers are encouraged to forward this email through their own networks.
On 9 September 2013 in Zamboanga City in Western Mindanao, fighting broke out between a faction of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). 16 months later, nearly 20,000 people are still in evacuation centres (ECs) and transitional sites (TSs).
The Zamboanga City Roadmap to Recovery and Reconstruction (Z3R) plans to provide permanent housing for about 35,000 displaced people by June 2015. In the meantime, displaced families are being transferred to TSs like Masepla from the largest remaining EC in the JFE Sports Complex.
• 20,000 people still remain in transitional shelters in Zamboanga – a 14 per cent decline in the last three months.
• 19 tropical storms affected the Philippines in 2014; the storm season was less active than the previous year.
• The Government focuses on disaster preparedness, calling for a “whole-of-society approach”.
• Evacuation orders lifted as the Mayon Volcano alert level is lowered.
• The Government invests in long-term solutions to resettle those regularly exposed to the threat of volcano eruption.
Between mid-Dec and mid-Jan, heavy seasonal rains and strong winds affected large parts of Malaysia causing severe and extensive flooding in Terengganu, Pahang, and Kelantan. In addition to the three most affected states, four other states in Peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Johor,
Selangor and Perlis States) and one state in East Malaysia (Sabah) also experienced floods due to the heavy rainfalls.
Tropical Storm Jangmi formed in the east of Mindanao on 28 Dec, intensifying as it made landfall in Hinatuan municipality, Surigao del Sur province (Region XIII), on 29 Dec. The storm made a total of five landfalls and then weakened into a low pressure area as it passed south of Palawan and exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility in the early morning of 2 Jan. Jangmi affected about 486,900 people across seven regions (IV-B, VI, VII, VIII, X, XI and XIII). The death toll stands at 54 with 40 injured and 7 missing.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.