- ICRC: Philippines: Typhoon Haiyan Response - Shelter Report 2015
- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 8 | 1 – 31 August 2015
- IFRC: Philippines: Typhoon Maysak DREF Final Report (MDRPH018)
Appeals & Funding
Access closures along the Nepal-India border and ongoing political unrest in the Terai region has constrained delivery of daily supplies and winterization materials. An estimated 81,000 households living in high altitude areas are at risk if winterization goods are not delivered within the next few weeks. In 120 displacement sites hosting some 59,000 people, about 85% of shelter, are not suitable for the coming winter. Fuel rationing has limited operations and aid.
CHINA / JAPAN
Tropical Cyclone Dujuan is currently a Category 4 storm about 200km east of Taiwan province of China.
The China Meteorological Administration issued warnings for the powerful typhoon which is scheduled to make landfall on 29 Sep. Given that there are public holidays in China, the government is working to ensure the safety of tourists visiting seaside areas.
In Japan, warnings for heavy rain, flood, storm, high waves and storm surge are in place for Ishigakijima and Yonagunijima. Flights and ships to/from these islands are cancelled.
In Fiji, 50,000 people are now estimated to be affected by reduced rainfall connected with El Niño. The impacts of El Niño in Fiji are now well established with water shortages forcing the government to continue water deliveries in some farming communities and on the outer islands. The dry weather has cut the sugar cane harvest, reduced fruit and vegetable production and increased food prices. Farmers are reporting stock losses because of water shortages and the reduced rainfall is impacting on hydro-electric power generation capacity.
Heavy rainfall continued in Japan over the past week with floods and landslides affecting the island of Honshu. The Japan Meteorological Agency issued the maximum "Level 5" flood warning on 11 Sep for the Yoshida River in Miyagi Prefecture and for the Mogamioguni River in Yamagata Prefecture.
As of 14 Sep, the Fire and Disaster Management Agency reported 7 people dead, 15 missing and 15,000 houses and buildings damaged. Search and rescue operations are ongoing. More than 4,000 residents remain in evacuation centres.
7 people dead
In September 2013, fighting broke out between a faction of the Moro National Liberation Front and government forces and displaced some 118,000 people in Zamboanga City. Out of over 17,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) who remain in 12 transitional sites across the city today, almost two-thirds are Tausug people, who originate in Sulu archipelago and the northern part of Borneo Island. About one-third are indigenous peoples of Zamboanga, majority of whom are Sama Badjaos (or Badjaos) who are sometimes referred to as “sea gypsies”.
Over 17,000 IDPs remain in 12 transitional sites two years after the conflict in Zamboanga, including some 5,400 indigenous people.
Traditional communication system of indigenous people in Maguindanao is adopted for community-based early warning.
World Humanitarian Day celebrations take place across the Philippines.
New food security analysis in Mindanao finds 12.6 million people suffering chronic food insecurity.
A rapid assessment launched after Cyclone Komen reports that a total of 2.6 million people affected, with Sathkia, Chittagong and Noakhali districts the worst affected. Nearly 220,000 households are in need of emergency assistance, the vast majority of whom require immediate food assistance. An estimated US$6.3 million is required to cover the needs and proposals were sent to donors.
2.6 million people affected
Floods and landslides affected over 1.3 million people, including 297,000 households displaced in Jul and Aug, according to Government reports. At least 106 people are confirmed dead. The Government, supported by local organisations, UN and INGOs, continues to lead the response, including clean-up, search and rescue and provision of relief assistance.
1.3 million people affected
El Niño is historically associated with lower rainfall amounts in the Asia-Pacific region; its impact is difficult to predict. Drought and floods are concurrently occurring in many countries in the region, however the effects of drought are expected to prevail and are likely to be heavier than expected.
Conflict and flooding trigger recurrent displacement in Maguindanao, eroding resources of the poorest and hampering their recovery.
UN Special Rapporteur on IDP rights calls for enhanced assistance to conflict-induced IDPs including indigenous peoples in Mindanao.
Intensifying El Niño may cause drought and water shortages in parts of the country and trigger erratic behaviour of tropical storms.
The Community of Practice (CoP) on Community Engagement comprises of 40 organizations coming from UN agencies, International Non-Government Organizations (INGOs), Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), Faith-Based Groups (FBGs), Media Development and Humanitarian Agencies (MDHA), Telecommunications Companies, Private Sector and the Philippine Government through Philippine Information Agency (PIA).
“Everyone is armed here and law and order is difficult to come by, and without peace, we will continue to live in fear and frequent displacement from our homes,” says Sumilalau Talambo, a 65-year-old farmer in Maguindanao province of Mindanao. A father of seven, he grows rice and corn for living in one of the poorest and most crisis-prone communities of the Philippines.
“Every time I return home, I have to start from scratch. Our meager resources get eroded each time we are displaced and our resilience weakens year after year.”
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.