- Protection Cluster Quarterly Bulletin KP/ FATA, Jan–Mar 2016
- UNDP: Seismic design in Pakistan: the building code, bylaws, and recommendations for earthquake risk reduction
- Govt. Pakistan: Preparation for Monsoon 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Pakistan 2015 Humanitarian Preparedness Plan (23 Jul 2015)
- Emergency Response Fund (ERF) in 2016 PDF XLS
A surge in returns to four Agencies has seen over 10,400 families leaving for North Waziristan, South Waziristan, Kurram and Orakzai in the past week. All IDPs have left New Durrani camp for Kurram and the camp is closing. Returns are likely to continue at the same pace for the coming weeks period. The return plan is slightly ahead of schedule at this point.
In Afghanistan, 2015 was a year marked politically by the presidential elections, and subsequent drawn out processes that led to the formation of the national unity Government. It was the year in which Afghan security forces took full responsibility for the security and protection of the population. It was marked by the fall and capture of the city of Kunduz by the Taliban on 28 September, the subsequent devastating air strike on the MSF hospital, and a month later by a powerful 7.5 magnitude earthquake in Badakhshan.
From 14 to 16 April 2016, a mission including the Humanitarian Coordinator and OCHA Head of Office (o.i.c) conducted a two-day visit to Kurram Agency. The team visited New Durrani camp, recently denotified areas of Central Kurram and villages where returns took place two years ago to gain a better understanding of the immediate humanitarian needs of returned IDPs.
As of 30 April, global funding requirements to meet the needs of 89 million people across 39 countries through humanitarian response plans and appeals for 2016 amount to over US$20.3 billion. About $3.8 billion in funding has been received so far, leaving a shortfall of $16.5 billion. With the emergence of new humanitarian crises, global financial requirements have increased by around 2 per cent in the first trimester of the year.
Returns are continuing with 3,084 families leaving for North Waziristan, South Waziristan, Kurram and Orakzai Agencies during the past week. These returns include IDPs leaving New Durrani and Togh Sarai Camps. The current phase of returns will continue until mid-May and may consist of up to 50,000 families. The Government, UN, and NGOs are providing sevices at the embarkation points including voluntary return forms, ATM and SIM cards for cash grants, nutrition, protection, grievance desks, health, vaccination, and WASH.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
An Inter-Cluster Assessment Mission was conducted to Orakzai Agency from 8 to 13 April 2016 to assess the situation in a sample of recently denotified villages. An estimated 15,000 IDP families from Aa Khel, Mulla Khel, Chapri Feroz Khel, Mishti Hindara and Mishti Gawak tribes are expected to return to these areas starting 20 April 2016. Approximately 2,800 families will return in the first phase through the Jerma embarkation point in Kohat.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
An Inter-Cluster Assessment Mission was conducted to Kurram Agency from 8 to 13 April 2016 to assess the situation in a sample of the 151 recently denotified villages. An estimated 12,000 families from Alisherzai,
Zemusht and Masozai tribes from Central Kurram are expected to return to these areas starting 20 April 2016.
The overall security situation is conducive for returns. The situation in the three tribes differed significantly.
In early 2015, a joint UNICEF/WFP research initiative supported by DFID and conducted by the Boston Consulting Group established that the average financial return on investment (ROI) for 49 humanitarian preparedness interventions analyzed in high risk contexts is more than 200%.
This means that every $1 spent on preparing is worth more than $2 in the event of an emergency. Preparedness was also shown to save responders more than one week of operational t ime on average- reach ing more people faster to save more lives.
(Islamabad, 16 April 2016): The United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Pakistan Mr. Neil Buhne concluded his two-day visit to Kurram Agency, Federally Administered Tribal Areas on Saturday, 16 April, 2016, accompanied by the acting Head of the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Pakistan, Dr. Alexandra de Sousa.
Unseasonably heavy pre-monsoon rains have affected 53 districts across Pakistan. Since 9 March 2016, 262 people have been killed, and 223 injured, with 56% of the fatalities occurring in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). The rains have caused flooding, and landslides and have damaged almost 2,700 houses. Gilgit Baltistan is experiencing food shortages due to landslides on the Karakoram Highway, which remains closed. Most interior district roads remain open and passable, and damage to telecommunication infrastructure was minimal.
A powerful earthquake struck Badakshan Province in Afghanistan 10 April and also affected a large area of Pakistan.
According to the US Geological Service the magnitude 6.6 quake struck at 10:28 UTC (UTC), at a depth of 210 kilometers, with the epicenter in Badakshan, Afghanistan in the Hindu Kush mountain range. Considerable shaking was felt in Khyber Paktunkhwa (KP), the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and Pakistan Administered Kashmir, as well as in the capital Islamabad.
On 10 April at 14:59 local time a 6.6-magnitude earthquake occurred 39 kilometres (km) west by south-west of Ashkasham and 86 km south-east of the provincial capital of Fayzabad in Badakhshan Province, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS).
The earthquake epicentre was located in a remote and sparsely populated area of the province at a depth of 210 km. Those nearest to the epicentre in Badakhshan Province reported that the tremors were not as strong as those experienced during other recent earthquakes.
In 2015, PHPF received a total contribution of US$8.8 million from SIDA ($5.7 million) and DFID ($3 million). This represented a significant increase from $4.9 million in 2014. In addition, $1.4 million in funding was rolled over from 2014 to 2015.
Key achievements toward Strategic Objectives
In 2015, the response of the humanitarian community in Pakistan focused on people displaced from and returning to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Nutrition programmes targeting malnourishment were also implemented across the country.
Key achievements include:
An average of 1.40 million IDPs (86 per cent of people in need) received food on a monthly basis.
360,000 people were provided with access to water for drinking, cooking and maintaining personal hygiene.