- Human Rights Watch: Pakistan: Events of 2015
- OCHA Flash Update: #1 Afghanistan-Pakistan Earthquake, 27 Dec 2015
- UNHCR Shelter Cluster intervention and support for Orakzai return, 20 Dec 2015
Appeals & Funding
- Pakistan 2015 Humanitarian Preparedness Plan (23 Jul 2015)
- UNHCR Global Appeal 2015 Update - Pakistan
- Emergency Response Fund (ERF) in 2015 PDF XLS
During the week of 29 January - 4 February, 980 families returned to Khyber and North Waziristan Agency (NWA). Returns to the Sipah area in Khyber are nearly completed. As per findings of inter-cluster assessment mission to Sipah, the area needs humanitarian intervention in all sectors especially WASH to ensure provision of clean drinking water. As per assessment done by the authority, about 30% of infrastructure are fully damaged and 70% are partially damaged.
During the week of 22-28 January 2,712 families returned to Khyber and North Waziristan Agency (NWA).The returns to NWA follow the denotification of 10 villages in Mriali tehsil near Idak. In this area infrastructre, including electrical delivery systems are largely intact, as is housing. There is one basic health unit and military facilities are available for emergencies.
The Sipah returns are largely completed with less than 250 families remaining in Jalozai camp.
In 2010, the humanitarian community established the Emergency Response Fund (ERF) as a pooled fund mechanism to provide rapid and flexible funds in-country at the onset of an emergency.
The majority of PHPF funding acts as a bridge to cover gaps in humanitarian service provision of urgent humanitarian needs. In many cases, this has been the only funding available to meet critical humanitarian needs.
(Kabul, 27 January 2016): The humanitarian community in Afghanistan is seeking US$393 million to meet, through collective and coordinated action in 2016, the acute life-saving needs of the most vulnerable and marginalized Afghans. Support related to food as well as access to health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation will reach an estimated 3.5 million people under the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Afghanistan. “I look back with admiration on the tireless efforts that the humanitarian community have made in 2015.
In January 2015, there were four IDP camps accommodating 11,010 families. Jalozai, New Durrani and Togh Sarai camps were co-managed by members of the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) and Bakka Khel camp was managed by the Government. Beginning January 2016, following 9 months of returns, the total camp population was reduced to 3,730 families. HCT support to Togh Sarai camp ended in October 2015. In addition to the camp population 1,427 displace families and their livestock were displaced from NWA live at spontaneous settlements on barren land near the Indus Highway-Bannu Link Road.
During the week of 1 -7 January 162 families returned to Khyber Agency. A Return Task Force meeting was held on January 6 confirming that 15 villages in the Miranshah and Mirali tehsils of North Waziristan Agency were recently denotified and that returns to 10 of these villages are approved by Government. Returns to Khyber Agecny of the Sipah tribe are planned to commence on 12 January and are comprised of approximately 7,400 families. This includes 300 of the 500 remaining families in Jalozai camp.
Evolution of the crisis
Increasing breadths of the country are getting drawn into conflict. 2016 is likely to see continued or increased contest for control between NSAGs and Government security forces leading to more people needing humanitarian and protection assistance.
From 25 December to 31 December, 184 families returned to North Waziristan Agency and 199 families to Khyber Agency. To date 142,563 registered and unregistered families have returned to FATA since March 2015.
The Government has started issuing ATM and SIM cards for the distribution of the return cash grants (PKR 25,000 per family) to families from South Waziristan (4,146 families) and Khyber Agencies (6,429 families) who returned from 2010 to 2013. While these families received a transportation grant at the time of return they did not receive the return cash grant.
From 18 December to 24 December, 633 families returned to North Waziristan Agency.
Returns to other agencies are on hold for the winter season. To date 141,500 families have returned to FATA since March 2015, including registered and unregistered families. WFP started providing food assistance to returned IDPs in North Waziristan on 11 December and has distributed 612 metric tons of food to 6,539 families, of which 292 were female headed households.
On 26 December 2015, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck Afghanistan and Pakistan. The epicenter of the quake was in the remote Afghan province of Badakhshan, close to the border with Pakistan and Tajikistan.