- Pakistan: OCHA & FAO Joint Mission: Tharparkar (1-3 May 2016)
- WFP Pakistan Country Brief, Apr 2016
- Inter-cluster mission to North Waziristan Agency 18-22 Apr 2016
Appeals & Funding
In the period from the 10 to 16 June 1,130 families have returned to North Waziristan Agency (NWA). Returns are slow due to Ramadan and will likely remain slow for the coming month.
The week of 3 to 9 of June saw the return of 770 families to North Waziristan Agency (NWA). Returns are slow due to Ramadan and will likely remain slow for the coming month.
The people of Tharparkar are facing a humanitarian situation where many women and children suffer from acute malnutrition. This is driven by a combination of factors including development challenges.
The drought in Tharparkar is a recurring issue resulting from the natural arid climate and topography of the district, which has been exacerbated in recent years due to climate change.
From January to March 2016, four people were affected in 39 incidents. Of these, 16 were threats, four were attacks without physical harm and six miscellaneous incidents resulting in the temporary suspension of the polio campaign. One polio worker was released after kidnapping but this incident is not directly linked with the polio campaign. Five female workers have reported that they were sexually harrased and assaulted.
During the week of 27th of May to the 2nd of June, 1,272 families returned to North Waziristan (NWA) Agency. As per situation last week, returns to Kurram, Orakzai and Khyber Agencies remain on hold. The reduced returns this week reflect a general suspension or at least a considerable reduction expected during the Ramadan season.
As of 30 May 2016, financial requirements of UN-coordinated Humanitarian Response Plans, Flash Appeals and Regional Refugee Plans as reflected in the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) amount to an unprecedented US$20.8 billion and are expected to rise. These appeals are currently funded at $4.8 billion, or 23 per cent. $16 billion in financial requirements remain unmet. Overall, humanitarian operations in 2016 are funded at almost $9.2 billion.
During the week of 20 to 26 May, 1,291 families returned to North Waziristan (NWA) and South Waziristan (SWA) Agencies. As per the situation last week, returns to Kurram, Orakzai, and Khyber Agencies remain on hold, with the exception of some unregistered returns to Orakzai. The reduced returns this week reflect a general decrease before Ramadan. Returns are likely to be suspended or at least considerably reduced during the Ramadan season, after which the next phase of returns are scheduled to commence in all agencies.
From 13 to 19 May over 2,000 families returned to Noth Waziristan (NWA) and South Waziristan (SWA) Agencies. The Government has announced a schedule for all remaining returns. This schedule will consist of a series of phases for each agency lasting until mid-November. Stage three of NWA returns is ongoing and involves 22,000 families. Stage four will commence 16 Sep. with the final 40,000+ families.
Returns continue at a regular pace with 2,331 families returning during the week of 6 to 12 May. As before, the bulk of returns are to North Waziristan and South Waziristan Agencies. Twenty six families have returned to Orakzai in the past week, concluding this phase of Orakzai returns. The next two phases of Orakzai returns will address the remaining 21,252 families, although exact dates for these returns have not yet been announced. The current phase of Kurram returns has also concluded. The next phase will begin following further denotifications within Kurram.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
Returns have slowed somewhat, although a steady stream of families continues to move back to Kurram, Orakzai, North Waziristan and South Waziristan Agencies. Last week over 4,400 families returned with the majority going to Kurram. The current phase of returns to Kurram will end on May 9, when the planned movement of approximately 15,000 families will finish. Orakzai returns continue to be slower than expected. Unregistered returns continue at a steady pace with almost 6,000 families returning to all four agencies.
IN 2016, HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLANS (HRP) in the MENA region requested US$7 billion and received $1.12 billion. The largest recipient was Syria, with $428.4 million, followed by Yemen, Iraq and the occupied Palestinian territory. In total, MENA HRPs are 16% funded.
The SYRIA REGIONAL REFUGEE AND RESILIENCE PLAN (3RP) requested US$4.55 billion. The total amount received is $1.06 billion (23%), which leaves a total shortfall of $3.5 billion (77%).
A surge in returns to four Agencies has seen over 10,400 families leaving for North Waziristan, South Waziristan, Kurram and Orakzai in the past week. All IDPs have left New Durrani camp for Kurram and the camp is closing. Returns are likely to continue at the same pace for the coming weeks period. The return plan is slightly ahead of schedule at this point.