- OCHA: Pakistan: Emergency Response Fund - Annual Report 2014
- ICG: Women, Violence and Conflict in Pakistan - Asia Report N°265
- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 33, 18 Jan - 19 Feb 2015
Appeals & Funding
1 Strategic Response Plans in the MENA region received US$ 2.1 billion. The largest recipient was Syria, with US$ 1.08 billion, followed by Iraq with US$ 851.6 million. In total, the appeals and SRPs are 32.9% funded with a 67.1% shortfall.
2 The Syrian Humanitarian Response Plan (SHARP) and the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) jointly requested US$ 6.79 billion. The total amount received is US$ 1.18 billion (17.3%), which leaves a total shortfall of US$ 5.62 billion (82.7%).
Situation Générale en février 2015 Prévision jusqu'à ’mi-avril 2015
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin est restée préoccupante en février le long de la cote de la mer Rouge, au Soudan et en Érythrée, où des opérations de lutte ont été réalisées contre un grand nombre de bandes larvaires, groupes d’ailes et essaims.
Situation Générale en janvier 2015 Prévision jusqu'à’mi-mars 2015
General Situation during January 2015 Forecast until mid-March 2015
General Situation during December 2014 Forecast until mid-February 2015
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation deteriorated along the Red Sea coast in the central outbreak region during November. Aerial and ground operations treated swarms and groups of adults and hoppers on close to 83,000 ha in Sudan during this month. A few adult locusts were detected on the Gulf of Aden & the Red Sea coastal plains in Yemen the last week of November. No locusts were reported in Ethiopia, Oman or Somalia and no reports were received from Eritrea or Saudi Arabia during this period (DLCO-EA, DLMCC/Yemen, LCC/Oman, PPD/Sudan).
General Situation during November 2014 Forecast until January 2015
As per Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), the deep depression formed over central western parts of Arabian Sea has converted into a Tropical Cyclone (TC) and named as 04A (Nilofar) which may further intensify into a severe Tropical Cyclone during the next 36-48 hours. TC is now located at Lat. 14.5 N and Long. 62.0 E, about 1250 kms south-southwest from Karachi, 1175 km south from Gwadar, 730 Km southeast from Masirah Island and 880 Km east-southeast from Salalah coast (Oman).
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation remained calm in September in summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region. Only a few adults and hoppers were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad. A similar situation may be present in northern Mali where surveys were not possible.
Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia remained calm during this month.
The Tsunami Warning System established under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in the Indian Ocean following the December 2004 disaster is functioning effectively. This was demonstrated in a simulation exercise conducted on 9 and 10 September 2014, with the participation of 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim*.
According to the preliminary results of the simulated alert, all of the participating countries received timely tsunami advisory messages, and no delays were reported.
Ten years after the strongest tsunami in living memory in 2004, 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim* will participate in a large scale simulation exercise organized under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO on 9 and 10 September to test the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System. The goal is to measure the capacity and response times of the various stakeholders involved to address such rare but potentially destructive events.
Strategic Response Plans in the MENA region received US$ 1.216 billion, the largest recipient was Syria, with US$ 593 million, followed by Afghanistan with US$ 241 million. In total, the appeals and SRPs are 30.6% funded with a 69.4% shortfall.
The Syrian Humanitarian Response Plan (SHARP) and the Regional Response Plan for Syrian Refugees (RRP) jointly requested US$ 6.5 billion. The total amount received is US$ 1.9 billion (30%), which leaves a total shortfall of US$ 4.6 billion (70%).
During May, several Desert Locust (SGR1) swarms from northwestern Somalia invaded eastern Ethiopia. On May 14th, an immature swarm dominated the sky over the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (see picture below). This is an extremely rare phenomenon that has not been in more than half a century. The swarm is believed to have escaped from eastern Ethiopia passing through the Rift Valley and crossing Awash where it destroyed a sugarcane plantation. No damage was reported in Addis and the swarm was later seen heading northwest and reached Gojjam.
Concern remains following spike in MERS-CoV cases
The recent spike in cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of WHO remains a concern. So far, ten countries in the region have reported cases of MERS-CoV. While in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and the United Arab Emirates, both community and hospital-acquired infections continue to be reported, sporadic cases, mostly imported and travel associated, have been reported in Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Yemen in recent time.
Locusts may increase in Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, and Oman
The Desert Locust situation continues to improve along both sides of the Red Sea due to control operations and drying conditions in Sudan, Eritrea, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.