- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 30 | 20 August–19 September 2014
- GIEWS Update: Pakistan: Severe floods affect large numbers of people and cause agriculture damages
- USAID Pakistan Emergency Situational Analysis - District Thatta, September 2014
Appeals & Funding
As per Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), the deep depression formed over central western parts of Arabian Sea has converted into a Tropical Cyclone (TC) and named as 04A (Nilofar) which may further intensify into a severe Tropical Cyclone during the next 36-48 hours. TC is now located at Lat. 14.5 N and Long. 62.0 E, about 1250 kms south-southwest from Karachi, 1175 km south from Gwadar, 730 Km southeast from Masirah Island and 880 Km east-southeast from Salalah coast (Oman).
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation remained calm in September in summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region. Only a few adults and hoppers were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad. A similar situation may be present in northern Mali where surveys were not possible.
Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia remained calm during this month.
The Tsunami Warning System established under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in the Indian Ocean following the December 2004 disaster is functioning effectively. This was demonstrated in a simulation exercise conducted on 9 and 10 September 2014, with the participation of 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim*.
According to the preliminary results of the simulated alert, all of the participating countries received timely tsunami advisory messages, and no delays were reported.
Ten years after the strongest tsunami in living memory in 2004, 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim* will participate in a large scale simulation exercise organized under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO on 9 and 10 September to test the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System. The goal is to measure the capacity and response times of the various stakeholders involved to address such rare but potentially destructive events.
Strategic Response Plans in the MENA region received US$ 1.216 billion, the largest recipient was Syria, with US$ 593 million, followed by Afghanistan with US$ 241 million. In total, the appeals and SRPs are 30.6% funded with a 69.4% shortfall.
The Syrian Humanitarian Response Plan (SHARP) and the Regional Response Plan for Syrian Refugees (RRP) jointly requested US$ 6.5 billion. The total amount received is US$ 1.9 billion (30%), which leaves a total shortfall of US$ 4.6 billion (70%).
During May, several Desert Locust (SGR1) swarms from northwestern Somalia invaded eastern Ethiopia. On May 14th, an immature swarm dominated the sky over the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (see picture below). This is an extremely rare phenomenon that has not been in more than half a century. The swarm is believed to have escaped from eastern Ethiopia passing through the Rift Valley and crossing Awash where it destroyed a sugarcane plantation. No damage was reported in Addis and the swarm was later seen heading northwest and reached Gojjam.
Concern remains following spike in MERS-CoV cases
The recent spike in cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of WHO remains a concern. So far, ten countries in the region have reported cases of MERS-CoV. While in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and the United Arab Emirates, both community and hospital-acquired infections continue to be reported, sporadic cases, mostly imported and travel associated, have been reported in Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Yemen in recent time.
Locusts may increase in Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, and Oman
The Desert Locust situation continues to improve along both sides of the Red Sea due to control operations and drying conditions in Sudan, Eritrea, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
Situation Générale en mars 2014
Prévision jusqu'à’mi-mai 2014
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin s’est améliorée en mars le long des deux rives de la mer Rouge suite aux opérations de lutte et au dessèchement des conditions. Néanmoins, il subsiste un risque que des groupes d’ailés et peut-être quelques petits essaims puissent se déplacer dans les aires de reproduction printanière de l’intérieur de l’Arabie saoudite et du Yémen, où une reproduction est possible.
General Situation during March 2014
Forecast until mid-May 2014
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained active in February in the central outbreak region on the Red Sea coasts and the Horn of Africa. Aerial and/or ground control treated hoppers and swarms on some 50,000 ha in Saudi Arabia, Eritrea, Sudan, Yemen and northern Somalia. Other countries in the region remained calm during this month (DLCO-EA2 , DLMCC/Yemen, FAO-DLIS,
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained active on the Red Sea coasts in January where breeding continued and hoppers and swarms were reported in several places in Eritrea, Sudan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen during this month.
Current major event
Meningococcal disease in Sudan: Trend is declining
For the last couple of years, the trend of meningococcal diseases in Sudan is visibly on the decline. Last year, a total of 1,110 suspected cases of meningococcal disease including 49 deaths were reported from Sudan. There was no localized outbreak from meningococcal disease reported from the country last year.
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation continued developing in Eritrea, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Sudan, in December. Aerial and ground operations treated close to 80,000 ha during this month.
CCHF remains entrenched in Pakistan
In 2013, Pakistan has probably seen one of the worst outbreaks from Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF). As of December 2013, a total of 100 cases were reported across the country including 20 deaths (CFR: 20%). 64 of these cases have been laboratory-confirmed.