- Human Rights Watch: Pakistan: Events of 2015
- OCHA Flash Update: #1 Afghanistan-Pakistan Earthquake, 27 Dec 2015
- UNHCR Shelter Cluster intervention and support for Orakzai return, 20 Dec 2015
Appeals & Funding
- Pakistan 2015 Humanitarian Preparedness Plan (23 Jul 2015)
- UNHCR Global Appeal 2015 Update - Pakistan
- Emergency Response Fund (ERF) in 2015 PDF XLS
Flow Monitoring: As of 02 February 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, fYROM, Croatia, and Slovenia had amassed interviews with over 3,765 migrants and asylum seekers, of which 406 people were interviewed over the week from 26 January-02 February. Individuals of Syrian, Afghan, Iraqi, Iranian and Pakistani nationalities comprised 94% of all respondents.
See sections on Greece and Italy for an update on the EU’s Relocations Plan.
Situation Générale en janvier 2016
Prévision jusqu'à’mi-mars 2016
AT LEAST 2297 JOURNALISTS AND MEDIA STAFF HAVE BEEN KILLED SINCE 1990 : IFJ REPORT
The International Federation of Journalists today published its 25th report on journalists and media staff killed since 1990. The report lists 2297 media fatalities due to violence in journalism, including 112 killed in 2015 alone. From double digits at the start of these publications, the figures reached three digits in eleven years, peaking to 155 killings of journalists and media staff in 2006, the deadliest year on record, according to the IFJ reports.
General Situation during January 2016
Forecast until mid-March 2016
Desert Locust breeding continued during January in north and northwest Mauritania and in adjacent areas of Western Sahara where locusts formed small groups. Limited ground control operations were carried out in these areas.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 69 countries in the fourth quarter of 2015 (October to December). The maps on pages 6–7 disaggregate the impact analysis to sub-national level.
• During Q4-2015, FAO’s global cereal price index fell by a further 15.2 percent year-on-year because of abundant supplies and sluggish demand. The index returned to the level seen before the food price crisis of 2007-08.
Statistics and Highlights
4,093 (1,134 on 22/01; 1,064 on 23/01; 1,895 on 24/01) refugees and migrants arrived: 3,837 (1,033 on 22/01; 1,017 on 23/01; 1,787 on 24/01) from fYRo Macedonia and 256 (101 on 22/01; 47 on 23/01 and 108 on 24/01) from Bulgaria
2,585 (580 on 22/01; 1,147 on 23/01; 858 on 24/01) asylum seekers departed to Croatia Official statistics on registration are not available
The climate remained very inhospitable, with sub-zero temperatures and snow at all refugee sites
Italy witnessed a 43% rise of sea arrivals over the last month, compared to December 2014, bucking the seasonal decrease of refugees and migrants arriving by sea and the downward trend registered in the second half of 2015. Arrival trends for December include the steady decrease of Syrians arriving by sea and the continuing proportional increase of Nigerians.
At the end of December 2015, the total number of arrivals stands at 153,842 persons, compared to 170,100 in 2014 at the same time, corresponding to a 10% decrease.
REPORTING PERIOD 14 - 20 Jan 2016
Flow Monitoring: As of 18 January 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, fYROM, Croatia, and Slovenia had amassed interviews with over 2,700 migrants and asylum seekers. Individuals of Syrian, Afghan, Iraqi,
Iranian and Pakistani nationalities comprised 93%.
December 2015 – Trends
- Deteriorated situations
Afghanistan, Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Niger
- Improved situations
January 2016 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts
- Conflict resolution opportunities
Besides observing a seasonal decrease of refugees and migrants arriving by sea, Italy witnessed a 65% drop of sea arrivals over the last month, compared to November 2014.
Arrival trends for November include the steady decrease of Syrians arriving by sea, a slight drop of Sudanese as well as a continuing proportional increase of Nigerian nationals.
In November 43 asylum-seekers were relocated to France, Spain, Germany and Sweden under the EU relocation scheme.
Greece - Despite worsening weather conditions, large numbers of migrants and refugees are continuing to arrive in Greece by sea from Turkey. According to Greek police and IOM field staff, over 30,000 migrants and refugees have arrived since the beginning of December. Some 735,000 migrants crossed into Greece the first 11 months of the year.
The number of fatalities in the Aegean has also risen in December. Some 25 people are believed to have died in two shipwrecks off the coasts of Farmakonisi on December 3rd and December 9th. Of them, 15 are still missing.
Violent conflicts, terrorism, long-standing repressive regimes, chronic poverty and inequality have driven an unprecedented number of refugees and migrants to Europe. Those making the journey are assisted by an increasingly violent and opportunistic smuggling industry. Sustainable profits made by this industry have allowed transnational networks to develop where they previously did not exist, with serious implications for human security and state stability.
Développement d’une résurgence dans l’ouest de la Mauritanie
Outbreak develops in western Mauritania
November 2015 – Trends
Bangladesh, France, Kosovo, Lebanon, Nepal, Syria, Turkey, Venezuela
Burkina Faso, Myanmar
December 2015 – Watchlist
Conflict risk alerts
- Conflict resolution opportunities
Next week, Mozambique, formerly one of the world’s most heavily mined countries, will formally declare it has completed mine clearance on its territory, the 29th country to do so since the 1990s. This leaves 60 countries and territories still contaminated according to Clearing the Mines, a review of mine action programmes around the world published today by Norwegian People’s Aid. The report’s authors have calculated that by 2020 another 20 countries should have completed mine clearance and the urgent humanitarian threat removed from the other 40.
Western Region (CLCPRO)