On 13 June, the Humanitarian Country Team adopted its strategy on the centrality of protection, underlining that protection of affected populations is the responsibility of all humanitarian actors.
According to Yemeni refugees in Markazi camp, refugees return to Yemen only to attend urgent family matters. In general, refugees are fully aware that conditions in Yemen are not suitable for sustainable return.
Swarms continue to form in Yemen and damage crops
General Situation during June 2016
The Desert Locust situation remained extremely serious in Yemen during June. New swarms formed in the interior, some of which moved into the highlands and may continue to the Red Sea coast while others could still move to the summer breeding areas along the Indo-Pakistan border. Crop damage was reported in Yemen. More swarms are expected to form during July and another generation of breeding could commence in August. Survey and control operations remain limited due to insecurity.
2,499,429 People affected by the conflict (in Yemen and adjacent countries), including refugees and internally displaced persons prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
2,053,093 Persons internally displaced prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
178,001 Arrivals to Djibouti, Ethiopia Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and Sudan mainly by sea or overland since late March 2015.
In March 2015, conflict erupted in Yemen and thousands of refugees and migrants fled to neighbouring countries, including Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. While the number of new arrivals from Yemen remain low in 2016, the ongoing humanitarian crisis inside the country remains dire. At the same time, large numbers of refugees and migrants from the Horn of Africa make the journey into Yemen.
In the absence of a political solution, the humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. In search of safety and livelihoods, over 2.8 million people continue to be on the move in Yemen. With their safety nets depleted, as savings dwindle and remittances from abroad dry up, more people are moving to makeshift and spontaneous settlements and are turning to negative coping strategies for survival. This includes increased child labour and early marriage. The added stresses on host communities are also increasing as the economy collapses.
The global terrorist threat continued to evolve rapidly in 2015, becoming increasingly decentralized and diffuse. Terrorist groups continued to exploit an absence of credible and effective state institutions, where avenues for free and peaceful expression of opinion were blocked, justice systems lacked credibility, and where security force abuses and government corruption went unchecked.
Swarms expected to form in Yemen may threaten Indo-Pakistan
The Desert Locust situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate as more hopper groups and bands formed in the interior as well as on the Aden coast during May. Insecurity and remoteness are hampering current survey and control efforts. Consequently, swarms will start to form in the coming days.
Situation Générale en avril 2016 Prévision jusqu'à’mi-juin 2016
aggravée en avril au Yémen où des groupes d’ailés et de petits essaims se sont formés sur la côte méridionale puis déplacés dans l’intérieur où ils ont pondu. Les éclosions ont débuté fi n avril et on s’attend, en mai, à des éclosions généralisées suivies de la formation de groupes et bandes larvaires au sein d’une vaste zone où les opérations de prospection et de lutte sont diffi ciles à cause de l’éloignement et l’insécurité.
People affected by the conflict (in Yemen and adjacent countries), including refugees and internally displaced persons prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
Persons internally displaced prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
Arrivals to Djibouti, Ethiopia Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and Sudan mainly by sea or overland since late March 2015.
The Desert Locust situation has worsened in Yemen as adult groups and a few small swarms formed on the southern coast in early April and moved into the interior where widespread rains led to rapid maturation and egg-laying. Hatching and band formation commenced by the end of the month.
During the first half of April, several Desert Locust adult groups and swarms formed in at least one area along the southern coast of Yemen between Arkha and Bir Ali. As vegetation dried out, the locusts moved into adjacent interior areas where heavy rains fell recently in Al Jawf, Marib, Hadhramaut, Shabwah and Al-Maharah regions. Consequently, infestations declined on the coast but increased in the interior.
• Heavy rain reportedly affected south-eastern Nigeria over 9-10 April causing floods.
• Local media reported that 30 homes had been damaged and 200 people had been rendered homeless in the area of Calabar (Cross River state), as of 11 April.
• Heavy rain reportedly affected the province of Muscat on 8 April causing floods.
• Local media report at least two people dead in Wadi Kabeel and traffic disruption, as of 9 April.