Large-scale conflicts are a major challenge for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).
Twenty-four countries* will participate in a large scale tsunami simulation exercise organized under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO on 7 and 8 September.
By Brigitte Leoni
PORT VICTORIA, Seychelles, 5 September 2016 - Memories of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami which claimed some 230,000 lives, will be revived this week as 24 countries take part in one of the largest tsunami simulations ever staged.
Situation Générale en août 2016 Prévision jusqu'à’mi-octobre 2016
General Situation during August 2016 Forecast until mid-October 2016
Mature swarm arrives on Pakistan coast from Yemen
Situation Générale en juillet 2016 Prévision jusqu'à’mi-septembre 2016
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin est restée très préoccupante au Yémen en juillet. Un nombre indéterminé d’essaims a continué à se former dans l’intérieur. Au moins un essaim s’est déplacé dans les hautes-terres centrales, tandis que des groupes d’ailés se déplaçaient vers la côte méridionale. Les fortes pluies et les inondations survenues dans la plupart des zones fi n juillet permettront à la reproduction de se poursuivre et de s’étendre aux plaines côtières de la mer Rouge.
General Situation during July 2016 Forecast until mid-September 2016
On 13 June, the Humanitarian Country Team adopted its strategy on the centrality of protection, underlining that protection of affected populations is the responsibility of all humanitarian actors.
According to Yemeni refugees in Markazi camp, refugees return to Yemen only to attend urgent family matters. In general, refugees are fully aware that conditions in Yemen are not suitable for sustainable return.
Situation Générale en juin 2016 Prévision jusqu'à’mi-août 2016
Swarms continue to form in Yemen and damage crops
General Situation during June 2016
The Desert Locust situation remained extremely serious in Yemen during June. New swarms formed in the interior, some of which moved into the highlands and may continue to the Red Sea coast while others could still move to the summer breeding areas along the Indo-Pakistan border. Crop damage was reported in Yemen. More swarms are expected to form during July and another generation of breeding could commence in August. Survey and control operations remain limited due to insecurity.
2,499,429 People affected by the conflict (in Yemen and adjacent countries), including refugees and internally displaced persons prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
2,053,093 Persons internally displaced prior to and as a result of the current conflict.
178,001 Arrivals to Djibouti, Ethiopia Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and Sudan mainly by sea or overland since late March 2015.
In March 2015, conflict erupted in Yemen and thousands of refugees and migrants fled to neighbouring countries, including Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. While the number of new arrivals from Yemen remain low in 2016, the ongoing humanitarian crisis inside the country remains dire. At the same time, large numbers of refugees and migrants from the Horn of Africa make the journey into Yemen.
In the absence of a political solution, the humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. In search of safety and livelihoods, over 2.8 million people continue to be on the move in Yemen. With their safety nets depleted, as savings dwindle and remittances from abroad dry up, more people are moving to makeshift and spontaneous settlements and are turning to negative coping strategies for survival. This includes increased child labour and early marriage. The added stresses on host communities are also increasing as the economy collapses.
Situation Générale en mai 2016 Prévision jusqu'à’mi-juillet 2016
The global terrorist threat continued to evolve rapidly in 2015, becoming increasingly decentralized and diffuse. Terrorist groups continued to exploit an absence of credible and effective state institutions, where avenues for free and peaceful expression of opinion were blocked, justice systems lacked credibility, and where security force abuses and government corruption went unchecked.
Swarms expected to form in Yemen may threaten Indo-Pakistan
The Desert Locust situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate as more hopper groups and bands formed in the interior as well as on the Aden coast during May. Insecurity and remoteness are hampering current survey and control efforts. Consequently, swarms will start to form in the coming days.