Author, Copyright Holder: Shiva Dhungana
Document Summary As we look towards 2015, we thought it important to put a focus on peacebuilding. Eight years after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), some observers might be perplexed about using peacebuilding as a lens through which to view Nepal, but the United Nations understands that the concept goes far deeper than ceasefires and the management of fighting forces.
Kathmandu, Nepal | AFP | Wednesday 1/22/2015 - 19:58 GMT
by Paavan MATHEMA
Nepal's lawmakers failed to agree on a new constitution Thursday as a midnight deadline expired, deepening public frustration over the slow pace of political progress in the young republic.
Parliament Speaker Subash Nembang adjourned the late-night session after opposition lawmakers rushed into the well of the main chamber, shouted slogans and disrupted proceedings for nearly three hours.
Kathmandu, 21 January 2015: Nepal’s political leaders have successfully achieved many of their peace process commitments since the end of the conflict in 2006. Agreement on a new constitution is a vital remaining task.
The international community is concerned that relations between the parties have been marked by tension in recent days. We call upon them to provide forward-looking leadership in the larger national interest and to continue constitutional negotiations in a spirit of flexibility and urgency.
KATHMANDU, Nepal – Four months after landslides and flooding devastated much of mid-western Nepal, thousands of survivors are now enduring bitter winter temperatures. “I do not have enough clothes to protect myself during this winter. Whatever clothes we had were swept away by the flood,” said Kalpana Thapa, 25, of Chauparia Duruwa-9 in Dang District.
This paper has analyzed the citizenship provisions proposed by the Constituent Assembly from the children and women rights perspectives. It argues that the proposed gendered biased nature of the existing and proposed provisions on nationality and citizenship right in Nepal is unjustifiable. Because it perpetuates discrimination between men and women with the idea of reinforcing patriarchy in the background. It has recommended an urgency to redouble the efforts in making provisions to ensure gender equality and prevent the statelessness of the children in the new Constitution of Nepal.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
KATHMANDU, 12 January 2015- UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, provided reproductive health and dignity kits worth approximately Rs 15 million to women of reproductive age, including pregnant and lactating women who were affected by floods in four districts of mid-Western Nepal.
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.
After a decade-long civil conflict, Nepal faces the challenges of a transitional situation wherein conflict sensitivity has been a significant element of development assistance. Since 2010, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has been adopting a conflict-sensitive approach (or positively termed as peace-sensitive approach) to development in Nepal. This approach refers to understanding the local context, and identifying and addressing potential risks to development assistance.
A woman from Kisannagar of Mahottari district died due to excessive cold on Sunday night.
According to police, 45 year old Sumitra Devi Thakur of Kisannagar, currently living at Bardibas Municipality-4, died after being affected by the decreasing temperature.
She had harvested sugarcane out in the field throughout the day yesterday in cold wind but died in the night due to hypothermia, Mahottari District Police Office said.
With this, the death toll due to excessive cold in the district has reached eight.
December saw a significant deterioration of the security situation – compared to the previous month – in nine countries or conflict situations in the world, including in South Asia (Pakistan and India), and East Africa (South Sudan and Kenya). There is a risk of increased violence in the coming month in Sudan, where major offensives are anticipated on the heels of a failure in the peace talks; in Sri Lanka, in the context of the 8 January elections; and in Haiti, where the current president could rule by decree unless parliament's mandate, due to expire on 12 January, is extended.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
Sixteen years of wildfires in Asia-Pacific
Wild land fires and other biomass fires annually burn a total land area of between 3.5 and 4.5 million km2, equivalent to the surface area of India and Pakistan together, or more than half of Australia. This makes it one of the most spatially prevalent hazards after drought.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.