For more than a year on the Mali borders, TSF has been reinforcing the coordination among the humanitarian actors working with Malian refugees.
In the Sahel region, the security conditions have significantly deteriorated in March 2012 with the massive arrival in Mali neighboring countries of refugees fleeing the fighting between the Tuareg rebels and the regular army. According to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) there are more than 174,000 refugees in the neighbouring countries.
The UN’s senior humanitarian representative in the Sahel region of West Africa has called on the international community to maintain its commitment to millions of people who face another year threatened by malnutrition, displacement, conflict and high food prices.
The security situation, had remained largely calm during the month of May. Following recent events, in particular the arrival of an estimated 2,367 Niger citizens and 126 Nigeria citizens from Nigeria , as well as the declaration of a state of emergency in three federal states neighboring Diffa region, UNHCR Niger has dispatched on 17 May a contingency mission to Diffa town and region.
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One year after the food crisis and the takeover of northern territories of the country by armed groups in Mali, the humanitarian situation is critical and its effects are making themselves felt throughout the region. The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) has been in the country for 35 years, and has had to adapt to these successive crises. Since mid-February 2013, Lucas Riegger, a member of the Swiss Humanitarian Aid Unit, has been providing support for the activities of the SDC’s Cooperation Office (Coof).
In the wake of the food crises of the early 1970s and the resulting World Food Conference of 1974, a group of innovators realized that food security depends not only on crop production but also on the policies that affect an entire food system, from farm to table. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) was founded in 1975, the same year as the signing of the Treaty of Lagos, which formally created the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
The security situation, which had remained largely calm during the month of April, deteriorated on the 21st April with the takeover of Ber, located 53 km east of Timbuktu, by the Mouvement Arabe de l’Azawad (MAA), and this occurred two weeks after two serious security incidents in Timbuktu.
The incident in Ber further illustrates the growing tension between the Tuareg and Arab communities.
Since the beginning of the year 71,428 persons have received permanent access to an improved potable water source and 454,567 people received temporary access to potable chlorinated water. Roughly 15 per cent of the 1,222 Health centers throughout the country have a presence of WASH actors providing support for the WASH minimum package. In anticipation of the risk of cholera epidemic associated to the approaching rainy season, WASH partners have been identified in all areas (District Sanitaires) for which the risk has been identified as ‘extreme’, ‘elevated’ or ‘medium’.
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: