- UNHCR Niger - August 2016 Factsheet
- OCHA Bulletin humanitaire Niger - août 2016
- UNICEF Niger Humanitarian Situation Report, July 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Lake Chad Basin Emergency Response 1 Jul–30 Sep 2016
- Lake Chad Basin Emergency: Humanitarian Needs and Response Overview 2016 (May 2016) 2016 Plan de réponse humanitaire
- Nigeria Inter-agency Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2016
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2016
- WHO Humanitarian Response Plan 2016
Participants in the regional technical consultation on agricultural and food prospects in the Sahel and West Africa, held from 19 to 21 September 2016, in Lomé, Togo, draw the following conclusions:
1. As part of preparations for the agro-pastoral season, States and their partners provided support to farmers with inputs (seeds, fertilizers, pesticides) and agricultural equipment, even if these efforts have not met the expressed needs.
Relatively well-distributed rainfall in most of the region with above normal in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.
Normal availability of pastures in the pastoral areas of the region.
Increase in the number of food and nutrition insecure people in North East Nigeria, including 65,095 people in phase 5 (famine)
Following a brief period of suppressed rainfall, Guatemala registers heavy precipitation during the last week
Africa Weather Hazards
Prolonged heavy rainfall during the season throughout the Niger River basin has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Inundation is also expected to be greater than it has been for many years through the inner Niger delta.
Continued adequate moisture conditions raise hopes for average to above-average harvest
The Intertropical Front (ITF) started its southward retreat in early September but it remains either at or north of its average position, which could mean a normal to longer growing period.
From early July until mid-September, mostly average to above-average rainfall that has been well-distributed over time has fallen throughout most of the region (Figures 1 and 2), which is ensuring good growing conditions.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR MARCH 2017
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Abnormal dryness within East Africa and elevated river levels along the Niger River in Nigeria
Africa Weather Hazards
A prolonged period of heavy rainfall has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Nigeria and Niger. As the river slowly drains, stream flow should remain high through early September.
Low and poorly distributed seasonal rainfall across parts of central Senegal have led to strengthening moisture deficits.
DES HOMMES ARMÉS ATTAQUENT UN HÔPITAL
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
GUNMEN RAIDHOSPITAL, SEVERAL VILLAGES
Prospects for global cereal production in 2016 continued to improve in recent months with significant upward revisions for maize and wheat, reflecting particularly favourable weather conditions in some of the large producing countries.
COUNTRIES IN NEED OF EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE: FAO estimates that 36 countries, including 28 in Africa, are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts and drought induced production declines are the main causes that have stressed food security in 2016.
Flooding risks remain in East and West Africa, while rainfall deficits increase in Ethiopia and Uganda
About Weather Hazards
The Global Weather Hazards report anticipates severe weather or climate events in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Central Asia. This product provides maps with current weather and climate information; short and medium range weather forecasts (up to one week); and the potential impact on crop and pasture conditions. It does not reflect long range forecasts or food security conditions.
Principal cadre de référence pour toutes les interventions en matière de prévention et de gestion des catastrophes et crises alimentaires, le plan de soutien aux populations vulnérables est considéré comme l’outil de planification et de programmation des interventions que le Dispositif National (DNPGCCA) et ses partenaires se doivent de mettre en œuvre pour répondre aux besoins des populations vulnérables identifiés préalablement selon une démarche participative et inclusive.
The violent conflict in the Lake Chad Basin has continuously deteriorated. Boko Haram raids and suicide bombings targeting civilians are causing widespread trauma, preventing people from accessing essential services and destroying vital infrastructure. Around 21 million people live in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad countries. The number of displaced people in the most affected areas has tripled over the last two years. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that count among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable.
- The results of the mid-August Cadre Harmonisé food security assessment in north-eastern Nigeria reveal a considerable deterioration of food security, with more than 4.4 million people estimated to be facing “crisis” and “emergency” levels. At least 65 000 people are experiencing famine-like conditions1 .
- En août, plus de 92 000 personnes étaient affectées par les inondations au Niger.
- L’assistance alimentaire d’urgence à Diffa a couvert les besoins de 65 pour cent des personnes ciblées en juillet.
- Les préparatifs de la rentrée scolaire sont en cours à Diffa. Cependant il y a un besoin urgent de couvrir certains besoins identifiés.
- Le nombre des migrants qui ont transité par le Niger dépasse les prévisions.
KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS
Poverty, demographic pressure and recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, and high food prices) are among the key causes of vulnerability amongst households and communities.
Insecurity in neighboring countries, notably Mali and Nigeria, has led to displacements to Niger. In addition, the country is experiencing internal displacement of people due to armed attacks by insurgents that have been occurring in Diffa since Feb 2015.
Africa Weather Hazards
- Persistent, above average rainfall since July has led to excessively rainfall surpluses and floods that have damaged infrastructure, displaced populations, and caused fatalities in parts of Sudan, South Sudan, and Ethiopia.
- Below-average seasonal rainfall and persistent moisture deficits in the region have negatively impacted developing crops across parts of eastern Oromia and SNNPR in Ethiopia.
- There is a potential for increased number of locusts migrating from the Arabian Peninsula which may negatively impact cropping …
As of 31 August 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans as covered by the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$21.7 billion to meet the needs of 95.4 million people affected by humanitarian crises in 40 countries. Global requirements are adjusted throughout the year as response plans are revised, both upwards and downwards, to reflect up-to-date needs.
The current decrease has resulted from revisions of plans for Ethiopia, Afghanistan and Yemen.
In West Africa, market availability was good in July with supplies from above-average 2015/16 regional harvests, and international rice and wheat imports. Markets remained disrupted throughout the Lake Chad Basin and in parts of Central and Northern Mali. The recent depreciation of the Naira has led to price increases across Nigeria and reduced purchasing power for livestock in the Sahel (Page 3).