- OCHA Bulletin humanitaire Octobre 2014
- IFRC Population Movement - Emergency Appeal MDRNE013 Operations update n° 2
- OCHA: Région de Diffa Rapport de situation No. 8 (au 29 octobre 2014)
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- 2014-2016 Plan de réponse stratégique - Révision août 2014
- Nigeria Regional Refugee Response Plan, August - December 2014
19 November 2014 – Insecurity is on the march again in the countries of Africa’s Sahel belt, where extremists have displaced 1.5 million people in Nigeria and the threat of Ebola is exacerbating an already dire humanitarian crisis, the United Nations humanitarian regional coordinator said today.
Les récoltes en cours améliorent les niveaux des stocks des ménages et des marchés. Malgré les retards d’installation de la saison enregistrés dans plusieurs localités, des productions agricoles moyennes à supérieures à la moyenne sont globalement attendues dans la région. Cependant, des productions inférieures à la moyenne seront observées en Mauritanie, au Sénégal, en Gambie, au nord-est du Nigeria, en Centrafrique et localement dans les autres pays du Sahel.
Snapshot 12–18 November
Ethiopia: Waters have begun to recede from Leitchuor refugee camp in Gambella, but few refugees have returned to the camps so far, where alarming rates of severe malnutrition persist: 5.7% in Leitchuor, 7.8% in Kule, and 10% in Tierkidi. In SNNPR, flooding was reported, while in Oromia, water trucking has begun for populations affected by drought.
In Madagascar, a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) has been confirmed. The virus was isolated from one case of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) with onset of paralysis on 29 September, and from three healthy contacts. An estimated more than 25% of children remain under-immunized against polio in the country. Madagascar was previously affected by a cVDPV2 outbreak in 2001/2002 (resulting in five cases) and in 2005 (resulting in three cases). Emergency outbreak response is being finalized, with campaigns to be held in December and January.
Snapshot 5–11 November
Central African Republic: About 20,000 displaced people are seeking refuge in isolated rural areas in Ouham province following the arrival of armed groups in Boguila, Kouki and Nana Bakassa on 25 October. Nearly 1,000 people have been displaced since July in Bambari following violence in Batobadja and Matchika, and 4,000 have been displaced since January to Berberati town in Mambere province.
Snapshot 29 October – 4 November
Yemen: As a government was agreed by Houthi and other opposition parties, the Southern Movement announced a merger to represent all southerners in the campaign for independence. Houthi insurgents attacked the Sunni opposition Al Islah party headquarters in Ibb, while Al Qaeda killed 18 Yemeni troops during an attack in Hudaydah.
Hotspots: Burkina Faso hosts violent protests, President ousted; Niger attacked by Mali-based group; insurgents take city in Nigeria.
There are presently 13,567 cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa that have resulted in 4,951 deaths.
Mali reports its first Ebola case. Nigeria and Senegal are declared Ebola-free.
WHO to lead Ebola preparedness missions over next six weeks to 15 countries in West Africa.
DAKAR, 30 octobre 2014 (IRIN) - Les taux d'insécurité alimentaire et de malnutrition se détériorent au Sahel. Selon le bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires des Nations Unies (OCHA), cela se doit en partie au conflit et à l'instabilité en République centrafricaine (RCA), dans le nord du Mali et dans le nord-est du Nigeria.
Le nombre de personnes en situation d'insécurité alimentaire a augmenté de près de cinq millions depuis le début de l'année, soit un total de 24,7 millions - plus du double par rapport à 2013, a estimé OCHA.
The food and nutrition crisis in the Sahel continues. People are facing a triple crisis : limited access to food , erosion of resilience due to recurrent crises and weak social services, and region- wide ramifications of conflicts in the region.
DAKAR, 29 October 2014 (IRIN) - Food security and malnutrition rates across the Sahel are deteriorating, due in large part to ongoing conflict and instability in the Central African Republic (CAR), northern Mali, and northeast Nigeria, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Nearly five million more people have joined the ranks of the food insecure since the beginning of the year, bringing the estimated total in need of food aid to 24.7 million - more than double the number in 2013, says OCHA.
Central African Republic: In Ouaka prefecture, fighting among rival militias persists. Attacks on a number locations, including Bambari, have left dozens of people dead, and civilians have been executed. 3,000 people remain displaced from Bangui after violence began in the middle of the month.
Les productions agricoles (céréales et légumineuses) attendues seront inférieures à la moyenne quinquennale en Gambie, en Guinée Bissau, en Mauritanie et au Sénégal.
Les approvisionnements en céréales sur les marchés sont assez satisfaisants avec des prix stables ou à la baisse, à l’exception de certains marchés au Mali, au Sénégal, au Tchad et au Niger qui affichent des hausses des prix.
West Africa’s road network – through which the majority of intra-regional trade occurs – could facilitate the spread of Ebola. Travellers and traders infected in Guinea, Liberia or Sierra Leone may transmit the virus via some of the major highways. In this respect, groups such as long-distance lorry drivers could be particularly at risk, particularly if effective monitoring systems for Ebola are not established at border crossings.
DRC: A resurgence of ADF-NALU attacks in North Kivu are thought to have displaced 100,000 people, and killed at least 80. In South Kivu, there has been a significant increase in IDPs, mainly due to insecurity in Shabunda and Fizi territories. 7.3 million people across the country are estimated to be food insecure.
Recurring food insecurity and acute malnutrition, cyclical drought, locust infestations, seasonal floods, disease outbreaks, and complex emergencies have presented significant challenges to the vulnerable populations of the West Africa region. Complex emergencies and food insecurity constituted the primary concerns in West Africa during FY 2014.
USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) maintains a permanent regional presence in Dakar, Senegal.