- WFP: Insecurity in northern Nigeria - Regional Impact Situation Report #1, 22 Jan 2015
- UNICEF Niger response for displaced children and women from North-East Nigeria, 12 Jan 2015
- OCHA Bulletin humanitaire décembre 2014
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New study on child poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa
Two thirds of children in sub-Saharan Africa experience multiple deprivations
New UNICEF study provides extensive new data and analysis of multidimensional child poverty
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
Ministers of Health from around the world will convene next week at WHO’s Executive Board meeting, to set global public health policies. Among other topics, representatives are expected to review the current polio epidemiology and global preparedness plans for the phased removal of oral polio vaccines. A report has been prepared, to facilitate discussions, available here.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
Pluviométrie atypique, conflits et Ebola augmentent l’insécurité alimentaire en Afrique de l’Ouest
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
The Chadian Government presents a long-term plan to integrate people who fled CAR to Chad.
Malnutrition rates in Chad's Sahel zone remain above the 15% emergency level in nearly half of all districts.
First outbreaks of cholera reported in Chad since 2011. A cholera vaccination campaign, unprecedented in Chad, will be introduced to reinforce ongoing WASH and medical programmes.
Nearly 245,000 children treated for malnutrition from January to October 2014.
Reported case incidence continues to fluctuate in Guinea, with no identifiable downward trend. Ebola virus disease (EVD) continues to spread geographically within the country, with the prefecture of Fria reporting 2 confirmed cases for the first time. Case incidence has declined to low levels in Liberia. There are signs that incidence has levelled off in Sierra Leone, although transmission remains intense in the west of the country.
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.
December saw a significant deterioration of the security situation – compared to the previous month – in nine countries or conflict situations in the world, including in South Asia (Pakistan and India), and East Africa (South Sudan and Kenya). There is a risk of increased violence in the coming month in Sudan, where major offensives are anticipated on the heels of a failure in the peace talks; in Sri Lanka, in the context of the 8 January elections; and in Haiti, where the current president could rule by decree unless parliament's mandate, due to expire on 12 January, is extended.
Countries in Africa have been working on improving their preparedness in the event of an Ebola outbreak. The WHO teams have provided simulated exercises in hospitals and technical training, for immediate emergency response and communication.
Mamo Jatta is a Regional Public Health and Surveillance Officer in The Gambia and, like many people living near Ebola affected countries, he is concerned the disease will enter his own country, “I recently visited the town where I grew up and wondered what would happen if Ebola were to hit us here, would we be ready for it?”
Les pays d’Afrique s’emploient à améliorer leur préparation en cas de flambée d’Ebola. Les équipes de l’OMS ont procédé à des exercices de simulation dans les hôpitaux et dispensé une formation technique concernant l’intervention d’urgence et la communication.
On December 17, 2014, the Board of Directors of the African Development Bank (AfDB) Group approved a series of loans to Lake Chad Basin countries to be disbursed through its African Development Fund (AFD). The funds granted are US $18.30 million for Cameroon, US $29.94 million for Nigeria, US $19.52 million for Niger, US $3.21 million for the Central African Republic and US $7.83 million for Chad.
Le Conseil d'administration du Groupe de la Banque africaine de développement (BAD) a approuvé, ce 17 décembre 2014, une série d’accords de prêts en faveur des pays du Bassin du Lac Tchad, qui seront déboursés à travers le guichet de son Fonds africain de développement (FAD) : sont ainsi octroyés, respectivement, 18,30 millions de dollars EU pour le Cameroun ; 29,94 millions pour le Nigeria ; 19,52 millions pour le Niger ; 3,21 millions pour la République centrafricaine ; et 7,83 millions de dollars EU pour le Tchad.
· There have been 20 206 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 7905 reported deaths.
· Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia, although Liberia reported more cases in the week ending 28 December than in the previous week.
· There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone. However, the west of the country is still experiencing the most intense transmission of all affected countries.
· The United Kingdom has reported its first confirmed case of Ebola.
There have been 19 497 reported cases of Ebola virus disease, with 7588 reported deaths.
Reported case incidence is fluctuating in Guinea and decreasing in Liberia.
There are signs that the increase in incidence has slowed in Sierra Leone, although the country’s west is now experiencing the most intense transmission in the affected countries. Response efforts have been strengthened to curb the spread of disease in the area.
L’écart entre les besoins humanitaires et les ressources disponibles pour y répondre continue de croître. Ce document énonce les appels inter-agences qui demandent 16,4 milliards de dollars en 2015 pour aider 57,5 millions de personnes à travers 22 pays.