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World + 14 others
West and East Africa - The 2014 Rainfall Season (October 2014)

Sahel

· Severe and seasonal rainfall deficits remain across many areas of the Sahelian region, in particular Senegal, Mauritania, northern Nigeria and eastern Niger.

· Serious impacts on agricultural production in Senegal and Mauritania can be expected. Perspectives are also unfavourable in eastern Niger and NE Nigeria.

Eastern region (Sudan, Ethiopia)

· Rainfall in September was favourable across the region. This trend has continued through October with wetter than average conditions.

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World + 3 others
Links Between Terrorism, Organized Crime and Crime: The Case of the Sahel Region

Erik Alda1, Joseph L. Sala2
1. American University, United States
2. Independent consultant, United States

Abstract

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Mali + 4 others
Peace & Security Council Report No 61, August 2014

In this issue

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) has an important role to play in supporting talks on the situation in Mali taking place in Algiers. The conclusion of a deal between the various armed groups and the government in Mali is crucial to achieve lasting peace.

The African Union now has to take some tough decisions about its involvement in the fight against Boko Haram in Nigeria. This includes the question of a possible regional intervention similar to the one launched against the Lord’s Resistance Army in Uganda.

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Mauritania + 16 others
The 2014 Rainfall Season: West and East Africa

Highlights

Sahel

• The Sahel region has undergone significant and widespread rainfall deficits, leading to significantly below average vegetation levels.

• Worst affected areas are Senegal, southern Mauritania, eastern Niger, NE Nigeria and central Chad • There was some recovery from late July, in particular in Niger and Chad. However, Senegal and Mauritania remained affected by persistent rainfall deficits.

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World + 5 others
Global Estimates 2014 - People displaced by disasters

Twice as many people are being displaced today than in the 1970s. A new report from IDMC reveals this is largely due to the growth and concentration of urban populations.

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Preventing Acute Malnutrition among Young Children in Crises: A Prospective Intervention Study in Niger

Governments and donor agencies need to know which preventative strategy is most effective, particularly among children under 2 years old who are most vulnerable to acute malnutrition.

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Mali + 2 others
Rethinking Resilience: Prioritizing Gender Integration to Enhance Household and Community Resilience to Food Insecurity in the Sahel

Report
Mercy Corps

Nowhere is answering the question of how to increase resilience more critical than across the Sahel, a region plagued by chronic poverty, food insecurity, drought, ecosystem degradation, and conflict. Mercy Corps conducted field research in Mali, Niger, and Northern Nigeria to examine the differing vulnerabilities and capacities of men, women, boys, and girls to understand what helps build the resilience of individuals, households, and communities. We found numerous structural barriers and unequal power dynamics that need to be addressed to ensure a truly resilient Sahel.

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World + 23 others
Global Humanitarian Overview - Status Report, August 2014

preview

102 million people are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance compared to 81 million in December 2013. Global financial requirements to cover humanitarian needs rose from $12.9 billion to $17.3 billion now.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Mali + 8 others
Sahel : Report on 2013 Humanitarian Operations - Burkina Faso, Chad, the Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Cameroon, Nigeria and Senegal, July 2014

A new report offers a snapshot of the scope and breadth of the humanitarian footprint in the Sahel and highlights some of the main challenges faced by aid organisations and how they adapted to them.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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World + 21 others
Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children: West and Central Africa Regional Report

West and Central Africa has the world’s highest out-of-school rate, at 28 per cent, which means that about 19 million primary school-age children in this region are excluded from education.

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Niger Food Security Brief, May 2014

Over the last three decades, FEWS NET has steadily built a core set of integrated materials on livelihoods, household vulnerability, nutrition, trade, and agro-climatology through fieldwork and secondary data collection and research. FEWS NET also looks beyond the immediate context to understand the broader context and the underlying causes of food insecurity.

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World + 54 others
Global Overview 2014: People internally displaced by conflict and violence

Report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre says this figure equates to a staggering increase of 4.5 million from 2012, signalling a record high for the second year running.

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World + 27 others
State of the World’s Mothers 2014 - Saving Mothers and Children in Humanitarian Crises

Maternal deaths and child mortality in the most challenging countries of the world can be dramatically cut when efforts are made to improve services for mothers and children.

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World + 15 others
Estado Mundial de las Madres 2014 - Salvemos a las madres y la infancia durante las crisis humanitarias

Resumen ejecutivo: principales conclusiones y recomendaciones

Cada día, alrededor de 800 madres y 18.000 niñas y niños pequeños mueren principalmente debido a causas prevenibles. Más de la mitad de estas muertes de madres y de niñas y niños menores de cinco años ocurren en entornos de fragilidad,1 contextos con un alto riesgo de conflictos y muy vulnerables frente a los efectos de los desastres naturales.

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Nigeria + 3 others
Nigeria: Borno, Yobe and Adamawa - State of Emergency 14.05.2013 – 25.04.2014

This Briefing Note provides a crisis overview highlighting key findings, and analysing main sectoral issues, response capacity and information gaps.

Crisis Overview

  • Conflict: A State of Emergency (SoE) was declared in the northeastern states of Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa on 14 May 2013 (due to expire in May 2014), following an escalation of violence between Nigerian government forces and Boko Haram (BH) Islamist insurgents. Six million people are directly affected by the conflict, which is half of the population.