- OCHA Bulletin humanitaire Novembre 2014
- Aperçu des besoins humanitaires 2015
- OCHA Flash Update N°3 du 27 novembre 2014
Latest Funding Information
- 2014-2016 Plan de réponse stratégique - Révision août 2014
- Nigeria Regional Refugee Response Plan, August - December 2014
In December 2014, 19.8 million people in the Sahel are estimated to be food insecure, with at least 2.6 million having already crossed the emergency threshold and requiring urgent food assistance. Millions more are expected to see their food security deteriorate during the course of the 2015 lean season due to the exhaustion of stocks, pasture scarcity, food price variations, or livelihood erosion caused by recurrent crises.
Hendrix on Water Security in the Sahel
In CCAPS Research Brief No. 24, researcher Cullen Hendrix analyses water security in the Sahel region by examining a specific case study: Niger. Hendrix argues that Niger illustrates how strained water resources in a country can be "a source both of conflict and cooperation."
PRINCIPAUX PROBLÈMES HUMANITAIRES
1.1 . L’insécurité alimentaire
L’insécurité alimentaire continue d’être préoccupante, malgré les mesures d’atténuation mises en place par le Gouvernement et les acteurs humanitaires. La faible capacité de production et l’insuffisance des revenus de nombreux ménages limitent leur accès aux vivres, d’où la nécessité de poursuivre l’assistance humanitaire tout en recherchant des solutions durables pour renforcer leur résilience.
Release of Solthis' latest report: “Managing Risk in Fragile States: Putting Health First! Optimising the Efficiency of the Global Fund’s Grants”
While the 32nd Global Fund Board Meeting will be held on November 20-21, we would like to share with you the recommendations formulated in this report.
According to the UN OCHA Financial Tracking Service (FTS), by 30 October 2014 overall humanitarian funding to the affected region (Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria) was US$580 million, compared to US$886 million in 2012.
Between 2012 and 2014 humanitarian funding to Nigeria increased from US$16 million to US$38 million. This was mainly due to the United States (US) contributing US$12 million in 2014, its first contribution in this period.
In Maiduguri, Borno’s state capital, there are 4,536 cases of cholera, including 70 deaths, as of 30 October. The highest number of cases was reported during week 41 (5-11 October), when around 1,500 were reported. Around 260 cases were reported during week 39 (20-27 September) when the outbreak started. The number of cases reported per week has been decreasing since week 41, but there is an increasing number of severe cases.
In 2014 Boko Haram has greatly expanded its operations in Nigeria, its primary target and base. National security officials expect an intensification of attacks in the run-up to national elections in February 2015.
· Severe and seasonal rainfall deficits remain across many areas of the Sahelian region, in particular Senegal, Mauritania, northern Nigeria and eastern Niger.
· Serious impacts on agricultural production in Senegal and Mauritania can be expected. Perspectives are also unfavourable in eastern Niger and NE Nigeria.
Eastern region (Sudan, Ethiopia)
· Rainfall in September was favourable across the region. This trend has continued through October with wetter than average conditions.
Erik Alda1, Joseph L. Sala2
1. American University, United States
2. Independent consultant, United States
Sebastian AJ Taylor
University of East Anglia, United Kingdom
In this issue
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) has an important role to play in supporting talks on the situation in Mali taking place in Algiers. The conclusion of a deal between the various armed groups and the government in Mali is crucial to achieve lasting peace.
The African Union now has to take some tough decisions about its involvement in the fight against Boko Haram in Nigeria. This includes the question of a possible regional intervention similar to the one launched against the Lord’s Resistance Army in Uganda.
• The Sahel region has undergone significant and widespread rainfall deficits, leading to significantly below average vegetation levels.
• Worst affected areas are Senegal, southern Mauritania, eastern Niger, NE Nigeria and central Chad • There was some recovery from late July, in particular in Niger and Chad. However, Senegal and Mauritania remained affected by persistent rainfall deficits.
22 million people displaced by disasters in 2013, global trends on the rise
Latest report from IDMC shows that 22 million people were displaced in 2013 by disasters brought on by natural hazard events – almost three times more than by conflict in the same year.
Governments and donor agencies need to know which preventative strategy is most effective, particularly among children under 2 years old who are most vulnerable to acute malnutrition.
Nowhere is answering the question of how to increase resilience more critical than across the Sahel, a region plagued by chronic poverty, food insecurity, drought, ecosystem degradation, and conflict. Mercy Corps conducted field research in Mali, Niger, and Northern Nigeria to examine the differing vulnerabilities and capacities of men, women, boys, and girls to understand what helps build the resilience of individuals, households, and communities. We found numerous structural barriers and unequal power dynamics that need to be addressed to ensure a truly resilient Sahel.
2014 has seen a major surge in humanitarian crises around the world. Inter-agency strategic response and regional response plans now target over 76 million people in thirty-one countries compared to 52 million in December 2013. 102 million people are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance compared to 81 million in December 2013. Global financial requirements to cover humanitarian needs rose from US$12.9 billion in 2013 to $17.3 billion now. More and more crises are having a regional impact with a spill-over effect on countries which are already fragile.