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17 Nov 2015 description

Key Points

• A strong El Niño is now in force with some climatologists warning it could rival the 1997/98 event which was the most severe on record.

• In an El Niño year, the cyclone season usually runs longer and features a greater proportion of severe cyclones forming over a larger area.

• Up to 13 Pacific countries could be affected by El Niño-related drought, placing as many as 4.7 million people at risk.

06 Nov 2015 description

The November regional advisory on the potential for drought in the Pacific confirms much of the region will get less than normal rainfall over the next three months.

Read the full article

29 Oct 2015 description

Suva, Fiji, 29 October 2015

Two hundred people involved in disaster response across the region are gathered in Suva for the annual Pacific Humanitarian Partnership meeting where the impact of disasters on women and children has been on the agenda today.

The meeting was addressed by HRH Princess Sarah Zeid of Jordan on the role of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (RMNCAH) programs in building resilience to disaster and climate change.

21 Oct 2015 description

Issued on the 16th October 2015

A strong El Niño is currently in place with wide and varying impacts across the Pacific Islands region(see map, appended). El Niño will continue to have a significant influence on the climate and ocean in most parts of the Pacific Islands region for the remainder of 2015 and much of 2016.

El Niño Status and Outlook:

19 Oct 2015 description

‘Vanuatu is expected to have 2 to 6 Tropical Cyclones (TC) in 2015/2016 cyclone season.
The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geo-hazard Department (VMGD) appeals to the general public to prepare for this season. Possible impacts coupled with current El Niño event can have adverse impacts on the livelihood of our people’ said David Gibson, Director VMGD.

12 Oct 2015 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

  • Diarrhoea: Cook Islands, Guam

  • Influenza-Like illness: Guam, Nauru, Tonga

Other updates


  • Tuvalu: Seven samples sent to the Institut Lois Malarde, French Polynesia have tested RT-PCR positive for Chikungunya.

  • As of 27 September 2015; there have been 1317 cases since February 2015 in Marshall Islands. There were 3 cases for the month of September. The number of cases is decreasing.


03 Oct 2015 description

Firefighters in New Caledonia are battling 12 bushfires across the territory as a prolonged dry spell continues.

Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International

02 Oct 2015 description

The monthly climate update for the Pacific says Fiji and Tonga are expected to receive below normal rainfall over the next three months.

Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International

07 Sep 2015 description

New Zealand's Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research predicts that much of the region will continue to experience below normal rainfall for the rest of the year.

Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International.

04 Sep 2015 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

  • Acute Fever and Rash: Palau
  • Diarrhoea: French Polynesia, Kiribati, Tonga
  • Influenza-Like illness: Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Solomon Islands, Tonga
  • Prolonged Fever: Tonga

Other updates


Outbreak ongoing in French Polynesia with two deaths ( one 5 months old and one 7 months old) – rotavirus has been isolated. The weekly number of cases is increasing. As of week ending 30 August, 47% of the cases were in children less than 4 years of age.


12 Aug 2015 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

  • Influenza-like illness: Nauru, New Zealand

Other updates


  • Cook Islands have reported a total of 763 cases since October 2014, including 5 new cases in the week ending on 2 August 2015.


  • Outbreaks are occurring in American Samoa (dengue serotype-3) and Samoa (dengue serotype-3).

26 Jul 2015 description
report Government of Tonga

24 July 2015: The First Pacific Ministerial Meeting on Meteorology held here in Nuku’alofa today has adopted 25 points they believe will ensure that National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) have the necessary capacity to support sustainable development in the region.

23 Jul 2015 description

Climatologists now agree that the world is facing an unfolding El Niño event. The European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting says that more than half of all climate models are now predicting an El Niño stronger than 1997/8.

Rainfall & El Niño

Less rain in south western Pacic, plunging some countries into drought. More rain in equatorial countries from June -August 2015. If the El Niño is very severe, rainfall may drop steeply from September onwards


21 Jul 2015 description

Annual Precipitation

This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.

21 Jul 2015 description

Maximum Temperature

Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.

These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.

21 Jul 2015 description

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification

The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.

Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.

21 Jul 2015 description

The Human Footprint

Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.