The El Niño weather event has been in a neutral phase since May. Nevertheless, it continues to have a devastating impact on vulnerable people in parts of Eastern and Southern Africa, Asia and the Pacific, the Dry Corridor in Central America, and Haiti in the Caribbean. This event will also cause long term consequences for public health, nutrition, livelihoods, water and sanitation.
15 September 2016, Johannesburg
Summary of conclusions and recommendations
Participants of the meeting:
RC and/or UNCT members from 12 countries in the southern Africa region, UN Regional Directors or their representatives, NGO regional Directors or their representatives, IFRC, SADC, World Bank, AfDB, regional UN agency staff.
Main conclusions and recommendations:
Session 1: Humanitarian response
The SADC region is experiencing a devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El Nino event which threatens to impact negatively on livelihoods and quality of lives. The region experienced a delayed onset of the 2015/2016, rainfall season, followed by erratic rains. Analysis of rainfall performance shows that the October to December 2015 period, which represents the first half of the cropping season, was the driest in more than 35 years in several southern parts of the region
The vulnerability assessment and analysis indicates that the drought has impacted not only on food security but also other sectors such as water, health & nutrition and livestock amongst others. Meanwhile the Government is implementing interim food assistance to 595,839 beneficiaries from May to July 2016 while a comprehensive drought programme is envisaged to start from August to March 2016.
GENEVA - African countries increased investments in the Global Fund as global health partners seek to galvanize all sources of funding to end AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics, and to build resilient and sustainable systems for health.
By Tapuwa Loreen Mutseyekwa
Like hundreds of men and women in the Zambezi region of Namibia, Jackson and Rosemary Muhanda make their living off of Lake Liambezi. But the remote shores of the lake are far from health and social services, leaving these communities vulnerable to diseases and other health issues. Learn how a new campaign is protecting families like the Muhandas from measles and rubella.
The region experienced in many parts of the countries, the below normal rainfall conditions depicted by the devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El Nino event which threatens to impact negatively on livelihoods and quality of lives in the Region.
The SADC Climate Services Centre (CSC) had predicted, in August 2015, during SARCOF-19 the below normal rainfall conditions. This was consistent with the observed poor rainfall performance.
The current rainfall 2016/17 outlook is the opposite (reverse) of the last season.
The 2015/16 agricultural season in Southern Africa was the driest in 35 years. In a region where over 70 percent of the population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, and following two, and in some cases three, consecutive years of drought, El Niño has had devastating impacts on the lives and livelihoods of farmers and herders.
↗ Ample supplies and improved production prospects kept cereal prices generally under downward pressure. Maize and rice quotations fell the most, while high quality wheat prices firmed on strong demand.
↗ In Africa, food prices in South Sudan declined in August although they remained high, while in Nigeria the weak currency continued to underpin prices. In Southern Africa, decreasing maize quotations in South Africa eased prices in importing countries.
The number of suspected cholera cases has risen 22% between January-July 2015 and January-July 2016, accounting for 24,505 this year. 227 of the cases have resulted in death in 2016 as of July, which is a 32% increase from last year. Since the outbreak in 2010, 9,393 people have died from suspected cholera cases.
This Emergency Appeal seeks 1,351,937 Swiss francs increased from 950,205 Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Namibian Red Cross Society (NRCS) to reach 16,500 drought affected people with a focus on livelihoods, nutrition, food security, and water sanitation and hygiene promotion for additional eight months. This revised appeal results in the introduction of direct cash transfer interventions and phase out from the soup kitchens due to high costs associated with managing the kitchens.
Today I announce the Australian Government will provide further support to southern Africa in response to the acute food shortages caused by severe El Niño conditions in the region.
Australia will provide $10 million to the World Food Programme to deliver food and nutritional support to 11.9 million drought-affected people in countries in southern Africa.
Restricted maize exports likely to continue beyond September
Although Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity outcomes are expected across most of the country between August and September, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes are expected in districts in southeastern and southwestern Zambia, as well as in Mambwe district in Eastern Province during the October 2016 to January 2017 period.
The Government of Mauritius, in cooperation with the African Union Commission (AUC), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), will host a major conference of governments and partners in Africa which will examine progress in disaster risk reduction across the continent and the ongoing challenges of responding to extreme weather events which have left 60 million people in severe need across the region.
Les disparités entre les genres coûtent quelque 95 milliards de dollars US par an en moyenne à l’Afrique subsaharienne et ont culminé à 105 milliards de dollars de pertes en 2014 (soit 6 % du PIB régional), compromettant de ce fait les efforts du continent en faveur d’un développement humain et d’une croissance économique inclusifs, indique le Rapport.
Gender inequality is costing sub-Saharan Africa on average $US95 billion a year, peaking at US$105 billion in 2014– or six percent of the region’s GDP – jeopardising the continent’s efforts for inclusive human development and economic growth, according to the Africa Human Development Report 2016.
The bulk of Southern African Development Community (SADC) is likely to receive normal to above-normal rainfall for most of the period October to December (OND) 2016 and the January to March (JFM) 2017. However, northernmost Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) northern Angola, southernmost of Tanzania, northern Mozambique, the islands states of Seychelles and eastern-most Madagascar are more likely to receive normal to below-normal rainfall most of the season.
THE TWENTIETH ANNUAL SOUTHERN AFRICA REGIONAL CLIMATE OUTLOOK FORUM
Africa Drought Conference concluded with Windhoek Declaration
By Deon Schlechter
More than 27 presentations were made in the plenary sessions from across the world while nine side events were also held, on drought management, before over 400 delegates finalised the Windhoek Drought Declaration. The declaration on drought was birthed during last week’s first ever African Drought Conference that was held in Windhoek.