This season’s crop performance was poor across much of southern Africa, particularly in the region’s surplus-producing areas. Preliminary estimates indicate that national maize harvests in South Africa and Malawi were the lowest in more than five years. However, as a result of above-average carry-over stocks from the 2014/15 marketing year, aggregate regional supply is expected to be near average. Countries with significant production deficits this year, including Malawi and Zimbabwe, will likely experience an early start of the lean season and limited food access for poor households.
African crops and livestock in a changing climate
June 29, 2015 by Julian Ramirez-Villegas
Cross-posted from the CCAFS blog.
Over the past 10 years the SADC region has experienced 545 disaster events which affected approximately 39 million people and resulted in 5,300 deaths (EMDAT). The highest number of disaster events occurred in 2006/2007 and 2011, with fewer disaster events during the last 3 years. Droughts and floods affected the highest number of people. The largest number of people were affected in Malawi, Zimbabwe and Tanzania respectively, with the most people affected during 2005 and 2007.
As the December 31, 2015, deadline set by Namibia and Botswana for the voluntary repatriation of Namibian refugees in Botswana looms, Namibia has devised another strategy that involves inviting some Dukwe refugees to come and ascertain for themselves the social and political atmosphere prevalent in the country. Some refugees have been reluctant to come back home citing security fears.
Over the past 10 years the SADC region has experienced 545 disaster events which affected approximately 39 million people and resulted in 5,300 deaths (EMDAT). The highest number of disaster events occurred in 2006/2007 and 2011, with fewer disaster events during the last 3 years.
Droughts and floods affected the highest number of people. The largest number of people were affected in Malawi, Zimbabwe and Tanzania respectively, with the most people affected during 2005 and 2007.
The 2014/2015 Southern African rainfall season, which stretches from October to May , saw severe floods in the east of the region. The remainder of the region experienced poor rains that were late to arrive and irregular.
Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar were hit by multiple floods between December 2014 and April 2015 (accounting for 97% of all flood affected people) . A total of 10 tropical storm systems were monitored during the season, with tropical storms Chedza and Fundi affecting Madagascar in early 2015.
Regional crop production, especially for cereal, is expected to decrease as a result of the uncharacteristic and erratic 2014/15 rainfall season. Significant maize production declines from the five-year average are forecasted for Zimbabwe (37 per cent), Namibia (39 per cent), South Africa (22 per cent) and Malawi (22 per cent). The results of national vulnerability assessments, which are expected around late-July, will provide a clearer picture of the scale of food insecurity.
Oshakati Town Council has donated 292 residential plots at Ekuku to flood victims.
So far, 104 of the 292 plots have been reserved for people who were relocated from Eemwandi, Sky location as well as Oshoopola.
The remainder will be given to people who applied for residential land from council.
The decision to donate plots to flood victims as well as people who were relocated was passed after a survey that was conducted in 2011.
Lusaka, Zambia (ICRC) – Representatives from nine southern and central African countries are gathered in Lusaka for a two-day seminar, on 17 and 18 June; its aim is to promote adherence to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) amongst members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and to enable them to share best practices for passing domestic legislation to implement its provisions.
A. REGIONAL UPDATE
A. REGIONAL UPDATE
The management of Osire Secondary School has appealed to the government to introduce a school feeding programme at Osire refugee centre to minimize hunger-induced absenteeism among refugee learners.
Acting principal of the school, Christine Machina, last Friday said the reduction in food rations at the centre have led to high absenteeism among learners.
Snapshot 10–16 June 2015
Ebola in Sierra Leone and Guinea: Weekly Ebola case incidence has risen for two consecutive weeks. Guinea recorded 16 new cases in the week to 7 June, five from unknown chains of transmission. Sierra Leone recorded 15 cases, the highest weekly total since late March. It has extended the state of emergency for 90 days.
Grazing and livelihoods have rapidly deteriorated as the dry spell worsens in many parts of northern Namibia.
People and livestock in especially Ohangwena, Oshikoto and Kunene regions are seriously affected by the water crisis following erratic rainfall this year. Chairman of the Kunene Regional Council Dudu Murorua said Kunene only received 83 millimetres of rain – and as a result people and elephants graze and search for water in the same areas, which poses a threat to humans.
Snapshot 3-9 June 2015
Yemen: 20 million people, close to 80% of the population, are estimated to need humanitarian aid. 500,000 people were displaced in May, bringing the total displaced since 26 March to more than 1 million. The escalation in the conflict has meant two million more people are food insecure, and six million more lack access to healthcare, and 9.4 million lack access to safe water.
Snapshot 28 May–2 June 2015
Iraq: 104,000 IDPs from Ramadi district over 15–29 May brings the total number of displaced in Anbar to 238,000 since April. They are facing serious restrictions accessing neighbouring governorates. In Anbar, Islamic State abducted 400 children in the last week of May. The humanitarian response for Syria is facing severe cutbacks due to funding shortages.
Pretoria (ICRC) – The ICRC and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have recently concluded a memorandum of understanding that will strengthen relations between them and improve coordination of their activities.
The memorandum was signed on 15 May in Gaborone, Botswana, by Stergomena Lawrence Tax, the executive secretary of the SADC, and Jürg Eglin, the head of the ICRC's regional delegation in Pretoria.
Prime Minister Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila last week asked those who received drought relief food to stop selling the food.
Kuugongelwa-Amadhila made the remarks when she received a N$200 000 donation from Swakop Uranium destined for the Emergency Relief Fund aimed at assisting the government to provide relief aid to communities affected by the drought and other natural disasters.
Beneficial rainfall in the driest regions of Ethiopia and Djibouti; little rainfall for eastern areas of the Horn of Africa.
Moisture surpluses emerge in far western portions of the Western Africa region, while deficits remain to the east.
Mali: Gao and Timbutku regions have been the scene of multiple clashes between the Azawad Movement Coalition and Malian forces, as well as the pro-government Gatia militia. At least 12 people have been killed, including nine civilians. About 31,500 people have been displaced from three districts in Timbuktu region. They are in urgent needs of water, food, NFIs, and shelter support, but access is limited.