Africa Weather Hazards
- El Niño“drought effect” likely to have a long-lasting impact as people’ resilience continues to be eroded
- Ethiopia battling worst drought in decades
- Drought, food in security and power shortages stalk southern Africa region
- Cholera, a preventable disease, kills thousands across eastern and southern Africa
- Protracted conflicts to complicate humanitarian situation
- Funding shortfalls paralyse humanitarian responses
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
Crop conditions are poor in the extreme south due to erratic rainfall
Most parts of the region expecting significantly reduced harvest due to drought conditions
Nairobi, 29 janvier 2016 (IRIN) - Cette année, l’Afrique australe est confrontée au risque de mauvaises récoltes, car les précipitations ont atteint leur niveau le plus bas dans une région où 29 millions de personnes vivent déjà sans un accès fiable à une alimentation bon marché et nourrissante en quantité suffisante.
« Les perspectives sont alarmantes, car plusieurs zones n’ont connu que peu ou pas de précipitations et la fenêtre de plantation des céréales se ferme rapidement ou s’est déjà fermée dans certains pays », a mis en garde le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM).
Background and purpose
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has as its **Strategic Objective 5** to “Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises”. In support of its national counterparts, FAO aims to address the current and future needs of vulnerable people affected by the 2015‒2016 El Niño event.
Summary of WFP Assistance: WFP provides technical assistance to the Government in two priority areas. The first is strengthening the Namibian School Feeding Programme (NSFP), which is part of the country’s social safety nets. WFP’s technical assistance in this context focuses on i) Knowledge generation and management; ii) Strengthening and developing systems for impact monitoring; iii) Programme support and capacity building; and iv) Provision of policy and strategy advice on hunger related issues.
By Obi Anyadike, Africa Editor
NAIROBI, 28 January 2016 (IRIN) - Southern Africa is facing the threat of extensive crop failures this year as a result of record low rainfall in a region in which 29 million people already don't have reliable access to enough affordable and nutritious food.
“With little or no rain falling in many areas and the window for the planting of cereals closing fast or already closed in some countries, the outlook is alarming,” the World Food Programme has warned.
Rosemary Nalisa, Namibia Red Cross Society
Anna-Maria Pales’ situation is one of heartache and vulnerability. The 45-year-old mother of three depends entirely on the one meal provided each day by the Namibia Red Cross Society’s soup kitchen to feed herself and her three children. Her nine-year-old son Manuel, who suffers from a disability, and his nine-month-old sister are both severely malnourished.
Genetic diversity of livestock can help feed a hotter, harsher world
Despite growing interest in safeguarding biodiversity of livestock and poultry,genetic erosion continues
25/01/2016 - by the Climate Centre and Rosemary Nalisa, Namibia Red Cross Society
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) – a leading global provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity – Friday issued an Alert saying severe drought in Southern Africa is “expected to drive large food assistance needs” this year and next.
The current growing season (October 2015 – April 2016) in Southern Africa is developing under the peak phase of El Nino that is about to become the strongest on the record.
• The first phase of the growing season is characterized by severe and widespread rainfall deficits. Across vast areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Botswana, this has been the driest October-December since at least 1981.
The Civil Society Challenge Fund (CSCF) was a demand-led fund which aimed to enable poor and marginalised people to have a voice on issues that affect them and to be included in local and national decision making forums. Running from 2000 to 2015, it supported 526 projects in Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Middle East, each with a grant of up to £500,000 and running for 3 to 5 years.
October to December 2015 was the driest in at least 35 years in several southern parts of the region.
Large decreases in planted area are expected in some areas, as planting windows close
Vegetation conditions improved in some central parts, though conditions remained very poor in many southern areas
Above normal rainfall was received in some western parts of the region in December, helping to reduce the overall rainfall deficits in those areas.
Drought worsens in southern Africa as temperatures remain significantly above average
Significantly belowaverage and poorlydistributed seasonal rainfall since October has negatively affected many countries in southern Africa.
Exacerbated by a poor rainfall seasonal performance last year, several consecutive weeks of inadequate rainfall has already led to reduced water availability, delayed planting, wilted crops, livestock deaths and other adverse ground conditions over many areas.
by New Era Staff Reporter
Some communal farmers in the Karas region are so despondent because of the persistent drought that they have started to share their rations of mealie meal with their goats. They say their livestock will continue to die in large numbers if it does not rain soon.
The lingering drought, especially in the country’s driest region, is becoming worrisome, with some farmers now sharing their food with their animals as they try desperately to keep their livestock alive.
Livestock farmers in the cattle-farming region of Omaheke have lost hundreds of animals due to the persistent and severe drought gripping the country.
Omaheke Region, popularly known as ‘Cattle Country’, is home to the majority of commercial cattle farmers in the country, but farmers in the region are starting to feel the full wrath of the failed rainy season as cattle, goats and sheep continue to die in large numbers because there is simply no grazing.
Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2015, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at the local, national, and regional levels.