FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION
Nutrition challenges are not only about a lack of food. Malnutrition often arises when there is a gap in knowledge about positive nutrition behaviours – including what to eat, the importance of a balanced diet, and how to prepare foods to retain nutrients. Where CPAR works, diets are typically heavily starch based, limited to one or two food groups and locally available nutritious foods have been overlooked. This is why CPAR integrates nutrition and health education into all of our programming.
Abnormal dryness expected to continue in East and Southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Although good rainfall was observed over the Greater Horn of Africa in late November and early December, the delayed onset of the October December rainy season, combined with an erratic distribution of rains during the season, has already negatively impacted ground conditions in northern Kenya and southern Somalia. As the season is coming to an end, a recovery is unlikely.
Lilongwe, 18 December 2014 – A new regional centre for southern Africa will help develop resilience action plans, vulnerability mapping and disaster risk reduction as well as climate change adaptation planning. The Technical Centre for Risk Reduction Management, Sustainability and Urban Resilience in southern Africa (DiMSUR) was officially established in Lilongwe, Malawi, earlier this month.
• The early stages of the 2014-2015 growing season in Southern Africa were characterized by significant rainfall deficits in an area extending across eastern Zambia, northern Zimbabwe, northeastern Mozambique and Malawi. The crop growing regions of eastern South Africa and Madagascar were also affected. The rainfall deficits led to vegetation levels being significantly depressed across these regions.
Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries
· According to the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster analyses, 9.8 million people in Syria need various types of food, agriculture and livelihood-related assistance.
· As fighting prevails in Iraq, an estimated 2.2 million people across the governorates of Anbar, Kirkuk, Diyala, Ninewa and Salah al-Din are in need of emergency food assistance.
The Government of Malawi together with the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and other partners are today launching a lean season relief operation to meet the food and nutrition needs of the most vulnerable people affected by low household crop production and high food prices.
A favorable distribution of rainfall was observed over Southern Africa during the past week.
Seasonally-dry weather observed in Eastern Africa.
Appeal Target: US$ 131,426.93
Balance Requested: US$ 26,426.93
Geneva, 17 December 2014
Geneva, 17 December 2014 Dear Colleagues,
Delayed rains are likely to negatively impact crops and could extend the lean period
By Miriam Gathigah
NAIROBI, Dec 12 2014 (IPS) - Mention gender inequality in AIDS and the fact that more women than men live with HIV pops up. But another, rarely spoken about gendered difference is proving lethal to men with HIV.
Research reveals that, across Africa, men have lower rates of HIV testing, enrollment on antiretroviral treatment, adherence, viral load suppression and survival, than women.
In Zambia, 63 % of adults starting ART are women.
BLANTYRE— Malawians have mixed reactions to government plans to introduce door-to door HIV testing early next year. Supporters say the step is urgently needed because 100 Malawians get infected each day, and an average of 138 die from AIDS daily. Minister of Health Jean Kalirani announced the plans during the recent commemoration of World AIDS Day in the northern district of Karonga.
Despite heavy rains in localized areas, rainfall deficits persist in East and Southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Low and poorlydistributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorated ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits remain in many local areas.
World cereal production in 2014 is forecast to surpass last year’s record, boosting stocks to a 15-year high.
Maize export prices increased significantly in November supported by lower than previously expected yields of the 2014 crop in the United States of America. Wheat export prices strengthened in general, while rice quotations declined. Overall, however, cereal export prices persisted at levels below those of a year earlier, reflecting ample global supplies.
- After several weeks of suppressed rains, good rains are forecast in eastern Southern Africa. - Little rains expected in Eastern Africa.
1) Low and poorly-distributed seasonal OctoberDecember, Deyr, rains have led to moisture deficits and deteriorated ground conditions throughout local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits have persisted over many localized areas.
Heavy rains may lead to flooding, landslides in Central America; early season dryness continues in Southern Africa
Low and poorly distributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness some dryness, but rainfall deficits remain in many local areas.
SEPTEMBER– NOVEMBER 2014 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS
The season started slowly with a delays over most parts of the region. A delay of one or two dekad(s) was observed.
Over eastern part of the region covering the southern DRC, Zambia, Zimbabwe, the southern Mozambique and northern part of South Africa was drier than normal.
Some wet spots were observed during this period, spreading over eastern DRC, west and south of Tanzania, central Namibia, Botswana and South Africa.
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation deteriorated along the Red Sea coast in the central outbreak region during November. Aerial and ground operations treated swarms and groups of adults and hoppers on close to 83,000 ha in Sudan during this month. A few adult locusts were detected on the Gulf of Aden & the Red Sea coastal plains in Yemen the last week of November. No locusts were reported in Ethiopia, Oman or Somalia and no reports were received from Eritrea or Saudi Arabia during this period (DLCO-EA, DLMCC/Yemen, LCC/Oman, PPD/Sudan).
Short season (Vuli) in bimodal areas of northern Tanzania starts well
Good late-November rains in south-east Botswana and north-west South Africa help to ease dry conditions
Delayed onset of rains in southern Malawi, central Mozambique, eastern Zambia, and northern Zimbabwe