Since early 2015, the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region has faced widespread food shortages owing to the worst drought in 35 years which was exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon. Two consecutive failed rainy seasons have left 13.8 million people in need of emergency food assistance.
Maize prices continued to increase in January in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely to be due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices will remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. Malawi and Mozambique have the highest number of Maize markets in ALPS Crisis at 71 percent and 100 percent respectively.
• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
This analysis suggest that:
The average annual direct losses from earthquakes, floods and tropical cyclones are over $110 million.
The 100-year return period loss from all perils is over $1.9 billion, or over 16% of Mauritius's 2015 GDP.
The 250-year return period loss from all perils could be nearly $3.6 billion, or over 30% of Mauritius's 2015 GDP.
Southern and central areas continued to receive well above average rains in January
Poor rainfall was received in western and north-eastern SADC and Madagascar
The Fall Armyworm has been confirmed in 7 countries in the region. The severity of the impact on regional crop production is yet to be established
Tropical cyclones Carlos and Dineo affected the region in early to mid-February. The impacts of Cyclone Dineo are severe, particularly in southern Mozambique
NOVEMBER 2016 – JANUARY 2017 RAINFALL
The southern half of conti-nental SADC region has re-ceived normal to above-normal rainfall in the current rainfall season.
The northern and eastern parts of contiguous SADC are still under normal to below-normal rainfall conditions.
Above-normal rainfall was experienced over Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, south Zambia, Zimbabwe, northern South Africa, central and southern Mozambique and Swaziland.
Maize prices continued to increase in December in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices are very likely to remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. The two countries in the region with the maximum monitored maize market in ALPS Crisis were Malawi and (89% of its markets) and Mozambique (100% of its markets).
Tropical Cyclone CARLOS continued moving west south-west over the south-west Indian Ocean, slightly weakening, but remaining a Tropical Storm. On 8 February, its centre was located approximately 300 km south south-west of the south-western coast of La Reunion (France).
Over the next 24 hours, it is forecast to continue moving south-west, strengthening. As of 8 February, Meteo France-La Reunion has issued an Orange Alert for heavy rain and strong winds, and a Cyclone Alert for the whole island.
• TC CARLOS continued moving westsouthwest over the south-west Indian Ocean, remaining a Tropical Storm. On 7 February at 0.00 UTC, its center was located approx. 174 km north-northwest of Port Louis capital (Mauritius island) and 210 km north north-east of La Réunion (France). It had max. sustained winds speed of 83 km/h.
‘Market estimates for South Africa’s 2016/17 total maize production vary between 11.7 million tons and 13.0 million tons, which is well above the previous season’s output of 7.5 million tons. If this materializes, South Africa would return to be a net exporter of maize as domestic annual consumption is just 10.5 million tons’– Agbiz, www.agbiz.co.za.) '
OCTOBER – DECEMBER 2016 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS
Since late November, the southern African summer monsoon has continued to be dominated by a dipole pattern: with suppressed rainfall in the northeastern parts of the region and Island of Madagascar, and enhanced rainfall in the southern parts of contiguous SADC.
Some significant above-normal rainfalls conditions were observed last past 30 days, across portions of northwestern DRC, west and south of Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and south Mozambique.
This website allows you to explore how different scenarios of global greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to climate change could change the geography of food insecurity in developing and least-developed countries. By altering the levels of future global greenhouse gas emissions and/or the levels of adaptation, you can see how vulnerability to food insecurity changes over time, and compare and contrast these different future scenarios with each other and the present day.
‘The National Crop Estimate Committee’s data showed that RSA 2016/17 total maize plantings could increase by 27% from the previous season to 2.46 million hectares (more specifically, white and yellow maize plantings could increase by 43% y/y and 8% y/y to 1.46 million and 1.01 million hectares, respectively)’ – Agbiz, www.agbiz.co.za)
Au nom du Bureau régional pour l’Afrique du PNUD, j’ai le plaisir de présenter le deuxième Rapport sur le développement humain en Afrique, consacré à la concrétisation accélérée de l’égalité des genres sur le continent.
L’égalité des genres n’est pas une priorité de développement nouvelle pour les pays d’Afrique. Son importance est depuis longtemps reconnue à l’échelle du continent.
El presente Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano en África 2016, dedicado a la igualdad de género, toma el relevo del Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano en África 2012, en el que se analizaba la importancia de garantizar la seguridad alimentaria de todos los africanos. Ambos informes persiguen un mismo objetivo: tratar lo que cabe considerar dos puntos inconclusos de la agenda en el marco de la trayectoria de desarrollo de África. Los dos han sido reconocidos como prioridades importantes para los Gobiernos y los ciudadanos de los países africanos.
Madagascar - IOM has launched an 18-month project aiming at developing evidence and building capacities on migration, environment, and climate change (MECC) in four countries in Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean. The project is funded by IOM Development Fund (IDF) and will be implemented through February 2018 in Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique and Namibia.
The World Risk Report (UNU, 2015) ranks the Republic of Mauritius seventh among the 15 most exposed countries to natural hazards, namely sea-level rise, cyclones and floods; and thirteenth among 171 countries for its disaster risk. However, being aware of climate change challenges, the Government of Mauritius has initiated studies more than a decade ago and subsequently took action to develop adaptation and mitigation strategies.
Balaclava, Mauritius – 26 November. The meeting of Southern African Development Community (SADC) Ministers responsible for Disaster Risk Management held the 26th November 2016 has adopted the SADC Regional Disaster Preparedness and Response Strategy which is expected to enhance coordinated interventions to disasters in the region.
SEPTEMBER– NOVEMBER 2016 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS
The season started slowly in some areas.
During September to November, wetter than normal areas spread over the central and western Angola, eastern Botswana, north-eastern South Africa, northern Namibia, Lesotho and Swaziland.
Seasonally average conditions occurred across north -western DRC, north and west of Tanzania, Madagascar and south Mozambique.
DJF2016/17 RAINFALL UPDATE OUTLOOK SUMMARY