By Pradeep Kurukulasuriya, Head of Climate Change Adaptation, UNDP
Since its inception, the Adaptation Fund has provided critical support for climate resilient development strategies across the globe. Working through agencies such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), governments across the globe have accessed Adaptation Fund finance to reduce climate change risks and build more climate resilient nations.
As part of its efforts to help earthquake-affected communities in Nepal recover their livelihoods, UNDP’s Community Infrastructure and Livelihood Recovery Programme has been extending support to a number of cooperatives in hard-hit districts such as Nuwakot, in recognition of the role these entities play in affording members the opportunity to help each other rise out of poverty
This report is the final publication of the European Union–funded Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Evidence for Policy (MECLEP) project. The comparative report builds on desk reviews, household surveys and qualitative interviews conducted in the six project countries (Dominican Republic, Haiti, Kenya, Republic of Mauritius, Papua New Guinea and Viet Nam) to assess the extent to which migration, including displacement and planned relocation, can benefit or undermine adaptation to environmental and climate change.
Belgium - The International Organization for Migration (IOM) Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) and the European Union launched in Brussels today (16 June) the report, “*Making Mobility Work for Adaptation to Environmental Changes: Results from the MECLEP Project’s Global Research*”.
- Good rains continued to the end of season in most areas, resulting in positive production expectations in several countries.
- The high seasonal rainfall improved dam and groundwater levels, providing good water availability for irrigation over the coming seasons.
- Preliminary reports suggest the regional impact of the Fall Armyworm was not severe. However, experts advise robust, coordinated control measures for coming seasons.
WaPOR: database dissemination portal and APIs
The FAO portal to monitor Water Productivity through Open access of Remotely sensed derived data (WaPOR) monitors and reports on agriculture water productivity over Africa and the Near East.
It provides open access to the water productivity database and its thousands of underlying map layers, it allows for direct data queries, time series analyses, area statistics and data download of key variables associated to water and land productivity assessments.
Maize price trends were mixed in February in the region. Tanzania and the DRC saw significant month-on-month (m-o-m) price increase of their main staple. Zambia and especially Tanzania registered the highest increase in the number of markets in ALPS Crisis.
Since early 2015, the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region has faced widespread food shortages owing to the worst drought in 35 years which was exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon. Two consecutive failed rainy seasons have left 13.8 million people in need of emergency food assistance.
Maize prices continued to increase in January in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely to be due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices will remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. Malawi and Mozambique have the highest number of Maize markets in ALPS Crisis at 71 percent and 100 percent respectively.
• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
This analysis suggest that:
The average annual direct losses from earthquakes, floods and tropical cyclones are over $110 million.
The 100-year return period loss from all perils is over $1.9 billion, or over 16% of Mauritius's 2015 GDP.
The 250-year return period loss from all perils could be nearly $3.6 billion, or over 30% of Mauritius's 2015 GDP.
Southern and central areas continued to receive well above average rains in January
Poor rainfall was received in western and north-eastern SADC and Madagascar
The Fall Armyworm has been confirmed in 7 countries in the region. The severity of the impact on regional crop production is yet to be established
Tropical cyclones Carlos and Dineo affected the region in early to mid-February. The impacts of Cyclone Dineo are severe, particularly in southern Mozambique
NOVEMBER 2016 – JANUARY 2017 RAINFALL
The southern half of conti-nental SADC region has re-ceived normal to above-normal rainfall in the current rainfall season.
The northern and eastern parts of contiguous SADC are still under normal to below-normal rainfall conditions.
Above-normal rainfall was experienced over Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, south Zambia, Zimbabwe, northern South Africa, central and southern Mozambique and Swaziland.
Maize prices continued to increase in December in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices are very likely to remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. The two countries in the region with the maximum monitored maize market in ALPS Crisis were Malawi and (89% of its markets) and Mozambique (100% of its markets).
Tropical Cyclone CARLOS continued moving west south-west over the south-west Indian Ocean, slightly weakening, but remaining a Tropical Storm. On 8 February, its centre was located approximately 300 km south south-west of the south-western coast of La Reunion (France).
Over the next 24 hours, it is forecast to continue moving south-west, strengthening. As of 8 February, Meteo France-La Reunion has issued an Orange Alert for heavy rain and strong winds, and a Cyclone Alert for the whole island.
• TC CARLOS continued moving westsouthwest over the south-west Indian Ocean, remaining a Tropical Storm. On 7 February at 0.00 UTC, its center was located approx. 174 km north-northwest of Port Louis capital (Mauritius island) and 210 km north north-east of La Réunion (France). It had max. sustained winds speed of 83 km/h.
‘Market estimates for South Africa’s 2016/17 total maize production vary between 11.7 million tons and 13.0 million tons, which is well above the previous season’s output of 7.5 million tons. If this materializes, South Africa would return to be a net exporter of maize as domestic annual consumption is just 10.5 million tons’– Agbiz, www.agbiz.co.za.) '
OCTOBER – DECEMBER 2016 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS
Since late November, the southern African summer monsoon has continued to be dominated by a dipole pattern: with suppressed rainfall in the northeastern parts of the region and Island of Madagascar, and enhanced rainfall in the southern parts of contiguous SADC.
Some significant above-normal rainfalls conditions were observed last past 30 days, across portions of northwestern DRC, west and south of Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and south Mozambique.