- Mauritania: UNHCR Operational Update as of 15 October 2016
- WFP Mauritania Country Brief, September 2016
- FAO Triangle of Hope 2015 (Mauritania) – A policy brief
Appeals & Funding
- Aperçu des besoins humanitaires 2016
- Plan de réponse humanitaire 2014 - 2016 (novembre 2015)
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2016 - Sahel (Burkina Faso, the Gambia, Mauritania, Senegal)
- WHO Humanitarian Response Plan 2016
Outbreak continues in Mauritania and could develop in Sudan
A Desert Locust outbreak continues in western Mauritania where groups of mature adults are present, and egg-laying and hatching are underway, causing early instar hopper groups and small bands to form. Ground control operations are in progress and have treated nearly 6,500 ha since the beginning of the campaign.
In Morocco, solitarious adults are present in the Adrar Settouf area of the extreme south as well as further north along the southern side of the Atlas Mountains.
IN 2015, ACTION AGAINST HUNGER’S GLOBAL NETWORK SERVED 14.9 MILLION PEOPLE IN 47 COUNTRIES.
6,373 refugee returnees have benefitted from facilitation assistance for their voluntary return to Mali since Jan 2016.
625 mud shelters and traditional shelters built since Jan 2016 to help returnees, IDPs and host community members return to safety and dignity in the privacy of a home.
6,016 refugee returnees have received a one-time cash assistance in 2016 to support their selfdetermined basic needs.
Urban refugee children received financial assistance to access primary school education.
Returned refugees, IDPs, IDP returnees and host community members received vouchers to support their agricultural activities in Mopti region.
Classrooms located in zones of return were restored in the districts of Timbuktu and Goundam to help children return to school.
USD 49.2 million
requested for the operation
Since August, UNHCR observed a new wave of arrivals from northern Mali, which progressively increased to reach a peak between end of September and early October, when more than 300 people arrived in less than two weeks. This represents a fourfold increase compared to the total number of new arrivals over the last 8 months. In total, UNHCR registered 394 people between August and early October. While influxes keep occurring, new arrivals are assisted with emergency food, shelter and basic items.
An outbreak develops in Mauritania as summer rains end and vegetation dries out
An outbreak has developed in western Mauritania and seasonal rains have ended in the Desert Locust summer breeding areas in the Sahel of West Africa and Sudan. As annual vegetation continues to dry out, Desert Locusts are concentrating and forming groups in those areas that remain green. This is most evident in Mauritania but it is also occurring on a smaller scale in northern Niger, northeast Chad and northern Sudan.
Situation Générale en septembre 2016
Prévision jusqu'à’mi-novembre 2016
OCT 2016 Several swarms and groups of mature solitarious and transiens adults at densities up to 35,000 adults/ha (<4/m2) and varying in size from 20 to 140 ha appeared in Trarza, Adrar and Inchiri early in the month. A very small swarm of 50 ha was reported near Nouakchott. Egg-laying was underway and hatching commenced, causing small first and second instar hopper bands to form at densities up to 80 hoppers/m2. Adult groups at densities up to 7,200 adults/ha were also present in the southeast near Nema. Ground control operations treated more than 4,200 ha on 1-10 October.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
L'intérêt pour les questions d'agriculture et de sécurité alimentaire en Afrique du Nord s’est accentué à la suite de la flambée des prix des produits alimentaires et leur volatilité continue depuis fin 2006. Les pays d'Afrique du Nord se caractérisent par une forte dépendance à l’égard des marchés mondiaux pour leur sécurité alimentaire. Cela ne semblait pas poser de problème tant que les cours mondiaux des produits alimentaires étaient bas et stables pendant les décennies 80 et 90.
Africa Weather Hazards
Chronic food insecurity and malnutrition, cyclical drought, locust infestations, seasonal floods, disease outbreaks, and recurrent complex emergencies have presented major challenges to vulnerable populations in the West Africa region during the past decade. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S.
As we write this, Africa is suffering from the strongest El Niño it has faced in decades, causing major floods and droughts throughout Africa, leading to rising economic losses and major impacts on the lives and livelihoods of millions across the continent. Countries across the continent are declaring states of emergency, and are calling on the international community for support.
Movements towards Europe
9,499 migrants and refugees from West Africa arrived in Italy using the Central Mediterranean Route, including 3,742 Nigerians, 1,150 Guineans, 1,006 Ivoirians, 895 Gambians, 886 Senegalese, 932 Malians, and 757 Ghanaians.
53 people lost their lives crossing the Mediterranean Sea, the lowest recorded number of deaths in the Mediterranean Sea this year. 3,179 people have died or gone missing while trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea since January.