- GIEWS Country, 22 Jan 2015
- UNICEF Humanitarian Situation Report - December 2014
- FEWS NET Mise à jour sur la sécurité alimentaire - décembre 2014
Appeals & Funding
Les rapports sur les perspectives de la sécurité alimentaire de FEWS NET pour janvier à juin 2015 au Sahel et en Afrique de l’ouest sont basés sur les hypothèses régionales suivantes établies en fin décembre 2014:
PERFORMANCE DE LA SAISON
The worst outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in history continues to ravage communities in West Africa. UNICEF estimates that 9.8 million children and young people under the age of 20 live in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia; countries where disease transmission is widespread and intense. Of these, 2.9 million are under the age of 5. UNICEF estimates that up to 10,000 children have lost one or both parents or caregivers due to Ebola.
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Irregular rains affected crops and pasture in 2014
Humanitarian assistance continues to be needed, including for Malian refugees
Cereal production affected by irregular rains
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 24 January 2015: “The implementation of the Africa’s Disaster Risk Reduction adopted in 2004, has led not only to a paradigm shift from crises management to risk management, but also increased awareness, political commitment and strengthened institutional, legislative, and policy frameworks, capacities, tools and mechanisms for Disaster Risk Management, including early warning and disaster preparedness for response.”
WHO responded to a request from the Mauritanian Health Ministry to dispatch an international team on a preparedness support mission, between 10 and 14 November 2014. The team met with stakeholders (the Ministry of Health, United Nations agencies, technical and financial partners) at bilateral and multilateral meetings. Main strengths and weaknesses were identified and recommendations were made to improve immediate response capacity for an Ebola virus disease epidemic.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
L'analyse des résultats du Cadre Harmonisé de Novembre indique une faible dégradation des moyens d’existence dans les régions nord du Mali et dans les zones affectées par la baisse de production agricole. Ceci, principalement en raison de l’assistance humanitaire et de la période de récolte.
Cependant, la situation de la sécurité alimentaire pourrait s’aggraver entre janvier et mars 2015, notamment dans les zones où une mortalité excessive du bétail ou des pluies irrégulières ont été enregistrés.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
Pluviométrie atypique, conflits et Ebola augmentent l’insécurité alimentaire en Afrique de l’Ouest
0 . MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
In order to respond to the national Preparedness and Response Plan for the Ebola virus disease in Burkina Faso, and on the basis of the contribution agreement concluded in December 2014 between the Commission and the Austrian Development Agency (ADA) an additional amount of EUR 963 000 is allocated to the present HIP.
Throughout several states in Mauritania, Qatar Charity is currently drilling four wells at a total cost of QAR 1 million (USD 275,000) in order to provide drinking water for around 20,000 people who have difficulty obtaining water in remote parts of the country. A safe drinking water delivery program for 2000 people in the municipality of Al-Aria, state of Atararzh has also been established to reach the inhabitants who suffer from a continued lack of safe drinking water.
Nouakchott, Mauritania | AFP | Thursday 1/15/2015 - 20:19 GMT
Police in Mauritania used tear gas to disperse protestors, after three anti-slavery activists were sentenced to two years in prison on Thursday.
Biram Ould Dah Ould Abeid, the runner-up in 2014 presidential elections and the head of an anti-slavery group, was convicted along with one of his aides Bilal Ramdane, and Djiby Sow, a civic and cultural rights campaigner.
Seven others on trial for joining anti-slavery protests in November were released.
Maté Mint Sidi Ali’s village in Guidimakha, Mauritania sits six miles from the nearest health clinic – too far for many in her community to get any kind of healthcare.
“Hiring a ride is expensive and an all-day trek takes people from their work and children,” says Maté. “Because of this, health problems went untreated and turned severe or chronic.”
Community members were also largely unaware of proper sanitation practices. Small children were frequently made sick from contaminated water and many villagers suffered from malaria or fever.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.