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Appeals & Funding
LILONGWE /GENEVA - 27 February 2015 – UNICEF Malawi is on high alert following a cholera outbreak in the southern border areas, where highly-populated camps for people displaced by the floods are located.
Cases of cholera have been recorded in Mozambique since last December, but the epidemic has quickly expanded in the month of February, infecting about 3,500 people and killing 37. In the westernmost Tete province, currently the hotspot of the epidemic, the situation is worrying. Ruggero Giuliani, MSF's medical coordinator in Mozambique, explains.
What is the scale of the current cholera epidemic in Mozambique?
P4P in Mozambique
The heavy rains and floods in Mozambique have affected approximately 177,645 people (37,090 families) and temporarily displaced about 44,000 people. The death toll due to floods, house collapse and lightning in the country has risen to 160 which 134 were recorded in Zambézia province.
Maize, rice, and cowpeas are the most important food commodities for poor. Maize is the staple food for the poor, with rice most often used as a substitute. Among beans, cowpeas are the most important to poor groups. Each of the markets represented here act as indicators for the broader region. Tete is representative for the province by the same name, Nampula is the main market in the north and is representative for the region, and has linkages with the interior of Zambezia and Nampula provinces and coastal Nampula.
Dryness continues across much of southern Africa, flooding risks remain over Mozambique, Malawi and Madagascar
Africa Weather Hazards
Since mid-December, consistently heavy rainfall has occurred over southern Malawi and central/ northern Mozambique. Above-average rain forecast for the next week will keep flooding risks elevated. 2 Poorly distributed rainfall has resulted in mid-season dryness across eastern Botswana, northern South Africa, central/southern Mozambique, and central/southern Zimbabwe. Dryness is forecast to continue next week.
I. Executive Summary
A total of 3,648 cholera cases have been registered in Mozambique in 11 Districts of 4 Provinces, with 38 deaths. On 13 Feb 2015 the first confirmed case of cholera was registered in Malawi, adjacent to Mozambique. To date 34 cases have been confirmed in Nsanje district (all outside displacement sites), with 2 deaths, whilst another 5 cases were confirmed in Mwanza district in Malawi. The first case of cholera in Zimbabwe has been reported with 1 case confirmed in Chiredzi district.This is reportedly the first case in Zimbabwe since 2013.
Above-average rains were observed across saturated areas in Madagascar and northern Mozambique.
Dryness deepens across Angola, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and coastal Tanzania.
The international ratings agency Moody’s on 9 February stated that the heavy rains and flooding that have hit the centre and north of Mozambique are likely to cut between 0.2 and 0.5 per cent from its 2015 forecast of 7.5 per cent growth in GDP.
About 160,000 people were severely affected by the flooding in the central province of Zambezia with the reported death toll reaching 159.
President Filipe Nyusi on 19 February met with the Emergency Group on Cholera, which briefed him on the current state of the cholera outbreaks in Tete, Nampula and Niassa provinces.
Among the group were the Ministers of Health and of State Administration, Nazira Abdula and Carmelita Namashalua, and the director of the country’s relief agency, the National Disasters Management Institute (INGC), Joao Ribeiro.
Severe seasonal flooding hit the Central and Northern provinces of Mozambique (Zambézia, Niassa, Nampula and Cabo Delgado); causing widespread damage to infrastructure and supply routes. As reported by the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC 16 February) over 160,000 people have been affected.
Maputo, Mozambique | AFP | Tuesday 2/24/2015 - 10:30 GMT
Mozambique has extended the mission of foreign military observers deployed across the southern African country since October to ensure post-election peace.
The country's two main parties "have agreed in principal to prolong" the mandate of the mission, Agriculture Minister Jaso Pacheco said at a press conference late Monday.
The soldiers are part of a 90-plus observer mission tasked with helping maintain peace between the Frelimo-led government and opposition party Renamo.
As of 22 Feb, 24 cholera cases have been confirmed in Malawi, with 2 new cases since 19 Feb; the new cases were recorded at health centres, not displacement sites.
Heavy rains and floods have to date affected 177,645 people (37,090 households) in Mozambique. New heavy rains continue to add to the total affected.
Severe seasonal flooding has hit the Central and Northern provinces of Mozambique (Zambézia, Niassa, Nampula and Cabo Delgado); causing widespread damage to infrastructure, while displacing segments of the population. More than 160,000 people have been displaced (UNOCHA, 9 Feb) with the number expected to rise as the rainy season continues.
Severe seasonal flooding has hit the Central and Northern provinces of Mozambique (Zambézia, Niassa, Nampula and Cabo Delgado); causing widespread damage to infrastructure and supply routes. As reported by the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC 16 February) over 160,000 people have been affected and significant numbers of the population has been displaced with over 50,000 now residing in 49 accommodation centres.