Flooding remains likely in southeastern Africa during the next week
Africa Weather Hazards
Although average rains fell over the Greater Horn of Africa in late November and early December, the delayed onset of the October-December rainy season, combined with an erratic distribution of rains, has resulted in poor ground conditions in northern Kenya and southern Somalia.
• The number of deaths in Malawi continues rising, as of 21 January, due to one of the most devastating floods in the country in the last 30 years. Many areas are still isolated and search and rescue operations are on-going.
Southern Malawi has been especially affected, with extensive damaged to houses and infrastructure reported.
This map presents the estimated total rainfall accumulation for Tanzania, Malawi and northern Mozambique covering the period from 19 to 22 January 2015. This total estimate was derived from the Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission (TRMM) precipitation dataset at a spatial resolution of approximately 0.25 degrees for this region. It is possible that precipitation levels may have been underestimated for local areas, and is not a substitute for ground station measurements.
The Council of Ministers of Mozambique declared an institutional red alert on 12 January for the Central and Northern parts of the country after heavy rains resulted in severe flooding. Around 144,330 people (32,285 families) have been affected, and an estimated 11,000 houses were destroyed. Zambézia province remains the worst hit, with 119,564 people (24,278 families) affected, of which 50,481 people (11,662 families) are hosted across 49 accommodation centers.
Many areas remain isolated as rains continue to hamper search and rescue efforts, as well as the ability of responders to provide essential services such as food and clean water. Still, the Government of Malawi and humanitarian partners are moving as fast as possible to help those in need.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
This map illustrates satellite-detected flood waters in the Caia, Chemba, Mopeia and Mutarara and Morrumbala Districts of Mozambique and southern Malawi along the Chire River as detected by Radarsat-2 imagery acquired 21 January 2015. Between 11 December 2014 and 21 January 2015 flood waters affected roughly 55000 hectares of lands in the five listed districts. About 31 villages are located within the flooded zone and according to the World Population database around 55,000 people are located within these potentially affected areas.
- Heavy, flood inducing rainfall continued over southeastern Africa during the last week.
- Suppressed rains across southern Angola and northern Namibia strengthen mid seasonal moisture deficits.
1) Although good rains were observed over the Greater Horn of Africa during late November and early December, the delayed onset of the October-December rainy season combined with an erratic distribution of rains during the season had already negatively impacted ground conditions in northern Kenya and southern Somalia.
Madagascar - Tropical Cyclone and Flood
• Due to the recent heavy rains and the passage of the Tropical Storm CHEDZA, 35 people have died, and 117 181 have been affected. In addition, there were 44 389 people displaced, 2 322 houses destroyed, 1 451 houses damaged, 200 schools damaged, eight health centres flooded and about 1 650 ha of crop-land inundated.
Mozambique - Flood
A Preliminary Response Plan will be presented to the Office of the Vice President today, 21 January, based on which resources will be mobilized to support immediate interventions in affected areas. The plan is based on 121,000 people being displaced by the recent floods, with 50 people killed and 153 still missing.
Southern Africa forecast
According to the forecast for 18 to 24 January 2015, Malawi and Mozambique will continue to experience heavy rainfall, particularly in the north. In the aftermath of Tropical Storm Chedza, heavy rains are set to continue across most of Madagascar, including the capital Antananarivo, while torrential rains are also forecast for the southern regions of Tanzania as well as northern Zambia. These rains could worsen the flood situation in the region.
The ministers of health and private sector representatives of the countries of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) agreed on 15 January to establish a health trust fund to sustain the response to AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
This map presents the estimated total rainfall accumulation for Tanzania, Malawi and northern Mozambique covering the period from 16 to 19 January 2015. This total estimate was derived from the Tropical Rainfall Monitoring Mission (TRMM) precipitation dataset at a spatial resolution of approximately 0.25 degrees for this region. It is possible that precipitation levels may have been underestimated for local areas, and is not a substitute for ground station measurements.
Response plan being finalized
Latest figures remain 121,000 people displaced by recent floods, with 50 people killed and 153 missing.
Search and rescue operations continue, with relief supplies being dispatched to affected areas. UNICEF has, for example, received 75 drums of chlorine to be used for water treatment in camps and affected communities. Other partners are already providing assistance, such as World Vision, which has commenced food distribution programmes.
This map illustrates satellite-detected flood waters in the Maganka Da Costa, Namacurra and Mocuba Districts of Zambezia Province, Mozambique, as detected by Radarsat-2 imagery acquired 18 January 2015. Between 11 and 18 January 2015 flood waters affected roughly 85,000 hectares of land, with inundated areas increasing approximately 800% from pre-flood areas, particularly in the coastal part of Mangaja Da Costa District.
Mozambique - Flood
In Mozambique 52 692 people have been affected and 22 332 people have been reported displaced. The National Authorities have opened 14 accommodation centres in Nampula and Zambezia. The numbers are expected to rise as the rain continues. 4 831 houses have been totally destroyed and 24 people are reported dead.
Mozambique's main north-south highway is impassable in two places in Zambezia province, where bridges have collapsed making overland transport impossible. There are urgent needs related to logistics.
Accra, Ghana and Maputo, Mozambique face many development challenges, such as poor transport and drainage infrastructure, as a result of inadequate regulation and law enforcement. Climate change could lead to flooding and coastal erosion and will compound these challenges. Could better use of climate information in planning hold the answer? A new policy brief from the Future Climate for Africa (FCFA) programme and CDKN lays out some options.
The Start Fund has disbursed a total of £700,000 in a double activation for the flooding in Malawi and Mozambique. In Malawi, funding has been awarded to Concern Worldwide, ActionAid, Christian Aid and Save the Children for a total £350,000, while in Mozambique, funding has been awarded to Save the Children (on behalf of the COSACA Consortium with Care, Concern and Oxfam) and World Vision for a total of £350,000.
Maputo, Mozambique | AFP | Monday 19/1/2015 - 15:18 GMT
The death toll from flooding in parts of Mozambique has risen to 71, the country's disaster management services said Monday.
"From the data collected up to last night (Sunday), the provisional toll of victims has risen to 71 since January 12," National Institute of Disaster Management spokeswoman Rita Almeida told AFP.
Most of those killed were from Zambezia province in the centre of the southern African country.