The African Development Bank’s drive towards implementing its fifth High 5 priority – “Improve the quality of life for the people of Africa” – was boosted on October 13, 2016, when the Provincial Governor for Zambezia in central Mozambique, Abdul Razak Noormahomed, launched a newly completed and rehabilitated Small Piped Water Scheme in Lioma community in the Gurue district.
Welcome to the October issue of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project’s (ACLED) Conflict Trends report. Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political violence in Africa in realtime. Weekly updates to realtime conflict event data are published on the ACLED website, and are also available through our research partners at Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS).
• The Mozambique Technical Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (SETSAN) assessment which took place from August to September 2016 indicates that 1.4 million people are currently food insecure (IPC3), with this number possibly increasing to 2.3 million between October and March 2017.
• Currently, 191,000 children are acutely malnourished in the most affected regions of the country. SETSAN assessments predict that that more than 210,000 children could be acutely malnourished over the next six months.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Africa Weather Hazards
Southern Africa is experiencing the worst El Niño-induced drought in 35 years, following the failure of two consecutive rainy seasons. Governments have led the response. However, the scale of needs overwhelm national capacity. Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe have declared national drought emergencies, and Mozambique declared a red alert; all, together with Madagascar, calling for urgent international assistance.
As we write this, Africa is suffering from the strongest El Niño it has faced in decades, causing major floods and droughts throughout Africa, leading to rising economic losses and major impacts on the lives and livelihoods of millions across the continent. Countries across the continent are declaring states of emergency, and are calling on the international community for support.
Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs represent vital components of USAID Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) responses to slow- and rapid-onset disasters and complex emergencies, as disaster-affected populations are more susceptible to illness and death from waterborne and communicable diseases.
In Fiscal Year (FY) 2016, USAID/OFDA provided approximately $247 million to support WASH programs in more than 35 countries.
Cyclical drought, food insecurity, cyclones, floods, disease outbreaks, and complex emergencies present significant challenges to vulnerable populations throughout the Southern Africa region. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and manmade disasters.
Killings Go Unpunished, Put Political Stability at Risk
(Johannesburg, October 11, 2016) – The killing of a prominent opposition leader on October 8, 2016, in Maputo puts ongoing peace talks in Mozambique at risk, Human Rights Watch said today.
SARCOF projects neutral conditions with likely normal to above-normal rainfall from October to March
Initial assessments indicate adequate stocks of seeds within Southern Africa to meet humanitarian assistance needs
USAID partners continue to respond to drought-related humanitarian needs across the Southern Africa region
The El Niño induced drought resulted in 15 percent drop in regional cereal production from 29 million tonnes in 2015 to 26 million tonnes in 2016 which is about 11 percent decrease compared to the five-year average1 . Southern parts of Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar as well as most of Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Botswana and Namibia have been significantly affected by this drought.
Approximately 40.8 million people (22.5% of rural population) will be food insecure in Southern Africa up to March 2017.
Flood and landslide threats will continue after Matthew hit the Hispaniola region hard
Africa Weather Hazards
Prolonged heavy rainfall during the season throughout the Niger River basin has triggered flooding and inundation along the Niger River in Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Seasonal Inundation is also expected to be greater than it has been for many years across the inner Niger delta in Mali
The South African National Crop Committee’s (CEC) final maize production estimate for the 2015-16 harvest stands at 7.5 million tons, up by 3% from their previous estimate, but down by 24% from the previous season. More specifically, yellow and white maize production estimates were revised up by 5% and 2% from the previous estimates to 4.28 million tons and 3.25 million tons, respectively (Agbiz, www.agbiz.co.za).)
A SMART nutrition survey conducted in May 2016 has shown an increase to 2.5% in malnutrition rates as compared to 1.1% registered in 2015 SMART survey results. The admissions in community management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) facilities have also been on the rise since the drought was declared in the country. In August 2016, a total of 3,158 children under five suffering from Sever Acute Malnutrition (SAM) were treated representing a 59% per cent increase in admissions compared to 1,989 during the same month in 2015.
By Aurélie Marrier d'Unienville, IFRC
In the dappled shade of a broad limbed tree in the village of Changanine in the Chibote district of southern Mozambique, several dozen villagers wait patiently through the midday heat.
Volunteers and staff of Mozambique Red Cross Society are distributing seeds to help local farmers improve their harvest in the dry and parched conditions. The villagers of Changanine have been brutally affected by the severe and prolonged drought which started in March 2015.
By Aurélie Marrier d'Unienville, IFRC
In her crumbling mud-built home in the village of Chichongole, Mozambique, Maria Mabunda slowly stirs a meagre red paste at the bottom of her smoke-blackened cooking pot. It’s not much for a family of seven, but after two years of failed rains, it’s all they can manage.
She picks up a second pot of charred roots, known here as _Tivha_, and carries the two pots outside to a small straw structure where her children and grandchildren are assembled, taking shelter from the scorching heat.