- FEWS NET Food Security Outlook Update - January 2016
- Mozambique: Drought - Office of the Resident Coordinator, Situation Report No. 1 (As of 08 January 2016)
- WFP Mozambique | Brief Reporting period: 01 October – 31 December 2015
Appeals & Funding
- ACT Alliance Appeal: Mozambique; Drought Response in Southern Mozambique
- Mozambique Floods 2015 - Response and Recovery proposal
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Below-average seasonal rains reduce 2016 production prospects, with particularly poor crop conditions in southern parts
Tight maize supply situation expected to continue in 2016/17 marketing year
Maize prices at end-December 2015 were well above their year earlier levels
Food security conditions expected to worsen in 2016 due to impact of El Niño‑associated dry conditions
Prospects for 2016 cereal crop are poor in central and southern regions
Déclaration commune PAM, FEWS NET, JRC et FAO
Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) ; Réseau des systèmes d'alerte rapide aux risques de famine (FEWS NET) ; Centre commun de recherches de la Commission européenne (JRC) ; Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM).
Joint statement by FAO, EC-JRC, FEWS NET and WFP
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; FEWS NET - Famine Early Warning Systems Network; JRC - European Commission's Joint Research Centre;WFP - World Food Programme
12 February 2016, Rome - Southern Africa is currently in the grip of an intense drought that has expanded and strengthened since the earliest stages of the 2015-2016 agricultural season, driven by one of the strongest El Niño events of the last 50 years.
Africa Weather Hazards
Some areas of Mozambique have been experiencing political instability for several months, with RENAMO leader Afonso Dhlakama threatening to seize power in six northern and central provinces of the country where his movement claims victory in the general elections of 2014.
The following post by IFPRI collaborator Hitomi Komatsu was originally published on the Agrilinks site.
Malnutrition is a severe problem, especially in poor households in developing countries. Many families are not well nourished because they do not have access to nutritious and diverse diets.
9 February 2016, JOHANNESBURG – Zimbabwe has become the third country in Southern Africa to declare a disaster after Lesotho and Malawi amidst a prolonged drought that has resulted in food shortages. The United Nations estimates that 30 million people in the region are in dire need of food assistance. World Vision is calling on donor countries to increase the amount of food assistance available as the number of affected people is likely to increase.
The current El Niño event is signalled to be the strongest and longest event in 35 years. For southern Africa, El Niño usually means less rainfall in most countries but high rainfall in northern Tanzania and DRC. Across vast areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Botswana, this has been the driest October-December, since 1981.
Lesotho and Zimbabwe have declared a state of disaster following the affects of drought caused by El Niño. Most provinces in South Africa have also declared a state of disaster.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has been monitoring forecasts for the current El Niño since early 2015. It is using early warning information to design and implement early actions knowing that anticipatory action can mitigate or even prevent disasters from happening.
What is El Niño?
El Niño is the warming of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific. While the main threats to food production are reduced rainfall and drought in some regions, El Niño can also cause heavy rains and flooding in others.
PRETORIA, February 5, 2016 - The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and a Regional Coordinating Mechanism (RCM) representing a group of 10 Southern African countries today signed a landmark grant to pioneer innovative models to reduce high rates of TB in the mining sector.
45 people have died in the storms and floods which have hit parts of northern Mozambique since the start of the current rainy season in October.
Speaking at a Maputo press conference on 5 February, the director of the National Operational Emergency Centre (CENOE), Mauricio Xerinda, said that the deaths were caused by high winds, lightning strikes, and floods resulting from torrential rains.
Since October, the number of people affected by flooding is around 26,000. Over this period, 1,202 houses have been destroyed and a further 3,941 have been damaged.
The Malawi Vulnerability Assessment Committee December 2015 report identifies additional 32,390 food insecure people in Blantyre, Mangochi, Dedza and Mzimba districts and recommends humanitarian assistance extension to from March to April 2016, funds permitting.
Africa Weather Hazards
- El Niño“drought effect” likely to have a long-lasting impact as people’ resilience continues to be eroded
- Ethiopia battling worst drought in decades
- Drought, food in security and power shortages stalk southern Africa region
- Cholera, a preventable disease, kills thousands across eastern and southern Africa
- Protracted conflicts to complicate humanitarian situation
- Funding shortfalls paralyse humanitarian responses
Globally, millions of vulnerable households are at risk of increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climatic pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. No two El Niño events are ever the same and it is thought that this particular occurrence could be the most powerful on record. The strongest El Niño in 1997/1998 killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
Precipitation Accumulation GPM Derived Data (IMERG Real TIme), acquired from 01 January to 31 January 2016
This map presents the estimated total rainfall accumulation for Mozambique covering the period from 01 to 31 January 2016. This total estimate was derived from the Global Precipitation Measurement-MERG dataset (Integrated Multi-satellite Retrievals for GPM) at a spatial resolution of approximately 10km. It is possible that precipitation levels may have been underestimated for local areas, and is not a substitute for ground station measurements.
A set of briefs on gender and climate change that highlights how CIFOR and partner organizations are addressing current and emerging policy issues, with insights and recommendations based on experience.
Gender and climate change Evidence and experience