- FEWS NET Key message update, May 2017
- UNICEF Humanitarian Situation Report, April 2017
- WFP Mozambique Situation Report #4 - 17 March 2017
Appeals & Funding
- Flash Appeal: Emergency Response Plan for Mozambique - Cyclone Dineo
- RIASCO Action Plan for Southern Africa - Revised regional response plan for the El Niño-induced drought in Southern Africa Dec 2016 - Apr 2017
Since early 2015, the Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region has faced widespread food shortages owing to the worst drought in 35 years which was exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon. Two consecutive failed rainy seasons have left 13.8 million people in need of emergency food assistance.
• Tropical Cyclone Enawo affects approximately 434,000 people in Madagascar
• USAID assists cyclone-affected populations in Madagascar and Mozambique
• Food security conditions in Southern Africa likely to improve when April/May harvests begin
Good performance of the current growing season (Oct 2016 – April 2017) is critical for Southern Africa, after suffering from two consecutive droughts induced by a long lasting El Niño event which led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
As of 17 March, over 433,000 people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone Enawo, which made landfall on the northeastern coast of Madagascar between 7-10 March.
Over 81 people have been killed, 253 wounded, and 247,000 displaced. Floods have damaged health facilities, leaving over 250,000 people without access to health services. An estimated 175,000 people do not have access to safe potable water, and water-borne diseases are on the rise.
THE Salvation Army in Mozambique is responding to the first cyclone to make landfall in the country in a decade. Tropical Cyclone Dineo struck the coastal province of Inhambane in mid-February before moving along the coast to the capital, Maputo. Gusts in excess of 180 kilometres per hour left eight people dead and caused destruction to homes and infrastructure.
· WFP has scaled up its El Niño response, reaching 748,925 food insecure people in February.
· A Budget Revision to extend WFP’s Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 200355 by a further three months from April to June 2017 is currently underway.
· WFP plans to respond to Cyclone Dineo in Inhambane province targeting 50,000 people over the next three months and is seeking donor funding to cover borrowed stocks.
· 2.1 million people acutely food insecure
2.1 million people are facing food and nutrition insecurity in Mozambique as the effects of El Niño continue to impact the country.
190,888 children screened for acute malnutrition and 12,161 severely acute malnourished (SAM) treated by UNICEF and Ministry of Health trained mobile brigades.
Cyclone DINEO affected over 550,000 people and killed 7. Over 1,600 classrooms were partially or totally destroyed, affecting 160,000 learners.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
National cereal production in 2017 forecast to increase moderately, on account of wetter conditions, but localized production decreases expected in areas affected by dry spells and floods
Maize prices remained high, but declined in recent month in anticipation of 2017 harvest
Food insecurity peaked in early 2017 following impact of 2016 drought, while effect of Cyclone Dineo in February 2017 heightened food assistance requirements in southern parts
BLANTYRE, MALAWI — Malawi has started registering new cases of cholera in areas bordering Mozambique, one week after the government in Malawi warned of a cholera outbreak in the neighboring country.
The disease — an acute diarrheal infection caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with a bacterium — affects children and adults, and can kill within hours if left untreated.
Malawi last registered cholera cases in 2015, but now health authorities in Malawi say they have found new cases at a health center in Nsanje district bordering Mozambique.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Large rainfall surpluses remain across broad areas of Southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Since late December, enhanced seasonal rainfall has resulted in large moisture surpluses and several floods. The risk of additional flooding remains high throughout Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, and southwestern Tanzania.
Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits, low soil moisture, and poor crop prospects across parts of northeastern Mozambique.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 12-18 March 2017 and includes updates on cholera, measles and Legionnaires disease.
This systematic review, commissioned by the Humanitarian Evidence Programme and carried out by a team from the EPPI-Centre, University College London (UCL), draws together primary research on mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programmes for people affected by humanitarian crises in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It investigates both the process of implementing MHPSS programmes and their receipt by affected populations, as well as assessing their intended and unintended effects.
Maize grain in Tete is cheaper than last year
Maize meal is most expensive in Doa and Magoe districts
Rice prices remain stable in Sofala and Manica
Low availability of cowpeas in all surveyed districts
In some parts of Gaza the green harvest has been hindered by heavy rains
Food Security Outlook
A severe drought, associated with the El Niño phenomena, resulted in a humanitarian emergency in which an estimated 40 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Vulnerability assessments and analysis indicated that 23 million required immediate humanitarian assistance, as of June 2016.
In response to this, the Southern African Development Community launched a regional humanitarian appeal for $2.4 billion to support the needs of the affected population in the affected Member States.
There are 207,000 students affected and in need of emergency education services;
Reallocated 19 motor ambulances to reinforce emergency referral system at community level and 21 hospital tents were provided;
There is US$ 8.7 million funding gap to provide immediate assistance to people affected by the cyclone;
27,000 ha of several crops were lost affecting 15,000 farmers;
The response provided to date in the Education sector is meeting less than 10% of the needs;
When the African Development Bank (AfDB) partnered with other donors and the Mozambican Government back in 2010 to finance the National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program (PRONASAR) in Nampula and Zambézia Provinces in northern Mozambique, one of the ultimate goals was to achieve open defecation-free communities.
Maize prices continued to increase in January in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely to be due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices will remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. Malawi and Mozambique have the highest number of Maize markets in ALPS Crisis at 71 percent and 100 percent respectively.