Disease epidemics result in substantial ill health and loss of lives and therefore pose a threat to global health security, undermine socio-economic lives and destabilize societies.
The humanitarian impact of the 2015-2016 El Niño is deeply alarming, affecting over 60 million people globally. The El Niño phenomenon is now in a neutral phase, but food insecurity caused by drought is not likely to peak before December. East and Southern Africa are the most affected regions, and humanitarian impacts will last well into 2017.
Women and girls among displaced people remain at high risk of GBV in the region.
Conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) is the most prevalent form of GBV in humanitarian settings in eastern Africa.
Child marriage, rape and physical abuse are the common forms of GBV in stable environments, including southern Africa.
Regional WHS Commitments on gender call for end to financing gender blind programming.
Final distributions have concluded for WFP’s emergency response to 2015/16 lean season food insecurity. However, due to El Niño induced dry spells and resulting poor crop yields, the Malawi Vulnerability Assessment Committee has found that at least 6.5 million people will be food insecure over the next 9 months.
Consecutive years of unpredictable weather and poor planting conditions have both undermined WFP assistance and outpaced the government’s ability to respond effectively.
Context and Investment Case
One of the strongest El Niño events ever recorded places the lives of 26.5 million children at risk of malnutrition, water shortages and disease in ten countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. UNICEF is responding to four primary needs:
Over 1 million children are in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the region.
UN predicts deteriorating food security levels across the region by July
Drought-affected households in Lesotho and Swaziland report urgent water needs
USAID contributes an additional $52 million for drought response activities in Southern Africa
Total affected population: 1,500,000
Total affected children (<18): 850,000
Total people to be reached in 2016: 243,960
Total children to be reached in 2016: 67,920
2016 Programme Targets
- 27,500 children under 5 with SAM admitted to nutrition rehabilitation treatment programmes
- 150,000 pregnant and lactating women reached with IYCF services
Annual Report: relief aid tripled in 2015
In 2015, Dorcas helped 373,375 people in emergency situations, which is more than three times as many people as last year. Many of these people were displaced because of the earthquake in Nepal, others were refugees from Syria and Iraq and there were many who fled because of the turmoil in eastern Ukraine. You can read all the details in our recently released annual report. Dorcas is thankful for all the donations and funds that made all of this possible.
What is El Niño?
El Niño is the warming of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every two to seven years, lasting from six to 24 months.
20 June is World Refugee Day. In Malawi, WFP’s monthly distributions cover about 90 percent of food consumed by refugees. Without new contributions, WFP faces critical shortfalls that will aggravate the already fragile food security situation of Dzaleka camp.
Nhamapaza, Mozambique | AFP | Sunday 6/19/2016 - 03:24 GMT
by Pierre DONADIEU
In Mozambique's central Nhamapaza region, around 150 cars stand idle on the country's main highway, waiting for a military convoy to escort them safely north.
"You now need four days instead of two to travel to Nampula (in the north) from Maputo (the capital)," said a bus driver who declined to give his name.
"You have to take two military convoys... and it takes three hours to drive 100 kilometres (62 miles)," he said.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR DECEMBER 2016
La CTB publie son rapport annuel 2015
June 17, 2016 IASC Early Warning, Early Action and Readiness Report for the period June to November 2016. The Report is biannual, with a 6 month horizon. It is the product of a group of Agency analysts. In most cases these individuals work for their respective Emergency Directors. Analysis of preparedness status is provided by OCHA. The Report complements more frequent interaction between RC/HC and the ERC as the IASC system officials accountable for ensuring interagency early action and readiness. This should take place using the IASC Emergency Response Preparedness approach.