A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
This Emergency Appeal was launched on 22 April 2016 for CHF 1,702,895 Swiss francs to enable the IFRC to support the Mozambique Red Cross Society (CVM) to reach 14,767 people (2,954 households) in 6 districts: Magude and Manhiça in Maputo province, Mabalane and Chibuto in Gaza province and Funhalouro and Govuro in Inhambane province. It aims to provide assistance over the next nine months with a focus on interventions on the sectors of food security (carried out through cash) and livelihoods.
Household staple foods remain tight during the current harvest period
(26th May 2016) The Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretariat has established a Team to coordinate a regional response to the impacts of the 2015/2016 El-Niño phenomenon on livelihoods in close collaboration with Member States.
The SADC region is experiencing a devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El-Niño phenomenon which is affecting livelihoods and the quality of lives especially for women, children and the elderly in the region.
A Message From Assistant Secretary Puneet Talwar
60 MILLION people affected globally at present.
32 MILLION people food insecure in Southern Africa.
10.2 MILLION people in Ethiopia need emergency food assistance.
50 PERCENT crop losses in Haiti due to El Niño-influenced drought.
May 23, 2016 2:49 PM
Severe food shortages in southern Africa are expected to grow dramatically worse by year's end, unless the world does something soon.
African aid experts say they worry that the continent’s crippling drought may fall behind crises in conflict-ravaged nations like Syria, Yemen, and Iraq, as international aid officials converge this week for the first-ever World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul.
The main harvest has started in much of the north and parts of the central region where crop production has succeeded, improving food availability and access for the majority of households. However, in the south, almost all planted crops for the main season were lost due to the El Niño-related drought. Rains in mid-March and relatively low temperatures have allowed for some second season planting in parts of the southern and central regions.
April marked the final round of WFP’s emergency response to 2015/16 lean season food insecurity, targeting 2.4 million vulnerable Malawians with in-kind food assistance and cash-based transfers, out of the 2.86 million affected people.* As the response ends, focus is shifting to taking stock of efforts to respond differently and capture best practices ahead of the upcoming El Niño response. Following the Declaration of Disaster on 12 April, WFP has been planning with communities to enable the roll-out of cash for work schemes for hard hit communities in targeted districts.
The SADC region is experiencing a devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El Niño event which is negatively affecting livelihoods and the quality of lives across the region.
Four Member States have already declared national drought emergencies (Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe). South Africa has declared a drought emergency in 7 of the country’s 9 provinces. Mozambique declared a 90-day institutional red alert for some southern and central areas.
Johannesburg, 17 May 2016 – The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has announced a major, 110 million Swiss franc, four year initiative to support National Red Cross Societies respond to the drought that is affecting millions of people across southern Africa. The initiative will increase Red Cross relief activities significantly, alongside an important expansion of long-term efforts to strengthen the resilience of 1 million vulnerable people.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR NOVEMBER 2016
The El Niño global climatic event has had a devastating impact on tens of millions of people across the globe in 2015 and 2016. East Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, South East Asia and the Pacific Islands, continue to be at risk of extreme weather events, including below-normal rains and flooding. The humanitarian fallout includes increased food insecurity due to low crop yields and rising prices; higher malnutrition rates; devastated livelihoods; increased susceptibility to illnesses, and forced displacement.
The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the General Assembly the report of the Director-General of the World Health Organization, submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 69/325.
Report of the Director-General of the World Health Organization on consolidating gains and accelerating efforts to control and eliminate malaria in developing countries, particularly in Africa, by 2015
Onset of rains in late February unlikely to improve harvest yields in the region
Food security to deteriorate further due to agricultural deficits, high food prices, and eroded household finances
USAID/FFP contributes an additional $24 million to drought response activities in Madagascar and Zimbabwe
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 71 countries in the first quarter of 2016 (January to March).1 The maps on pages 6–7 disaggregate the impact analysis to sub-national level.
•During Q1-2016, FAO’s global cereal price index fell by 14 percent year-on-year thanks to ample supplies and stock positions. The index is now at levels last seen in early 2007. The FAO global food price index is 15 percent lower than in Q1-2015.