20-YEAR REVIEW SHOWS 90% OF DISASTERS ARE WEATHER-RELATED; US, CHINA, INDIA, PHILIPPINES AND INDONESIA RECORD THE MOST
23 November 2015, GENEVA – A new report issued today by the UN, “The Human Cost of Weather Related Disasters”, shows that over the last twenty years, 90% of major disasters have been caused by 6,457 recorded floods, storms, heatwaves, droughts and other weather-related events.
The five countries hit by the highest number of disasters are the United States (472), China (441), India (288), Philippines (274), and Indonesia, (163).
Millions of vulnerable households globally could face increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9 to 12 months. Typically, this climatic condition develops during April-June and reaches maximum strength during December-February; this event could be the most powerful on record (Earth Institute 2015).
Un rapport publié par l’OMS, l’UNICEF, l’UNFPA, le Groupe de la Banque mondiale et la Division de la population des Nations Unies rend compte des progrès accomplis.
Communiqué de presse conjoint
12 NOVEMBRE 2015 ¦ GENÈVE/NEW YORK - Selon un rapport publié aujourd’hui par plusieurs organismes des Nations Unies et par le Groupe de la Banque mondiale, la mortalité maternelle a baissé de 44 % par rapport à 1990.
Maternal deaths fell 44% since 1990 – UN
Report from WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division highlights progress
GENEVA/NEW YORK, 12 November 2015 – Maternal mortality has fallen by 44% since 1990, United Nations agencies and the World Bank Group reported today.
WORKING DRAFT (11 November 2015)
Background and purpose
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has as its Strategic Objective 5 to “Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises”. In support of its national counterparts, FAO aims to address the current and future needs of vulnerable people affected by the 2015‒2016 El Niño event.
By Hler Gudjonsson, IFRC
Thousands of people throughout Mongolia are set to benefit from a landmark agreement between the Mongolian Red Cross Society and the mobile service provider G-Mobile Mongolia which was announced today in the capital city, Ulan Bator. Under the partnership, the Trilogy Emergency Relief Application (TERA) will be rolled out in Mongolia, enabling the Red Cross to communicate with at risk communities, particularly in times of natural disaster, by sending SMS blasts to geographically defined segments of the population.
World cereal supply and demand balance in the 2015/16 marketing season is likely to remain in a generally comfortable situation. While world cereal production is expected to fall below last year’s record, supplies will be almost sufficient to meet the projected demand, requiring only a small reduction in global inventories by the end of the season.
Progress in reducing the burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the Western Pacific Region has been remarkable, but much more remains to be done. In May 2014, the World Health Assembly adopted the Global strategy and targets for tuberculosis prevention, care and control after 2015, with ambitious incidence and mortality targets and the goal that no affected families face catastrophic costs due to TB.
Super El Niño and climate change cause crop failures putting millions at risk of hunger
At least ten million poor people face hunger this year and next due to both droughts and erratic rains influenced by climate change and the likely development of a ‘super El Niño’.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Wheat output in 2015 estimated to decline sharply from last year’s record due to dry weather
Wheat imports forecast to increase considerably in 2015/16 marketing year (October/September)
Prices of wheat flour were generally stable in July but at high levels
Amid an ongoing drought in the region, authorities in China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR) have clashed with hundreds of ethnic Mongolian herders and detained around 20, who petitioned the local government for assistance. In recent days the area had some rainfall but has been unusual dry for several months.
Also due to drought, a substantial amount of crops were lost this year in Mongolia. According to the Minister of Agriculture only 53.7 % of the planned wheat harvest will be collected this year.
The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/ BUD/2015/01000
AMOUNT: EUR 19 000 000
0 . MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Persons with disabilities often experience discrimination and exclusion, despite the adoption of an increasingly rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance. The past three decades have witnessed a growing awareness of disability issues and the emergence and spread of disabled people’s organisations.
The growing awareness must be accompanied by practical measures to identify and reduce the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in an emergency situation.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
Elevation and Bathymetry
The region is home to the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China) at 8,848m, as well as the deepest surveyed point in the oceans,
Challenger Deep in the Marianas Trench at 10,911m.