May 15, 2015
The relationship between livestock and climate change has been discussed for years. Livestock contribute both directly and indirectly to climate change through the emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide.
ULAN BATOR, May 12 2015 - The head of UNISDR Margareta Wahlström today met with the Prime Minister of Mongolia, Mr. Chimed Saikhanbileg, as the country embarks on implementing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the global plan of action adopted in March at the World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction.
Mongolia is also establishing a National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, developing a national disaster loss database and has already translated the Sendai Framework into the national language.
The IFRC East Asia Regional Office (EARO) supports and builds capacities of National Societies (NSs) in the East Asia region. The region includes China, Mongolia, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea, and Japan. The IFRC supports all five national Red Cross Societies in the region and additionally has long-term planning frameworks specifically for the NSs in China, Mongolia, and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).
Mongolia has been hit by devastating blizzards with heavy snow completely buying vehicles and yurts, the traditional houses.
The snowstorm hit isolated parts of the country from 1-4 April. Uvs and Uvurkhangai are the worst hit. The two regions have a very high number of herders, with their animals difficult to be found.
Over 2000 people with their livestock are said to be stuck by the snow on their way to Lake Uvs. They are running short of food and hay for the animals. They have no heating.
This review of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in health care facilities in low resource settings is the first comprehensive, multi-country analysis on the topic. It highlights low access in many countries and specific actions needed to strengthen policy, implementation and monitoring.
The government of Mongolia worked with the World Bank to look for solutions to better protect herders from climate related losses to their livestock.
A new insurance scheme was introduced, where payments are based on the total number of livestock lost by species and soum (district) rather than on households’ actual, individual losses.
This new insurance system benefits herders. It also makes better business sense for insurance companies.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
2014 wheat harvest is estimated to have recovered from last year’s reduced level
Wheat imports forecast to decrease in 2014/15 marketing year (October/September)
Prices of wheat flour were generally stable in January but at record levels
523,592 Refugees and asylumseekers 2,361 Identified unaccompanied minors 1,393,736 Stateless persons 20,000 Estimated irregular maritime departures in 2014
Population of concern
A total of 2.7 million people of concern including 1.4 million stateless and over 700,000 internally displaced.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Physical Exposure to Drought
Drought is a phenomenon that affects more people globally than any other natural hazard. Unlike aridity, which refers to a semi-permanent condition of low precipitation (desert regions), drought results from the accumulated effect of deficient precipitation over a prolonged period of time.
The units used in this product refer to the expected average annual population (2010 as the year of reference) exposed (inhabitants). The dataset includes an estimate of the annual physical exposure to drought. It is based on three sources:
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
Sixteen years of wildfires in Asia-Pacific
Wild land fires and other biomass fires annually burn a total land area of between 3.5 and 4.5 million km2, equivalent to the surface area of India and Pakistan together, or more than half of Australia. This makes it one of the most spatially prevalent hazards after drought.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.