- UNHCR/UNODC/IOM: Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea: Proposals for Action, May 2015
- Summary: Special Meeting on Irregular Migration in the Indian Ocean, 29 May 2015, Bangkok, Thailand
- UNFPA: Census Results Highlight Myanmar’s Development Needs
Appeals & Funding
- Humanitarian Response Plan 2015
- UNHCR Supplementary Appeal: Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea Initiative, Jun-Dec 2015
- IOM Appeal Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea Crisis
>500,000 people in need of humanitarian assistance
More than 500,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Myanmar in 2015.
This includes about 130,000 people in Rakhine State, who remain displaced following outbreaks of inter-communal violence in 2012, and over 100,000 people displaced by conflict in Kachin and northern Shan states since 2011.
Intensifying conflict and slow and sudden-onset disaster are taking their toll. The result is that global financial requirements for the remainder of 2015 have risen by $2.4 billion. In early June 2015 they stand at $18.8 billion, to meet the needs of 78.9 million vulnerable people in 37 countries.
Heavy rain and strong winds affected several provinces in southern China causing floods and damage. In the city of Wuyishan, northern Fujian, 9cm of rain were observed in 24h on 3 Jun. In Guizhou, a high alert was issued by the local meteorological department due to continuous heavy rainfall. As of 4 Jun at least 25 people died and another 11 are missing in the provinces of Fuijian, Jiangxi,
Hubei, Guizhou, Guangdong, Hunan, and Chongqing. Thousands of people and homes were affected.
25 people dead
Following the 7.8M earthquake which struck on 25 Apr and the 7.3M earthquake on 12 May, a total of 8,659 people are confirmed dead. Some 95,100 people remain displaced. On 2 Jun, the Humanitarian Country Team revised the response strategy requesting $422 million to support an estimated 2.8 million people with humanitarian assistance.
95,100 people displaced
Imminent monsoon rains are expected to further complicate relief efforts by blocking access routes and exposing over 760,000 families with damaged or destroyed homes to heavy rainfall.
Following the 7.8M earthquake which struck on 25 Apr and the 7.3M earthquake on 12 May, a total of 8,631 people are confirmed dead, with 14 bodies still unidentified. Nearly 460 health facilities are destroyed. Over 25,000 classrooms collapsed while an additional 10,000 require repair. 456 health facilities destroyed 25,000 classrooms destroyed The monsoon rains are expected to arrive in two weeks, further complicating relief efforts by blocking access routes and exposing over 760,000 families with damaged or destroyed homes to heavy rainfall.1
CHANGES IN CONTEXT (SINCE DECEMBER 2014)
A second major earthquake struck on 12 May east of Kathmandu. The 7.3 magnitude quake caused further destruction to buildings and homes damaged by last month's quake. The death toll from the two quakes stands at over 8,580 with over 16,800 injured, according to the Nepali Ministry of Home Affairs.
A total of 216 displacement sites were identified across 11 districts. Shelter, drinking water and resumption of livelihood activities are reported as the priority needs.
There are more than 240,000 people in Myanmar who remain internally displaced as a result of conflict or violence occurring since 2011. Myanmar is one of the countries at highest risk of natural disasters in South East Asia and disaster preparedness is a major challenge with the upcoming monsoon season.
Emergency shelter remains the top response priority, especially with the imminent monsoon rains. Other priority needs include sanitation and hygiene support, household items, medical kits and supplies, food and protection.
To date, 70,000 tarpaulins and nearly 6,000 tents were distributed; nearly 370,000 people received food; more than 345,000 people were provided with safe drinking water and more than 250,000 people with hygiene support.
70,000 tarpaulins delivered
370,000 people received food
Over one week after the earthquake hit, the government reports more than 7,276 people killed and over 14,362 injured. More than 190,000 houses completely destroyed and almost 174,000 partially damaged.
7,276 people killed
190,000 houses destroyed
Small-scale returns to Laukkaing as clashes continue in Kokang
Temporary displacement in northern Shan and Kachin states
Over 300 IDP households move into new individual housing in Meiktila
Hundreds displaced by clashes in Rakhine State
Working with the government to strengthen disaster preparedness
People who remain displaced in Rakhine State 139,000
“I visit the clinic all the time!” said Ja Seng,* a 59-year-old woman who has spent the last three years living in a camp for displaced people in Myanmar. “At my age, there is always something that hurts,” she adds, laughing contagiously—something that she does easily, despite the challenges of being uprooted.
Ferry sinking in Rakhine claims at least 69 lives; government and local organizations respond
Strengthening women’s participation in decision making in Rakhine IDP camps
Fighting in Kachin and Shan states continues to cause displacement
Cross-line convoys resume in Kachin
Dry season water shortages affect thousands of displaced people
Older IDPs in Kachin: needs and opportunities
Helping displaced people have access to enough clean water throughout the year
As temperatures soar towards the end of March and with little to no rain until the month of May, the dry season poses a serious challenge to the thousands of displaced people in Myanmar. Every year, inadequate access to water affects the health, hygiene and sanitation of displaced people and hampers essential activities like cooking.
As of 3 Apr, 166,000 people remain affected on 22 islands. 50,000 people received emergency shelter assistance, 20,000 received hygiene kits, and nearly 11,000 children were vaccinated against measles. Despite the provision of assistance across all sectors, needs remain, with an estimated 110,000 people are in need of drinking water. On 2 Apr Government-led teams completed a round of assessments to ascertain humanitarian and early recovery needs across several sectors. A Flash Appeal for nearly US$30 million remains 64 percent unfunded.