- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin, Issue 12 | 1-31 Dec 2014
- WFP Myanmar Rakhine Emergency Relief Post Distribution Monitoring Report
- Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee (A/69/398)
Appeals & Funding
Since 2011, more than 240,000 people in total have been displaced in Myanmar, primarily in Rakhine and Kachin states. In south eastern Myanmar, a large number of people remain displaced following many years of armed conflict. Emergency preparedness is a major challenge as Myanmar is one of the most disaster prone countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
Between mid-Dec and mid-Jan, heavy seasonal rains and strong winds affected large parts of Malaysia causing severe and extensive flooding in Terengganu, Pahang, and Kelantan. In addition to the three most affected states, four other states in Peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Johor,
Selangor and Perlis States) and one state in East Malaysia (Sabah) also experienced floods due to the heavy rainfalls.
450 displaced people in need of housing after major fire in Kachin camp
Humanitarian Response Plan for 2015 targets over 500,000 people for assistance
Government strengthens disaster preparedness with new Emergency Operations Centre
Humanitarian appeal for 2014 was 59% funded
Donor contributions are monetary donations provided by Governments and the private sector. This mechanism gives them the opportunity to pool their unearmarked contributions to a specific country. With these pooled donations, CBPFs offer rapid and flexible financing instruments to scale up humanitarian operations, increase humanitarian access, and strengthen our partnerships with local and international NGOs and UN agencies. This complements the overall humanitarian response based on affected people's needs identified under country-specific strategic response plans.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.
Physical Exposure to Drought
Drought is a phenomenon that affects more people globally than any other natural hazard. Unlike aridity, which refers to a semi-permanent condition of low precipitation (desert regions), drought results from the accumulated effect of deficient precipitation over a prolonged period of time.
The units used in this product refer to the expected average annual population (2010 as the year of reference) exposed (inhabitants). The dataset includes an estimate of the annual physical exposure to drought. It is based on three sources:
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
Sixteen years of wildfires in Asia-Pacific
Wild land fires and other biomass fires annually burn a total land area of between 3.5 and 4.5 million km2, equivalent to the surface area of India and Pakistan together, or more than half of Australia. This makes it one of the most spatially prevalent hazards after drought.
L’écart entre les besoins humanitaires et les ressources disponibles pour y répondre continue de croître. Ce document énonce les appels inter-agences qui demandent 16,4 milliards de dollars en 2015 pour aider 57,5 millions de personnes à travers 22 pays.
Thousands of vulnerable people are at risk in areas beyond Government control in Kachin as cross-line missions remain stalled
Mines continue to pose serious risks to civilians, including children, in Kachin and northern Shan states
Displaced women and girls in northern Shan are exposed to violence and trafficking
IDPs and isolated communities in Rakhine need safe access to fuel and energy
People displaced in Rakhine State 139,000
Goal and Strategic objectives
The overarching goal of this strategy is to support the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and local communities to ensure that the lives, dignity and well-being of persons affected by conflict and disaster are protected.
To achieve this goal, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) has agreed on the following strategic objectives for humanitarian action in 2015:
The number of people affected by conflicts and natural disasters around the world has reached record levels.
Just a year ago, UN agencies and partners asked for $12.9 billion to assist 52 million people who we considered to be the most vulnerable and most in need of protection.