- IOM Appeal Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea Crisis, May 2015
- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 4, 1–30 Apr 2015
- WFP Myanmar May 2015 Operational Report
Appeals & Funding
Following the 7.8M earthquake which struck on 25 Apr and the 7.3M earthquake on 12 May, a total of 8,631 people are confirmed dead, with 14 bodies still unidentified. Nearly 460 health facilities are destroyed. Over 25,000 classrooms collapsed while an additional 10,000 require repair. 456 health facilities destroyed 25,000 classrooms destroyed The monsoon rains are expected to arrive in two weeks, further complicating relief efforts by blocking access routes and exposing over 760,000 families with damaged or destroyed homes to heavy rainfall.1
Small-scale returns to Laukkaing as clashes continue in Kokang
Temporary displacement in northern Shan and Kachin states
Over 300 IDP households move into new individual housing in Meiktila
Hundreds displaced by clashes in Rakhine State
Working with the government to strengthen disaster preparedness
People who remain displaced in Rakhine State 139,000
CHANGES IN CONTEXT (SINCE DECEMBER 2014)
A second major earthquake struck on 12 May east of Kathmandu. The 7.3 magnitude quake caused further destruction to buildings and homes damaged by last month's quake. The death toll from the two quakes stands at over 8,580 with over 16,800 injured, according to the Nepali Ministry of Home Affairs.
A total of 216 displacement sites were identified across 11 districts. Shelter, drinking water and resumption of livelihood activities are reported as the priority needs.
There are more than 240,000 people in Myanmar who remain internally displaced as a result of conflict or violence occurring since 2011. Myanmar is one of the countries at highest risk of natural disasters in South East Asia and disaster preparedness is a major challenge with the upcoming monsoon season.
Emergency shelter remains the top response priority, especially with the imminent monsoon rains. Other priority needs include sanitation and hygiene support, household items, medical kits and supplies, food and protection.
To date, 70,000 tarpaulins and nearly 6,000 tents were distributed; nearly 370,000 people received food; more than 345,000 people were provided with safe drinking water and more than 250,000 people with hygiene support.
70,000 tarpaulins delivered
370,000 people received food
Over one week after the earthquake hit, the government reports more than 7,276 people killed and over 14,362 injured. More than 190,000 houses completely destroyed and almost 174,000 partially damaged.
7,276 people killed
190,000 houses destroyed
“I visit the clinic all the time!” said Ja Seng,* a 59-year-old woman who has spent the last three years living in a camp for displaced people in Myanmar. “At my age, there is always something that hurts,” she adds, laughing contagiously—something that she does easily, despite the challenges of being uprooted.
Ferry sinking in Rakhine claims at least 69 lives; government and local organizations respond
Strengthening women’s participation in decision making in Rakhine IDP camps
Fighting in Kachin and Shan states continues to cause displacement
Cross-line convoys resume in Kachin
Dry season water shortages affect thousands of displaced people
Older IDPs in Kachin: needs and opportunities
Helping displaced people have access to enough clean water throughout the year
As temperatures soar towards the end of March and with little to no rain until the month of May, the dry season poses a serious challenge to the thousands of displaced people in Myanmar. Every year, inadequate access to water affects the health, hygiene and sanitation of displaced people and hampers essential activities like cooking.
As of 3 Apr, 166,000 people remain affected on 22 islands. 50,000 people received emergency shelter assistance, 20,000 received hygiene kits, and nearly 11,000 children were vaccinated against measles. Despite the provision of assistance across all sectors, needs remain, with an estimated 110,000 people are in need of drinking water. On 2 Apr Government-led teams completed a round of assessments to ascertain humanitarian and early recovery needs across several sectors. A Flash Appeal for nearly US$30 million remains 64 percent unfunded.
This update seeks to support growth in innovative policy, practice and partnerships in humanitarian action to better communicate with disaster-affected communities. Readers are encouraged to forward this email through their own networks.
Vanuatu – Are we communicating with cyclone affected communities?
Myanmar – Rakhine State community focus group discussions.
Philippines - Facebook goes free-of-charge with Smart Communications.
Outbreak of fighting in Kokang displaces tens of thousands into China and other parts of Myanmar
Urgent need for measures to ensure safety of people in IDP camps in Rakhine that are at high risk of flooding in the monsoon season
New measures to strengthen the emergency medical referral system in Rakhine
MSF Holland has restarted health activities in some parts of Rakhine State
People displaced in Rakhine State 139,000
As of 5 Mar over 82,000 people are displaced due to continuing insecurity in the provinces of North Cotabato and Maguindanao in Central Mindanao. This is an increase of about 12,100 people over the previous three days, according to the authorities of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). As of 4 Mar, over 64,000 people were staying in 48 evacuation centres across 12 municipalities, while others were hosted by relatives and friends. The situation along the border of the two provinces has stabilised.
The dry season is an important time for humanitarian organizations in Myanmar’s Kachin and northern Shan States. When the rains arrive in May, the unpaved roads make it difficult to reach many of the remote camps and communities that are home to 98,000 people still displaced by the conflict that has gripped this area since 2011. Unfortunately, the dry season is also the time when fighting between government forces and different armed groups is at its worse.