- WHO/Govt: Maladie à virus Ebola - Rapport de la Situation au Mali #51, 15 décembre 2014
- FEWS NET Mise à jour sur la sécurité alimentaire - novembre 2014
- Latest WHO Ebola response roadmap - Situation report
Appeals & Funding
• Mauritania continues to suffer from a multi-dimensional crisis related to food insecurity, the high prevalence of malnutrition, the presence of Malian refugees.
• From January to December 2014, as a result of the food insecurity and nutrition crisis, over 16,684 severely malnourished children were admitted and treated within 508 supported health facilities. The close collaboration with the Ministry of Health contributed to reinforce the capacity of 141 frontline staff on management of acute malnutrition as well as increase the coverage.
Experts in food security and agricultural production have addressed the issue
19 December 2014, Dakar, Senegal – In addition to the health consequences in West Africa, the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak has also led to various economic and social disruptions in affected and neighbouring countries.
Stressed food insecurity expected in northern lake areas beginning in April
National cereal production is up by about 11.7 percent compared to the five-year average, leading to a production surplus. The harvests are allowing for good cereal availability for farming households and good market supply across the country for the 2015 consumption year.
Food security improves with average to above-average harvests
Overall cereal production is expected to be average to above average, ensuring average levels of food availability for much of the country. However, localized production deficits due to insufficient rainfall will cause households in the departments of Gao, Bourem, Goundam, and Niafunké and some areas in the northern parts of Koulikoro and Kayes and the Douentza department to deplete their food stocks earlier than usual.
Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries
· According to the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster analyses, 9.8 million people in Syria need various types of food, agriculture and livelihood-related assistance.
· As fighting prevails in Iraq, an estimated 2.2 million people across the governorates of Anbar, Kirkuk, Diyala, Ninewa and Salah al-Din are in need of emergency food assistance.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon will start his visit to West Africa today in Accra, Ghana.
The number of people facing food insecurity due to the EVD epidemic in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone could top 1 million by March 2015, FAO and WFP have warned.
In the last 21 days, 1,695 new cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) have been reported in the three most affected countries, 1,261 of which in Sierra Leone.
PRINCIPAUX PROBLÈMES HUMANITAIRES
Los proyectos apoyarán los Sistemas Nacionales de Protección Social en los países de África Occidental, priorizando las intervenciones en la región del Sahel y en las poblaciones más afectadas por el virus del Ébola
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2015
17 December 2014 – Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced he will leave today for the countries hardest hit by the Ebola outbreak “to show my solidarity with those affected and urge even greater global action” to fight the epidemic, which two United Nations food agencies said could push the number of people facing food insecurity to more than one million by next spring.
On December 11, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Spain discharged the last confirmed EVD patient in Mali.
More than 1 million people in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone may experience severe food insecurity due to the EVD outbreak by March 2015—a 100 percent increase compared to December 2014.
PRINCIPAUX PROBLÈMES HUMANITAIRES/
L’analyse de la situation humanitaire du Burkina Faso fait ressortir quatre principaux problèmes engendrant des besoins importants à couvrir en 2015.
In December 2014, 19.8 million people in the Sahel are estimated to be food insecure, with at least 2.6 million having already crossed the emergency threshold and requiring urgent food assistance. Millions more are expected to see their food security deteriorate during the course of the 2015 lean season due to the exhaustion of stocks, pasture scarcity, food price variations, or livelihood erosion caused by recurrent crises.
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
The current situation and the SDC’s commitment
The situation in the three worst affected countries - Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea - remains critical. The epidemic is not only having a severe impact on the entire healthcare system of the countries affected but also has serious implications for security, food supplies and the overall economic situation.
To boost fight against Ebola and strengthen community-based services for the future, UNICEF raises appeal to US$500 million
NEW YORK/GENEVA, 12 December 2014 – UNICEF today announced an expanded fight against the Ebola virus in West Africa over the next six months, costing a total of US$500 million – of which just 24 per cent ($125.7 million) has been secured.
Les prévisions régionales de production agricole sont en hausse par rapport à la moyenne des cinq dernières années. Ce niveau de production cache des disparités d’un pays à l’autre.
Les prix des céréales sèches sont supérieurs aux moyennes quinquennales dans les zones de déficits agricoles et de conflit.
Selon le Cadre Harmonisé, 14 530 000 personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire (octobre – décembre 2014).
Mais les conflits, Ebola et les conditions climatiques défavorables exacerbent l’insécurité alimentaire
11 décembre 2014, Rome – Les dernières indications confirment que la production céréalière mondiale devrait atteindre un niveau record de plus de 2,5 milliards de tonnes en 2014.
World cereal production in 2014 is forecast to surpass last year’s record, boosting stocks to a 15-year high.
Maize export prices increased significantly in November supported by lower than previously expected yields of the 2014 crop in the United States of America. Wheat export prices strengthened in general, while rice quotations declined. Overall, however, cereal export prices persisted at levels below those of a year earlier, reflecting ample global supplies.