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Pakistan + 15 others
Polio this week - as of 22 January 2014

North Waziristan is the district with the largest number of children being paralyzed by poliovirus in the world. Immunization activities have been suspended by local leaders since June 2012

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Pakistan + 10 others
Polio this week - As of 3 July 2013

  • Last week, 20,000 Rotarians from 160 countries gathered in Lisbon, Portugal for the annual Rotary International Convention. Rotary and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation announced an extension of their existing fundraising partnership that could generate up to US$525 million for polio eradication. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation will match two dollars for every new dollar Rotary commits to polio eradication, up to US$35 million per year, through 2018. More.

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Pakistan + 10 others
Polio this week - As of 26 June 2013

  • In Pakistan, the WPV1 outbreak in Bara in Khyber Agency (Federally Administered Tribal Areas – FATA), is continuing. Seven cases have now been reported since end-April. This outbreak is the major WPV reservoir in all of Asia, and is threatening progress achieved elsewhere in the country and in neighbouring Afghanistan. See ‘Pakistan’ section below for more.

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Chad + 13 others
Polio this week - As of 19 June 2013

Polio this week - As of 19 June 2013

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Pakistan + 17 others
Polio this week - As of 12 June 2013

Polio this week - As of 12 June 2013

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Somalia + 15 others
Polio this week - As of 22 May 2013

  • A wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) case has been confirmed in Kenya, the first WPV in the country since July 2011, with onset of paralysis 30 April. The location is a refugee camp in the Dadaab area, close to the border with Somalia, where a child was paralysed by polio near the capital Mogadishu on 18 April. Outbreak response activities are being planned. See ‘Horn of Africa’ section for more.

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Nigeria + 12 others
Polio this week - As of 8 May 2013

  • Two new wild poliovirus (WPV) cases are officially reported this week, both from Nigeria, bringing the total number of WPV cases in 2013 to 26 (compared to 53 at this time last year). Additionally, a new circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) case is reported in Pakistan. Please see country-specific sections below, for more information.

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Afghanistan + 13 others
Polio this week - As of 1 May 2013

  • Multi-country immunization campaigns took place this week (26-29 April) across West Africa. Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Mali and Sierra Leone all participated, aiming to reach nearly 30 million children under the age of five years with oral polio vaccine (OPV).

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Mali + 3 others
The Sahel crisis continues

As does the risk of a mass polio outbreak

28 March 2013 - The harvest has come and gone but the Sahel region of west and central Africa remains in crisis. OCHA estimates that more than 10 million people will remain food insecure throughout 2013, including 1.4 million children under five suffering from acute malnutrition. At the same time, insecurity in Mali is pushing people to flee their homes and their country; and for those that remain (particularly in the North), the price of food is rapidly rising.

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World + 10 others
Polio this week - As of 27 March 2013

  • Next week, the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on immunization (SAGE) will meet in Geneva, Switzerland, from 9-11 April. Among other immunization topics, SAGE is expected to review the global polio situation. The draft agenda of the SAGE meeting is available at http://www.who.int/immunization/sage/en/.

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Polio this week - As of 6 March 2013

  • In the Democratic Republic of Congo, all samples from 2012 AFP cases have now been fully cleared, and confirm that the country has not reported a WPV case in over one year (the last reported WPV case had onset of paralysis on 20 December 2011).
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Somalia + 8 others
Polio this week - As of 20 February 2013

  • In Somalia, a new circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) from January 2013 was reported.
  • This latest case is confirmation that the cVDPV2 outbreak from 2011 in south-central Somalia is ongoing. In 2012, this outbreak had also spread across the border into neighbouring Kenya. Outbreak response continues to be implemented. See ‘Horn of Africa’ section below for more.
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Mali + 5 others
West Africa at increased risk of new polio outbreak

Intense virus transmission in northern Nigeria, large-scale population movements and lack of funds make for dangerous situation

West Africa just comes off the heels in stopping a multi-country polio outbreak that affected 12 countries from 2009 to 2011, caused 281 cases and cost US$94 million to control. But the threat of a renewed outbreak now looms as large as ever.

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Mali + 3 others
Protecting West Africa

Polio transmission is heating up in northwestern Nigeria just as populations move back along traditional stock routes and into areas now affected by conflict, such as Mali.

In Nigeria, authorities are focusing on making sure vaccination activities are well-implemented in the northwest of the country, particularly in Sokoto and Zamfara states. It is from this area that poliovirus has in the past spread into west Africa, causing outbreaks in previously polio-free areas. This risk is currently magnified by the security situation in Mali, and associated population movements.

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Afghanistan + 12 others
Global Polio Eradication Initiative Monthly Situation Report - December 2010

FACTS & FIGURES

- There have been 874 cases globally this year (794 type 1 and 80 type 3), compared with 1,503 cases at this time last year (464 type 1 and 1,039 type 3).

- 20 countries have reported cases in 2010, compared with 23 at this time last year.

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Afghanistan + 15 others
Global Polio Eradication Initiative Monthly Situation Report - September 2010

FACTS & FIGURES

- There have been 706 cases globally this year (635 type 1 and 71 type 3), compared with 1 126 cases at this time last year (387 type 1, 735 type 3, four type 1/3 mixtures). 17 countries have reported cases in 2010, compared with 21 at this time last year.

- As of 28 September, 151 districts have been infected with wild poliovirus in 2010 - an almost 65% reduction compared with the 408 districts infected at the same time last year.

- In September, Sierra Leone and Liberia came off the active outbreak list (no cases in the past six months) while

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Afghanistan + 17 others
Global Polio Eradication Initiative Monthly Situation Report - July - August 2010

Pakistan - polio infrastructure supports flood relief effort: Polio eradication staff and resources are being used to help in the response to the devastating floods affecting Pakistan. Polio epidemiologists and surveillance officers in the worst-affected areas of North West Frontier Province (NWPF, now known as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) and Punjab are equipped with vehicles, radio equipment, satellite phones, vital medicines and potable water tanks. The immediate focus has been on conducting a thorough and rapid assessment of the extent of the devastation, and communicating
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Afghanistan + 22 others
Global Polio Eradication Initiative Annual Report 2009 - Every Last Child

1. Executive Summary

FOR the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), 2009 was a pilot year: an irony for a 20-year effort, but one that breathed innovation and fresh thinking into the initiative. At the beginning of the year, poliovirus survived in parts of four countries and was causing a large-scale international outbreak for the second time in five years. Poliovirus had - for the first time - re-established transmission in several countries. Noting that the strategies which successfully eradicated polio from 99% of the world were not working in the remaining 1%, the World

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Afghanistan + 21 others
Wild Poliovirus Weekly Update, 05 May 2010

Headlines

* Tajikistan has launched its response to a large wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) outbreak, with a national immunization activity being launched on 1 May in Dushanbe, the capital. As of this week, 32 WPV1 cases have been confirmed. For full details, see 'Tajikistan' section.

* At the T20 cricket world cup in St Lucia, the Indian and Afghanistan cricket teams came together at a media event to urge parents to immunize their children. This event was widely covered in India, with ESPN covering the press conference and airing polio