- OCHA: Humanitarian Bulletin, June - July 2015 EN FR
- WFP Mali Regional Crisis Situation Report #4, 10 July 2015
- Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 15–21 July 2015 (http://reliefweb.int/node/1044511)
Appeals & Funding
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
During the 2015 Strategic Response Plan (SRP), The Sahel output indicators were defined in consultation with the regional sector focal points to provide a standard measure of performance for the Sahel. Country Cluster focal points provided their annual targets for each country and started to report on their cluster achievements for each of the output indicators on a monthly basis.
The World Health Organization (WHO) and partner organizations continue to provide dedicated and on-the-ground preparedness support to priority countries in the African region: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, South Sudan and Togo.
- The pastoral lean season continues despite improved rainfall in end of July 2015 in the pastoral zone.
- The agricultural campaign is off to a slow start due to a persistent lack of rainfall in the Sahel.
- The prolonged conflict and civil insecurity in Nigeria and Mali continue to cause population movements. - The FAO index of food prices worldwide is at its lowest level since six years.
- Widespread heavy rain continues and increases risks for flooding over many areas of West Africa.
- Rainfall deficits have persisted over parts of Eastern Africa despite increased rain during the recent weeks
1) A premature cessation of rain has increased moisture deficits and negatively impacted crops in the southern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin. Limited rain is forecast along the Gulf of Guinea during the next week, likely to sustain moisture deficits.
The number of people targeted through coordinated humanitarian appeals rose from 76 million in 31 countries in December 2014 to 78.9 million people in 37 countries in June 2015. This figure now stands at over 82 million.*
US$6.6 billion have been received within the coordinated appeal framework.
The total humanitarian funding received inside and outside coordinated appeals stands at $11.5 billion. It is worth noting that $23.2 billion is the total amount received inside and outside the appeals last year in 2014.
The outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa is unprecedented in its scale, severity, and complexity. More than 23,200 people have been infected by 15 February 2015, resulting in over 9,300 deaths. Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone are still affected by this outbreak, and are struggling to control the epidemic against a backdrop of extreme poverty, weak health systems and social customs that make breaking human-to-human transmission difficult.
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
Installation définitive de la campagne agricole au Sahel, avec des retards localement importants
Le régime pluviométrique s’est significativement amélioré à partir de mi-juillet et les prévisions sont favorables pour des cumuls supérieurs à la moyenne pour le reste de la saison au Sahel y compris les zones ayant souffert de déficits pluviométriques et retards significatifs notamment le nord Sénégal, le sud-ouest Mauritanie, nord Maradi, nord Zinder, et Diffa, au Niger et le nord-est du Nigeria.
La soudure pastorale perdure malgré l’amélioration des précipitations en fin juillet 2015 dans la zone pastorale.
La campagne agricole tarde à prendre une allure normale en raison d’une persistance du déficit pluviométrique dans la zone sahélienne.
La poursuite des conflits et de l’insécurité civile au Nigeria et au Mali continuent à occasionner les mouvements de population.
L'indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires au niveau mondial est à son plus bas niveau depuis six ans.
- Widespread heavy rain observed across West Africa during the past week.
- Poor rainfall distribution since the start of the season has led to death in livestock over parts of northeastern Ethiopia.
1) A premature cessation of rain has increased moisture deficits and negatively impacted crops in the southern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin. A delayed onset and irregular distribution of rainfall have led to abnormal dryness across western and north-central Nigeria.
The briefing is designed to give incoming members of parliament a rapid overview of some of the world’s most fragile situations and highlight actions which key influencers can take to ensure the UK government most effectively delivers on its moral and political responsibilities. Beginning with summaries of key issues we face as agencies working in humanitarian crisis and conflict settings, the briefing then focuses on short summaries of 10 fragile situations and emergencies. The information is accurate to the middle of April 2015.
Snapshot 5-11 August 2015
Burkina Faso: Heavy floods in Ouagadougou, Kadiogo province, and Bobo-Dioulasso, Houet province, in early August affected around 19,780 people. Significant damage to houses and food stocks were reported. Additional flooding in the north could bring the total number of affected to 122,000. More than 1.5 million people are facing Stressed or Crisis food security outcomes in Burkina Faso, especially in the Sahel region in the north.
Heavy rainfall forecast for flood-affected areas of West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A slightly delayed start to the season has resulted in abnormal dryness for Gambia and central areas of Senegal. Dry ground conditions have reportedly led to delayed planting and have negatively impacted the health of livestock.
Heavy downpours have caused flooding and fatalities in Conakry, Guinea during the past week. Torrential rain is forecast to continue during the next week, which could worsen conditions on the grounds.
The United Nations integrated strategy for the Sahel is built around three broad areas of support formulated as strategic goals and organized according to key themes. The strategic goals are aimed at supporting and strengthening continuing initiatives and addressing previously identified gaps. A series of specific objectives and indicative actions are proposed to achieve these goals. The three areas of support are complementary and form an integrated response to the Sahel crisis.
Torrential rain caused flooding and fatalities in Conakry, Guinea.
Below-average rain has continued in north-central Ethiopia.
1) A premature cessation of rains for bimodal regions of southern Ghana, Togo, and Benin has led to increased moisture deficits and negative impacts. A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall has led to abnormal dryness across western and north-central Nigeria.
Snapshot 29 July–4 August 2015
Pakistan: Flooding has killed 118 people and affected more than 800,000 people in Pakistan. Hundreds of villages have been inundated. Most casualties were recorded in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Azad Jammu & Kashmir.
Myanmar : 46 people have been killed and 156,000–216,000 people are affected by flooding. Sagaing region and Kachin and Shan states have been particularly impacted. Another 350,000 people are estimated affected in Bangladesh and India.