Assemblée générale Soixante-huitième session Point 65 de l’ordre du jour Promotion et protection des droits de l’enfant
Conseil de sécurité Soixante-neuvième année
Soumis en application de la résolution 2068 (2012), par laquelle le Conseil de sécurité m’a prié de continuer à lui présenter, tous les ans, des rapports sur l’application de ses résolutions et des déclarations de son président concernant les enfants et les conflits armés, le présent rapport couvre la période allant de janvier à décembre 2013.
The present report, which covers the period from January to December 2013, is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2068 (2012), by which the Council requested me to continue to submit annual reports on the implementation of its resolutions and presidential statements on children and armed conflict.
During May, several Desert Locust (SGR1) swarms from northwestern Somalia invaded eastern Ethiopia. On May 14th, an immature swarm dominated the sky over the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (see picture below). This is an extremely rare phenomenon that has not been in more than half a century. The swarm is believed to have escaped from eastern Ethiopia passing through the Rift Valley and crossing Awash where it destroyed a sugarcane plantation. No damage was reported in Addis and the swarm was later seen heading northwest and reached Gojjam.
The recent War Report describes 27 on-going non-international armed conflicts in 24 States or territories, all involving armed non-State actors (ANSAs), most of them unequivocally subject to International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Violations of international humanitarian norms are widespread in all of these conflicts, with civilians consistently suffering the most. Many IHL violations – though not all – are committed by ANSAs.
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation remained calm along the Red Sea coasts during April.
Several swarms migrated from northwestern Somalia to eastern Ethiopia where aerial and ground control treated 2,585 ha from 8-30 April. An unconfirmed report of hoppers in Aysha, eastern Ethiopia suggested breeding has begun in those areas (DLCO-EA).
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained active in February in the central outbreak region on the Red Sea coasts and the Horn of Africa. Aerial and/or ground control treated hoppers and swarms on some 50,000 ha in Saudi Arabia, Eritrea, Sudan, Yemen and northern Somalia. Other countries in the region remained calm during this month (DLCO-EA2 , DLMCC/Yemen, FAO-DLIS,
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained active on the Red Sea coasts in January where breeding continued and hoppers and swarms were reported in several places in Eritrea, Sudan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen during this month.
The publication gathers a variety of cases studies, such as Typhoon Bopha, planned development-induced migration from hydroelectric dams in China and the Lower Mekong Delta and slow-onset droughts displacing pastoralists in Kenya.
In Syria, heavy fighting is ongoing in Rural Damascus, Dar’a, Aleppo, Idleb and Homs, with government forces making gains in Rural Damascus while the opposition has won ground in Dar’a. Despite the call of al-Qaeda’s leader for opposition fighters to unite, inter-group fighting has escalated in Aleppo over control for neighbourhoods. Meanwhile, the Syrian National Council announced that it did not intend to participate in the proposed Geneva II peace talks.
The world has a unique chance to eradicate polio. With billions of dollars of support and coordinated efforts by governments and international health organizations, it could be the biggest public health victory since the eradication of smallpox. Also in this issue: Fundamental Principles, humanity first; Conflict in northern Mali, shifting sands; Refugees, unexpected guests.