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Mauritania + 7 others
West Africa: Food Insecurity Information Bulletin No. 1

The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.
In Brief

This Information Bulletin (no. 1/2005)i s being issued for information only. The Federation is not seeking funding or other assistance from donors for this operation at this time.

The Situation

A serious food crisis is developing in the Sahel region, particularly Mauritania, Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso.

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Mauritania + 2 others
Afrique de l'Ouest: 38 millions de dollars supplémentaires pour faire face aux conséquences du péril acridien

Report
IRIN
DAKAR, le 31 mars (IRIN) - Les Nations unies ont augmenté de 38 millions de dollars le montant initial de l'appel de fonds lancé en faveur de l'Afrique de l'ouest pour aider certains pays de la sous-région à faire face aux conséquences du dernier péril acridien et à la sécheresse localisée qui s'en est suivie, ont indiqué mercredi des représentants des Nations unies.

Le montant total des fonds à recueillir dans le cadre de l'appel à l'aide humanitaire (Consolidated Appeals Process, CAP) lancé en faveur de la région a été porté à 190,3 millions, au lieu

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Algeria + 14 others
FAO Desert Locust Bulletin No. 318 - Mar 2005

General Situation during March 2005

Forecast until mid-May 2005

Spring breeding commenced during March in Northwest Africa where a limited number of swarms laid eggs in the northeastern Algerian Sahara and, to a lesser extent, in northeast Morocco. Hatching will take place and low numbers of hopper bands will form during April in these areas and probably elsewhere along the southern side of the Atlas Mountains. Several immature swarms that persisted in southern Senegal and Guinea during March will eventually move towards central Mali in April

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Niger + 4 others
Conférence régionale sur la situation agricole et alimentaire et les opportunités d'échanges dans le Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest

Introduction

La sécheresse, l'arrêt précoce des pluies et les invasions acridiennes ont compromis la production agricole, si bien que le bilan céréalier prévisionnel a dégagé un déficit de 223 487 tonnes. Au sortir de la réunion annuelle de Tahoua en janvier 2005, 2988 villages sont déficitaires avec une population estimée à 3.297.482 habitants répartis sur l'ensemble du pays.

Sur le plan pastoral, la campagne 2004 a été caractérisée par un retard de l'installation de la végétation, particulièrement en zone pastorale où les premières pluies utiles n'ont été enregistrées

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Côte d'Ivoire + 8 others
Rapport mensuel sur la sécurité alimentaire au Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest 31 mars 2005


Les marchés céréaliers : un rôle prépondérant dans la gestion des crises alimentaires au Sahel
I. RESUME

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Algeria + 4 others
West Africa: UN raises 2005 appeal by $38 mln to deal with locust aftermath

Report
IRIN
[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

DAKAR, 30 March (IRIN) - The United Nations has increased its 2005 appeal for West Africa by $38 million in order to help countries battling with the aftermath of last locust invasion and localised drought, officials said on Wednesday.

The total sum sought in the regional funding request, known as the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP), has been raised to US $190.3 million from the original request of $152.3 million, which was circulated to donors five months ago.

"It has been revised upwards to

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Mali : Rapport mensuel sur la sécurité alimentaire mars 2005 - Les prix ont connu une hausse progressive


SOMMAIRE ET IMPLICATIONS
La production céréalière de cette année est la seconde la plus importante des dix dernières années. Malgré ce niveau de production, les prix ont connu une hausse progressive depuis les récoltes, affectant ainsi les ménages les plus pauvres dépendant des marchés. La hausse des prix est due à la demande des pays voisins et celle des poches de déficit local suite à l'invasion des criquets pèlerins et l'arrêt précoce des pluies sans oublier les achats institutionnels.

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Mali + 16 others
Africa: Weather hazards assessment 24 - 30 Mar 2005


Weekly Introduction:

July-September 2005 Forecasts

Sahel


There is a low to moderate tilt in the odds favoring above normal rainfall across central Sahel in the areas including south central Mali, Burkina Faso, central and western Niger, and southern Chad. There is a slight tilt in the odds favoring below normal rainfall locally over western Mali, and portions of northern Chad.

Northern Horn of Africa

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Mali + 1 other
UN agency needs $10 million to feed locust and drought-hit people in Mali and Niger

Report
UN News Service
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is appealing for $10 million to ensure the double ravages of drought and locusts do not combine to destroy the livelihoods of over 800,000 vulnerable people living in Mali and Niger, two of the four lowest-ranked countries in a UN Human Development Index.
"We are already seeing worrying signs of malnutrition amongst young children and vulnerable adults. Cattle are dying, food prices are soaring, livestock are being driven south in search
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Mali + 2 others
In Mali, nomads and villagers scramble for food

Report
AlertNet
By Mercedes Sayagues
MOPTI, Mali (AlertNet) - The Peul herders arrived two months early in Mopti town this year.

Normally, the Peuls move to Mopti when it gets too hot in the north, in late March. But pastures in northern Mali are exhausted from last year's poor rains and locust invasion, so the Peuls moved to this hub on the Niger River, dotting its outskirts with their distinctive circular straw huts.

Abnormal movements of people and herds are taking place across Mali, driven by hunger of humans and animals.

The locals in Mopti are only marginally

AlertNet:



For more humanitarian news and analysis, please visit www.trust.org/alertnet

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Mali + 1 other
Mali and Niger: enough locusts "to bring job to his knees"

DAKAR - The United Nations World Food Programme is today appealing for US$10 million to ensure the double ravages of drought and a locust invasion do not combine to destroy the livelihoods of over 800,000 vulnerable people living in Mali and Niger.

In 2004 West Africa suffered its worst locust infestation in 15 years. Although the destruction in the agricultural belt of Mali and Niger was far from total, harvests and pasture were severely affected in several areas, a situation which was compounded by an early end to the rainy season in the region.

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Algeria + 7 others
Desert Locust Update - 16 Mar 2005

The Desert Locust situation continues to improve in Northwest Africa where control operations and locust infestations keep declining in Algeria and Morocco. Nevertheless, some adults have matured and started laying eggs. Hatching will begin in about two to three weeks, followed by the formation of a limited number of hopper bands. A few immature swarms persist in Guinea. In northeast Sudan, a small number of immature swarms have formed and more are expected in the coming weeks in the general area including adjacent parts of Egypt. Some of these could cross the Red Sea into Saudi Arabia.
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Burkina Faso + 6 others
World Bank supports locust control in seven African countries

Report
World Bank
News Release No:2005/369/AFR

Washington, DC, March 7, 2005 - The World Bank today announced that the ambassadors of seven African countries signed a series of agreements with the Bank's International Development Association (IDA) for the Africa Emergency Locust Project.

Beneficiary countries are Burkina Faso, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal.

The signing formally puts the anti-locust program into effect. Now countries will move forward with individual strategies to contain the infestation and limit the damage to future harvests.

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Mali: Plus d'un million de personnes ont besoin d'aide alimentaire - gouvernement

Report
IRIN
DAKAR, le 4 mars (IRIN) - Plus d'un million de personnes ont besoin d'aide alimentaire dans les régions du Mali affectées par la dernière invasion acridienne et les faibles pluies enregistrées au cours de la dernière campagne agricole, ont prévenu les autorités maliennes.

Dans le rapport d'une mission d'évaluation de la situation alimentaire effectuée le mois dernier dans le pays, les techniciens du Système d'alerte précoce (SAP) du gouvernement malien estiment que plus d'un million de personnes ont besoin d'une aide alimentaire d'urgence.

« Nous avons trouvé que 101 communes

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Ethiopia + 18 others
Africa: Weather hazards assessment 03 - 09 Mar 2005


Weekly Introduction:

June-August 2005 Forecasts

Sahel:

There is a low to moderate tilt in the odds favoring above normal across central Sahel from western Mali into central Niger. Climatology is expected elsewhere.

Northern Horn of Africa:

The outlook for June-August 2005 at four months lead calls for a slight tilt in the odds favoring above normal rainfall over portions of northern and central Ethiopia. Climatology is expected elsewhere.

Gulf of Guinea Region:

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Mali + 1 other
Locusts: The situation is becoming critical in West Africa

Report
Oxfam
In September 2004 the West African countries of Mali, Mauritania and Senegal were visited by the desert locus, the single most destructive insect on our planet. And they arrived in their millions, destroying crops like maize, sorghum and millet right at the time when it was due to be harvested.
Oxfam's assessment mission in October 2004 found that in Mauritania and Mali pastoralists who rely on livestock for food and income had only between two and four months of fodder left.

The team also found that those living

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Burkina Faso + 3 others
Monthly food security update for the Sahel and West Africa Feb 2005 - High prices limit purchasing power


Rising grain prices threaten household buying power in the Sahel
I. SUMMARY

Grain prices in the Sahel continue to rise, particularly in areas especially hard hit by production shortfalls in the wake of the drought and the locust outbreak. Rising prices are making access to staple grain products increasingly difficult for impoverished area residents. The governments of the Sahelian countries, with the support of their food security partners, are responding with supply-side measures designed to improve food availability and facilitate food access.