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by Alexandre Grosbois
DAKAR, Aug 31 (AFP) - West Africa should deploy its armed forces to battle the worst invasion by desert locusts in more than a decade to prevent a food crisis from crippling some of the world's poorest countries, Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade said Tuesday.
Massive swarms of locust continue to spread throughout West Africa's Sahel grain belt as harvest season begins this month. Currently, the worst affected country is Mauritania; locusts continue to breed and spread into other countries such as Senegal, Mali, and Niger. Locust swarms also have been reported in Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, and northwestern Nigeria (Sokoto, Zamfara, and Kebbi states), where millions of peasant farmers grow maize, millet, sorghum, beans, groundnuts, and cotton.
I. EVÉNEMENTS SIGNIFICATIFS
(B) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Iran
(C) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) DR Congo, (3) Eritrea, (4) Ethiopia, (5) Rwanda, (6) Somalia, (7) Sudan, (8) Uganda
(D) West Africa: (1) Sahel region (2) Chad, (3) Cote d'Ivoire, (4) Guinea, (5) Liberia, (6) Sierra Leone
(E) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Namibia, (8) Zambia, (9) Zimbabwe
(F) Asia: (1) Bangladesh, (2) DPR Korea, (3) Indonesia
MALI/NEW YORK, 27 August 2004 - Swarms of locusts have invaded Mali (along with Mauritania and other Sahelian countries) putting the economic mainstay of the country - agriculture - at high risk.
Mali covers a vast territory - the country is twice the size of France. The locust plague has affected the area north of the 14th parallel, including the regions of Tombouctou, Gao and Kayes.
In Mali, agriculture accounts for about 40 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and 80 per cent of the population is dependent on the rural sector.
FAO NEWS RELEASE 04/95e
Around $37 million committed or in the pipeline - more funds urgently needed
Rome, 26 August 2004 -- The international community has responded positively to an appeal launched by FAO to assist countries in west and northwest Africa in their fight against desert locusts, FAO said today.
The UN agency warned, however, that the locust situation in the countries affected remains dramatic and that more international support is urgently needed.
TUNIS, Aug 26 (AFP) - The African Development Bank (AfDB) has approved a grant of two million dollars (1.66 million euros) to help eight countries on the continent battle the worst locust invasion in more than a decade, a statement by the bank said Thursday.
The grant is intended to help the governments of Algeria, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, and Tunisia protect farmland, pastures and forests, to safeguard the environment against the destruction wreaked by the swarms of locusts and to ensure food security, the statement said.
The grant funds will be …
The Desert Locust situation continues to be extremely worrying in West Africa where largescale breeding is in progress in Mauritania, Senegal, Mali and Niger. This is expected to lead to a substantial increase in locust numbers and new swarms are likely to start forming in southern Mauritania by the end of August. Significant crop damage has been reported in several countries but quantitative data are lacking. A swarm was reported in northeastern Chad. The risk remains that some swarms could reach Darfur, Sudan.
La situation phytosanitaire demeure préoccupante dans le pays. Toute la bande sahélienne et les régions du Nord y sont concernées.
Le Sahel occidental du Mali, récemment visité par FEWS NET est concerné par cette invasion des criquets pèlerins en provenance de la Mauritanie. C'est une zone agro-pastorale par excellence à l'ouest du pays dans la région de Kayes. Au nord à la frontière avec la Mauritanie domine l'élevage transhumant, associant une agriculture sous pluie (sorgho ou mil).
DAKAR, Aug 25 (AFP) - Agriculture and defense ministers from 16 African countries are to gather next week in Dakar to discuss a common strategy to battle locusts, Senegalese officials said Wednesday.
Ministers from South Africa, Egypt and Nigeria will on Tuesday join the 13 member states of the Western Region Anti-Locust Commission, CLCPRO, at the meeting called by Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade, a statement from the Senegalese agriculture ministry said.
Ottawa - The Honourable Aileen Carroll, Minister of International Cooperation, today announced that Canada has contributed $ 6.5 million to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in support of massive national locust control operations in West Africa. In addition, preventative actions will be taken in North Africa to help counter a major locust invasion in that region over the coming year. Currently, countries in West Africa, particularly those in the Sahel, are fighting one of the worst locust invasions since the late 1980s.
Tunis, 25 August 2004 - The African Development Bank (ADB) has approved a grant of 2 million US dollars in emergency assistance to 8 countries in northwestern Africa currently suffering the ravages of a locust invasion.
Algeria, Chad, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Tunisia, will benefit from the emergency assistance that will be implemented by the Rome-based United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
The ADB grant is intended to
- assist the governments of the countries concerned in their efforts to protect the agro-pastoral and forest …
WEST AFRICA, Senegal, New York, 24 August 2004 - Across countries in West and Central Africa swarms of locusts are ravaging farmlands. In the past few weeks, these ravenous creatures, who can eat their own weight in food in a day, have already attacked 6.5 million hectares of cultivated land in the region.
The locust invasion that is currently taking place in the Sahel region is worse than the last invasion that occurred in 1987-89. Since July-August 2003, favourable ecological conditions and the regularity of rainfalls in particular have allowed for a more rapid reproduction of locusts in the Sahel.
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs - West Africa Regional Office
L'invasion acridienne qui sévit actuellement dans le Sahel est la plus grave depuis celle de 1987-1989. En effet, depuis juillet-août 2003, les conditions écologiques se sont révélées favorables à la reproduction des criquets notamment grâce à la régularité des pluies dans le Sahel.
By Sabina Zawadzki
LONDON (AlertNet) - Swarms of locusts sweeping through much of West Africa may advance as far as Saudi Arabia or even India, depending on whether the creatures take root in Sudan, a senior U.N.
FAO NEW SRELEASE 04/93 E
DAKAR, Aug 18 (AFP) - Around 100 million dollars is needed to fight the swarms of locusts that are marauding through west Africa, the head of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Jacques Diouf, said Wednesday.
"Our first request (in early July) was for nine million dollars, but as the funds did not arrive, the scale of the problem now calls for 100 million dollars," he said during a visit to the Senegalese capital.
GENEVA, 17 August 2004 (WMO) - Exceptionally heavy rains last year led to the improvement of ecological conditions in the Sahelian region. But this condition, combined with high temperatures and humidity, has resulted in an exceptionally high locust breeding rate this year. Despite massive control operations, the desert locust situation is now becoming extremely serious in Northwest Africa threatening to overwhelm agriculture in the region.