Ten years have passed since the Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami of December 2004. With a view to gathering, learning and sharing from experiences of the 2004 earthquake and tsunami, and other disasters in the region that occurred between 1993 and 2013, the Tsunami Global Lessons Learned Project (TGLLP) was created. The project sought to deliver three principle outcomes: a global lessons learned study, a Discovery Channel documentary tracking the recovery, and a disaster recovery toolkit for recovery practitioners.
The government has announced the completion of all housing units constructed by the state for people made homeless in the 2004 tsunami disaster.
In a joint press conference held today by the housing and finance ministries, Minister for Housing and Infrastructure Dr Mohamed Muizzu declared that 298 housing units in four islands in Gaafu Dhaalu Atoll, and 41 housing units in Thaa Madifushi have now been completed.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.
Physical Exposure to Drought
Drought is a phenomenon that affects more people globally than any other natural hazard. Unlike aridity, which refers to a semi-permanent condition of low precipitation (desert regions), drought results from the accumulated effect of deficient precipitation over a prolonged period of time.
The units used in this product refer to the expected average annual population (2010 as the year of reference) exposed (inhabitants). The dataset includes an estimate of the annual physical exposure to drought. It is based on three sources:
When the 2004 tsunami hit the Maldives it claimed more than 100 lives, and displaced 16,000 people. When the financial costs were tallied the damages and losses totaled US$ 470 million. This impact, while less dramatic than in other countries, was immense for the Maldives. Whole islands were rendered uninhabitable, a substantial proportion of the population was displaced, and the equivalent of more than 60 percent of GDP was destroyed in a what seemed like a flash.
This report provides an overview of the achievements and key lessons of the Canadian Red Cross response to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. It is not meant to provide detailed information about individual programs, but rather showcases the difference that the Canadian Red Cross programs have made to the recovery and development of communities and Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in the affected countries.
On Boxing Day 2004, a devastating tsunami swept across the Indian Ocean. The disaster was one of the worst in living memory and triggered an enormous outpouring of support from people around the world. Ten years on, Red Cross media officer Nichola Jones returns to Indonesia to see the impact of your donations.
The tsunami was triggered by a 9.1 magnitude earthquake off the northern coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
The giant wave killed 226,000 people and caused widespread devastation across coastal areas of 14 countries.
Ten years ago today, the world dumbstruck by the magnitude of the natural disaster that had just hit a series of countries across Asia and beyond: the Indian Ocean tsunami. Today, we think of all those who lost their lives ten years ago, but also all those who have managed to rebuild their lives since then. Commemorations and ceremonies are being organised in different countries in memory of the disappeared – particularly in the Indonesian region of Banda Aceh, which bore the brunt of the shock ten years ago.
A decade ago a devastating tsunami crashed into parts of south and south-east Asia killing hundreds of thousands of people and injuring many more.
Five of the seven most affected countries were Commonwealth members: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and the Maldives.
In the Maldives 80 people died - a small number in comparison to other countries, but the damage to the country’s infrastructure was unprecedented.
A decade after the devastating Indian Ocean tsunami killed hundreds of thousands of people and left millions homeless, the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is calling on the international community to scale-up efforts to protect and prepare vulnerable communities from the threat of disasters.
24 December 2014, New Delhi: Ten years since the Indian Ocean tsunami killed nearly 200 000 people, countries in the WHO South-East Asia Region have built emergency preparedness and response capacities, and continue to further strengthen them - to save lives in disasters.
In the aftermath of the 2004 tsunami, Handicap International worked to help vulnerable Indonesians, Sri Lankans and Indians affected by the large-scale disaster. Ten years later, the organization continues its work there, and has considerably developed its disaster risk management experience.
Severe flooding on Haa Dhaal Atoll Nolhivaranfaru Island has caused a sewage overflow resulting in contamination of the island’s ground water.
According to Nolhivaranfaru Councilor Adham Jaufar, torrential rains on December 18 and 19 caused damage to septic tanks on the island resulting in sewage overflowing in bathrooms and onto the streets.