- Grand Sud Drought - Office of the Resident Coordinator, Situation Report No. 6 (EN/FR)
- Cyclone Enawo : Cluster Logistique - Mise à jour de la situation, 15 mai 2017
- WFP Madagascar Country Brief, May 2017
Appeals & Funding
- RIASCO Action Plan for Southern Africa - Revised regional response plan for the El Niño-induced drought in Southern Africa Dec 2016 - Apr 2017
- Commission Urgence Grand Sud de Madagascar - Plan de réponse stratégique à la sècheresse prolongée (2016 - 2017)
Cyclone Enawo was the biggest storm in more than a decade to hit Madagascar. It left scores dead and triggered floods and landslides, destroying tens of thousands of homes. Two months on, the remarkable story of the village of Antanandava is a testament to Madagascan resilience
by James Ruttle
It was late morning when Cyclone Enawo made landfall on Madagascar’s north-east coast. The most severe tropical storm to hit the Indian Ocean island in more than 10 years brought with it winds of up to 290km/h and 25cm of rainfall.
Vue d’ensemble de la situation
- Entre le 7 et le 10 mars, le cyclone tropical intense Enawo a frappé le Nord Est de Madagascar avec une vitesse de 200 à 300 km/heure. Il a traversé la majeure partie de l’ile,en affectant environ 434000 personnes. Le 14 Mars 2017, le Gouvernement de Madagascar a déclaré la situation d’urgence dans le pays. Les autorités nationales, y compris le Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et Catastrophes (BNGRC), coordonnentla réponsehumanitaire dans leszones affectées.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 47 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 36 ungraded events.
• Mars marque le pic de la période de soudure alimentaire dans de nombreux pays touchés par la sècheresse induite par El Niño l'an dernier (source: FEWS NET).
• La saison des pluies a continué à apporter des précipitations au Grand Sud, alors que ces pluies entravent encore la fourniture des aides humanitaires et l'accès aux marchés locaux.
Recent seasonal rainfall helps partially alleviate abnormal dryness in East Africa
Despite rainfall during early March, significant long-term moisture deficits remain throughout central and eastern Madagascar due to very poor rains earlier in the season.
Inconsistent rainfall since late December have led to moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions across many parts of western Angola.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR NOVEMBER 2017
On 25 April 2017, a new platform to engage the private sector on nutrition was launched in Madagascar. The new platform titled, “Anjaramasoandro”, brought together 10 founding member companies to the National Nutrition Office in Anosy. The establishment of the platform demonstrates the commitment of businesses in Madagascar to join the fight against malnutrition, aligning efforts behind government priorities.
Desmidt, S., Hauck, V. 2017. Conflict management under the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA). (Discussion Paper 211). Maastricht: ECDPM.
Vue d’ensemble de la situation
Entre le 7 et le 10 mars, le cyclone tropical intense Enawo a frappé le Nord Est du Madagascar avec une vitesse de 200 à 300 km/heure. Il a traversé la majeure partie de l’ile en affectant presque 434,000 personnes. Le 14 Mars 2017 le Gouvernement de Madagascar a déclaré la situation d’urgence dans le pays. Les autorités nationales, y compris le Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et Catastrophes (BNGRC), coordonne la réponse humanitaire dans les zones affectées.
Despite recent rainfall, seasonal rain remains below-average across much of East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average rainfall accumulations since late February have resulted in significant moisture deficits, which have already negatively impacted agricultural and pastoral activities in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
The improved rainy season and harvest in March and April 2017 may produce a temporary reprieve from the complex nutritional crisis in the south, however pockets of acute malnutrition remain an obstacle to recovery. Preliminary results of the UNICEF-led nutrition SMART surveys show GAM prevalence between 10 and 15 per cent in Beloha and Amboasary districts, within the “high” prevalence range for wasting,according to WHO standards (10-14 per cent).
- Good rains continued to the end of season in most areas, resulting in positive production expectations in several countries.
- The high seasonal rainfall improved dam and groundwater levels, providing good water availability for irrigation over the coming seasons.
- Preliminary reports suggest the regional impact of the Fall Armyworm was not severe. However, experts advise robust, coordinated control measures for coming seasons.
The April 2017 harvest is expected to be above-average, with Tanzania, parts of Madagascar and northern Mozambique the exceptions. A good agricultural season is critical after two consecutive droughts led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity. Countries in the region continue to battle several hazards with potentially detrimental effects on food security, including an armyworm outbreak.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Rice production in 2017 forecast to fall on an annual basis, mainly reflecting dryness in main-producing areas
Imports of rice projected to rise in 2017; currency weakness expected to maintain higher rice prices
Food security conditions remained stressed in southern regions, while impact of Cyclone Enawo increased humanitarian needs
Rice production in 2017 expected below average mostly on account of poor rains in main producing areas
· March marks the peak of the lean season across many countries impacted by last year’s El Niño-induced drought (source: FEWS NET).
· The rainfall season has been continuing to bring rain to the Grand Sud. While welcome, these rains are still hampering the delivery of humanitarian assistance and the access to local markets.
· Some communities have opted for migration as a survival strategy because of the "Kere", this has affected until 35% of the population in the village of Beloha South (cumulated figure).
- Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) members Ericsson Response and emergency.lu are providing Internet connectivity to humanitarians in the two worst-affected sites: Antalaha and Maroansetra.