The El Niño weather event has been in a neutral phase since May. Nevertheless, it continues to have a devastating impact on vulnerable people in parts of Eastern and Southern Africa, Asia and the Pacific, the Dry Corridor in Central America, and Haiti in the Caribbean. This event will also cause long term consequences for public health, nutrition, livelihoods, water and sanitation.
15 September 2016, Johannesburg
Summary of conclusions and recommendations
Participants of the meeting:
RC and/or UNCT members from 12 countries in the southern Africa region, UN Regional Directors or their representatives, NGO regional Directors or their representatives, IFRC, SADC, World Bank, AfDB, regional UN agency staff.
Main conclusions and recommendations:
Session 1: Humanitarian response
Je suis très honorée, de prendre la parole à l’occasion de l’ouverture de l’atelier de concertation avec les organisations de la société civile sur la révision du cadre légal en matière électorale.
Le principe d’organisation d’élections libres, transparentes et régulières est fondamentalement le véritable gage de démocratie. Ce principe est consacré par les textes constitutionnels malgaches et garanti par les instruments régionaux et internationaux de protection des droits fondamentaux des citoyens que la République malgache a dument ratifiés.
The SADC region is experiencing a devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El Nino event which threatens to impact negatively on livelihoods and quality of lives. The region experienced a delayed onset of the 2015/2016, rainfall season, followed by erratic rains. Analysis of rainfall performance shows that the October to December 2015 period, which represents the first half of the cropping season, was the driest in more than 35 years in several southern parts of the region
The El Nino-induced drought has impacted southern Madagascar (known as the Grand Sud) in particular, which has now experienced two consecutive years of prolonged erratic rainfall; an estimated 80 per cent of harvest losses are predicted. The full effects are expected during the lean season in late 2016/early 2017.
The region experienced in many parts of the countries, the below normal rainfall conditions depicted by the devastating drought episode associated with the 2015/2016 El Nino event which threatens to impact negatively on livelihoods and quality of lives in the Region.
The SADC Climate Services Centre (CSC) had predicted, in August 2015, during SARCOF-19 the below normal rainfall conditions. This was consistent with the observed poor rainfall performance.
The current rainfall 2016/17 outlook is the opposite (reverse) of the last season.
En juin 2016, dans l’Aire grégarigène, la pluviosité était très faible et inférieure aux besoins du Criquet migrateur malgache, sauf dans l’Aire transitoire de multiplication Sud de la Grande-Île qui bénéficiait d’une pluviosité favorable. Dans les Hautes-Terres, le Criquet migrateur malgache ralentissait son métabolisme avec les basses températures enregistrées en juin, et ce d’autant plus qu’elles sont inférieures aux normales saisonnières. Les conditions thermiques favorables au développement du Locusta migratoria capito se limitaient aux Basses- et Moyennes-Terres.
- While generous donor support has assisted humanitarian responders to reach millions of drought-affected people, significant funding shortages continue to impede the response. Only half of the funds for emergency food and agriculture assistance has been raised, while many other sectoral responses remain largely unfunded, including education (12 per cent funded); protection (18 per cent); water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) (18 per cent); and early recovery (26 per cent).
While the 2015-2016 El Niño weather event is now over, humanitarian needs continue to grow, and are not expected to peak until early 2017 as food security continues to deteriorate in many regions. WFP, working closely with partners on the ground, is rapidly scaling up life-saving operations for communities reeling from the catastrophic effects of El Niño.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR MARCH 2017
Il me fait un réel plaisir d’être ici aujourd’hui pour marquer le coup d’envoi de l’appui du PNUD à une série d’activités pré-électorales de la CENI.
Le PNUD en fait est impliqué dans la conduite des processus électoraux à Madagascar depuis les élections législatives de 2002. Il était présent auprès de la CENI de transition pour l’organisation des élections présidentielle, législatives et communales de sortie de crise par son projet PACEM qui s’est terminé le 30 juin dernier.
The 2015/16 agricultural season in Southern Africa was the driest in 35 years. In a region where over 70 percent of the population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, and following two, and in some cases three, consecutive years of drought, El Niño has had devastating impacts on the lives and livelihoods of farmers and herders.
The South African National Crop Estimate Committee’s (CEC) eighth maize production estimate (August 2016) stands at 7.29 million tonnes, up by 0.5 per cent from the previous estimate (July). The expected yields per hectare are 3.05 t/ha for white maize and 4.51 t/ha for yellow maize.
YOKOHAMA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today welcomed a US$21.6 million cash contribution from the Government of Japan to provide vital food and nutrition assistance to the most vulnerable people in 11 countries, with 90 percent of the contribution going to 10 African nations.
A large portion of the contribution will be used to purchase foodstuffs such as cereals and pulses to provide nutritious meals to school children and specialized nutritional products to infants under two, as well as to pregnant and breastfeeding mothers.
• An estimated 7.5 million people in highly-impacted Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe currently require assistance to meet their basic food & nutrition needs.
• By December, this figure is expected to almost double to 14.1 million people.
• WFP scale-up plans aim to target up to 8 million people during October.
Prospects for global cereal production in 2016 continued to improve in recent months with significant upward revisions for maize and wheat, reflecting particularly favourable weather conditions in some of the large producing countries.
COUNTRIES IN NEED OF EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE: FAO estimates that 36 countries, including 28 in Africa, are in need of external assistance for food. Persisting conflicts and drought induced production declines are the main causes that have stressed food security in 2016.