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26 May 2015 description

Diagnostic

Durant la 2ème décade de mars 2015, la pluviosité était le plus souvent moyenne et diminuait par rapport à la décade précédente, principalement dans les régions côtières. Cependant, les conditions hydriques restaient favorables ou acceptables pour le développement du Criquet migrateur malgache en raison du haut niveau des réserves hydriques des sols ; les biotopes hygrophiles restaient très (trop) humides mais les périphéries des bas-fonds entamaient un ressuyage progressif.

24 May 2015 description

Stressed and Crisis Acute food insecurity outcomes expected due to below-average harvests

KEY MESSAGES

20 May 2015 description

Diagnostic

Durant la 1ème décade de mars 2015, la pluviosité était moyenne à forte. Dans l’Aire grégarigène, les conditions éco-météorologiques étaient globalement acceptables pour le développement du Criquet migrateur malgache, sauf dans certains biotopes méso-hygrophiles à hygrophiles où le sol restait trop humide. Dans l’Aire d’invasion, le Criquet migrateur malgache continuait à occuper les biotopes xérophiles et mésophiles dans lesquels les conditions restaient favorables à sa reproduction.

20 May 2015 description

This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.

20 May 2015 description

Voici 10 choses à savoir pour comprendre la situation alimentaire à Madagascar - aidez le PAM à faire passer le message en les partageant sur Twitter.

  1. A Madagascar, 92% de la population vit avec moins de 2$ par jour.

  2. Près de 4 millions de personnes – soit 28% de la population rurale- ont un accès insuffisant à la nourriture.

19 May 2015 description
Detail of calculations

Although humanitarian actors have long emphasized the benefits of emergency preparedness in high-risk humanitarian contexts, little evidence has been collected to date to demonstrate the impact of early preparedness investments on eventual humanitarian response. This study is one of the first research initiatives to quantify the cost and time benefits of a large and diversified investment “portfolio” of emergency preparedness interventions undertaken by UNICEF and WFP in 2014, with support from the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID).

19 May 2015 description

HIGHLIGHTS

Madagascar
There is a 26% (US$ 4 Million) short fall for the second phase of the anti-locust campaign in Madagascar. The last IDP site in Antananarivo is confirmed closed.

Malawi
Camps in Phalombe, Mulanje and Zomba districts are reportedly closed but Nsanje and Chikwawa some IDP’s remain in camps.

19 May 2015 description

Here are ten facts that shed light on the hunger situation in Madagascar. Please help WFP raise awareness by sharing these important facts on Twitter.

1) 92 percent of the population lives on less than US$2 a day.

2) Some four million people – 28 percent of the rural households - suffer from lack of food access.

3) Erratic rain, periodic drought and locust infestation compromise food production in southern Madagascar. Climate change is likely to exacerbate these natural hazards.

15 May 2015 description

May 2015
Locust situation

From mid-March 2015, rains have globally decreased on the whole Island: therefore the vegetation cover started to dry out on plateaus and in the plains but was still green in the low-lying areas.

15 May 2015 description

IN THIS ISSUE

218 Set of interviews

236 Epidemics timeline

238 Emerging and re-emerging infectious threats in the 21st century

245 Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): current situation 3 years after the virus was first identified

250 Plague in Madagascar: overview of the 2014–2015 epidemic season

DANS CE NUMÉRO

218 Série d’entretiens

237 Chronologie de l’épidémie

238 Menaces infectieuses émergentes et réémergentes au XXIe siècle

13 May 2015 description

Article 1

  1. A maximum amount of EUR 5 000 000 for the financing of humanitarian actions in Madagascar, Malawi and Mozambique from budget article 23 02 01 of the 2015 general budget of the European Union is hereby approved.

  2. The humanitarian actions shall be implemented in order to improve the humanitarian situation of vulnerable people affected by weather inducted disasters in Malawi, Madagascar and Mozambique through the provision of integrated relief and early recovery assistance.

13 May 2015 description

Regional

In Malawi, there were 47 new cholera cases last week, compared to 56 cases the previous week. All of the new cases were registered in Chikwawa (39) and Nsanje (8) districts, with no new cases in Blantyre district last week. However, with two new deaths (1 in Blantyre and 1 in Chikwawa), the case fatality rate has increased to 1.6. In Mozambique there were 97 new cholera cases last week, significantly down from 292 the previous week. No new cases were reported in Zimbabwe or Tanzania.

Tanzania

13 May 2015 description
report World Bank

Birger Fredriksen and Sukhdeep Brar
with Michael Trucano

This book offers policy options that can help reduce textbook costs and increase their supply. The book explores, in depth, the cost and financial barriers that restrict textbook availability in schools across much of the region, as well as policies successfully adapted in other countries. The book also provides a thorough assessment of the pros and cons of digital teaching and learning materials and cautions against the assumption that they can immediately replace printed textbooks.

12 May 2015 description

Le 11 mai 2015 au Palais de Mahazoarivo s’est tenue une cérémonie de remise officielle de 300 000 dollars américains soit 845 000 000 Ariary, de la part du Gouvernement chinois, au Gouvernement malagasy.

Ce don, marquant une nouvelle réponse à la sollicitation d’aide lancée par le Premier Ministre lors du passage du dernier cyclone à Madagascar, est destiné au BNGRC.

12 May 2015 description

Durant la 3ème décade de février 2015, les pluies faibles à modérées mais surtout erratiques ont permis une évacuation progressive de l’eau de saturation et une extension des zones favorables à la ponte. Dans l’Aire grégarigène, les conditions éco-météorologiques étaient globalement favorables au développement du Criquet migrateur malgache, sauf dans les bas-fonds et les dépressions où le sol restait saturé. Dans l’Aire d’invasion, le Criquet migrateur malgache continuait à occuper les biotopes xérophiles et mésophiles dans lesquels les conditions restaient favorables à sa reproduction.

11 May 2015 description

Regional Update

While favourable food security conditions prevail across most of southern Africa, early warning signs provide alarming indications of looming significant food supply shortages that are likely to impact on the next marketing season starting from July 2015. The single major determinant of the negative performance is the erratic and unusually uncharacteristic rainfall season that has just ended.

08 May 2015 description

ANTANANARIVO - Le Programme Alimentaire Mondial des Nations Unies (PAM), en collaboration avec ses partenaires, lance une assistance pour combattre l’insécurité alimentaire à travers des transferts monétaires. Près de 7 200 personnes dans les districts de Beloha et Bekily au sud de Madagascar bénéficient de ce programme innovant. Selon les évaluations des acteurs humanitaires, les groupes les plus vulnérables de ces zones sont parmi ceux qui ont particulièrement subi les effets de l’échec de la campagne agricole suite à la sécheresse.

06 May 2015 description
report Mercy Ships

During National Nurses Week, Mercy Ships commends thousands of nurses who have volunteered on their hospital ships since 1978. Nurses have helped Mercy Ships provide more than 78,000 free surgeries, helped teach over 183,000 people basic healthcare, mentored African nurses and provided expert pre-operative and post-operative care to patients in the wards. Nurses continually give of their time and expertise to fulfill a critical role onboard the world’s largest civilian hospital ship.

05 May 2015 description

SITUATION ÉCO-MÉTÉOROLOGIQUE

Durant la 2ème décade de février 2015, une zone de convergence intertropicale dans le canal de Mozambique, accompagnée de rafales de vent de 40 km/h en moyenne, a généré une activité orageuse dans l’Aire d’invasion Centre Moyen-Nord, Moyen-Sud et Ouest ainsi que dans l’Aire grégarigène.

Les informations pluviométriques étaient contradictoires, selon les sources :

04 May 2015 description

Regional

While favourable food security conditions prevail across most of Southern Africa, early warning signs provide alarming indications of looming significant food supply shortages that are likely to impact on the next marketing season starting from July 2015. The single major determinant of the negative performance is the erratic and unusually uncharacteristic rainfall season that has just ended.