The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
Low regional cereal supply levels triggers price increases in parts of Southern Africa
Nairobi, 29 April 2016 – The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) today launched its 2015 Annual Report website and print edition in all six UN languages. The report showcases many of UNEP’s big results of the last year – from key work in support of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement to securing investor pledges to decarbonize $600 billion worth of assets under management – and zooms in on projects helping communities in countries like Colombia and Cambodia to adapt to climate change and develop sustainable livelihoods.
Le présent rapport, qui porte sur la période allant de janvier à décembre 2015, est soumis en application de la résolution 63/282 de l’Assemblée générale, dans laquelle celle-ci a prié le Secrétaire général de lui présenter chaque année un rapport sur le Fonds pour la consolidation de la paix.
The present report, which covers the period from January to December 2015, is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 63/282, in which the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to submit an annual report on the Peacebuilding Fund.
The current rainfall season has been the driest in the last 35 years across several parts of the Southern Africa Region. Two consecutive below-average rainy seasons have significantly impacted crop and livestock production, cereal prices, water availability, and livelihoods.
Food and nutrition security in the region also remains extremely fragile, with the situation expected to worsen. Overall, 28 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity.
WFP is bolstering its emergency response activities as the El Nino phenomenon looks set to have caused even worse harvest outcomes, affecting populations in the coming weeks and months. There are already an estimated 32 million food insecure people in the southern Africa region, largely as a result of drought which led to poor harvests last year.
Background and purpose
The impact of the 2015‒2016 El Niño weather phenomenon has been one of the most intense and widespread in the past one hundred years. The agriculture, food security and nutritional status of 60 million people around the globe is affected by El Niño-related droughts, floods and extreme hot and cold weather. While the El Niño itself has passed its peak and is now declining, its impact is still growing. Harvests in several parts of the world have already failed and are forecast to fail in other areas.
Abnormal dryness over the Greater Horn of Africa despite recent increase in rainfall
Africa Weather Hazards
Poorly-distributed rainfall since October 2015 has resulted in large moisture deficits, leading to wilted crops, livestock deaths, and reduced water availability over many areas of Southern Africa. With the season coming to an end, recovery is unlikely.
• TC FANTALA formed over the south-western Indian Ocean on 11 April. It then moved west, intensifying. It passed near the island of Farquhar on 17 April at 6.00 UTC with max. sustained wind speed of 241 km/h and on 19 April at 18.00 UTC with max. sustained wind speed of 157 km/h, causing damage. On 21 April at 6.00 UTC its centre was located approx. 230 km southwest of the Agalega islands (Mauritius) and 640 km northeast of Madagascar and it had max. sustained wind speed of 167 km/h.
Globally, millions of vulnerable people are experiencing increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. This particular occurrence is one of the most severe in a half-century and the strongest El Niño since 1997/1998 which killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
In early 2015, a joint UNICEF/WFP research initiative supported by DFID and conducted by the Boston Consulting Group established that the average financial return on investment (ROI) for 49 humanitarian preparedness interventions analyzed in high risk contexts is more than 200%.
This means that every $1 spent on preparing is worth more than $2 in the event of an emergency. Preparedness was also shown to save responders more than one week of operational t ime on average- reach ing more people faster to save more lives.
21 APRIL 2016 | GENEVA – During World Immunization Week 2016, held 24-30 April, the World Health Organization (WHO) highlights recent gains in immunization coverage, and outlines further steps countries can take to “Close the Immunization Gap” and meet global vaccination targets by 2020.
Projected Food Assistance Needs for October 2016
Rainfall has been erratic since May 2015, exacerbated by El-Nino conditions between September 2015 and February 2016.
Rainfall between 25% and 75% lower than the average of the last 20 years.
80% Losses predicted for the next harvest in May-June 2016.
30% to 85% Loss from previous main harvest in June 2015 (maize, rice, cassava) compared to the past 5 years average, while it was between 6% and 10% at the national level.
In 2014, the Adapting to an Urban World project was developed in order to modify assessment methods and tools for urban contexts. The project is co-led by the global Food Security Cluster and the World Food Programme, supported by a Steering Committee made up of cluster partners.
By 2016, with a completed desk review and 5 country case studies, the project has compiled a variety of lessons and recommendations.
Syria: In recent weeks, clashes between Islamic State and other non-government forces over the border area between Turkey and Syria have intensified. IDPs in camps located along the border are at risk: over 35,000 have fled the area since 14 April and are in need of protection. Additional displacement is likely.
- TC FANTALA continued moving north-west, intensifying. On 18 April at 18.00 UTC its centre was located approx. 300 km north of Madagascar and it had max. sustained wind speed of 259 km/h.
- Over the next 24 h it is forecast to turn south-east remaining still an intense Tropical Cyclone. Heavy rain and strong winds are expected to affect Farquhar and Cerf islands (Seychelles), as well as the northern and north-eastern areas of Madagascar.