Food insecurity and poverty pose major challenge to goal of ending hunger by 2030 in sub-Saharan Africa
FAO report stresses need to increase agricultural productivity
24 February 2017, Freetown - Some 153 million people, representing about 26 percent of the population above 15 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa, suffered from severe food insecurity in 2014-15, according to a new FAO report.
This analysis suggests that:
The average direct annual loss from earthquake, floods, and tropical cyclones is approximately $100 million.
The 100-year return period loss from all perils is almost $830 million, or 8% of Madagascar's GDP.
The 250-year return period loss from all perils could be $1.2 billion, or nearly 12% od Madagascar's GDP.
Floods triggered by Tropical Cyclone Dineo impact vulnerable populations in Mozambique, Zimbabwe
FAO convenes regional meeting on armyworm infestations
USAID partners continue to respond to drought-related humanitarian needs throughout Southern Africa
Food Assistance in Numbers
- Over the three month peak of the crisis (January—March), WFP’s aims to reach more than 13 million people with food assistance in Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
- In January, food assistance reached 10.6 million people in the seven countries.
Southern and central areas continued to receive well above average rains in January
Poor rainfall was received in western and north-eastern SADC and Madagascar
The Fall Armyworm has been confirmed in 7 countries in the region. The severity of the impact on regional crop production is yet to be established
Tropical cyclones Carlos and Dineo affected the region in early to mid-February. The impacts of Cyclone Dineo are severe, particularly in southern Mozambique
Madagascar’s southern regions continue to endure the effects of a prolonged drought, aggravated by the effects of El Niño.
In January, despite operational challenges and access issues related to poor road conditions, WFP continued its drought emergency response to meet the increasing needs of disaster-affected communities through food and cash-based unconditional assistance and nutrition support.
1.1. Contexte de l’évaluation
• Good performance of the current growing season (October 2016 - April 2017) is badly needed for Southern Africa after two consecutive El Nino induced droughts that led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
• The growing season is now well established with favourable growing condition observed in most of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa. However, excessive rains have led to instances of localized flooding and higher incidence of pests and diseases.
NOVEMBER 2016 – JANUARY 2017 RAINFALL
The southern half of conti-nental SADC region has re-ceived normal to above-normal rainfall in the current rainfall season.
The northern and eastern parts of contiguous SADC are still under normal to below-normal rainfall conditions.
Above-normal rainfall was experienced over Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, south Zambia, Zimbabwe, northern South Africa, central and southern Mozambique and Swaziland.
Following poor rainy seasons over the past years, the south of Madagascar is currently facing a major drought crisis, with the El Nino phenomenon worsening the situation. About 1.2 million Malagasy are enduring food insecurity today, of whom 900,000 are in urgent need of assistance - the highest number in a decade.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2017
Maize prices continued to increase in December in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices are very likely to remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. The two countries in the region with the maximum monitored maize market in ALPS Crisis were Malawi and (89% of its markets) and Mozambique (100% of its markets).
The twelfth meeting of the Emergency Committee (EC) under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) regarding the international spread of poliovirus was convened via teleconference by the Director General on 7 February 2017.
• Three districts remain classified as IPC Phase 4 (Emergency), with others in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis).
• Pockets of high acute malnutrition persist, some above the WHO emergency threshold.
• Out of the 1.3 million people in IPC phases 1, 2, 3 and 4, still more than 1.1 million people (88%) remain in need of potable water.
• The rainfall season has commenced, except over Taolognaro.
For the past three years, the south of Madagascar has hardly seen a drop of rain.
95% of harvests was lost and 1 million people are living in precarious food insecure situations.
A system of cash transfers is helping destitute households cover their basic needs and plan for future shocks.
Heavy rainfall was widespread across much of southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Since December, increased locust numbers and breeding have been reported in western Mauritania, Western Sahara, and northeastern Sudan according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.
In 2016, CERF allocated US$ 295 million – approximately 67 per cent of annual global allocations – to support life-saving humanitarian activities across Africa. Over $166 million was allocated through CERF’s Rapid Response window to kick-start humanitarian operations in response to new or rapidly deteriorating emergencies, while nearly $129 million was allocated through CERF’s Underfunded Emergencies window to help underfunded and neglected emergencies.