Joint statement by FAO, EC-JRC, FEWS NET and WFP
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; FEWS NET - Famine Early Warning Systems Network; JRC - European Commission's Joint Research Centre;WFP - World Food Programme
12 February 2016, Rome - Southern Africa is currently in the grip of an intense drought that has expanded and strengthened since the earliest stages of the 2015-2016 agricultural season, driven by one of the strongest El Niño events of the last 50 years.
Africa Weather Hazards
- A new Tropical Cyclone, DAYA, formed over the south-western Indian Ocean between Madagascar and La Reunion on 10 February and started moving south, slightly strengthening.
- Heavy rains affected eastern Madagascar, as well as the islands of La Reunion and Mauritius over the last few days. Approx. 100 mm of rain in 24 h were observed in Saint-Denis (La Reunion) and 111 mm in Vacoas (Mauritius) over 9-10 February. In the island of Mauritius, according to local media, several homes and roads were flooded, especially in the northern areas, displacing hundreds of people.
Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.
The current El Niño event is signalled to be the strongest and longest event in 35 years. For southern Africa, El Niño usually means less rainfall in most countries but high rainfall in northern Tanzania and DRC. Across vast areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Botswana, this has been the driest October-December, since 1981.
Lesotho and Zimbabwe have declared a state of disaster following the affects of drought caused by El Niño. Most provinces in South Africa have also declared a state of disaster.
• Heavy rains affected several areas of Ecuador over the past few weeks, causing floods and landslides.
• As of 2 February, there were nine dead, over 3 900 people affected (most of them in Esmeraldas), 2 400 people displaced, 1 200 houses affected and 40 destroyed.
• Over the next 48 h, heavy rains may still affect central-western Ecuador.
Africa Weather Hazards
- Heavy rains and strong winds affected northern Madagascar over the last few days, causing floods and damage. Approx. 121 mm of rain in 24 h were observed in Antsohihy (Sofia Region) and 95 mm in Fascene (Diana region) over 2-3 February.
- As of 3 February, local media reported several villages affected in Sofia and Boeny regions and at least 100 homes affected in Mandritsara (Sofia Region).
- Over the next 48 h, more heavy rains may still affect northern Madagascar, especially Sofia Region. Moderate rainfall may also affect central areas.
Globally, millions of vulnerable households are at risk of increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climatic pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. No two El Niño events are ever the same and it is thought that this particular occurrence could be the most powerful on record. The strongest El Niño in 1997/1998 killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
31 January 2016 – The international community must stand with the people of Ethiopia in their time of need, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said today, urging donors gathered in Addis Ababa to step up assistance to the drought-hit country, which is battling the effects of one of the most powerful El Niño events in recorded history, made worse by the impact of climate change.
Crop development is behind schedule in southern districts due to a poor start of the rains
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Most parts of the region expecting significantly reduced harvest due to drought conditions
60 million PEOPLE WILL BE AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO IN THE FOUR MOST AFFECTED REGIONS
2.8 million PEOPLE REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS
10.2 million PEOPLE IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD IN ETHIOPIA
14 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA – EXCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA
El Niño status
Nairobi, 29 janvier 2016 (IRIN) - Cette année, l’Afrique australe est confrontée au risque de mauvaises récoltes, car les précipitations ont atteint leur niveau le plus bas dans une région où 29 millions de personnes vivent déjà sans un accès fiable à une alimentation bon marché et nourrissante en quantité suffisante.
« Les perspectives sont alarmantes, car plusieurs zones n’ont connu que peu ou pas de précipitations et la fenêtre de plantation des céréales se ferme rapidement ou s’est déjà fermée dans certains pays », a mis en garde le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM).
The south of Madagascar is suffering from recurrent drought, resulting in crop loss and affecting households’ access to food.
More than 400,000 people are affected by severe food insecurity, according to a crop and food security mission, conducted jointly by Madagascar’s Ministry of Agriculture, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) in July 2015.
For Delphine, a 43-year-old who lives in the village of Ambonaivo in Ambovombe district, times are tough.