Africa Weather Hazards
- Heavy rains and strong winds affected northern Madagascar over the last few days, causing floods and damage. Approx. 121 mm of rain in 24 h were observed in Antsohihy (Sofia Region) and 95 mm in Fascene (Diana region) over 2-3 February.
- As of 3 February, local media reported several villages affected in Sofia and Boeny regions and at least 100 homes affected in Mandritsara (Sofia Region).
- Over the next 48 h, more heavy rains may still affect northern Madagascar, especially Sofia Region. Moderate rainfall may also affect central areas.
Globally, millions of vulnerable households are at risk of increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climatic pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. No two El Niño events are ever the same and it is thought that this particular occurrence could be the most powerful on record. The strongest El Niño in 1997/1998 killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
31 January 2016 – The international community must stand with the people of Ethiopia in their time of need, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said today, urging donors gathered in Addis Ababa to step up assistance to the drought-hit country, which is battling the effects of one of the most powerful El Niño events in recorded history, made worse by the impact of climate change.
Crop development is behind schedule in southern districts due to a poor start of the rains
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Most parts of the region expecting significantly reduced harvest due to drought conditions
60 million PEOPLE WILL BE AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO IN THE FOUR MOST AFFECTED REGIONS
2.8 million PEOPLE REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS
10.2 million PEOPLE IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD IN ETHIOPIA
14 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA – EXCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA
El Niño status
Nairobi, 29 janvier 2016 (IRIN) - Cette année, l’Afrique australe est confrontée au risque de mauvaises récoltes, car les précipitations ont atteint leur niveau le plus bas dans une région où 29 millions de personnes vivent déjà sans un accès fiable à une alimentation bon marché et nourrissante en quantité suffisante.
« Les perspectives sont alarmantes, car plusieurs zones n’ont connu que peu ou pas de précipitations et la fenêtre de plantation des céréales se ferme rapidement ou s’est déjà fermée dans certains pays », a mis en garde le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM).
The south of Madagascar is suffering from recurrent drought, resulting in crop loss and affecting households’ access to food.
More than 400,000 people are affected by severe food insecurity, according to a crop and food security mission, conducted jointly by Madagascar’s Ministry of Agriculture, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) in July 2015.
For Delphine, a 43-year-old who lives in the village of Ambonaivo in Ambovombe district, times are tough.
Background and purpose
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has as its **Strategic Objective 5** to “Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises”. In support of its national counterparts, FAO aims to address the current and future needs of vulnerable people affected by the 2015‒2016 El Niño event.
Summary of WFP assistance:
WFP addresses food insecurity and malnutrition through a development oriented Country Programme, as well as a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation in response to natural disasters. In 2014, UN agencies developed and adopted a new UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF 2015 - 2019). WFP has subsequently adopted a new country strategy, which aligns with the UNDAF, and is based on national development priorities and lessons learned from past interventions.
Poorly distributed rainfall leads to severe drought in southeastern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
There are eleven weeks to go until the globally synchronized switch from the trivalent to bivalent oral polio vaccine, an important milestone in achieving a polio-free world. Read more here.
The WHO Executive Board is meeting this week, reviewing the report on polio eradication.
On 21 January, Syria passed two years without a reported case of polio despite the conflict which has affected the delivery of health services, including childhood vaccinations.
As the impact of El Nino translates into increased food assistance needs across most areas of WFP’s operations, WFP could be stretched operationally and financially during 2016.
Urgent action is needed to enable WFP to sustain its food and nutrition assistance to affected populations and to help reduce their vulnerability to further shocks.
By Obi Anyadike, Africa Editor
NAIROBI, 28 January 2016 (IRIN) - Southern Africa is facing the threat of extensive crop failures this year as a result of record low rainfall in a region in which 29 million people already don't have reliable access to enough affordable and nutritious food.
“With little or no rain falling in many areas and the window for the planting of cereals closing fast or already closed in some countries, the outlook is alarming,” the World Food Programme has warned.
Description of the disaster
Genetic diversity of livestock can help feed a hotter, harsher world
Despite growing interest in safeguarding biodiversity of livestock and poultry,genetic erosion continues