Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Early season moisture deficits in parts of South Africa, Angola, and Zambia
Abnormal rainfall patterns during 2014/2015 have contributed to a spike in food insecurity, which is currently affecting at least 27.4 m people regionally (and this excludes Angola, which has yet to publish official figures; and Madagascar, which did not present to SADC, but where 1.9 m people are food insecure, of which 460,000 people are severely so). In Malawi and Zimbabwe, 2.8 m and 1.5 m people are food insecure respectively.
In 2015, wild poliovirus transmission is at the lowest levels ever, with fewer cases reported from fewer areas of fewer countries than ever before. In 2015, 56 wild poliovirus cases have been reported from two countries (Pakistan and Afghanistan), compared to 290 cases from nine countries during the same period in 2014.
Madagascar est exposé aux catastrophes naturelles, notamment la sécheresse, les inondations, les cyclones et les crises acridiennes. L'invasion acridienne, qui a démarré en avril 2012 suite à deux années d’une recrudescence non enrayée faute de moyens suffisants, est survenue dans un contexte où l'insécurité alimentaire et le taux de malnutrition étaient déjà élevés.
Cyclical drought, food insecurity, cyclones, floods, disease outbreaks, and complex emergencies present significant challenges to vulnerable populations throughout the Southern Africa region. Between FY 2006 and FY 2015, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Summary of WFP assistance:
Newborns are perhaps the most vulnerable population the world over. Preterm or babies born too early, less than 37 weeks gestation, are particularly at risk. Currently, prematurity is the leading cause of death among children under five around the world, and a leading cause of disability and ill health later in life. Sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia account for over 60 percent of preterm births worldwide. Of the fifteen million babies born too early each year, more than one million die due to complications related to preterm birth.
On November 11, 2015, dozens of small fires burned across Madagascar. The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on Suomi NPP captured this natural-color image of the island at 2:00 p.m. local time (11:00 Universal Time) that afternoon. Locations where the sensor detected active fires are outlined in red. The lower image shows a more detailed view of fires near Tanambe.
Three years since no wild poliovirus type 3: the 10th of November is an opportunity to mark three years with no child paralysed by wild poliovirus type 3 (WPV3); a reminder of the role of surveillance in ensuring the world is polio free, and of innovations in driving the programme forward. For more, please click here.
Late or erratic start of the season and below average rainfall will affect agriculture labor opportunities
Regional needs expected to increase with 2015/16 El Niño
I. RÉSUMÉ ANALYTIQUE
- RÉSUMÉ EXÉCUTIF
L’île de Madagascar est exposée à de nombreuses catastrophes naturelles telles que les cyclones, les inondations, la sécheresse, les épidémies/pandémies et auxquelles s’ajoutent les incendies et les invasions acridiennes.
Snapshot 4–10 November 2015
Nepal: Crossings on the India–Nepal border have been closed since late September as a result of protests, leading to fuel shortages that are severely hampering humanitarian assistance. Of particular concern are 400,000 people living in remote areas who cannot be reached during winter and need winterisation supplies. Hospitals in Terai region are reporting acute shortages of medicine, while food and cooking-gas shortages are reported across the country.
Significant progress has been made to fight the outbreaks of wild poliovirus type 1 that occurred in the Middle East and Somalia in 2013. The outbreak in Somalia was officially declared over after an outbreak assessment team conducted an in depth review in October.
An El Niño event has been occurring since March 2015 and is steadily strengthening as it approaches its maximum intensity in late 2015. This El Niño is forecasted to peak in December, before gradually ending in early 2016. There are indications that it could become one of the most intense El Niños of the past 30 years.