Food Assistance in Numbers
- Over the three month peak of the crisis (January—March), WFP’s aims to reach more than 13 million people with food assistance in Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
- In January, food assistance reached 10.6 million people in the seven countries.
Southern and central areas continued to receive well above average rains in January
Poor rainfall was received in western and north-eastern SADC and Madagascar
The Fall Armyworm has been confirmed in 7 countries in the region. The severity of the impact on regional crop production is yet to be established
Tropical cyclones Carlos and Dineo affected the region in early to mid-February. The impacts of Cyclone Dineo are severe, particularly in southern Mozambique
Madagascar’s southern regions continue to endure the effects of a prolonged drought, aggravated by the effects of El Niño.
In January, despite operational challenges and access issues related to poor road conditions, WFP continued its drought emergency response to meet the increasing needs of disaster-affected communities through food and cash-based unconditional assistance and nutrition support.
1.1. Contexte de l’évaluation
• Good performance of the current growing season (October 2016 - April 2017) is badly needed for Southern Africa after two consecutive El Nino induced droughts that led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
• The growing season is now well established with favourable growing condition observed in most of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa. However, excessive rains have led to instances of localized flooding and higher incidence of pests and diseases.
NOVEMBER 2016 – JANUARY 2017 RAINFALL
The southern half of conti-nental SADC region has re-ceived normal to above-normal rainfall in the current rainfall season.
The northern and eastern parts of contiguous SADC are still under normal to below-normal rainfall conditions.
Above-normal rainfall was experienced over Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, south Zambia, Zimbabwe, northern South Africa, central and southern Mozambique and Swaziland.
Following poor rainy seasons over the past years, the south of Madagascar is currently facing a major drought crisis, with the El Nino phenomenon worsening the situation. About 1.2 million Malagasy are enduring food insecurity today, of whom 900,000 are in urgent need of assistance - the highest number in a decade.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2017
Maize prices continued to increase in December in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices are very likely to remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. The two countries in the region with the maximum monitored maize market in ALPS Crisis were Malawi and (89% of its markets) and Mozambique (100% of its markets).
The twelfth meeting of the Emergency Committee (EC) under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) regarding the international spread of poliovirus was convened via teleconference by the Director General on 7 February 2017.
• Three districts remain classified as IPC Phase 4 (Emergency), with others in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis).
• Pockets of high acute malnutrition persist, some above the WHO emergency threshold.
• Out of the 1.3 million people in IPC phases 1, 2, 3 and 4, still more than 1.1 million people (88%) remain in need of potable water.
• The rainfall season has commenced, except over Taolognaro.
For the past three years, the south of Madagascar has hardly seen a drop of rain.
95% of harvests was lost and 1 million people are living in precarious food insecure situations.
A system of cash transfers is helping destitute households cover their basic needs and plan for future shocks.
Heavy rainfall was widespread across much of southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Since December, increased locust numbers and breeding have been reported in western Mauritania, Western Sahara, and northeastern Sudan according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.
In 2016, CERF allocated US$ 295 million – approximately 67 per cent of annual global allocations – to support life-saving humanitarian activities across Africa. Over $166 million was allocated through CERF’s Rapid Response window to kick-start humanitarian operations in response to new or rapidly deteriorating emergencies, while nearly $129 million was allocated through CERF’s Underfunded Emergencies window to help underfunded and neglected emergencies.
Polio this week as of 8 February 2017
As the low season for poliovirus transmission continues, the first wild poliovirus case from acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in the calendar year 2017 is reported from Afghanistan. Wild poliovirus type 1 positive samples from 2017 had previously been reported from environmental samples in Pakistan. Both countries continue to intensify their eradication efforts to urgently interrupt any residual virus transmission.
Armyworm outbreak in several countries may affect maize production levels
In January, areas in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Lesotho continued to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity outcomes where humanitarian assistance coverage is very low and needs are high. During this peak lean period, there is the possibility for some isolated households to experience Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes. In Madagascar and Malawi, area outcomes have improved to Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) because of ongoing assistance.
ANTANANARIVO – Le Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM) a reçu une contribution financière de 2,3 millions de dollars américains ainsi qu’un don en nature de 620 tonnes de riz du gouvernement du Japon au profit du programme d’alimentation scolaire mis en œuvre sous la conduite du Ministère de l’Education Nationale.
Tropical Cyclone CARLOS continued moving west south-west over the south-west Indian Ocean, slightly weakening, but remaining a Tropical Storm. On 8 February, its centre was located approximately 300 km south south-west of the south-western coast of La Reunion (France).
Over the next 24 hours, it is forecast to continue moving south-west, strengthening. As of 8 February, Meteo France-La Reunion has issued an Orange Alert for heavy rain and strong winds, and a Cyclone Alert for the whole island.
Worldwide, humanitarian needs are rising, driven by conflicts that know no end, and chronic natural disasters whose effects last for years. Today more than 128 million people in 33 countries need humanitarian aid to survive — a figure not seen since the Second World War. “With this staggering level of need, now more than ever, world leaders need to step up their support to the world’s most vulnerable people,” says the UN’s Humanitarian Chief, Stephen O’Brien.