Start of green consumption and main harvest will ensure sufficient access to food
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
The ministers of health and private sector representatives of the countries of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) agreed on 15 January to establish a health trust fund to sustain the response to AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
Addis Ababa, 18 January 2015: The African Union (AU) Commissioner for Peace and Security,
Smail Chergui, on Friday, 16 January 2015, had a meeting in Pretoria with the South African Minister of International Relations and Cooperation, Maite Nkoana-Mashabane. South Africa chairs the Organ on Politics, Defense and Security Cooperation of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).
ABOUT THIS REPORT
Recently, farmers in Lesotho have been consistently obtaining low yields from their staple crops. This has affected food production as well as considerably reducing incomes.
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.
There can be no doubting Lesotho’s commitment to education. In 2000, the country began making primary education free; a decade later, in 2010, it became compulsory. Now the country is trialling a startup that sends homework to pupils via mobile phone.
The benefits of strengthening disaster preparedness are cost effectiveness and the delivery of effective humanitarian response.
Countries in the region have varying levels of preparedness.
Mozambique and Madagascar are most exposed to tropical cyclones.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Planting of 2015 cereal crops is well underway with belownormal rains at the start causing some delays
2014 cereal output was estimated at an average level
Maize prices decrease in capital Maseru, reflecting lower prices in South Africa (main supplier of imports)
Number of food insecure estimated to have increased in 2014/15
Below-normal rains at the start of 2014/15 cropping season
Safety nets, seasonal income likely to limit food insecurity to Stress (IPC Phase 2) through March
Stable food prices, ongoing safety-net and subsidy programs, and the start of green consumption in February to March together with income opportunities associated with agriculture activities, are all expected to limit acute food insecurity to Stress (IPC Phase 2) from December-March.
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
Angola: Rain leaves over 200 families homeless
Families are living in precarious housing conditions as result of the destruction of their homes by heavy rains that hit the central province of Bie in November 2014.
By Tsitsi Matope
Lesotho is putting into practice an old saying: “it takes a village to raise a child”, as it refashions its national school feeding programme to become more inclusive of the local agricultural sector. Lesotho recognizes it will take a community to feed a child, and to also create a sustainable, home-grown feeding programme that benefits both children and smallholder farmers.
World cereal production in 2014 is forecast to surpass last year’s record, boosting stocks to a 15-year high.
Maize export prices increased significantly in November supported by lower than previously expected yields of the 2014 crop in the United States of America. Wheat export prices strengthened in general, while rice quotations declined. Overall, however, cereal export prices persisted at levels below those of a year earlier, reflecting ample global supplies.
Snapshot 3–9 December
Philippines: Category 5 Typhoon Hagupit, locally known as Ruby, made landfall on 6 December over the town of Dolores in Eastern Samar province (Eastern Philippines). At least 49 of 81 provinces are potentially at high risk. The typhoon is moving very slowly, potentially subjecting each community in the path of the typhoon to high winds and torrential rainfall for much longer. 1.1 million people are affected.
Short season (Vuli) in bimodal areas of northern Tanzania starts well
Good late-November rains in south-east Botswana and north-west South Africa help to ease dry conditions
Delayed onset of rains in southern Malawi, central Mozambique, eastern Zambia, and northern Zimbabwe
More than 50 000 people in eastern and southern Africa received HIV testing and counselling services as part of national campaigns held between 17 and 30 November. On 1 December, World AIDS Day, countries unveiled the number of people tested during the campaigns, which took place in Botswana, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and United Republic of Tanzania.
While the campaigns sought to reach the general population, some countries focused on reaching populations at higher risk of HIV infection, including young people, women and migrants.