Food insecurity to persist due to low incomes and high staple food prices
(Antananarivo, 22 July 2016) Winding up a nine-day visit to the UK, Malawi and Madagascar, United Nations Assistant Secretary-General and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator Kyung-wha Kang called for urgent action by governments and donors to assist millions of people affected by severe drought in the southern Africa region.
July 20, 2016-- On Monday, the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan For Aids Relief (PEPFAR), announced the provisional winners of its $85 million DREAMS innovation challenge to reduce HIV/AIDS rates among adolescent girls and women in sub-Saharan African countries.
The Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC) results show that 680,000 rural people are in need of food assistance and livelihood protection.
WFP is appealing for additional funding for its Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) which targets 263,000 drought affected people. In the broader response operation, WFP will work with communities in resilience building activities.
· El Nino is having a devastating impact on children in the Southern Africa region forcing them into early marriage, child labour and out of school, reveals a World Vision report released today
· The EU and its Member States urgently need to fund child protection programmes in the region
London, 14 July 2016
The impact of the current El Niño is felt globally, affecting over 60 million people. Southern Africa is of particular concern as the region is facing its worst drought in 35 years, with an estimated 40 million people facing food insecurity, including some 23 million in need of urgent humanitarian assistance.
The El Niño global climatic event has had a devastating impact on tens of millions of people across the globe in 2015 and 2016. East Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, South East Asia and the Pacific Islands, continue to be at risk of extreme weather events, including below-normal rains and flooding. The humanitarian fallout includes increased food insecurity due to low crop yields and rising prices; higher malnutrition rates; devastated livelihoods; increased susceptibility to illnesses, and forced displacement.
Context and Investment Case
One of the strongest El Niño events ever recorded places the lives of 26.5 million children at risk of malnutrition, water shortages and disease in ten countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. UNICEF is responding to four primary needs:
Over 1 million children are targeted for severe acute malnutrition (SAM)treatment in the region.
The South African National Crop Estimate Committee’s (CEC) sixth maize production estimate (June 2016) stands at 7.16 million tonnes, unchanged from the previous estimate (May). The expected yields per hectare are 3.05 t/ha (white maize) and 4.36 t/ha for yellow maize.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2017
Globally, millions of vulnerable people are experiencing increased hunger and poverty due to droughts, floods, storms and extreme temperature fluctuations as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. The 2015/2016 occurrence is one of the most severe in a half-century and the strongest El Niño since 1997/1998 which killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
From 6 to 10 June 2016, Mozambique’s National Food Security and Nutrition Secretariat (SETSAN), which is tasked with coordinating nutrition action in the country, hosted a five-day, multi-country, interactive training on the Cost of Hunger in Africa (COHA) in Maputo.
Risk rises as women and girls turn to sex to survive and hungry patients miss treatment, UNICEF says
By Magdalena Mis
ROME, July 12 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Drought exacerbated by the El Nino weather pattern could lead to a spike in new HIV infections in southern Africa as women and girls turn to sex to survive and patients miss treatments, the United Nations childrens' agency UNICEF said on Tuesday.
Southern Africa is facing a major food security crisis following successive years of drought, most recently as a result of the El Niño weather event which meant reduced rains for the region’s crucial 2015-16 agricultural season. Many countries experienced poor or failed harvests in April this year, leaving millions of people with little or no food to sustain them till next year’s harvest.
A devastating El Niño-induced drought has affected an estimated 40 million people across the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, and out of this figure, more than 23 million are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.
In light of this situation, the SADC Chairperson, Lt. General Dr Seretse Khama Ian Khama, President of Botswana will this month declare a Regional Disaster and launch a Regional Appeal for Humanitarian and Recovery Support amounting to US$2.7 billion.
This issue focuses on the protracted Yellow fever outbreak in Angola and the DR Congo , the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) survivor monitoring, the protracted Cholera outbreaks in several countries, the Chikungunya out-break in Kenya and an outbreak in South Sudan that is still under investigation.
The protracted urban Yellow Fever (YF) outbreak in Angola has spread to the neighboring DR Congo and cases have been exported to China and Kenya.
UNICEF provided support for the completed Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC), which revised the number of people requiring humanitarian assistance from 725,000+ down to 679,437.
UNICEF is reaching 69,000 of the most vulnerable children (51% girls), through its Cash Grant Top Up response, which provides relief for families in response to the food price shock during the winter months.