• Good performance of the current growing season (October 2016 - April 2017) is badly needed for Southern Africa after two consecutive El Nino induced droughts that led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
• The growing season is now well established with favourable growing condition observed in most of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa. However, excessive rains have led to instances of localized flooding and higher incidence of pests and diseases.
NOVEMBER 2016 – JANUARY 2017 RAINFALL
The southern half of conti-nental SADC region has re-ceived normal to above-normal rainfall in the current rainfall season.
The northern and eastern parts of contiguous SADC are still under normal to below-normal rainfall conditions.
Above-normal rainfall was experienced over Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, south Zambia, Zimbabwe, northern South Africa, central and southern Mozambique and Swaziland.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2017
Maize prices continued to increase in December in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices are very likely to remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. The two countries in the region with the maximum monitored maize market in ALPS Crisis were Malawi and (89% of its markets) and Mozambique (100% of its markets).
The African Water Facility (AWF) and NEPAD Infrastructure Project Preparation Facility (NEPAD-IPPF) signed on January 31, 2017 in Pretoria, South Africa, a letter of agreement with the Orange Senqu River Basin Commission (ORASECOM) to launch the Climate Resilient Water Resources Investment Strategy and Multipurpose Project Preparation for the Orange-Senqu River Basin, shared by Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa. The co-financed project, amounting to about €3.5 million, includes contributions from AWF of about €2 million and $1.2 million from NEPAD-IPPF.
YOKOHAMA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) welcomed the announcement last week of a US$85.2 million cash contribution from the Government of Japan. The donation will enable WFP to provide vital food and nutrition assistance in 33 countries across Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
In 2016, CERF allocated US$ 295 million – approximately 67 per cent of annual global allocations – to support life-saving humanitarian activities across Africa. Over $166 million was allocated through CERF’s Rapid Response window to kick-start humanitarian operations in response to new or rapidly deteriorating emergencies, while nearly $129 million was allocated through CERF’s Underfunded Emergencies window to help underfunded and neglected emergencies.
Armyworm outbreak in several countries may affect maize production levels
In January, areas in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and Lesotho continued to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity outcomes where humanitarian assistance coverage is very low and needs are high. During this peak lean period, there is the possibility for some isolated households to experience Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes. In Madagascar and Malawi, area outcomes have improved to Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) because of ongoing assistance.
In January, WFP assisted 153,000 food insecure people through cash and food transfers.
Plans are underway to source maize meal for the school feeding programme locally; a proportion of the food is planned to be sourced from smallholder farmers.
WFP provided mobile devices to Lesotho Meteorological Services (LMS) to enable the Government to collect and disseminate real time weather data.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
EWEA enables FAO to act early before disasters have happened and to mitigate or even prevent their impact. By lessening damages to livelihoods and protecting assets and investments, FAO can help local livelihoods become more resilient to threats and crises.
- Over half of rural households continue to use the most severe negative coping strategies
- Over two thirds of socio-economically worst-off households are buying food on credit
- A little over half the traders have stocks of basic foods
- Average maize meal prices are 7 percent higher than one year ago
The impact of the 2015‒2016 El Niño weather phenomenon has been one of the most intense and widespread in the past one hundred years. The agriculture, food security and nutritional status of 60 million people around the globe is affected by El Niño-related droughts, floods and **extreme hot** and **cold weather**.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 71 countries in the fourth quarter of 2016 (October to December).1 The maps on pages 6–7 disaggregate the impact analysis to sub-national level.
• Food insecurity persists throughout Southern Africa
• Above-average rainfall likely to improve crop production regionally; however, some areas at risk of flooding
• Armyworm infestations damage maize in Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
Most parts of Lesotho experienced a rainfall deficit during the month, while Maseru and Mohale’s Hoek districts were hit by hail which destroyed some of the crops.
In December, WFP scaled up assistance in the seven most affected districts (Maseru, Mafeteng, Mohale’s Hoek, Quthing, Butha Buthe, Thaba Tseka and Berea) reaching 127,705 food insecure people through cash and food distributions.
The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon has been one of the strongest on record, affecting deeply the lives and livelihoods of more than 60 million people across 40 countries. It has devastated crops and killed livestock, in some cases dried up water-sources in others caused massive flooding, driven up malnutrition rates, increased disease outbreaks and caused significant migration.
Excessive rains during the 2nd half of the season is likely to lead to flooding, leaching, and could result in waterlogging
Near Term: October 2016 - January 2017, Medium Term: February - May 2017