Context and Investment Case
One of the strongest El Niño events ever recorded places the lives of 26.5 million children at risk of malnutrition, water shortages and disease in ten countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. UNICEF is responding to four primary needs:
Over 1 million children are in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the region.
Women and girls among displaced people remain at high risk of GBV in the region.
Conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) is the most prevalent form of GBV in humanitarian settings in eastern Africa.
Child marriage, rape and physical abuse are the common forms of GBV in stable environments, including southern Africa.
Regional WHS Commitments on gender call for end to financing gender blind programming.
The new preliminary Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC) results show that 680,000 rural people are in need of food assistance and livelihood protection support throughout the country.
WFP is looking for additional funding for its wider response operation targeting 263,000 people affected by the drought. In the broader response operation, WFP will work with communities in resilience building activities.
UN predicts deteriorating food security levels across the region by July
Drought-affected households in Lesotho and Swaziland report urgent water needs
USAID contributes an additional $52 million for drought response activities in Southern Africa
What is El Niño?
El Niño is the warming of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every two to seven years, lasting from six to 24 months.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR DECEMBER 2016
June 17, 2016 IASC Early Warning, Early Action and Readiness Report for the period June to November 2016. The Report is biannual, with a 6 month horizon. It is the product of a group of Agency analysts. In most cases these individuals work for their respective Emergency Directors. Analysis of preparedness status is provided by OCHA. The Report complements more frequent interaction between RC/HC and the ERC as the IASC system officials accountable for ensuring interagency early action and readiness. This should take place using the IASC Emergency Response Preparedness approach.
UNITED NATIONS, New York/Nkhata Bay, Malawi – Five years ago, people living with HIV could receive HIV services and antiretroviral therapy (ARV) at Mzenga Health Centre in Malawi’s Nkhata Bay district only on Tuesdays. As a result, anyone seen entering the clinic on that day of the week was branded as living with HIV and subjected to stigma and discrimination by the community.
In early 2016 DMA requested LVAC to conduct a market assessment to determine the functionality of food market systems (for maize, pulses and cooking oil) in Lesotho. The market assessment was undertaken to analyze Lesotho’s food market environment, structure and network. The assessment shed light on financial and physical infrastructure, trader typology, trader limitations and constraints to trade as well as covering market functionality throughout different seasons in a year.
The market assessment was conducted to determine the functionality of the food market systems for maize, beans and cooking oil in Lesotho. The findings demonstrate that markets in Lesotho are well-integrated and are functioning. The report also explores Lesotho’s cereal availability for the 2016-17 season, which remains one of the key food security concerns for the upcoming marketing season especially in light of the soaring food prices in the country as well as across southern Africa.
By: Thea Rabe, Norwegian Red Cross
31 million people in southern Africa are currently affected by the strongest El Nino event in 30 years. Expectations are that it could rise to 49 million. More help is urgently needed to ensure those most vulnerable get the support they need to prevent wide-spread starvation.
UNAIDS and PEPFAR announce dramatic reductions in new HIV infections among children in the 21 countries most affected by HIV in Africa
Concerted global efforts have led to a 60% drop in new infections among children, which has averted 1.2 million new HIV infections among children in 21 priority countries since 2009
This issue focuses on the ongoing Yellow fever , Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), Cholera, Zika outbreaks and the health consequences of El Niño.
There has been re-emergence of urban Yellow Fever (YF) outbreaks in Angola that have spread to the neighboring DR Congo and some cases have been exported to China and Kenya. Another outbreak of Yellow Fever has been reported in Uganda but it is not epidemiologically linked to the Angola or DR Congo outbreaks. Instead it is linked to a YF outbreak that occurred in Northern Uganda in 2010.
UNICEF provided support for the now completed Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC), having received preliminary results in mid-May. The process of completing the final data analysis is underway with the final results expected to be released on 6 June 2016.
The preliminary LVAC findings have revised the number of people requiring humanitarian assistance from 725,000+ down to 679,437.
The humanitarian impact of the 2015-2016 El Niño remains deeply alarming, now affecting over 60 million people. Central America, East Africa (particularly Ethiopia), the Pacific and Southern Africa remain the most affected regions. The El Niño phenomenon is now in decline, but projections indicate the situation will worsen throughout at least the end of the year, with food insecurity caused primarily by drought not likely to peak before December. Therefore, the humanitarian impacts will last well into 2017 .
An extensive regional scale crop failure is expected in Southern Africa following an extremely dry cropping season. Consequently, the current regional cereal deficit of 7.9 million tonnes will increase steeply and unprecedented food price movements will continue through to the next harvest season. This will aggravate the food and nutrition security, health and HIV situation in the region.