The nature of fragility and conflict is increasingly complex and protracted. With short-term, security-focused policies providing ineffective and at times counterproductive, there is a growing recognition that multi-dimensional approaches are more attuned to helping restore a robust social contract between the state and its people, which is an essential foundation for durable peace and sustainable development.
UNDP recognizes governance as a key unresolved issue in both the configuration and the reduction of disaster risk. With the aim of protecting development investments and ultimately building people’s resilience, UNDP has made strengthening disaster risk governance a cornerstone of its efforts to understand, reduce and manage risk.
No one was aware and no one was prepared when the first waves of the tsunami struck Sri Lanka’s east coast at 6:40 a.m. on 26 December 2004. The tsunami was not done. It was still roaring and thought it would be much later before it thundered across Sri Lanka’s western coast, even then, no warning message was sent out. As a result, more than 35,000 people lost their lives.
Colombo, 25 June 2014. The Ministry of Economic Development signed an agreement with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to support the Governments rural livelihood development programmes to withstand climate-related shocks.
• More than 1 million people in Sri Lanka have been uprooted as a consequence of the conflict over the past two decades.
• Years of conflict and natural disaster have exacerbated the problem of weak infrastructure, which hampers the efforts of fishermen in Sri Lanka struggle to get their catch to the market before it spoils.
• The UNDP project has helped 7,000 fishermen in the Mullaitivu District to increase their earnings through the fish collection centre.
The purpose of the Guide on Livelihoods and Economic Recovery Programming in Crisis and Post-Crisis Situations is to connect UNDP Country Offices and their partners with global knowledge and experience on this subject. The Guide documents, for the first time, the accumulation of expertise that UNDP has gained in livelihoods and economic recovery programming in crisis and post-crisis situations over the years. Dozens of UNDP practitioners at the country, regional, and headquarters levels contributed to its preparation.
Colombo, January 28, 2013.
UNDP and UNHCR handed over fifteen motorbikes to the Human Rights Commission (HRC) on Monday to facilitate the work of their staff, at the central and regional level, to address human rights concerns including regular monitoring visits and investigation of complaints.
UNDP’s Equal Access to Justice Project, implemented by the Ministry of National Languages and Social Integration, launched a new initiative on Thursday 10 January aimed at strengthening the Rule of Law in Sri Lanka by enhancing the efficacy of the criminal justice system.
The initiative which is supported with financial assistance from the United Kingdom, will strengthen the knowledge and skills of approximately 85 officers of the Criminal Division of the Attorney General’s Department.
In May 2010, pre-monsoon rains that were intensified by Cyclone Laila saw thunder storms and high winds, accompanied by floods and landslides, sweep through 14 of Sri Lanka’s 25 districts. The extreme weather caused severe distress to over half a million people and billions of rupees in damages to public and private assets. This report is a record of this unanticipated natural disaster and is also a guide to future post disaster assessments and highlights the importance of investment in disaster risk reduction.
Since the Tsunami of December 2004, the Ministry of Disaster Management and the Disaster Management Centre (DMC), have worked together with multiple stakeholders involved in disaster response to set up legal and institutional systems, prepare vulnerable communities for disasters and enhance efforts to minimize disaster risks. Sri Lanka is proud to have a 24/7 early warning and response capacity, which is one of the many significant outcomes of these efforts.
Over a million people in Sri Lanka have been uprooted as a consequence of the conflict over the past two decades.
In Mullaitivu, the project helped 7,000 fishermen displaced by the conflict to rebuild their livelihood and increase their income.
The $3.5 million project is part of a larger socio-economic recovery programme for conflict-affected populations in the North and East.
Over 60 representatives from the Government, development partners, UN agencies and civil society participated at the stakeholders’ workshop deliberating on the findings of the Assessment of Development Results (ADR), a key report of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The event was held on 31st July 2012 at the Galadari Hotel, and was co-chaired by Dr. P. B. Jayasundera, Secretary to the Ministry of Finance and Planning and Mr. Indrakumaran Naidoo, Director of the UNDP Evaluation Office in New York.
In Somalia, UNDP has facilitated the recruitment of more than 14,000 police officers and the creation of mobile courts, legal aid centres and sexual assault referral centres. This has increased the ability of people to access the formal justice system.
In Afghanistan, UNDP supports the remuneration of the 137,000 strong Afghan National Police force and pioneered the development of the force’s first community security initiatives.
With the end of the war in May 2009, Jaffna District has progressively transformed, moving from stages of early recovery to mid-term recovery and development. The region is seeing movements of populations, who are returning after years of displacement, facing resettlement that is bringing with it its own rays of hope as well as having to deal with other complications.
Mr. Arunraj, a 40 year old father of three, was displaced four times with his family since the 90’s and therefore, was forced into subsistence livelihoods and low income generating activities. With fishing being his main source of obtaining income, Mr. Arunraj struggled to restart his fishing activities soon after resettlement in 2010. He says, “I faced many challenges in marketing the fish. Due to lack of proper storage, more than 20% of the fish I caught were graded poorly and received low prices. As a result, the income from fishing was not adequate to take care of my family.
Mrs. Bernatheth is a 53 year old widow with three children living below an income of Rs. 3,200 per month. Although she has received government and donor support for the construction of her house destroyed during the war, she has been unable to complete the remaining construction work due to her low income. At times, she had had to depend on her children dropping out of school to help her earn an income through casual labour.
Making significant contributions towards increasing the participation of women in decision-making processes in Ampara District, where female participation in local governance structures is amongst the lowest in the country, the newly established Ampara District Women’s Forum will hold their inaugural event on April 5, 2012.