El Niño in Asia: Prolonged dry weather in several countries affecting plantings and yield potential of the 2015 main season food crops
Prolonged dry weather associated with El Niño has impaired the production outlook for the ongoing 2015 main season in several countries, including Cambodia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Philippines and Viet Nam
NAIROBI -- In remarks made during the 2015 Global Entrepreneurship Summit, President Barack Obama announced that the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), the U.S. government’s development finance institution, plans to join Goldman Sachs 10,000 Women and International Finance Corporation (IFC) in the Women Entrepreneurs Opportunity Facility (WEOF). As part of the planned commitment, OPIC intends to finance up to $100 million in new projects under the facility.
The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) invited the United Nations platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (UN-SPIDER) to conduct an in-country Technical Advisory Mission (TAM). The mission was carried out July 6 through 10. Lao PDR requested the TAM to assist with building capacity for utilizing space-based information and services that are relevant to disaster managers, and to improve access to that information.
All children deserve safe, accessible and culturally appropriate school buildings — regardless of class, creed, gender or ability. When children live in hazard-prone places where high winds, earthquakes, floods and other hazards threaten them, they need schools and grounds that protect them.
Yet recent disasters around the world attest to the fragility of many schools.
Vienna, Austria, July 22, 2015. Over 30 partner countries stand to benefit from the latest round of financing approved at the 151st Session of the Governing Board of the OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID).
Grant funding totaling US$4.24m was also approved for the following:
Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
A lack of rainfall and scorching heat is destroying the livelihoods of Lao farmers, who say their crops are dying amid an ongoing drought in the Southeast Asian region linked to the El Niño phenomenon.
The drought since May has left those in Laos who rely on agriculture to earn a living high and dry, with one rice farmer in the capital Vientiane telling RFA’s Lao Service that this year’s rainy season has been a total wash.
The U.S. Agency for International Development’s Mekong Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change (USAID Mekong ARCC) project identifies the environmental, economic and social effects of climate change in the Lower Mekong Basin. The five-year, $9.4 million project helps vulnerable populations in rural areas adapt to climate change impacts on water resources, agricultural systems, biodiversity, ecosystems and livelihood options.
ASSESSING THREATS TO LOWER MEKONG LIVIELIHOODS
China (No Update)
As of 30 May, there were 26 cases of dengue reported in China for 2015. Compared with the same period of the previous of 2012 to 2014, the number of dengue cases reported in China has increased slightly in 2015(Figure 1).
Lao PDR - IOM in Lao People’s Democratic Republic, supported by the US government, signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare today to officially begin a project to strengthen the capacity of Lao government officials in humanitarian emergencies.
The project will focus on developing a National Disaster Management Training Framework for government officials and will work not only at central level, but will train officials in all provinces in the complete disaster management cycle from prevention to recovery.
The United States is strengthening its commitment to the UXO sector in Laos by increasing its total assistance for Laos’ UXO sector to $15 million this year. U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Daniel Russel announced the new assistance during the annual U.S.-Lao PDR Comprehensive Bilateral Dialogue, which took place in Washington, D.C. on June 19. The Lao delegation to the Dialogue, led by Vice Foreign Minister Madame Sounthone Xayachak, thanked the United States for its continued, robust support to the Lao UXO Sector, including to the National Regulatory Authority and to UXO Lao.
The pace of general and food inflation in the region slowed in May increasing 2.7 and 2.5 percent, respectively.
In Afghanistan, greater internal displacements of food insecure populations are expected in the coming winter because of insufficient food availability and barriers to food access.
Stabilization policy efforts in India continue to mitigate the price volatility of vegetables, in particular for onion and potato.
Elevation and Bathymetry
The region is home to the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China) at 8,848m, as well as the deepest surveyed point in the oceans,
Challenger Deep in the Marianas Trench at 10,911m.
The Asia-Pacific region contains a diverse array of cultures, environments, and societies. One of the fastest growing economic regions in the world, it is also the most disaster-prone. While natural disasters affect the region frequently, as this region continues along its path of development, regional partnerships will be essential in developing the capacities of countries to reduce risk and vulnerability and to respond to disasters.