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How to Destroy a 100-lb White Phosphorus Bomb

This 100-pound white phosphorus bomb was found in a rice field in Khammouane province, Laos. White phosphorus munitions were used extensively during the Vietnam War.

All 17 provinces in Laos and around a quarter of all villages suffer from unexploded ordnance (UXO) contamination. More than 90 per cent of people living in these areas live in fear of UXO. The most common worry is that children will be killed or injured whilst they are playing.

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Cambodia + 9 others
Dengue Situation Update, 15 July 2014

Update on countries experiencing a large increase in Dengue cases

Southern Hemisphere

Pacific Islands

Currently there are reports of dengue cases occurring in the Pacific including New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Solomon Islands and Fiji.

Fiji

No update available

French Polynesia

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World + 15 others
Asia Pacific Food Price and Policy Monitor, June 2014 - Issue 11

Highlights

  • Regional general inflation was 6.1 percent in May and food price inflation 5 percent, ending five consecutive months in which the pace of inflation slowed.

  • Regional rice price index increased by 5.3 percent in nominal terms as prices continued to rise in South Asia (including India), East Asia and South East Asia.

  • Wheat price indices in South Asia fell by 6.8 percent driven by an 8.3 percent drop in Pakistan.

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Lao women leading effort to clear millions of unexploded bombs left over from Vietnam War

By Sally Sara

Women are on the frontline of the effort to find and destroy millions of unexploded cluster bombs which are still claiming lives decades after being dropped on Laos.

The US dropped up to 260 million cluster bombs on Laos during the Vietnam War - the equivalent of one bombing mission every eight minutes, for nine years.

It left Laos as the most heavily bombed country, per capita, in the world.

Australian Broadcasting Corporation:

© ABC

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Thailand + 1 other
UNHCR deplores deportation of Laotian refugee from Thailand

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Adrian Edwards – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at the press briefing, on 8 July 2014, at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

UNHCR is dismayed by the deportation by Thailand of a refugee recognized by UNHCR to the Lao People's Democratic Republic, where he could face harsh treatment amounting to persecution.

According to information confirmed this week by the Thai authorities, the deportation of this former Lao Hmong leader took place on 13 June.

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Standard Operating Procedure (SOP): Damage, Loss and Needs Assessment (DaLNA) in Khammouane Province, Lao PDR

From 24 to 26 June 2011, Typhoon Haima swept through the northern and central provinces of Lao PDR, causing widespread flooding in four provinces – Bolikhamxay, Xayaboury, Vientiane, and Xiengkhouang. The floods caused extensive damage to people’s livelihoods, property, and to social and physical infrastructure.

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Planning, Budgeting and Financing: Post-Disaster Recovery and Reconstruction Activities in Khammouane Province, Lao PDR

This guideline on planning, budgeting and financing guides all provincial and district government officials to prepare a recovery plan which is responsive to the outcomes of the Damage, Loss, and Needs Assessments in Khammouane province.

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Myanmar + 2 others
Education focus in Burma and Laos

During my visit to Burma and Laos I announced that the Australian Government will focus on increasing educational opportunities for primary and tertiary students, and improving teacher quality.

In Burma about half of the country’s five million school aged children do not complete primary school. In some districts of Laos only one quarter of girls complete primary school.

The Australian Government will provide $86 million over four years for education in Laos to help around 450,000 children achieve literacy, numeracy and other life skills for a better future.

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Malaria outbreaks remain worrisome but progress is being made in response and control

Despite a substantial reduction of the malaria burden, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic continues to experience outbreaks and the country’s first-line drugs are beginning to lose effectiveness. A national strategy is being developed to tackle the challenge.

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Lao People’s Democratic Republic: Floods MDRLA003 DREF Final Report

Appeal history:

  • A DREF Operation was initially launched on 3 October 2013 for CHF 292,168 to support Lao Red Cross (LRC) in delivering immediate assistance to 10,000 beneficiaries (2,000 families) for six months and to further assess needs.

  • Operations Update 1 (dated 6 November 2013) reported on initial steps to procure in-country relief goods and plans for Thai Red Cross to provide in-kind support in terms of staff to be deployed to LRC.

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Thailand + 3 others
Fears of Crackdown Trigger Exodus

Adopt Reforms to Protect Migrant Worker Rights

(New York, June 20, 2014) – The Thai military authorities should urgently improve human rights protections of migrant workers to end their mass flight from the country, Human Rights Watch said today.

Human Rights Watch:



© Copyright, Human Rights Watch 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 USA

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Sri Lanka + 7 others
Asia Pacific Region: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot 10 - 16 June 2014

Following flash floods and landslides caused by above average monsoon rains in Sri Lanka, the Disaster Management Centre reports 27 deaths, nine injuries and 104,000 people affected.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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World Bank Provides Grant for Disaster Risk Management in Lao PDR

Report
World Bank

Vientiane, June 11, 2014 --- The Government of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) has received a technical assistance grant of $900,000 from the World Bank/Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) for the Building Resilience to Natural Hazards Project.

This project seeks to enhance the disaster risk management capacity of Lao PDR by strengthening the legal framework for hydro-meteorological services, enhancing post-disaster recovery planning, and providing technical assistance to strengthen Lao PDR’s fiscal resilience to natural hazards.

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Cambodia + 9 others
Dengue Situation Update, 3 June 2014

Regional dengue activity is variable. The recent trend for dengue is increasing in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Malaysia and Singapore. Compared to 2013, Malaysia was the only country of these four where 2014 was substantially higher compared to the same period in 2013.

Dengue virus infection in the Pacific Region

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This farmer can now work safely on his land for the first time in 40 years

Sithon will treasure this planting season as a special one: for the first time since the Vietnam War he could seed his rice safely, after MAG cleared almost 400 explosive weapons from his land.

Reporting by Eva Hegedus, Programme Officer, MAG Laos

"There were bombies [the local term for cluster submunitions] everywhere." Fifty-nine year old Sithon Manyvong recalls returning home to Naphia in 1975 after the Vietnam War had ended.

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Myanmar + 4 others
Bouncing Back - Relapse in the Golden Triangle

TNI's indepth examination of the illegal drug market in the Golden Triangle, which has a witnessed a doubling of opium production, growing prison populations and repression of small-scale farmers. This report details the failure of ASEAN's 'drug free' strategy and the need for a new approach.

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GIEWS Country Brief: Lao People's Democratic Republic 30-May-2014

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • The 2014 rice production forecast to decrease for the second consecutive year
  • The 2013 rice production revised downward
  • Cereal exports in 2014, mostly maize, forecast at last year’s level
  • Food insecurity is of concern in parts of the country
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Myanmar + 5 others
China and Mekong officials commit to counter rising drug threats

Beijing (China) 29 May 2014 – Faced with a rapid expansion of illicit drug markets and seizures in China and Southeast Asia, regional drug control officials from the Mekong states – Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam – and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime called today for more coordinated anti-drug operations and strategies to fight the region’s rapidly growing rise in production, trafficking and use of methamphetamine and opiates.

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Laos “land grabs” drive subsistence farmers into deeper poverty

Report
IRIN

BAN HOUYTHAO, 22 May 2014 (IRIN) - "Land grabs" in Laos are driving poor farmers, including ethnic minorities, off their land, away from livelihoods they know and into further poverty, activists and experts say.

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.