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Bangladesh + 6 others
USAID FrontLines – March/April 2014

IN THIS ISSUE

About FrontLines

Insights from Administrator Rajiv Shah

EXTREME POVERTY
Introduction: A Call to Action to End Extreme Poverty

Weathering the Storm: Rice Lifts Bangladesh Village from Saltwater Deluge

Investments, Not Charity, Provide Hope to Ethiopia’s Most Vulnerable Children

In Senegal, First an Implosion and Then a Transformation

Lifting Cambodia’s Poorest Out of Poverty with Health Insurance

Timor-Leste and ConocoPhillips Improving Incomes for Rural Farmers

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World + 10 others
Mensaje del Día de Acción contra las Minas 2014: promover un mundo libre de minas

Nueva York - El 4 de abril, Día de Acción contra las Minas, la ONU contribuirá a la concientización sobre los efectos devastadores que los restos explosivos de guerra siguen teniendo sobre las comunidades, incluso décadas después de que los conflictos lleguen a su fin.

Este año, tras el anuncio por parte de Jordania y Uganda de que son países libres de minas, que Etiopía y Mozambique esperan poder anunciar que pronto van a seguir su ejemplo, y que otros países están acabando con las municiones en racimo, se está dando un paso más hacia un mundo más seguro.

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World + 11 others
Œuvrer pour un monde sans mines antipersonnel

Le 4 avril, Journée internationale de la lutte antimines, l’ONU aidera à attirer l’attention sur le coût humain dévastateur des restes explosifs de guerre dans certaines communautés, parfois des dizaines d’années après la fin d’un conflit.

Cette année, alors que la Jordanie et l’Ouganda viennent de se déclarer débarrassés de leurs champs de mines, l’Éthiopie et le Mozambique s’apprêtent à annoncer qu’ils devraient bientôt faire de même. Comme d’autres pays sont, eux aussi, en train d’éliminer leurs armes à sous-munitions, le monde est en passe de devenir moins dangereux.

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World + 10 others
Mine Action Day 2014 - A Roundup of UNDP's Demining Efforts

New York - On Mine Action Day on 4 April, the UN will help raise awareness of the devastating toll that explosive remnants of war continue to exact upon communities, sometimes decades after conflicts come to an end.

This year, with Jordan and Uganda recently announcing that they are free of mine fields, Ethiopia and Mozambique expected to announce that they will soon follow suit, and other countries ridding themselves of cluster munitions, we are one step closer to a safer world.

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World + 4 others
Ho Chi Minh City Declaration: Water, Energy and Food security in the context of climate change for the Mekong River Basin

Preamble

We, the Heads of the Governments of the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Kingdom of Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, meet in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, for the Second Summit of the Mekong River Commission (MRC).

We reaffirm the vital importance of sustainable use and management of water and related resources of the Mekong River Basin and the continuing political commitment to implement the 1995 Mekong Agreement, and consolidate the spirit of Mekong cooperation;

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Watersheds Benefit from Improved Management in Cambodia

Watersheds, or areas of land where water converges from higher elevations, are a vital feature of the Cambodian countryside and perform a number of important functions: they protect biodiversity, maintain upland forests and rain catchments, sustain dry-season lake levels and preserve fish stocks. In doing so, they help sustain hundreds of thousands of people whose livelihoods depend on forests, agriculture and fisheries.

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Australia + 1 other
Prime Minister Tony Abbott says Government would welcome decision by Cambodia to accept asylum seekers

Prime Minister Tony Abbott says he would welcome a decision by Cambodia to accept asylum seekers from Australia.

Immigration Minister Scott Morrison is in Cambodia, where he has held talks with the country's interior minister to follow up on an earlier request for the country to help resettle asylum seekers.

In February, the Cambodian government revealed that Foreign Minister Julie Bishop had asked their country to accept some asylum seekers.

Mr Abbott says any cooperation or support Cambodia could provide would be appreciated.

Australian Broadcasting Corporation:

© ABC

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State-backed land grabs affect half million Cambodians – rights group

Report
AlertNet

Author: Thin Lei Win

BANGKOK (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Half a million Cambodians have been evicted from their land since 2000 or risk eviction because the government’s failure to create legal land titles enables it to expel smallholders and lease swathes of land to well-connected companies, the human rights group LICADHO said on Tuesday.

Read the full article on Alertnet

AlertNet:



For more humanitarian news and analysis, please visit www.trust.org/alertnet

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World + 8 others
Helpdesk Research Report: Cost of elections in fragile states

Question

Cost of elections in fragile states: Please provide a comparison of how much national elections (Presidential and Parliamentary) have cost per capita in fragile states since 2000.

Helpdesk response

Key findings: There is limited literature available on this topic. A lot of the information that is available only provides the cost of certain elements of the election, mainly in relation to voter registration. In addition, there appear to be inconsistencies in the costings provided by the available sources.

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Clearing for Results II – Beneficiaries’ Stories: Safer ground: where crops, not landmines, are planted

For many smallhold farmers in western Cambodia, farming can be a risky business. Not only are landmines and explosive remnants of war a safety hazard, but they also hinder agricultural productivity which is often a ticket to a better income and greater food security for poor families.

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Women deminers take on a man’s job

They’re young, female and fearless. Meet the deminers who boldly take risks by clearing landmines in the most contaminated areas in Cambodia.

Ruot Sreyla is 24 and mother to a three-year old boy. Five years ago, she lived in Pursat Province, tilling farmland for a daily wage of KHR 12,000 ($3). When she learned about a job opportunity as a deminer in neighboring Battambang province, she signed up for the training.

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Cambodia: Food Price and Wage Bulletin: No. 60, February 2014

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Food purchasing power of households decreased 1.7% in rural areas and increased 0.9% in urban areas month-on-month.

  • Retail price of lowest quality rice increased 2.9% in rural areas and remained stable in urban areas month-on-month.

  • Wholesale price of mixed rice decreased 3.8% month-on-month and 1.2% year-on-year.

  • The Inflation Rate was 4.6% in January. Food and gasoline prices decreased 0.2% and 0.1% respectively month-on-month.

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World + 22 others
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Foreign Affairs farewells Australian Volunteers for International Development

Senator the Hon Brett Mason farewelled 116 volunteers soon to depart to developing countries, during a reception at Old Parliament House this week.

The group was in Canberra to undergo training and make final preparations for their volunteering assignments.

The volunteers will be placed with host organisations for a period of 12 months to 2 years, and will assist with projects ranging from surf lifesaving training to providing advice in the use of Geographic Information Systems.

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Thailand + 3 others
IWD 2014 - Women too often carry the burden of poverty and injustice

Women perform 66% of the world’s work and produce 50% of the world’s food, yet they only receive 10% of the worlds income and own 1% of the world’s property.

That's why three-quarters of Union Aid Abroad-APHEDA's projects are aimed at improving opportunities for women and, by doing this, improving their families' lives. We work with local women's groups and women's community groups and unions to deliver projects that women really need and want.

Here are just a few of our projects that focus on improving the lives of women:

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These people live with bombs - I watched them learn how to protect themselves

by Clare O'Reilly, Programme Officer, MAG

The Ratanakiri region of north-east Cambodia was so heavily bombed during the Vietnam War that an estimated 1.9 million to 5.8 million cluster munition remnants continue to threaten lives there.

Added to this problem are huge amounts of landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) left over from three decades of conflict.

People in Ratanakiri are mostly from the Tampuen, Kreung and Jarai indigenous communities. Most don’t speak any of the national language, Khmer, and have had limited access to education.

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Philippines + 14 others
Asia-Pacific Humanitarian Bulletin 2013

The year was marked by 137 natural disasters in the region, compared with 93 separate events in 2012. The number of people killed by disasters was almost six times higher.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.