Rear Admiral Samuel Perez Jr., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Plans, Programs, and Operations at the State Department’s Bureau of Political-Military Affairs traveled to Cambodia and Laos from late January to early February as part of U.S. efforts to help the countries clear land contaminated by land mines. Following his return, Sarada Taing of RFA’s Khmer Service interviewed him about the state of unexploded ordnance in Cambodia.
Through Feed the Future, Cambodian women are improving their agricultural productivity, increasing incomes and improving their status in their homes and communities.
A Feed the Future project funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development has helped establish 218 food security and nutrition groups, the first of their kind in Cambodia. To date, more than 5,000 people have registered as members, 93 percent of them women. The groups bring together community members who want to learn how to improve food security and nutrition in their families and communities.
Update on the dengue situation in the Western Pacific Region
The cumulative number of reported dengue cases in 2014 was 47,331. This is about ten times and eighty times higher compared with the number in 2013 and 2012 respectively due to the dengue outbreak in Guangdong in end of 2014. In January 2015, 19 dengue cases were reported. This number is one-tenth of the previous month (December 2015), and almost the same as the same period in 2013 and 2012 (Figure 1).
25 Feb 2015 by Rajesh Sharma, Programme Specialist, Disaster Risk Information and Application, UNDP Bangkok Regional Hub
It’s widely known that floods are a major cause of mortality in Cambodia. Nearly 53 percent of total disaster-related deaths between 1996 and 2013 were caused by recurring floods. What’s less well-known is that during the same period, 35 percent of disaster-related deaths were due to lightning, the second-highest cause of mortality in Cambodia.
Lower Mekong Economies Risk Losing $34 Billion Per Year from Climate Change: USAID Report
Thailand - IOM has announced that at the request of three of its Member States – Cambodia, Nauru and Australia – it will develop a program aimed at facilitating the relocation and integration of refugees from Nauru to Cambodia.
IOM has communicated this decision to the Cambodian and Australian governments, who last year signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the Settlement of Refugees currently living in Nauru.
First comprehensive study of trafficked men, women and children reveals severity of abuse and complex health issues
The largest survey to date of the health of trafficking survivors has found high levels of abuse and serious harm associated with human trafficking.
The government of Japan, under its Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects Scheme (GGP), is providing funds amounting to 11,956,100baht for a Project for the Clearance of Landmines/UXOs along the Thai – Cambodia border through the Land Release Method. On 16th February, 2015, H.E. Mr. Shigekazu SATO, Ambassador of Japan, and Mr. Preecha Tulyasuwan, Director of the Peace Road Organization Foundation (PRO), jointly signed the grant contract for the project at the Embassy of Japan.
523,592 Refugees and asylumseekers 2,361 Identified unaccompanied minors 1,393,736 Stateless persons 20,000 Estimated irregular maritime departures in 2014
Population of concern
A total of 2.7 million people of concern including 1.4 million stateless and over 700,000 internally displaced.
The cumulative number of reported dengue cases in 2014 was 47,331. This is about ten times and eighty times higher compared with the number in 2013 and 2012 respectively due to the dengue outbreak in Guangdong in end of 2014. In December 2014, 180 dengue cases were reported. Although this number is lower compared to the previous month (November 2014), it is still higher than in the same period in 2013 and 2012 (Figure 1).
NATURAL DISASTERS AND CONFLICTS IN ASIA-PACIFIC
FEWER LIVES LOST
In 2014, Asia and the Pacific experienced 126 natural disasters, which affected a total of 85 million people. Significantly, casualties were a quarter of what they were in 2013, with nearly 4,000 people killed by disasters in the region. Floods and landslides were the primary causes of death according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED).
Mine clearance operations supported by UNDP have just released 26.5 square kilometres of land for productive use by Cambodian farmers after it was cleared of landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) in 2014. The land is expected to benefit some 35,000 villagers – 54 percent of whom are women – in three northwestern provinces of Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Pailin.
· During Q4-2014, FAO’s global cereal price index decreased by 7% year-on-year, but on average, it remained at the level of the previous quarter.
· Real prices of maize have fallen by 14% since Q4-2013. They are up 1% from Q3-2014 after the low in September/October.
· On average, real prices of wheat remained constant between Q3 and Q4-2014. Global wheat supplies for 2014/15 are up thanks to increased production and beginning stocks; thus price levels in Q4-2014 are 17% lower than a year ago.
Food purchasing power of households increased by 0.8% in rural areas and decreased by 3.6% month-on-month in urban areas;
Retail price of lowest quality rice decreased by 2.1% and 0.6% in rural and urban areas respectively on a month-on-month basis;
Wholesale price of mixed rice decreased by 6% month-on-month and 4% year-on-year;
In December, inflation rate was 1.2% and overall food prices increased by 3% year-on-year;
Hitler Invoked by Gendarmerie Chief to Explain Lethal Tactics
(New York, January 25, 2015) – The commander of Cambodia’s paramilitary gendarmerie admitted using force against the opposition for political reasons, publicly invoking tactics used by Adolf Hitler, Human Rights Watch said today.
Cambodia’s donors should call for Gen. Sao Sokha, commander of the 10,000-member Royal Khmer Gendarmerie and long-time stalwart of the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP), to be removed from any role in the state security forces.
A United Nations envoy urged Cambodia’s opposition party and Prime Minister Hun Sen’s ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) on Tuesday to adhere to the terms of a pact they forged last summer in which they agreed to end a political deadlock.
Surya P. Subedi, the U.N. special envoy on Cambodian human rights, called on opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) leader Sam Raisy and party vice president Kem Sokha, along with the ruling CPP, to continue their dialogue to improve the country’s development and reform.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
- 2014 main season rice production forecast at near-record level
- Rice exports forecast to increase in 2015
- Rice prices generally declined in December
- Overall food security situation satisfactory
2014 main season rice production forecast at near-record level
Flood Impacts on Women: Exploring the Possibility of Gender Sensitive DRR Planning
There is a need of detailed analysis on how disaster or flood affects women and how DRR planning could be more gender-sensitive. The study is commissioned to examine in detailed impact of flood on women in Cambodia. The study investigates how floods affect women differentially from men, what are the most significant problems that women face during and after a disaster; and make recommendations on how to integrate gender analysis into disaster planning.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.