August 26 2015: Ill-considered boundaries make cross-border cooperation difficult in some parts of Central Asia. Ian Litschko discusses a recent incident on the Tajik-Kyrgyz border.
The rise and fall of the Soviet Union has had a profound impact on borders in Central Asia. Internal administrative borders were created for these new republics in the mid-1920s in a way that had no strict ethnic lines, due to a fear that ethnically homogenous republics might exhibit separatist tendencies.
By Soraya Dali-Balta,
Poorly distributed rainfall in West and East Africa likely to exacerbate conditions
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rain during the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, maintaining elevated risks for flooding over many areas.
By Abdurahim Muhidov
BISHKEK, 13 August 2015 – Municipal authorities in Kyrgyzstan’s capital Bishkek have taken the lead to ensure that their city successfully implements the new Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Mayor Kubanychbek Kulmatov has tasked his deputy with heading and coordinating disaster risk reduction work in Bishkek ahead of the possible establishment in 2016 of a Disaster Risk Reduction Council.
Summary of WFP assistance: WFP’s goal in the Kyrgyz Republic is to support the Government to improve food security and build the resilience of vulnerable populations against the impact of recurrent natural disasters and economic shocks. Currently, WFP is running two development projects.
Optimisation of the Primary School Meals Programme.
July 2015 – Trends
Cameroon, Chad, Egypt, Kashmir, Turkey, Yemen
August 2015 – Watchlist
- Conflict risk alerts
-Conflict resolution opportunities
Iran, South Sudan
· FAO’s global cereal price index continued to fall in Q2-2015, down 19 percent year-on-year.
· The real price of wheat dropped a further 9 percent over the last quarter. Prices are 33 percent lower than in Q2-2014, thanks to increased global supply and lower consumption.
· The real price of maize has fallen by 3 percent since Q1-2015 and is 21 percent lower than inQ2-2014. However, global production for 2015/16 is set to be lower and thus prices are likely to rise.
Increased rainfall unlikely to overcome deficits in Central America, Hispaniola, and parts of West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A slightly delayed start to the season with sporadic light rains in recent weeks has resulted in abnormal dryness for Gambia and central areas of Senegal. Dry ground conditions have led to delayed planting and have negatively impacted livestock health.
The 11th Central Asian Regional Summer Diplomatic Course (Summer Academy) took place from 7 to 11 July in Romit, Tajikistan. This year’s theme, “Partnership for Peace: Common Interests and Challenges in Central Asia”, focused on socio-political developments in the region, possible future security scenarios, the role of international organisations and the benefits of partnership.
Bishkek, July 9 / Kabar /. Kyrgyzstan received an offer to be one of the project participants in prevention of natural disasters using satellite technology, among 60 more countries. Chairman of the board of trustees of educational and scientific-industrial complex of International University of Kyrgyzstan (IUK) Asylbek Aidaraliev said during a press conference at Kabar Agency. "We have received such an offer. 60 countries have been already participating in this project.
Rural smallholder farmers have big potential to reduce agriculture's carbon footprint
PARIS, FRANCE - 8 JULY 2015 Helping farmers adapt to the impacts of climate change can also significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions – which is good news for the planet and for future generations, says the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries
The Global Food Security Update provides a quarterly overview of key food security trends in vulnerable countries. Information is provided by WFP VAM field teams and partners.
• Conflict in Yemen is causing increasing food insecurity.
As of June, at least 6 million people are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food insecurity. Millions more could easily fall into the emergency conditions unless a political solution is found quickly.
18 May - 19 June 2015, Almaty, Kazakhstan – From 18 May to 19 June 2015 UNITAR, in collaboration with the United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA) and with the financial support of the Government of Finland, organized a series of workshops aimed at strengthening regional capacities to manage cross-border threats through the reinforcement of civil servant expertise in key areas (i.e. good governance, natural resources managment, human security, conflict transformation, and public-private-people partnerships).
Naryn, Kyrgyzstan - Coordination Council for Sustainable Pasture Management established under the Department of pastures of the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation of the Kyrgyz Republic met in Naryn today to discuss adoption of the best practices in pasture management by pastures committees of the country and the use of Electronic Jayit Committee information management system. The council also discussed opportunities to finance replication of this system from the budget of the Department of pastures and fundraising from other sources.
Increased rainfall unlikely to relieve dryness in Central America and Haiti
Africa Weather Hazards
A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria. The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and negatively affected cropping activities over parts of this region.
BISHKEK – The UN World Food Programme and the Kyrgyz Ministry of Education and Science are expanding the Kyrgyz Republic’s school meals programme in the country’s poorest rural areas with financial and technical support from the Russian Federation.
The three-year project was launched in 2013 to boost the country’s national school feeding programme. By September 2015, more than 62,000 primary school students will receive a nutritious hot meal during the school day, almost six times the number of students in the project’s first year.
According to the analysis of global precipitation data, the rainfall during Aprill and May has been above average in the northeast and southwest, and average in the northwest (Figure 1). Currently, an extreme dry spell is not anticipated.
On June 14, 2015 at 18.30 in the areas of Beisheke rural district of Kara-Buura district a flood occurred after prolonged rain.
The water demolished bridges in Kara-Suu villages.
Excavators and 12 local residents involved for restoration works, 2 bridges restored, reconstruction work is underway.
Water level in Kochkor-Ata-Postovoy channel has raised due to the heavy rains in Uzgen district of Osh region on June 16.
As a result, six houses located in Kurshab village has been flooded.
At the scene cleaning work is carried out.