- FEWS NET: Food Security Outlook Update June 2015
- Kenya Inter-Agency Rapid Assessment Mechanism (KIRA): A Bottom-up Humanitarian Innovation from Africa
- IFRC - Cholera Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA)
Appeals & Funding
The objective of this overview is to support the development of national-level response and preparedness plans and facilitate joint priority actions in the areas of advocacy, resource mobilization, and coordinated engagement in cross border areas.
There has been a step change in the threat level in the region in 2015. There is an increasing concern about the confluence and compounding impacts of these threats, both at the national and the regional level. The outlook presented here will be updated on a bi-monthly basis.
Displacement and conflict
Around 1.542 million people are internally displaced in South Sudan, and over 546,000 have crossed borders and become refugees. About 106,228 people have fled Burundi, and about 25,000 have left Yemen (where 1 million people are internally displaced)3 for Djibouti and Somalia. Areas of conflict in South Sudan and Yemen remain very difficult for humanitarian organizations to access, pushing more to cross borders in search of assistance.
Increase in mostly South Sudanese and Burundian refugees
South Africa, Kenya and AU put forward own peace plans and initiatives for South Sudan in addition to new IGAD proposal.
Fighting in South Sudan now affecting five out of the ten states. Over 28,000 South Sudanese refugees (a 40 per cent increase since April) received in neighbouring countries in the last two months.
Food security expected to deteriorate in eastern parts of the Horn region from JuneAugust while average August harvests are expected in the western sector of the Horn.
(Geneva, 16 June 2015): Over US$275 million (245 million euro) were pledged today in support of the victims of the deepening humanitarian crisis in South Sudan and the region.
The pledges were made during a high-level conference in Geneva organised by the European Union and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on the humanitarian situation in the world’s youngest country.
This is my first opportunity to talk to you about the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan. But it’s the third or fourth time that many of you have attended such an event.
And that is at the heart of this emergency: the failure to end the violence that is fuelling humanitarian needs.
Food security and nutrition situation
An estimated 4.6 million people in South Sudan (about 40 per cent of the population) are severely food insecure between May to July 2015 (3.6 million in Crisis and 1 million in Emergency levels). Malnutrition rates remain above the emergency threshold of 15 per cent in both conflict-affected and high-burden states. Nearly one in three children under five are malnourished in the worst-hit areas of Greater Upper Nile, Warrap and Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
Roundtable on the humanitarian situation in the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region
Nairobi, 22 May 2015
Key planning figures
12.1 6 million food insecure people in crisis and emergency phases (Apr-15)
6.62 million people displaced internally (Mar-15)
2.3 million refugees in the region (Mar-15)
950 million US$ funded (May 2015)
Key drivers of crisis in the region
Conflict and Insecurity
Displacement and population movement
Renewed fighting in Unity and Upper Nile states has affected hundreds of thousands of people - nearly 300,000 people were affected by the upsurge of conflict in the first days of May alone. The number of displaced from the latest surge of conflict is not reflected as such, due to the fluid dynamics and lack of verified information. The ongoing conflict continues to affect millions of people across South Sudan.
Some 1.52 million people have fled their homes, many of them multiple times.
Food security is expected to deepen for many vulnerable households as the lean period start by end April - May. Malnutrition levels are expected to worsen after May and are already above critical thresholds in parts of northern Kenya, eastern and southern Ethiopia, rural Djibouti, and south-central Somalia.
Government of Kenya calls for the closure of Dadaab refugee camp following terrorist attack in Garissa.
Fighting resumes in South Sudan as peace talks stall yet again.
Over 20,000 South Sudanese refugees received in neighbouring countries since February 2015.
Food security expected to deteriorate from April - June 2015 in most countries in the region.
More than 6,500 Burundian refugees flee tensions in Burundi ahead of June 2015 presidential elections.
Displacement disrupting livelihoods
The rains started in March in South Sudan, marking the start of planting season. The ongoing conflict continues to restrict civilians’ freedom of movement, limiting their ability to access land to plant crops, tend to their livestock, and trade. For South Sudanese to take advantage of the planting season, they need to be able to move freely. The conflict has also disrupted trade, degraded markets, isolating communities from markets and increasing travel time to market centres pushing prices of basic commodities upwards.
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains among the largest, most protracted and most complex emergencies in the world today. About 731,000 Somalis face acute food insecurity despite improvements in some areas due to the contribution of good October to December rains, improved commercial flow in southern and central regions and the delivery of humanitarian assistance. A further 2.3 million people are on the verge of slipping into acute food insecurity, bringing the number of people in need to 3 million.
Conflict and unfavourable climatic conditions remain the main drivers of food insecurity and displacement in the Eastern Africa region. Despite growing humanitarian needs, a difficult global humanitarian financing climate has forced humanitarian country teams in the region to prioritize response plans.
IPC confirms some 2.5 million people in South Sudan in Emergency and Crisis food insecurity, as economic pressure rises due to conflict.
UN Secretary-General calls on South Sudan leaders to expeditiously end the conflict.
Over 12,000 South Sudanese refugees registered in the region in January 2015.
Humanitarian funding for 2015 is ten times lower than at the same time in 2014.
Some $529 million pledged at High Level Event on South Sudan.
One year since armed conflict broke out in South Sudan, almost 5 million people are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. More than 1.4 million people are internally displaced and almost 480,000 South Sudanese have sought refuge in neighbouring countries.
● The 2015 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) aims to reach 4.1 million people with humanitarian assistance.
● Roads around the country are beginning to dry out. The latest road access map is available here: http://bit. ly/1Ks0Blm
4.1 million People to be assisted by the end of 2015
2.5 million People facing crisis/emergency levels of food insecurity
1.5 million People internally displaced by conflict since December 2013
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Violent conflicts involving pastoralists have become widespread and increasingly severe in the northern Rift Valley and north-eastern regions of Kenya. By end October 2014, 310 people had lost their lives, 214 had been injured and 220,177 had fled their homes as a result of inter-communal conflicts attributed to revenge attacks, competition over land and water resources, cattle rustling, and struggles over political representation.