- Eastern Africa: Humanitarian Bulletin March-April 2015
- UNHCR Kenya Kakuma Operational Update 27 Mar - 9 Apr 2015
- FEWS NET Food Security Outlook - January to June 2015
Appeals & Funding
Government of Kenya calls for the closure of Dadaab refugee camp following terrorist attack in Garissa.
Fighting resumes in South Sudan as peace talks stall yet again.
Over 20,000 South Sudanese refugees received in neighbouring countries since February 2015.
Food security expected to deteriorate from April - June 2015 in most countries in the region.
More than 6,500 Burundian refugees flee tensions in Burundi ahead of June 2015 presidential elections.
Displacement disrupting livelihoods
The rains started in March in South Sudan, marking the start of planting season. The ongoing conflict continues to restrict civilians’ freedom of movement, limiting their ability to access land to plant crops, tend to their livestock, and trade. For South Sudanese to take advantage of the planting season, they need to be able to move freely. The conflict has also disrupted trade, degraded markets, isolating communities from markets and increasing travel time to market centres pushing prices of basic commodities upwards.
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains among the largest, most protracted and most complex emergencies in the world today. About 731,000 Somalis face acute food insecurity despite improvements in some areas due to the contribution of good October to December rains, improved commercial flow in southern and central regions and the delivery of humanitarian assistance. A further 2.3 million people are on the verge of slipping into acute food insecurity, bringing the number of people in need to 3 million.
Conflict and unfavourable climatic conditions remain the main drivers of food insecurity and displacement in the Eastern Africa region. Despite growing humanitarian needs, a difficult global humanitarian financing climate has forced humanitarian country teams in the region to prioritize response plans.
IPC confirms some 2.5 million people in South Sudan in Emergency and Crisis food insecurity, as economic pressure rises due to conflict.
UN Secretary-General calls on South Sudan leaders to expeditiously end the conflict.
Over 12,000 South Sudanese refugees registered in the region in January 2015.
Humanitarian funding for 2015 is ten times lower than at the same time in 2014.
Some $529 million pledged at High Level Event on South Sudan.
One year since armed conflict broke out in South Sudan, almost 5 million people are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. More than 1.4 million people are internally displaced and almost 480,000 South Sudanese have sought refuge in neighbouring countries.
● The 2015 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) aims to reach 4.1 million people with humanitarian assistance.
● Roads around the country are beginning to dry out. The latest road access map is available here: http://bit. ly/1Ks0Blm
4.1 million People to be assisted by the end of 2015
2.5 million People facing crisis/emergency levels of food insecurity
1.5 million People internally displaced by conflict since December 2013
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Violent conflicts involving pastoralists have become widespread and increasingly severe in the northern Rift Valley and north-eastern regions of Kenya. By end October 2014, 310 people had lost their lives, 214 had been injured and 220,177 had fled their homes as a result of inter-communal conflicts attributed to revenge attacks, competition over land and water resources, cattle rustling, and struggles over political representation.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.
Over 11 million people are living as refugees or IDPs in the eastern Africa region.
UN Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Kyung-wha Kang, concluded a three-day mission to South Sudan, calling on all parties to the conflict to respect their ceasefire commitments, and urged for more international support to enable humanitarians to scale-up and expand critical aid operations.
The security situation in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal remained relatively calm, as community elders engaged the warring youth in a bid to defuse the tensions.
On 9 November, the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) facilitated the recommitment to the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of 23 January.
Escalating inter-communal tensions between the youth in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal, Upper Nile State, continued to disrupt humanitarian operations.
Sporadic fighting was reported in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states. Aid workers have restricted movement due to the insecurity.
Humanitarian operations in Malakal, Upper Nile, were disrupted, following a dispute between youth in PoC 1 and 2, and those in the new PoC site.
About 35,000 people were displaced by heavy fighting in Khorfulus area, Jonglei State, and are sheltering in Ayod and New Fangak areas. Aid agencies are assessing the impact and required response.
As of October, 92 per cent (3.5 million people) of the 3.8 million**** people targeted for assistance had been reached with some form of assistance as indicated in the chart. Resources are however required to sustain the highly prioritized aid operation until the end of the year. The $1.8 billion Crisis Response Plan (Jan-Dec 2014) is 61 per cent funded, leaving a gap of $697 million.
**** The people targeted includes people internally displaced or impacted by the conflict, refugees