- IFRC: Kenya Drought Emergency Appeal Preliminary final report n° MDRKE030
- ICC: Kenya’s Somali North East: Devolution and Security
- FEWS NET: Kenya Food Security Outlook - October 2015 to March 2016
Appeals & Funding
- Govt. Kenya: El Niño Response Plan Oct 2015-Jan 2016 by the Multi Sectoral Task Force
- Govt. Kenya: El Niño contingency plan 2014-2018
Conflict and adverse climatic conditions continue to drive humanitarian needs in the region
Acute sectoral needs continue to be reported in Ethiopia
Flood preparedness in full swing as El Niño expected to cause serious flooding in the region
Civilian death tolls and human rights violations on the rise in Burundi
Urgent access needed to prevent food crisis in Unity State, South Sudan
Regional humanitarian outlook
In October, fighting in central and southern Unity State intensified with grave consequences for civilians. Thousands were forced to flee in search of safety, including to Bentiu Protection of Civilians (PoC) site (6,000 new arrivals in October), Nyal and Ganyiel in Unity, Old Fangak in Jonglei State, and Rumbek in Lakes States. In Western Equatoria, around 50,000 people continued to be displaced within Mundri East and West counties. Displacement also took place in Jonglei because of insecurity due to cattle raiding in Bor South and Pibor counties.
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region . It presents a four-month trend analysis from June to September 2015 and a humanitarian outlook from October to December 2015. It is the second report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in May 2015.
The number of food insecure people in the region is expected to increase by 83 per cent, from approximately 12 million people at the start of 2015, to 22.1 million people by the start of 2016. In addition, between 2.7 million and 3.5 million people could be affected by oods.
In Ethiopia, food and nutrition needs have already increased from 2.9 million at the beginning of 2015 to 8.2 million today. Some 15 million people will likely require food assistance in early 2016.
Over the past month, insecurity and lack of access to vital supplies have continued to force South Sudanese to flee in search of safety, assistance and protection. In August there was increased displacement from Unity and Upper Nile states due to fighting in and around Koch, Leer and Mayendit counties in Unity and Wau Shilluk in Upper Nile. Nearly 78,000 displaced people are now sheltering in Nyal, Panyijiar County, southern Unity, including about 18,000 who arrived in the past two weeks .
Likely El Niño event could cause mix of drought and flooding
Conflict and political tension driving food and nutrition insecurity
UN, AU warn of risks in Burundi
Number of people fleeing Yemen to the Horn of Africa continues to rise
AU holds WHS consultation in region
Scale-up of Somali refugee repatriation from Kenya foreseen
Despite renewed peace efforts, humanitarian situation in South Sudan continues to worsen
Insecurity and lack of access to vital supplies continue to force South Sudanese to flee their homes in search of safety, assistance and protection. In the past weeks, there has been a sharp increase in the number of internally displaced people who have sought shelter in UN Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Bentiu and Malakal. More than 16,000 people, mainly from Wau Shilluk, have arrived to the Malakal PoC since mid-July, and 17,000 people have arrived at the Bentiu PoC during the same period.
• Acute food insecurity and high levels of malnutrition: 3 million people are in need of life-saving assistance and livelihood support, of which 731,000 are unable to meet their basic food requirements. 203,000 children are acutely malnourished, with around 38,000 of these children at risk of death without health and nutrition support.
The objective of this overview is to support the development of national-level response and preparedness plans and facilitate joint priority actions in the areas of advocacy, resource mobilization, and coordinated engagement in cross border areas.
There has been a step change in the threat level in the region in 2015. There is an increasing concern about the confluence and compounding impacts of these threats, both at the national and the regional level. The outlook presented here will be updated on a bi-monthly basis.
Displacement and conflict
Around 1.542 million people are internally displaced in South Sudan, and over 546,000 have crossed borders and become refugees. About 106,228 people have fled Burundi, and about 25,000 have left Yemen (where 1 million people are internally displaced)3 for Djibouti and Somalia. Areas of conflict in South Sudan and Yemen remain very difficult for humanitarian organizations to access, pushing more to cross borders in search of assistance.
Increase in mostly South Sudanese and Burundian refugees
South Africa, Kenya and AU put forward own peace plans and initiatives for South Sudan in addition to new IGAD proposal.
Fighting in South Sudan now affecting five out of the ten states. Over 28,000 South Sudanese refugees (a 40 per cent increase since April) received in neighbouring countries in the last two months.
Food security expected to deteriorate in eastern parts of the Horn region from JuneAugust while average August harvests are expected in the western sector of the Horn.
(Geneva, 16 June 2015): Over US$275 million (245 million euro) were pledged today in support of the victims of the deepening humanitarian crisis in South Sudan and the region.
The pledges were made during a high-level conference in Geneva organised by the European Union and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on the humanitarian situation in the world’s youngest country.
This is my first opportunity to talk to you about the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan. But it’s the third or fourth time that many of you have attended such an event.
And that is at the heart of this emergency: the failure to end the violence that is fuelling humanitarian needs.
Food security and nutrition situation
An estimated 4.6 million people in South Sudan (about 40 per cent of the population) are severely food insecure between May to July 2015 (3.6 million in Crisis and 1 million in Emergency levels). Malnutrition rates remain above the emergency threshold of 15 per cent in both conflict-affected and high-burden states. Nearly one in three children under five are malnourished in the worst-hit areas of Greater Upper Nile, Warrap and Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
Roundtable on the humanitarian situation in the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region
Nairobi, 22 May 2015
Key planning figures
12.1 6 million food insecure people in crisis and emergency phases (Apr-15)
6.62 million people displaced internally (Mar-15)
2.3 million refugees in the region (Mar-15)
950 million US$ funded (May 2015)
Key drivers of crisis in the region
Conflict and Insecurity