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16 Jan 2017 description
report UN Security Council

I. Introduction

1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 22 of Security Council resolution 2275 (2016) and paragraph 44 of Council resolution 2297 (2016). It provides information on the implementation of those resolutions, including on the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and challenges faced by the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS) in carrying out its mandate. It covers major developments from 1 September to 31 December 2016.

II. Political and security overview

14 Jan 2017 description

PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2017

13 Jan 2017 description
report IRIN

By Lou del Bello
Freelance journalist, and regular IRIN contributor

NAIROBI, 12 January 2017
Living in the Kenyan slum of Mukuru is hard enough, but when it rains it’s downright miserable. Streets flood, sewage overflows, homes are inundated.

Read more on IRIN

13 Jan 2017 description

Agricultural support critical now to protect livestock, equip families to plant in rainy season

Countries in the Horn of Africa are likely to see a rise in hunger and further decline of local livelihoods in the coming months, as farming families struggle with the knock-on effects of multiple droughts that hit the region this year, FAO warned today. Growing numbers of refugees in East Africa, meanwhile, are expected to place even more burden on already strained food and nutrition security.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

Rainfall-No rainfall received over the month of December 2016.The Oct-Nov-Dec 2016 rain which started in the 2nd Dekad did not progress to December.OND rainfall failed in pastoral zone and depressed in Agro pastoral areas.

Vegetation condition-The current county average vegetation condition index (VCI 3 month) for December is 17.The VCI Isiolo North and Isiolo South is 17 respectively. The VCI values indicate severe vegetation deficit.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • No rainfall was received in the lowland areas of the county in December. For instance, Nasukuta rainfall station recorded nil with the cumulative rainfall for the 6-month period (JulyDecember) being 55% of the normal for the same period.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Poor rains was received for all livelihood zones in the county during the third week of the month. It was a poor start of the season and below normal.

  • Pasture and browse condition is moderate in a few areas the county but poor in most areas. The condition is below normal.

  • The County State of Water is declining in main water sources in most areas. This is below normal.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The month was characterized with poor temporal and uneven spatial distribution of rains. The amount of rainfall received was below normal.

  • Tharaka was in the extreme vegetation deficit band at thresholds of 9.7.

  • The water availability was below normal for the period with a declining trend.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production Indicators

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicator

The County is currently experiencing severe vegetation deficit due to the poor performance of the OND seasonal rains. Generally, extensive vegetation has not regenerated to the normal and most parts of the county remain bare.

Rainfall:

  • The rains received in this month were below the normal average. The temporal and spatial distribution was also poor. On average the county received 8.83 mm of rainfall.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Drought Phase: NORMAL

Biophysical Indicators

  • The biophysical indicators show unusual fluctuations from the expected seasonal range.

  • Below normal rainfall of 5.00 mm received within the month of December, which is below average at this time of the year.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • Cessation was earlier than usual occurring in the first week of December with few areas receiving between one to three days intermittent showers with areas around Maralal recording one day rainfall of 2.1 mm as measured by rain gauge in Maralal KFS compound.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The month of December registered depressed rains that were of poor distribution in time and space. Rains were only realized for two to four days. Cessation of the seasonal rains was on time by the third week of December.

  • The vegetation condition index for the month stood at 46.42 a decline from last month. Poor pasture conditions was observed across livelihood zones.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • The average vegetation condition index for the county remained within the severe vegetation deficit of 11.65 - The current average is below the normal range of >35 - The Sub county of Ijara remained in the extreme vegetation deficit category.

  • The other five sub counties are in the severe vegetation deficit category.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought Situation

Biophysical Indicators

  • The short rains started late and ceased early. The amount of rainfall was below normal and duration of rainfall was short.

  • In December the amount of rain was about 40% of the normal.

  • The County was in moderate vegetation deficit and was expected to deteriorate continually for the next three months.

  • Distances to water sources were longer than the long term average and was steadily increasing.

13 Jan 2017 description
report Government of Kenya

Drought situation and phase classification

Biophysical Indicators (Environmental indicators)

  • On average the county received only 22 mm of rainfall which was insignificant for any season’s activities.

  • State of water sources in the county during the month under review was 3 (indicating inadequacy).

  • On average pasture condition remained poor across most livelihood zones.

  • County vegetation condition recorded worst ever 3-month VCI of -11.82 (extreme vegetation deficit).