Over 15 million people have been displaced due to conflict in Syria and Iraq.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights documented at least 260,000 Syrians killed in the conflict since it began in 2011. The UN reported at least 26,600 Iraqis killed from 2014-2015 due to acts of terrorism and violence.
89% of Syrian and Iraqi refugees remain in the region.
13.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance inside Syria, including 4.5 million people living in hard to reach areas.
Greece - IOM estimates that Mediterranean migrant and refugee arrivals in Italy and Greece reached 74,676 through February 4th.
The first four days of February saw 7,483 arrivals—surpassing the 6,834 recorded for the entire month of February in 2015.
Since the beginning of 2016, IOM estimates that 68,778 migrants and refugees have reached the Greek islands. Of these roughly 44 % were men, 22 % women and 34 % children.
Flow Monitoring: As of 02 February 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, fYROM, Croatia, and Slovenia had amassed interviews with over 3,765 migrants and asylum seekers, of which 406 people were interviewed over the week from 26 January-02 February. Individuals of Syrian, Afghan, Iraqi, Iranian and Pakistani nationalities comprised 94% of all respondents.
See sections on Greece and Italy for an update on the EU’s Relocations Plan.
Greece - Fatalities of migrants and refugees in the Mediterranean in January topped 360 due to a particularly deadly final weekend of the month, when over 100 men, women in and children died in the waters off Greece, Turkey and Italy.
The deaths of 70 migrants and refugees leaving Libya for Italy was reported to IOM’s Rome office on Saturday, the same day 39 people were reported missing, presumed drowned off Greece.
- 67,193 arrivals by sea in 2016
- 368 dead/missing in 2016 as of 10:00 CET 2 February
The Government of Italy has donated EUR 1 million (US$ 1.09 million) to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) to support Palestine refugees in Syria, as they continue to cope with the worst humanitarian crisis in decades. As part of the assistance provided in response to the crisis in Yarmouk in April 2015, the Italian government was one of the first donors to support the Agency’s effort to assist vulnerable Palestine refugees with humanitarian food assistance.
In a year marked by horrific attacks by armed extremists in Paris in January and November, and a deepening refugee crisis, the European Union and its member states struggled to develop an effective and principled response to the hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers and migrants who reached Europe. Narrow government interests too often displaced sound policy responses, delaying protection and shelter for vulnerable people and raising questions about the union’s purpose and limits.
The Hague, Netherlands | AFP | Sunday 1/31/2016 - 20:51 GMT |
by Nicolas DELAUNAY
Over 10,000 unaccompanied migrant children have disappeared in Europe, the EU police agency Europol said Sunday, fearing many have been whisked into sex trafficking rings or the slave trade.
Europol's press office confirmed to AFP the figures published in British newspaper The Observer, adding that they covered the last 18-24 months.
55,528 arrivals by sea in 2016
244 dead/missing in 2016 as of 10:00 CET 29 January
1,011,712 arrivals in 2015
Greece - IOM estimates that 55,528 migrants and refugees crossed the Mediterranean to enter Europe during the first 28 days of 2016 – a rate of nearly 2,000 per day. The daily average is nearly equivalent to the total numbers for the month of January as recently as two years ago.
In response to the serious emergency situation caused by the “El Nino” climate phenomenon, that for months has been affecting the Horn of Africa, and Ethiopia in particular, the Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation has decided to allocate one million euros for food security interventions in Ethiopia. The Italian cooperation funding will be equally divided between the World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
15,517,531 Total number of displaced people in African countries
3,975,947 Total number of refugees
11,541,584 Total number of Internally Displaced People
134,492 Total sea arrivals in 2015 from African countries to Europe (Greece, Italy, Spain and Malta)
Berlin, Germany | AFP | Thursday 1/28/2016 - 22:38 GMT
Germany moved Thursday to toughen its asylum policies, as Finland and Sweden announced plans to deport tens of thousands of people in a bid to contain the migrant crisis.
Vice Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel announced that Germany will place Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia on a list of "safe countries of origin" -- meaning their nationals would have little chance of winning asylum.
Some migrants will also be blocked from bringing their families to join them in Germany for two years, Gabriel said.