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10 Sep 1996 description

GENEVA, Sept 10 (Reuter) - The United Nations said on Tuesday it was gearing up for a potential refugee crisis, as up to 75,000 Kurds headed for the Iranian border and an unknown number crossed over.

Iranian officials have assured Sadako Ogata, U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, that its borders will stay open to those fleeing factional fighting in northern Iraq, according to UNHCR spokesman Rupert Colville.

10 Sep 1996 description

DUKAN, Iraq A successful military drive by a Kurdish militia allied to Baghdad has raised the specter of a repeat of the 1991 refugee exodus that sent more than a million Kurds pouring through the mountains to Iran and Turkey for safety.

Iran fears the arrival on its border of another wave of civilians, this time fleeing a push northward by the Kurdistan Democratic Party. Led by veteran warlord Massoud Barzani, the Democratic Party on Monday took Sulaymaniyah, a major city in Iraqi Kurdistan which was hastily abandoned by the rival Patriotic Union of Kurdistan.

09 Sep 1996 description

TEHRAN, Sept 9 (Reuter) - Iran on Monday appealed for aid to assist Iraqi Kurd refugees fleeing fighting in northern Iraq, saying they would be have to be housed at border camps, state-run Tehran radio said.

It quoted Ahmad Hosseini, Tehran's top official in charge of refugees, as saying Iran would make it possible for countries

09 Sep 1996 description
report Associated Press

By BRIAN MURPHY

IRBIL, Iraq (AP) -- Kurdish refugees were streaming out of towns in northeastern Iraq Monday, heading toward the Iranian border, in the wake of an offensive by a Kurdish faction allied with Saddam Hussein.

The Kurdistan Democratic Party, which has teamed up with the Iraqi military, captured two more towns Sunday in an eastern drive into territory controlled by its rival, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan.

09 Sep 1996 description

KANI OSMAN, Iraq (Reuter) - The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) began fleeing its last Iraqi stronghold of Sulaimaniya for fear of an assault by its Baghdad-backed rival, a U.N. official said Monday.

PUK administrators poured out as forces of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) overran three more key points, one a hill
where only the day before the PUK said its commander Jalal Talabani had visited the battlefront.

''The PUK has simply left its offices. The theory is they are on their way to the Iranian border. I think it's a matter of hours

06 Sep 1996 description

New offensive launched in northern Iraq

06 Sep 1996 description

This report includes: A) Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire and Tanzania B) Angola C) Iraq D) Former Yugoslavia

04 Sep 1996 description

DIYANA, Iraq, Sept 3 (Reuter) - Aid workers headed toward the Turkish border on Tuesday from the northern Iraqi city of Arbil, captured by Iraqi troops from a Kurdish group in weekend fighting.

"International staff have been told to get out of the country as soon as possible,'' Jeremy Anderson, of Shelter Now International, told Reuters as he got into his truck in the town of Diyana, about two hours' drive north of Arbil on the way to the Turkish border.

03 Sep 1996 description
report CARE

MEDIA ADVISORY
CARE at work in all four cities struck by U.S. missiles

Please call: Lockton Morrissey, CARE/Middle East Region Director
Jordan office: 962-6-827-921
Jordan mobile tel: 962-7927489
Home: 962-6822-558
In the U.S: Wendy Driscoll, CARE USA
Tel: (404) 681-2552, ext. 434
Email: driscoll@care.org
Web page: http://www.care.org

03 Sep 1996 description

GENEVA, Sept 3 (Reuter) - The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said on Tuesday it was drawing up contingency plans in case of a refugee exodus from Iraq, but so far saw no signs of mass movements of civilians.

UNHCR staff in Baghdad, the northern Iraqi city of Arbil and in Sulaymaniya reported the towns were calm despite U.S. missile strikes on southern Iraq in retaliation for Iraqi military attacks against Kurds in the north.

But the Geneva-based agency expressed concern over the lack of water in Arbil -- a potential health risk which could drive

30 Aug 1996 description

BAGHDAD, Aug 30 (Reuter) - A senior U.N. relief official in Baghdad said on Friday he was discussing with the Iraqis how to overcome a number of vital operational issues concerning humanitarian goods distribution in northern Iraq.

''There are still serious operational problems to look at,'' Holdbrook Arthur director of the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) in Iraq told Reuters.

Arthur said he did not think the problems were insurmountable but they had to be addressed before food supplies from Iraq's partial oil deal with U.N. start pouring in.

29 Aug 1996 description
report Voice of America

DATE=8/29/96
TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
NUMBER=2-202385
TITLE=IRAQ / KURDS (L-ONLY)
BYLINE=AMBERIN ZAMAN
DATELINE=ANKARA
CONTENT=

26 Aug 1996 description

BAGHDAD, Aug 26 (Reuter) - More than 100 people have been killed in fighting between rival Kurdish factions in northern Iraq and hundreds of families have been made homeless, a U.N. official in the region said on Monday.

Poul Dahl, chief of the U.N. guards contingent in northern Iraq, told Reuters in Baghdad by telephone that Iraqi Kurdistan
was "very tense'' and that the clashes were likely to disrupt distribution of food and medicines in that region under Iraq's

20 Aug 1996 description
report UN Security Council

Press Release SC/6255
IK/204

20 Aug 1996 description
report Times

BY MICHAEL THEODOULOU

HEAVY fighting has broken out between the two main Kurdish factions in the Western-protected enclave in northern Iraq, causing many casualties and threatening to bury a ceasefire brokered by America a year ago.

The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) and Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) blamed each other for the clashes, in remote mountains near the northeastern town of Rawanduz, close to the Iranian border.

At the heart of the dispute is a struggle for power, money and territory.

12 Aug 1996 description
report Associated Press

CAIRO, Egypt (Aug 12, 1996 1:11 p.m. EDT) -- Dozens of army officers were executed in Iraq this month after a failed coup attempt against Saddam Hussein, Iraqi dissident groups said Monday.

There have been persistent reports that Saddam foiled a coup attempt by disgruntled officers planned for the runup to the July 17 anniversary of Saddam's rise to power, though details differ.

About 120 officers were executed by firing squads, the Jordan-based Al-Wifaq Al-Watani, or National Accord Movement, said Monday.

A hero of the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war, army Maj. Gen.