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17 Oct 1996 description
report Voice of America

DATE=10/17/96
TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
NUMBER=2-204753
TITLE=U-S / KURDS (S ONLY)
BYLINE=RON PEMSTEIN
DATELINE=STATE DEPARTMENT
CONTENT=

15 Oct 1996 description

DEGALA, Iraq (Reuter) - An Iraqi Kurdish militia backed by President Saddam Hussein battled with a resurgent rival group in northern Iraq Tuesday in a bid to win back lost ground in see-saw fighting closely watched by Washington.

The Saddam-backed militiamen pushed their rivals six miles back in a counterattack aimed at retaking a key town, witnesses said.

About 2,000 Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) fighters deployed near the town of Degala moved closer to their target, Koy

15 Oct 1996 description

Several of you have called for information on northern Iraq. UNHCR does not monitor military activities, so there's not a lot I can tell you on that front. From UNHCR's perspective, we're on the alert for any sizeable population movements or returns, but so far we have no firm reports of any such movements. There has been some speculation that some of the estimated 40,000 people who fled the north to Iran last month could now elect to return to the Sulaimaniya area, so we'll be on the lookout for any sign of that.

14 Oct 1996 description
report Voice of America

DATE=10/14/96
TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
NUMBER=2-204553
TITLE=IRAQ / KURDS (S)
BYLINE=LAURIE KASSMAN
DATELINE=CAIRO
CONTENT=

02 Oct 1996 description
report Voice of America

DATE=10/2/96
TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
NUMBER=2-204044
TITLE=IRAQ FORMIN (L ONLY)
BYLINE=ELAINE JOHANSON
DATELINE=UNITED NATIONS
CONTENT=
VOICED AT:

INTRO: IRAQI FOREIGN MINISTER MOHAMMED SAID AL-SAHAF BLASTED THE UNITED STATES WEDNESDAY, ACCUSING IT OF HOLDING HOSTAGE A UNITED NATIONS APPROVED PLAN FOR LIMITED IRAQI OIL EXPORTS. THE IRAQI MINISTER -- SPEAKING IN THE U-N GENERAL ASSEMBLY -- ALSO CHARGED THAT U-N WEAPONS INSPECTORS ARE BEING USED AS POLITICAL TOOLS BY WASHINGTON. V-O-A'S CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS:

01 Oct 1996 description

The cumulative effects of economic sanctions, hyper-inflation , unemployment and this year's 30 percent drop in crop production have led to a disquieting level of hardship for vulnerable groups in Iraq. Malnutrition is rampant and less than 50 percent of children and women are receiving more than half of their caloric needs. Recent hostilities in the north have further exacerbated an already dismal humanitarian situation throughout Iraq. An estimated 20,000 people have been displaced from their homes and an additional 30,000 people have sought refuge in Iran.

01 Oct 1996 description

Emergency Requirements for the Period October - December 1996
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Situation Analysis
Food Assistance (WFP)
Health (UNICEF/WHO)
Nutrition (UNICEF/WHO)
Water and Sanitation (UNICEF/WHO)
Education (UNICEF)
Energy (UNDP)
Returnees/IDPs, Shelter and Rural Resettlement (UNHCR/DHA/UNCHS/FAO)

25 Sep 1996 description

WASHINGTON, Sept 25 (Reuter) - The United States said on Wednesday it was considering evacuating thousands more Kurds from northern Iraq because it is believed they are at risk.

23 Sep 1996 description

Internally displaced people
On 9 September, in the continuing hostilities between the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), KDP forces seized control of Sulaymaniyah, in northern Iraq. The town had previously been in the hands of the PUK.

An estimated 80,000 civilians in all have fled Sulaymaniyah in the direction of the Iranian border. About half of them are

21 Sep 1996 description

Bill Frelick
Senior Policy Analyst, U.S. Committee for Refugees
Bob DeVecchi

20 Sep 1996 description

Briefer: Christiane Berthiaume

20 Sep 1996 description


THIS APPEAL SEEKS CHF 2,846,000 IN CASH, KIND AND SERVICES TO ASSIST 65,000 BENEFICIARIES FOR 3 MONTHS
Summary

20 Sep 1996 description
report InterAction

Twelve of the nations leading refugee-assistance agencies issued the following statement today out of concern for the safety of Kurdish citizens, including an estimated 4,500 Kurdish citizens and family members who have worked for U.S. nongovernmental organizations in northern Iraq. For more information, contact Bill Frelick at the US Committee for Refugees at (202) 347-3507. The full text of the statement follows.

20 Sep 1996 description

The quest for an independent Kurdish state, which has been pursued for centuries, has been plagued by in-fighting between clans and political parties and by exploitation, betrayal, mistrust and hatred by the states of this region where the Kurdish people live. Since the area inhabited by the Kurds (numbering some 20 million) was split up and shared between Turkey, Syria, Iran and Iraq, the Kurdish people (and their fight for independence) have been a thorn in the sides of these states. They have also been used as pawns in the ongoing conflicts of the region.