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The United Nations today confirmed that Iraq has suspended its petroleum exports, which are used to fund the UN's humanitarian "oil-for-food" relief operation in the country.
This report by Anna Jefferys
At the average rate of over 2.3 million barrels a day, Iraq's weekly oil exports ending on 29 March, regained ground at a total of 16.5 million barrels, generating an estimated €427 million (euros) or $375 million in revenue, at current prices and rate of exchange. The week's exports were completed in nine loadings, six from Mina al-Bakr, with 12 million barrels, and three from Ceyhan, with 4.5 million barrels. The average price of Iraqi crude oil during the reporting period was approximately €25.9 or $22.7 per barrel.
UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan called on Arab nations on Wednesday to unite behind the Saudi peace plan and told them to come to terms "once and for all" with Israel's right to exist in peace and security.
With efforts to bring peace to the Middle East at the top of his agenda, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today held a series of meetings with leaders attending the Arab League summit in Beirut, Lebanon.
Averaging less than one million barrels per day, Iraq's oil exports saw a steep decline to 6.7 million barrels in the week of 16 - 22 March 2002 under the United Nations oil-for-food programme. The week's exports, netting an estimated €170 million (euros) or $150 million in revenue, at current prices and rate of exchange, were completed through four loadings from Mina al-Bakr terminal only. The last loading from the second authorized loading terminal of Ceyhan was witnessed on 10 March 2002.
A United Nations spokesman today confirmed that planned talks between senior Iraqi officials and UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan are set to take place in New York from 18 to 19 April.
by Maria Linder-Hess
We, the undersigned, representing a wide international consensus, demand the immediate lifting of economic sanctions against Iraq.
The sanctions regime imposed on the people of Iraq for over a decade is one of the great injustices of our time. It has brought starvation and disease to millions of innocent Iraqis. UNICEF has shown that economic sanctions have contributed to the death of half a million children. For the period 1990 to 2000, UNICEF found that of 188 countries surveyed, Iraq suffered the worst change in mortality levels amongst children under five years old.
"Smart sanctions" in general refers to targeted instead of comprehensive sanctions, designed to put pressure directly on those who are deemed to pose a threat to international peace or to human rights.
With only one loading from Ceyhan terminal on 10 March for 2.1 million barrels of oil, Iraq's oil exports under the United Nations oil-for-food programme plummeted to 11.4 million barrels in the week 9 - 15 March 2002. There were six loadings from the second authorized loading terminal of Mina al-Bakr, with 9.3 million barrels of oil. Estimated revenue generated from the exports amounted to €280 million (euros) or $245 million, at current prices and rate of exchange. The average price of Iraqi crude oil was approximately €24.35 or $21.35 per barrel.
6.000 enfants meurent chaque mois en Irak. 35% des enfants en dessous de 5 ans souffrent de malnutrition aggravée et chronique. Les femmes enceintes et les jeunes mères sont victimes du même sort. Dénoncé par la société civile, les organisations non gouvernementales dont le Secours Catholique, l'embargo inique qui frappe l'Irak depuis la guerre du golfe continue à détruire la société irakienne dans l'indifférence de la communauté internationale.
COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
Item 9 of the provisional agenda
QUESTION OF THE VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS IN ANY PART OF THE WORLD
Report of the Special Rapporteur, Andreas Mavrommatis, on the situation of human rights in Iraq*
Department of State
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
By Susan Domowitz, Washington File staff writer
A recent Iraq News Agency report, dated March 4, claims that the United States and Britain are responsible for obstructing contracts on children's measles vaccines destined for Iraq. But according to Ambassador James A. Larocco, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, this report is not true.
"United Nations and U.S. records show no holds on measles vaccine contracts," Larocco told the Washington File on March 13.
With more contracts released from hold by the Security Council's 661 sanctions committee than new ones placed on hold during the week in review, the value of "holds" dropped slightly from the previous week's total of $5.32 billion to $5.27 billion. Those contracts released from hold, 47 in all valued at $134 million, included a large number for various types of vehicles, buses and mini-buses. The new "holds" comprised 37 contracts worth $79 million. Of the total "holds" covering 2,093 contracts for the purchase of various humanitarian supplies and …
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, 9 - 13 March 2002
History of Drought
After briefing the United Nations Security Council on the results of his talks yesterday with the Foreign Minister of Iraq, Secretary-General Kofi Annan today said he had received the Council's backing to continue contacts with Baghdad aimed at returning UN weapons inspectors to the country.