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Conflict Fuels Child Labour in India

By Stella Paul

KANKER, India, Apr 15 2014 (IPS) - Early in the morning, 14-year-old Sumari Varda puts on her blue school uniform but heads for the village pond to fetch water. “I miss school. I wish I could go back,” she whispers, scared of being heard by her employer.

Sumari is from Dhurbeda village, but now lives in another, Bhainsasur, both located in central India’s Chhattisgarh state. She puts on her school uniform to fetch water because it is one of the few pieces of clothing she has.

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Political Violence, Drought and Child Malnutrition: Empirical Evidence from Andhra Pradesh, India

We analyse the combined effect of political violence and adverse climatic shocks on child nutrition. Instrumental variable models using longitudinal data from Andhra Pradesh, India, yield two key results: (i) drought has an adverse effect on child nutritio n in Andhra Pradesh only in violence - affected communities, and (ii) political violence has large negative effects on child nutrition through a reduction of the ability of households to cope with drought. FE - 2SLS results are complemented by the use of a unique natural experiment created by a ceasefire in 2004.

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India + 1 other
Children in Urban Space: Making Child Friendly Cities, Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 108, March 2014

So much is said about future of cities and yet city planning is not done by those who have a long future: children. This is odd.

The 108th issue of Southasiadisaster.net is titled ‘Children in Urban Space: Making Child Friendly Cities’ highlights the concept of a ‘Child Friendly City’. This issue of Southasiadisasters.net outlines the key pre-requisites to make child friendly city by documenting the experiences and expertise of organizations and individuals that have strived towards this ideal. The content includes:

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India + 1 other
We Can Not Leave Everything to God: Children and Crowd Management in Schools, Southasiadisasters.net issue no.107, March 2014

The 107th issue of Southasiadisaster.net is titled ‘We Can Not Leave Everything to God: Children and Crowd Management in Schools’ explores the important theme of Crowd Management. Crowd management is extremely important for a country like India that routinely witnesses stampedes. Replete with views of experts from the field, this issue provides vital information on Crowd management policies, practices and procedures. The content includes:

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IRCS: An active partner in India’s march towards being Polio-Free

India is now a Polio Free country. From over 2,00,000 cases of Polio per year up to 1985, India is now officially Polio-Free; no new cases have been reported since 13th January, 2011.A function to commemorate the landmark achievement of Polio Free India was held at New Delhi’s Talkatora Indoor Stadium on 11th February, 2014.

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Keep Schools Conflict-Free Before Elections

Maoists, Government Forces Should Spare Schools from Fighting

(New York, March 26, 2014) – Maoist insurgents and government security forces in India should respect children’s safety and right to education by keeping schools off-limits in the weeks before the April and May 2014 national elections, Human Rights Watch said today. The Maoists, also known as “Naxalites,” should cease all attacks on schools. Government security forces should not occupy schools as barracks or bases, which puts children at risk.

Human Rights Watch:



© Copyright, Human Rights Watch 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 USA

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New health hope for India's urban poor

Written by Susann Roth, Senior Social Development Specialist

The continued urban boom across Asia and the Pacific offers a host of exciting new opportunities for the region but it also presents huge challenges― not least in the critical field of health.

Asian Development Bank:

© Asian Development Bank

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World + 5 others
International Women’s Day: Salesian Missionaries inspire change for young women through education, workforce development

(MissionNewswire) For more than 100 years, March 8 has marked International Women’s Day. The day celebrates the economic, political and social achievements of women around the globe while focusing the world’s attention on areas requiring further action. Humanitarian organizations, human rights groups, governments and the United Nations come together around this important issue that affects everyone. Salesian Missions, the U.S. development arm of the Salesians of Don Bosco joins the international community in observance of International Women’s Day.

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An End to Polio in India?

Report
New York Times

ALIGARH, INDIA — On Jan. 13, 2011, a case of polio was discovered in the Indian state of West Bengal. India has been a hotbed of polio, often exporting strains to polio-free countries such as China. What’s remarkable is that this case, three years ago, may be the last ever discovered in India.

Read the full story on the New York Times.

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Philippines + 14 others
Asia-Pacific Humanitarian Bulletin 2013

The year was marked by 137 natural disasters in the region, compared with 93 separate events in 2012. The number of people killed by disasters was almost six times higher.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Towards a Resilient Future: Children and Disasters, Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 104, February 2014

In building climate change related strategies and agendas, policy makers need to pay attention to the inclusivity of children, and how the changes will impact the lives of children.

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World + 24 others
Forced Migration Review No. 45: Crisis

Many people who are displaced, or become ‘trapped’, in the context of diverse humanitarian crises do not fit well within existing legal, policy and operational frameworks for the protection of refugees and IDPs.

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Healthier future for millions of children as India becomes polio-free

NEW YORK/NEW DELHI, 11 February 2014 – Today, millions of children have a better chance of a healthier future, as India marks the achievement of moving from being a polio-endemic country to polio-free.

Experts once believed India was the most difficult place in the world to stop polio and would be the last country to accomplish eradication. Until 2009, India accounted for at least half the global polio cases every year. India has not reported any case of wild poliovirus since 13 January 2011

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World + 3 others
Protecting the rights of children: the role of the media - Lessons from Brazil, India and Kenya

Nearly 300 million children in India, Brazil and Kenya are living in conditions where their most basic rights are violated – through violence, under education and malnutrition, for example. There is tremendous potential and a demonstrable need for media and communications to contribute to the protection of child rights.

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Surveillance, at the heart of India’s polio success story

Surveillance was the game-changer in the fight against polio. It marked a strategic shift in India’s polio control efforts.

“The setting up of a surveillance system proved to be the most important milestone in the journey of polio eradication in India as it formed the backbone of the eradication drive by helping identify areas and populations that were at risk and the type of poliovirus circulating in different areas besides measuring progress,” explains Dr Nata Menabde, WHO Representative to India.

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ECHO Factsheet – January 2014 – India

Key messages

  • It is vital to continue assisting the victims of natural disasters, India being highly vulnerable to cyclones, floods, earthquakes and droughts.

  • Alleviating the emergency needs arising from three protracted crises: Jammu & Kashmir, the North-Eastern States, and Naxal-affected areas in central India, with a special emphasis on protection, health and nutrition remains a priority.

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Bangladesh + 3 others
Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children – South Asia Regional Study covering Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka

A staggering 27 million children are out of school in South Asia

Kathmandu, 28 January 2014 - A new study released today by UNICEF’s Regional Office for South Asia and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) finds that a staggering 27 million children between the ages 5-13 are out of school in four countries of South Asia.

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World's largest school-based deworming programme in Bihar

Those children who were left out can receive their dose on 28th January

Over 17 million children in Bihar were targeted for deworming treatment using Albendazole, on 23rd January 2014. Albendazole is drug recommended by the World Health Organization to combat parasitic worms, and has been safely used to treat hundreds of millions of children worldwide.

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Indonesia + 10 others
23 January 2014: World events

SOUTH SUDAN - Conflict

34 children died of diarrhoea and suspected measles in the UNMISS Protection of Civilians area in Bor in the last seven days due to a lack of health workers who could not be deployed because of hostilities. More than 200 humanitarian aid workers had to be relocated over the last few days from various locations (mainly Malakal, Leer and Minkaman) because of hostilities and increased security risks. (ECHO)

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India + 1 other
Teacher training offers hope for Myanmar's rural education

Report
IRIN

AIZAWL, 17 January 2014 (IRIN) - A church school in India for young ethnic Chin migrants from northwestern Myanmar is training a new generation of missionaries, who will return to their mountainous homeland across the border to make education more accessible, especially in remote rural areas.

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.