In the last one year ADEPT, in collaboration with Aravind Eye Hospital and the District Blindness Control Society, has been conducting eye camps in the Tsunami affected villages to identify the elderly with cataracts, school children with refractive errors, and diabetic retinopathy. Free cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation was performed on a total of 287 senior citizens from the Tsunami affected villages.
Even as the flood situation in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh improved, heavy rainfall in Rajasthan has resulted in 10 rivers overflowing and flooding Pali, Sirohi, Udaipur, Banswara, Jhalawar, Dungarpur, Kota, and Chittorgarh districts. Highways and rail routes in Barmer district are submerged, badly affecting traffic movement. Several rivers like Luni are overflowing, obstructing road traffic at many places on the Jodhpur-Barmer route.
As water levels recede in flood hit Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa, rotting animal carcasses, issues of sanitation, and problems of sewage from sewers, septic tanks, cesspools, and pit privies contaminating wells following eight days of flooding, raise fears of disease.
Large tracts of the entire central belt of India-from the east coast all the way acrossto the west coast -continue to beinundated by floods. Thousands of villages in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, and Andra Pradesh have been flooded. The floods have primarily been caused by opening of overflowing dams. More than 350 people have been killed and around 4.5 million people forced to leave their homes across the five states since the last weekend.
ADEPT has brought its Kashmir Quake operations to a successful close on 31 July 2006. Over the last 2 months of its operations ADEPT focussed on the creation of a team of "Social Health Attendants" (SHA).The SHA is a middle aged woman in the community who is trained as a health worker to supplement the services of the local Primary Health Center (PHC). Under this program 33 Daiees (untrained traditional midwives) were identified, each Daiee covering around 4 to 5 villages.
As ADEPT begins winding down operations in Quake affected Kashmir, there is still a strong demand from both the community and the district administration for ADEPT to continue its work. In order to create a lasting primary healthcare system in the remote villages that do not have healthcare facilities, ADEPT has developed the Social Health Attendant system. The focus of the system is on building capacity of affected villagers to deal with their healthcare concerns by creating Social Health Attendants who will be put into place by the end of July 2006.
Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka has resulted in Tamil refugees landing in Tamil Nadu, India over the last one month. The majority of the refugees are from Mannar-Trincomalee belt in Sri Lanka. In the last 30 days more than 3000 refugees (around 1150 families) have landed in India and the numbers are increasing as the days goes by. A record number of 234 refugees, all from eastern Trincomalee district of the island, landed on a single day (6th June 2006).
Ten educated unemployed youth from quake affected villages in Kashmir were given hands on training with field exposure by ADEPT in the first week of April 2006. They were trained in disaster health and psychosocial response, and community based disaster preparedness (CBDP) and charged with training 50 villagers each on returning home. Within one month these dynamic and commited youth have trained more than one thousand men and women (744 men and 291 women) covering 27 villages in the districts of Uri, Baramulla, Kuppwara, and Doda.
A team of women doctor with women health attendants began operations in quake affected Baramulla and Uri districts on 15 April 2006. The earlier medical relief operations by ADEPT's team in the area had highlighted the need to address gynaecological problems that the conservative Islamic women are reluctant to discuss with male doctors. Therefore a team consisting of a women doctor and women health attendants was formed and began to undertake follow up medical camps in the regions that had been covered earlier by the male doctors.
More than 40 civilians were injured in the district Baramulla and Udhampur when suspected rebels attacked police. The injured included children. Some of the injured are critical.
ADEPT's operational area for the South Asia quake of October 2005, covers the districts of Baramulla, Uri, and Kupwara in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Around 44 villages with a population of about 120,000 (including 35,000 children) are included in the operations.
An intensive workshop was conducted with youth from earthquake affected villages in the districts of Baramulla, Uri, and Kuppwara. During the workshop an analysis was done using focus group technique. The participants expressed their individual and community needs verbally as well as through written documents.
On 3 April 2006, ten young educated unemployed youth from the districts of Baramulla, Uri, and Kupwara in snow-bound quake affected Kashmir, arrived in sweltering Chennai. They were welcomed at the airport by 10 youth from ADEPT's Youth Response Teams from 3 villages in Cuddalore district. The Kashmiri youth underwent one week of intensive training in psycho-social intervention and community based disaster preparedness at the ADEPT's Communityon Reserach Education and Training Center at Muttukadu near Chennai.
TEN youths from quake-affected villages of Kashmir are in Chennai for a week as part of their training in psycho-social intervention.
The ADEPT medical team treated a total of 8075 patients in Phase 1 of operations in quake hit Kashmir, until the onset of unprecedented excessive rain and intermittent snowfall since 29 Nov 2005. Of these 45% were men, 30% women and 25% children.
The Kashmir valley continues to reel under intense cold with night temperature dippingby 7 degrees celsius, paralysing life for thefifth consecutive day. The minimum temperature in Srinagar recorded around 0830 hours was minus 4.0 Degrees celisus, the met office said.
CHENNAI: Eight-year-old Ranjit of Sothikuppam in Cuddalore district, lost his sister to the tsunami. The incident left him traumatised for months together. It was only after the intervention of his school teacher who was trained in psycho-social rehabilitation that he reverted to normalcy.
The fourth spell of rain in a period of 45 days has commenced. The last spell brought a continous deluge for nearly four days in the third week of November. Another storm 'Fanoos' is brewing and rain has commenced once again in Tamilnadu. Fanoos is forecast to strike the Tamil Nadu coast today (9 Dec) at approximately midnight bringing with it more heavy rain. Landfall will be around Pondicherry and Cuddalore.
ADEPT's Community Development Heathcare Team Swings Into Action
Quake affected Kashmir has been experiencing heavy snowfall since 29 November 2005.
The rising carpet of the first snows that drifted over the quake-hit villages last week is threatening to swallow the hundreds of fragile, makeshift sheds and tents that the quake's survivors raised after their homes here were reduced to rubble.
The border areas of Karnah in Baramulla, Gurez, and Sadhna Pass, which connects Tangdhar with the rest of Kashmir, were snowed in under more than 2 feet of snow, cutting off villages for around five days.
Quake affected Kashmir experienced the seasons first heavy snowfall since yesterday. The upper reaches of the Kashmir valley, in India, experienced a fresh spell of snowfall, resulting in considerable drop in temperatures.
Border areas of Karnah, in Baramulla district, recorded about two and a half feet of snowfall, leading to road block. Gurez, one of the worst affected areas in the earthquake, and Sadhna Top in Kupwara also had six inches of snowfall each.