Global Overview – Trends and Outlook
Over the long term, pressures on food and nutrition security in Asia and the Pacific are likely to intensify due to changing demographic and consumption patterns.
The Asia and the Pacific is one of the world’s most dynamic regions, where rapid transformations make it necessary to rethink strategies for food and nutrition security.
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net on “Building Resilience for All: Lessons from Assam” brings out the initiatives that are currently ongoing in the State of Assam for building a ‘safer and disaster resilient State’. The Government of Assam is committed to create a more disaster resilient and safer Assam, and in this perspective a road map is being devised which also encourages a wide range of organizations to unite together for the development of Assam.
A new report from the Generation Nutrition campaign – “Nutrition Funding: The Missing Piece of the Puzzle is launched on the third anniversary of Nutrition for Growth.
The global terrorist threat continued to evolve rapidly in 2015, becoming increasingly decentralized and diffuse. Terrorist groups continued to exploit an absence of credible and effective state institutions, where avenues for free and peaceful expression of opinion were blocked, justice systems lacked credibility, and where security force abuses and government corruption went unchecked.
Although climate change and poverty are increasingly recognised as interlinked global problems, responses from governments and development agencies often focus on their scientific and economic dimensions only. This guide highlights the advantages and challenges of pursuing climate compatible development from a gender perspective.
The month saw Venezuela’s political, economic and humanitarian crisis worsen amid heightened tensions between the government and opposition, a situation which could lead to state collapse and regional destabilisation. Another major setback in electing a new president in Haiti prompted fears of further civil unrest. In West Africa, deadly violence in central Mali and south-east Nigeria spiked, while a power struggle in Guinea-Bissau led to a dangerous standoff.
This Discussion Paper has been prepared by a consortium of humanitarian assistance agencies in India to present a case for review of the decision by a few donors to discontinue support to India because of the apparent perception that India does not require overseas development assistance. It also reflects the commitment of humanitarian agencies to ensure that the Vision of “Zero Tolerance to Avoidable Deaths in Disasters” professed by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) of Government of India is honoured in letter and spirit.
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
The Paris Agreement, which was finalized at the Conference of Parties 21 (COP21) has been signed by 175 countries on April 22, 2016. This is the first step in implementing this historic agreement which seeks to limit global warming below 2oC. The ratification of this agreement, based on parliamentary discussion and approval within the signing countries would be the next step in making it come into force. Perhaps, this is the best time for nations to reflect on the best ways to implement the Paris Agreement.
A disaster or extreme event precipitates when hazards interact with existing vulnerabilities. This truism is particularly apt for the Indian state of Assam which is exposed to an array of hazards and is highly prone to disaster and climate risks. In response to the state's enhanced vulnerability, the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) routinely takes up various initiatives to build the resilience of Assam and its citizens to such risks. The All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) has partnered with ASDMA on several such initiatives.
NEW REPORT: CITIES IN POLLUTING COUNTRIES MOST AT RISK FROM CLIMATE INDUCED COASTAL FLOODING
- Miami and Kolkata ranked as most vulnerable coastal cities exposed to flooding
- Cities in carbon polluters USA, China and India most at risk
- UK ranks in the top 25 for most exposed future coastline
- Next week’s World Humanitarian Summit offers hope to tackle problem
To mark the start of Christian Aid Week, a new report by the charity highlights the world cities most at risk from future coastal flooding.
28 MILLION PEOPLE FORCIBLY DISPLACED BY CONFLICT AND DISASTERS IN 2015 AND MILLIONS MORE STILL INVISIBLE: IDMC NEW REPORT HIGHLIGHTS GLOBAL CRISIS OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Conflict, violence and disasters internally displaced 27.8 million people in 2015, subjecting a record number of men, women and children to the trauma and upheaval of being forcibly displaced within their own country.
In 2016, India is likely to hit a sweet spot and come to be seen – despite a host of domestic debilities and external vulnerabilities – as an island of growth and stability. This year, several countries whose internal dynamics are acutely relevant to India will undergo internal transitions of one sort or another.
The month saw fighting escalate again in Syria and Afghanistan, and erupt in Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenian-backed separatists and Azerbaijani forces. In Bangladesh, election violence and killings by extremist groups showed how new heights of government-opposition rivalry and state repression have benefitted violent political party wings and extremist groups alike. Political tensions intensified in Iraq and Macedonia, and security forces severely supressed opposition protests in the Republic of Congo and Gambia.
Following two consecutive below-average monsoon seasons, 330 million people are affected by drought across 10 of India’s 29 states, according to the government. Water shortages are severe. People are facing food shortages and livelihoods have been severely damaged.
How to make citizens in cities safe? This issue addresses this crucial topic.
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net is titled ‘Youth Leadership in Long Term Recovery’. Disaster recovery is an important phase of the disaster management cycle as it helps in the evolution of resilient communities. However, the voices of the youth are often left out of the recovery process. In January 2016, the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) invited 8 students from Oxford Brookes University to visit 2 districts of Gujarat to study the long-term impacts of recovery from the 2001 earthquake.
The current El Niño episode may be among the strongest on record (Earth Institute 2015). This year again, serious localized production shortfalls have occurred or are expected, creating an urgent need for policy actions to ensure adequate food supply and food mobility from surplus to deficit regions.