DRR or CCA: What matters in the end is resilient community. And that is what this issue aims at.
Disasters are often seen as extraordinary events that occur suddenly to cause widespread loss of life and property in the communities they strike. However, there are underlying causes of vulnerability that keep on incrementally increasing the exposure of a community to a disaster in over time. Thus, resilience building in an exercise of systematically identifying and reducing these underlying causes of vulnerability to build resilient communities.
The recently concluded 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) at New Delhi, India has provided a clear path for building resilience at the global, regional and local levels. The first important conference to be held after the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), AMCDRR 2016 also led to the finalization of the 'New Delhi Declaration' and the 'Asian Regional Plan (ARP) for Implementation of the Sendai Framework'.
1 Status of new vaccine introduction – worldwide, September 2016
9 Detection of Sabin-like type 2 poliovirus after global cessation of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine in Hyderabad and Ahmedabad, India, August–September 2016
1 Situation relative à l’introduction de nouveaux vaccins à l’échelle mondiale, septembre 2016
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the theme of 'Building Resilient Cities'. It highlights the importance of bringing Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation to urban planning in order to create safer spaces for citizens.
Annual Threat Assessment 2017
In 2016, EM-DAT preliminary data indicates that 301 country level disasters occurred, affecting 102 countries. The impact of which sums up to a total of 7,628 deaths, 411 million affected people, and US$97 billion of economic damages.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals are an inspiring and essential call to action. We are being called upon to end hunger by 2030 for everyone – forever. So how do we respond? How can we make this a reality?
The following case studies from Burundi, India and Malawi highlight several steps which are being taken towards achieving ‘zero hunger’ in three very different countries. They focus on the complex challenges faced and the progress made so far, and demonstrate how lessons are being learned along the way.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
This study discusses the potential role that Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) can play in disaster risk reduction activities and in mapping the disaster-related vulnerabilities of clients in order to assess opportunities for more effective disaster preparedness.
Climate change is having devastating impacts on communities’ lives, livelihoods and food security across South Asia. Its consequences are so severe that it is increasingly contributing to migration, and this incidence is likely to escalate much more in the years to come as climate change impacts become more serious.
In July 2016, the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir erupted in protests against the killing of prominent militant leader Burhan Wani by security forces. In the violent clashes that ensued between Indian authorities and protesters, at least 87 people were killed and thousands injured.
The various aspects highlighted in this issue of Southasiadisasters.net on the theme of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)' serve to describe how India has a long-standing tradition of corporate philanthropy, by explaining the CSR tradition in the country and different examples in which it has been applied. The clause 135 of the Companies Act 2012 describes the areas in which CSR projects are developed, however the guidelines do not mention directly the need for investing in DRR.
Who Suffers Most From Extreme Weather Events? Weather-related Loss Events in 2015 and 1996 to 2015
This policy brief shows that risk transfer through disaster insurance requires a flexible national framework to allow for tailored solutions at the local level. The document calls for the countries and their humanitarian and development partners to urgently ensure that governments can provide disaster insurance. A future dialogue for authorities to be informed and inform national and regional plans should feature in the Asia Regional Implementation Plans, AMCDRR declaration, and disaster management plans and policies, and collect better data to monitor progress.
The quest of the last 15 years to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) taught us that Global Goals can motivate and help sustain leaps in human progress. It also taught us that the specifics matter. In some places, the MDGs became a widely-recognized, consistent and important driver of local progress; in others, the role and impact of the MDGs was more ambiguous. A lot depended on way the MDGs were implemented: if local change agents made them meaningful locally; if local leaders drew on their legitimacy and visibility; if they were employed to solve real-life problems etc.
Globally, 2015 was the hottest year on record, beating the record set in 2014 and making it the fourth time this century that a new high temperature record was set. The situation in India is also worsening. In 2015, more than 2,300 people died, making it the 5th highest in world history in terms of mortality due to heatwave. Most of the deaths are concentrated in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Punjab, Odisha and Bihar. In 2016, the month of April 2016, has seen the highest recorded average global temperature ever.
Extreme weather increasingly linked to global warming
The World Meteorological Organization has published a detailed analysis of the global climate 2011-2015 – the hottest five-year period on record - and the increasingly visible human footprint on extreme weather and climate events with dangerous and costly impacts.
The record temperatures were accompanied by rising sea levels and declines in Arctic sea-ice extent, continental glaciers and northern hemisphere snow cover.
Le climat mondial 2011-2015: chaud et fantasque
L’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) vient de publier une analyse détaillée du climat mondial de 2011 à 2015 – période quinquennale la plus chaude jamais enregistrée – et de l’empreinte de plus en plus visible de l’être humain sur les phénomènes météorologiques et climatologiques extrêmes, dont les répercussions sont dangereuses et coûteuses.
Tsunamis are rare, powerful and unpredictable natural hazards, with devastating consequences for coastal populations caught in their path. The vast majority are caused by earthquakes in active seismic areas and occur along a limited range of inhabited shores around the world (Figure 1). In total, 16 major tsunamis killed 250,900 people in 21 countries between 1996 and 2015, according to EM-DAT records.