Super El Niño and climate change cause crop failures putting millions at risk of hunger
At least ten million poor people face hunger this year and next due to both droughts and erratic rains influenced by climate change and the likely development of a ‘super El Niño’.
This report on Malnutrition Risk Reduction and Nutrition in Emergencies in India is an outcome of the collaborative advocacy processes of Sphere India, National Coalition of Humanitarian Agencies in India in association with NDMA, Govt. of India, Welthungerhilfe and other members of Food and Nutrition subcommittee of Sphere India.
The report is divided into an introduction chapter and three sections:
• The introduction chapter provides information on background, aim and objectives and the process followed for compilation of this report.
The “Regional Asia-Pacific Workshop on Climate-Smart Agriculture: A call for action” was held on 18 to 20 June 2015, in Bangkok, Thailand, with the aim of sharing knowledge and experience on implementing Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) among stakeholders from the Asia-Pacific region. A total of 61 participants attended the Workshop, of whom 27 were representatives from 21 countries in the Asia-Pacific region. The Workshop resulted in the following conclusions and recommendations.
Over one-third of the 2.5 billion people worldwide who do not have access to improved sanitation live in India. Nearly 69 per cent of the population practise open defecation. Typically, the government of India’s national sanitation schemes have focused on building more latrines for reducing open defecation, health-related illness and child malnutrition.
1. Executive Summary
This project is conducted in response to Global Disaster Preparedness Center’s (GDPC) call of developing a comprehensive understanding of the implications of social media analysis tools for disaster preparedness, focusing on the Asia Pacific region.
The overall objective of this NCA is to provide a greater level of understanding regarding the possible causes of child undernutrition in the operational ACF-India area of Khaknar block, Bhuranpur district, Madhya Pradesh. In Burhanpur District, ACF is working closely with the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) at district and village level.
· The growing season of May-October 2015 in east Asia is unfolding under an evolving El Nino event that will peak in late 2015.
· Below average rainfall has been the dominant feature of the 2015 season across East Asia, particularly from Myanmar across to southern Vietnam, where noticeable delays in the onset of the agricultural growing season have already been detected.
From Ebola to the bombing of Gaza, civil society was the first responder to humanitarian emergencies during the last year, but faces dire threats and a funding crisis around the world, says a new report.
“During the last year civil society was everywhere, doing great work often at the frontline of the world’s challenges, but at the same time having to stave off threats to its very existence,” said Dr Dhananjayan Sriskandarajah, the CIVICUS Secretary-General on launching the organisation’s 2015 State of Civil Society Report.
19.3 million displaced by disasters but "mother nature not to blame"
In the last seven years, an estimated one person every second has been displaced by a disaster, with 19.3 million people forced to flee their homes in 2014 alone. Disaster displacement is on the rise, and as policy leaders worldwide advance towards the adoption of a post-2015 global agenda, the time has never been better to address it.
India: Accountability still missing for human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir
Twenty-five years after the introduction of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act in Jammu and Kashmir, the law continues to feed a cycle of impunity for human rights violations, Amnesty International said in a new report published today.
Peak fragility: Conserving mountain soils an urgent matter
New book on the importance of management of mountain soils
The broiling heat wave that suffocated parts of India with temperatures regularly above 110°F at the end of May — and killed around 2,000 people in just a few days according to estimates — has finally waned. But the deadly episode has focused world attention on the plight of vulnerable populations during such extreme events and raised questions about how to better prepare for such disasters when the climate could be tipping toward more of them.
IDMC's report explores the challenges in providing sustainable housing assistance to informal urban settlers displaced by disasters. It looks at nine case studies from Asia, America and Europe.
The report identifies the difficulties faced by urban informal settlers in receiving long-term housing assistance in post-disaster situations. Informal settlers are more exposed and vulnerable to displacement and are more likely to be relocated and excluded from the provision of durable housing assistance.
This study considers the different elements of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Disaster Management Centre (DMC)’s efforts over the last decade and assesses their impact in supporting the national capacities of member states.
Birger Fredriksen and Sukhdeep Brar
with Michael Trucano
This book offers policy options that can help reduce textbook costs and increase their supply. The book explores, in depth, the cost and financial barriers that restrict textbook availability in schools across much of the region, as well as policies successfully adapted in other countries. The book also provides a thorough assessment of the pros and cons of digital teaching and learning materials and cautions against the assumption that they can immediately replace printed textbooks.
Author(s):Johnson, Nancy L.; Kovarik, Chiara; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Njuki, Jemimah; Quisumbing, Agnes R.
The 26-year, $11 billion Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) is one of the largest public health programs ever. While global eradication remains frustratingly elusive, the GPEI has reduced the annual number of polio cases by more than 99 percent since the initiative began. In the process, it has developed innovative and important public health assets, both tangible and intangible.