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Ethiopia + 6 others
HIV/Aids complicates fight against kala azar

IN SUMMARY

The numbers

  • 300,000 - Or 90 per cent new cases of Kala azar infections every year. Bangladesh, Brazil, India, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nepal, and Sudan are the most affected countries, according to the World Health Organization.

  • 35 - Countries in which VL-HIV cases are reported.

  • 20pc to 40 per cent of patients with VL were also found to be infected with HIV in North Africa, one of the hardest hit areas.

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World + 42 others
Food Outlook - Biannual Report on Global Food Markets, October 2014

According to the latest edition of FAO's biannual Food Outlook report, global markets for most foodstuffs are more stable than they have been in recent years

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World + 11 others
Medical and nursing students’ intentions to work abroad or in rural areas: a cross-sectional survey in Asia and Africa

A cross-sectional survey reveals that less than one fifth of medical and nursing students in developing countries intend to work in remote and rural areas, where they are needed most.

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World + 5 others
BRICS: Building Education for the Future

Stronger collaboration between five emerging economies that have made major strides in building better quality education systems, can accelerate progress in education, a new UNESCO report recommends.

BRICS (Brazil, Russian, India, China and South Africa): Building Education for the Future is the first in-depth analysis tracking the successes and challenges facing education in the countries. BRICS are currently providing education to over 40 percent of the world’s population.

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Pakistan + 11 others
The 2014 Rainfall Season: South and East Asia

Highlights

• The dominant feature of the 2014 season across East Asia so far has been widespread rainfall deficits that led to delayed starts of the growing season across vast areas of the continent.

• Conditions were worst around mid July, followed by a general improvement, which still left moderate rainfall deficits as the predominant pattern. SE Pakistan has been the worst affected area, in particular for livelihoods dependent on rainfed agriculture and pastoral resources.

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World + 8 others
Violence against Women and Girls: Lessons from South Asia

Report
World Bank

A new report documents the dynamics of violence against women across the life cycle, and analyzes the societal factors that drive perpetrators to commit such acts in the region.

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World + 8 others
Improving Children’s Lives, Transforming the Future – 25 years of child rights in South Asia

New York, 11 September 2014 – According to a new UNICEF report released today there has been progress in the health and well-being of children in South Asia over the last 25 years, but glaring inequalities remain.

"More than 2 million children in South Asia die from preventable causes before their fifth birthday ever year and more than 35 percent of the region's children have chronic malnutrition,” said Karin Hulshof, Regional Director for UNICEF in South Asia.

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Prevention of HIV/STI Risk/Vulnerability Among Married Women Through Integration Within Primary Health Care in India

Worldwide, India ranks third in terms of the number of people live with HIV, affecting 2.1 million people according to recent estimates. Programming efforts aimed at vulnerable populations, including sex workers, men who have sex with men, injecting drugs users, and truckers, have resulted in a decline in the HIV incidence rate. Building off of that success, the National AIDS Control Program (NACP) is working to further accelerate progress in decreasing the transmission of HIV, by targeting increases in low prevalence states, including through spousal transmission.

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World + 3 others
Drought Risk Reduction in Agriculture: A Review of Adaptive Strategies in East Africa and the Indo-Gangetic Plain of South Asia

This report is a component of the Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS)–-funded project “Impacts of Climate Extremes on Future Water and Food Security in South Asia and East Africa.” The goal of the project was to characterize extreme drought events, to improve on a methodology to assess the probability of these events in the future under climate change, to illustrate their impacts, and to provide suggestions on coping strategies.

International Food Policy Research Institute:

Copyright © International Food Policy Research Institute

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World + 29 others
Hidden in Plain Sight: a statistical analysis of violence against children

Over the last decade, recognition of the pervasive nature and impact of violence against children has grown. Still, the phenomenon remains largely undocumented and underreported.

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World + 6 others
Assessing the Costs of Climate Change and Adaptation in South Asia

Description

With a population of 1.43 billion people, one-third of whom live in poverty, the South Asia developing members of ADB face the challenge of achieving and sustaining rapid economic growth to reduce poverty and attain other Millennium Development Goals in an era of accentuated risks posed by global climate change. Economic losses in key sectors, such as agriculture, energy, transport, health, water, coastal and marine, and tourism, are expected to be significant, rendering growth targets harder to achieve.

Highlights

Asian Development Bank:

© Asian Development Bank

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World + 1 other
Use of Seasonal Forecast Information in Farm Level Decision Making in Bundelkhand, India

Improving agricultural outcomes is an important means of addressing global poverty. The uncertainty of climate variability has a large influence over agricultural productivity. It can produce extreme climatic events such as floods or droughts that can significantly damage crop yields resulting in loss of livelihood and food security for small-scale farmers around the world. Additionally, farmers make farming decisions that reduce the risk of negative impacts resulting from climatic extremes but at the expense of increased yields and profits in advantageous climatic conditions.

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World + 1 other
Maharashtra’s Child Stunting Declines: What is Driving Them? Findings of a Multidisciplinary Analysis

Haddad, Lawrence; Nisbett, Nick; Barnett, Inka; Valli, Elsa

Abstract:

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World + 1 other
A Cross-Sectional, Randomized Cluster Sample Survey of Household Vulnerability to Extreme Heat among Slum Dwellers in Ahmedabad, India

Extreme heat is a significant public health concern in India; extreme heat hazards are projected to increase in frequency and severity with climate change. Few of the factors driving population heat vulnerability are documented, though poverty is a presumed risk factor. To facilitate public health preparedness, an assessment of factors affecting vulnerability among slum dwellers was conducted in summer 2011 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

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World + 1 other
OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2014-2023

Watch the press conference (Friday 11:30 am)

11/07/2014 - The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

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World + 3 others
Child Brides, Global Consequences- How to End Child Marriage

How to End Child Marriage
Authors: Gayle Tzemach Lemmon, Senior Fellow for Women and Foreign Policy, and Lynn S. ElHarake

Overview

Child Brides, Global Consequences is a collection of two previously published CFR Working Papers on child marriage: "High Stakes for Young Lives" and "Fragile States, Fragile Lives."

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Putting Agriculture on the Takeoff Trajectory: Nurturing the Seeds of Growth in Bihar, India

The Green Revolution bypassed the state in its first wave in the 1960s and 1970s. Subsequently, during a short interval in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the agricultural growth rate reached almost 3 percent per year, one of the highest in the country, though over a smaller base. Even this modest growth was short-lived, and stagnation has set in again. This report explores why.

International Food Policy Research Institute:

Copyright © International Food Policy Research Institute

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World + 3 others
Sheltering From a Gathering Storm: The Cost and Benefits of Climate Resilient Shelter

The 'Sheltering From a Gathering Storm' project has produced substantive information that will contribute to the transformative changes necessary to make communities more resilient to future disasters.

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World + 11 others
State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2014

Annual survey warns of severe consequences of ignoring global hate crime towards minorities and indigenous peoples

3 July 2014

Hate crime towards minorities and indigenous peoples is a daily reality in many countries across the globe, says Minority Rights Group International (MRG) in its annual report, but is often ignored by authorities.

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World + 4 others
What are the Factors Enabling and Constraining Effective Leaders in Nutrition? A Four Country Study

Nisbett, N., Wach, E., Haddad, L., and Shams, E. L.

IDS Working Paper 447

Leadership has been identified as a key factor in supporting action on nutrition in countries experiencing a high burden of childhood undernutrition.