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Putting Agriculture on the Takeoff Trajectory: Nurturing the Seeds of Growth in Bihar, India

The Green Revolution bypassed the state in its first wave in the 1960s and 1970s. Subsequently, during a short interval in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the agricultural growth rate reached almost 3 percent per year, one of the highest in the country, though over a smaller base. Even this modest growth was short-lived, and stagnation has set in again. This report explores why.

International Food Policy Research Institute:

Copyright © International Food Policy Research Institute

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World + 3 others
Sheltering From a Gathering Storm: The Cost and Benefits of Climate Resilient Shelter

The 'Sheltering From a Gathering Storm' project has produced substantive information that will contribute to the transformative changes necessary to make communities more resilient to future disasters.

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World + 11 others
State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2014

Annual survey warns of severe consequences of ignoring global hate crime towards minorities and indigenous peoples

3 July 2014

Hate crime towards minorities and indigenous peoples is a daily reality in many countries across the globe, says Minority Rights Group International (MRG) in its annual report, but is often ignored by authorities.

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World + 4 others
What are the Factors Enabling and Constraining Effective Leaders in Nutrition? A Four Country Study

Nisbett, N., Wach, E., Haddad, L., and Shams, E. L.

IDS Working Paper 447

Leadership has been identified as a key factor in supporting action on nutrition in countries experiencing a high burden of childhood undernutrition.

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World + 7 others
The 2013 Hunger And Nutrition Commitment Index (HANCI 2013)

Executive summary

What is the HANCI?

This report presents the Hunger And Nutrition Commitment Index (HANCI) 2013. It seeks to:

1 . Rank governments on their political commitment to tackling hunger and undernutrition;

2 . Measure what governments achieve and where they fail in addressing hunger and undernutrition – providing greater transparency and public accountability;

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World + 7 others
Limiting Armed Drone Proliferation

Authors: Micah Zenko, Douglas Dillon Fellow, and Sarah Kreps, Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow

Overview

The Obama administration should pursue a strategy that places clear limits on its own sale and use of armed drones lest these weapons proliferate and their use becomes widespread. These are the central findings of a new report by CFR Douglas Dillon Fellow Micah Zenko and Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow Sarah Kreps.

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Pakistan + 1 other
CTTA: Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis Volume 6, Issue 5, June 2014

Talking Peace with the Pakistani Taliban
ABDUL BASIT

Pakistan’s Economic Aid and Losses in the War on Terror
MUHAMMAD RAMZAN SHAHID

India: Counterterrorism under the New Government
ANTARA DESAI

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World + 1 other
Local approaches to harmonising climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction policies: Lessons from India

In the face of increasing climate-related disasters, calls for effective climate change adaptation policies are growing worldwide. Yet such policies often fail to gain priority status both nationally and locally and while the most severe impacts of climate change are being felt through major disasters, less dramatic events go unnoticed. Climate change and disaster risk reduction policies diverge from each other at the operational level, with little coordination among ministries and departments.

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Myanmar + 4 others
Bouncing Back - Relapse in the Golden Triangle

TNI's indepth examination of the illegal drug market in the Golden Triangle, which has a witnessed a doubling of opium production, growing prison populations and repression of small-scale farmers. This report details the failure of ASEAN's 'drug free' strategy and the need for a new approach.

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Addressing heat-related health risks in urban India: Ahmedabad’s Heat Action Plan

Higher daily peak temperatures and longer, more intense heat waves are becoming increasingly frequent globally due to climate change, and a new scale of coordinated action is essential to prevent the dangerous health effects of heat stress.

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Integrating climate change concerns into disaster management planning: The case of Gorakhpur, India

Gorakhpur District is recognised as one of the most flood-prone districts in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. The data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of floods, which are now recurring every 3–4 years. Gorakhpur District is home to 4.4 million people, most of whom live in rural areas. Roughly 20% of the population is affected by floods, and in some areas, flooding has become an annual occurrence, causing huge loss of life, health and livelihoods for the poor inhabitants, and extensive damage to public and private property.

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World + 9 others
Global Health: Science and Practice Journal Volume 2 | Number 2 | 2014

Highlights from this issue:

  • Do improvements in child survival lead to population growth?

  • What will it take to get family planning and population efforts back on track?

  • Are pregnant women prioritized for bed nets?

  • Are cesarean deliveries rising among low-risk mothers in Jordan?

  • Can traditional healers and pharmacists contribute to improving TB detection?

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Ethiopia + 3 others
Invisible Helpers - Women’s views on the contributions of working donkeys, horses and mules to their lives

Executive Summary

In 2011 there were an estimated 112 million working equine animals in the world, with 43 million donkeys, 11 million mules, and 58 million horses.i The large majority of these animals live in developing countries and provide daily support to hundreds of millions of poor households by doing a wide range of work in both urban and rural areas.

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World + 6 others
Scaling Up Nutrition In Practice: Effectively Engaging Multiple Stakeholders

This series of briefings – entitled Scaling Up Nutrition in Practice - presents the experiences of SUN country governments, and other national stakeholders, as they scale up their efforts to ensure all people enjoy good nutrition. Each briefing in the series focuses on a theme selected by SUN country government focal points as a focus for sharing their experience during the meetings of the focal points and country teams that take place every two months by teleconference.

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World + 54 others
Global Overview 2014: People internally displaced by conflict and violence

Report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre says this figure equates to a staggering increase of 4.5 million from 2012, signalling a record high for the second year running.

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World + 9 others
Addressing and Mitigating Violence: Uptake Strategy, Year Two Update

Introduction

Research uptake: For the purposes of this report we define uptake as the acknowledgement and use of evidence-based recommendations by those key stakeholders who we want to influence (i.e. whose behaviour or attitudes we are seeking to change).

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World + 2 others
Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2013 Estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, The World Bank and the United Nations Population Division

New WHO report shows 45 percent reduction in maternal deaths since 1990. An estimated 289,000 women died in 2013 due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth, down from 523 000 in 1990.

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Bangladesh + 1 other
Climate change in the coast of Bay of Bengal: Impact, Resilience and Implications

INTRODUCTION

This report presents the views, of hundreds of poor people living in the coast of Bay of Bengal, about climate change and its impact on their life, livelihood and environment. Concern Worldwide shares this report to wider public and policy makers considering its possible contribution to the ideas and knowledge that shape current climate change policy and actions in the study areas as well as international climate change negotiation in Durban in November 2011.

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World + 3 others
Violence against Women in Politics

Report
UN Women

New research reveals violence against women in politics rampant in South Asia

New Delhi - Violence against women in politics is rampant in South Asia according to a new study conducted by the Centre for Social Research and UN Women. The study, ‘Violence against Women in Politics’ revealed that the insufficient implementation of laws, lack of support from police and judiciary, the socio-economic divide and current power structures are the major reasons for violence.

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World + 7 others
Reading in the Mobile Era

UNESCO study shows effectiveness of mobile phones in promoting reading and literacy in developing countries

UNESCO has published a report explaining how mobile technology is used to facilitate reading and improve literacy in developing countries. The report was published today, 23 April, on the occasion of World Book and Copyright Day.