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World + 6 others
Assessing the Costs of Climate Change and Adaptation in South Asia

Description

With a population of 1.43 billion people, one-third of whom live in poverty, the South Asia developing members of ADB face the challenge of achieving and sustaining rapid economic growth to reduce poverty and attain other Millennium Development Goals in an era of accentuated risks posed by global climate change. Economic losses in key sectors, such as agriculture, energy, transport, health, water, coastal and marine, and tourism, are expected to be significant, rendering growth targets harder to achieve.

Highlights

Asian Development Bank:

© Asian Development Bank

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World + 1 other
Use of Seasonal Forecast Information in Farm Level Decision Making in Bundelkhand, India

Improving agricultural outcomes is an important means of addressing global poverty. The uncertainty of climate variability has a large influence over agricultural productivity. It can produce extreme climatic events such as floods or droughts that can significantly damage crop yields resulting in loss of livelihood and food security for small-scale farmers around the world. Additionally, farmers make farming decisions that reduce the risk of negative impacts resulting from climatic extremes but at the expense of increased yields and profits in advantageous climatic conditions.

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World + 1 other
Maharashtra’s Child Stunting Declines: What is Driving Them? Findings of a Multidisciplinary Analysis

Haddad, Lawrence; Nisbett, Nick; Barnett, Inka; Valli, Elsa

Abstract:

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World + 1 other
A Cross-Sectional, Randomized Cluster Sample Survey of Household Vulnerability to Extreme Heat among Slum Dwellers in Ahmedabad, India

Extreme heat is a significant public health concern in India; extreme heat hazards are projected to increase in frequency and severity with climate change. Few of the factors driving population heat vulnerability are documented, though poverty is a presumed risk factor. To facilitate public health preparedness, an assessment of factors affecting vulnerability among slum dwellers was conducted in summer 2011 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

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World + 1 other
OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2014-2023

Watch the press conference (Friday 11:30 am)

11/07/2014 - The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

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World + 3 others
Child Brides, Global Consequences- How to End Child Marriage

How to End Child Marriage
Authors: Gayle Tzemach Lemmon, Senior Fellow for Women and Foreign Policy, and Lynn S. ElHarake

Overview

Child Brides, Global Consequences is a collection of two previously published CFR Working Papers on child marriage: "High Stakes for Young Lives" and "Fragile States, Fragile Lives."

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Putting Agriculture on the Takeoff Trajectory: Nurturing the Seeds of Growth in Bihar, India

The Green Revolution bypassed the state in its first wave in the 1960s and 1970s. Subsequently, during a short interval in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the agricultural growth rate reached almost 3 percent per year, one of the highest in the country, though over a smaller base. Even this modest growth was short-lived, and stagnation has set in again. This report explores why.

International Food Policy Research Institute:

Copyright © International Food Policy Research Institute

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World + 3 others
Sheltering From a Gathering Storm: The Cost and Benefits of Climate Resilient Shelter

The 'Sheltering From a Gathering Storm' project has produced substantive information that will contribute to the transformative changes necessary to make communities more resilient to future disasters.

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World + 11 others
State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2014

Annual survey warns of severe consequences of ignoring global hate crime towards minorities and indigenous peoples

3 July 2014

Hate crime towards minorities and indigenous peoples is a daily reality in many countries across the globe, says Minority Rights Group International (MRG) in its annual report, but is often ignored by authorities.

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World + 4 others
What are the Factors Enabling and Constraining Effective Leaders in Nutrition? A Four Country Study

Nisbett, N., Wach, E., Haddad, L., and Shams, E. L.

IDS Working Paper 447

Leadership has been identified as a key factor in supporting action on nutrition in countries experiencing a high burden of childhood undernutrition.

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World + 7 others
The 2013 Hunger And Nutrition Commitment Index (HANCI 2013)

Executive summary

What is the HANCI?

This report presents the Hunger And Nutrition Commitment Index (HANCI) 2013. It seeks to:

1 . Rank governments on their political commitment to tackling hunger and undernutrition;

2 . Measure what governments achieve and where they fail in addressing hunger and undernutrition – providing greater transparency and public accountability;

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World + 7 others
Limiting Armed Drone Proliferation

Authors: Micah Zenko, Douglas Dillon Fellow, and Sarah Kreps, Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow

Overview

The Obama administration should pursue a strategy that places clear limits on its own sale and use of armed drones lest these weapons proliferate and their use becomes widespread. These are the central findings of a new report by CFR Douglas Dillon Fellow Micah Zenko and Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow Sarah Kreps.

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Pakistan + 1 other
CTTA: Counter Terrorist Trends and Analysis Volume 6, Issue 5, June 2014

Talking Peace with the Pakistani Taliban
ABDUL BASIT

Pakistan’s Economic Aid and Losses in the War on Terror
MUHAMMAD RAMZAN SHAHID

India: Counterterrorism under the New Government
ANTARA DESAI

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World + 1 other
Local approaches to harmonising climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction policies: Lessons from India

In the face of increasing climate-related disasters, calls for effective climate change adaptation policies are growing worldwide. Yet such policies often fail to gain priority status both nationally and locally and while the most severe impacts of climate change are being felt through major disasters, less dramatic events go unnoticed. Climate change and disaster risk reduction policies diverge from each other at the operational level, with little coordination among ministries and departments.

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Myanmar + 4 others
Bouncing Back - Relapse in the Golden Triangle

TNI's indepth examination of the illegal drug market in the Golden Triangle, which has a witnessed a doubling of opium production, growing prison populations and repression of small-scale farmers. This report details the failure of ASEAN's 'drug free' strategy and the need for a new approach.

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Addressing heat-related health risks in urban India: Ahmedabad’s Heat Action Plan

Higher daily peak temperatures and longer, more intense heat waves are becoming increasingly frequent globally due to climate change, and a new scale of coordinated action is essential to prevent the dangerous health effects of heat stress.

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Integrating climate change concerns into disaster management planning: The case of Gorakhpur, India

Gorakhpur District is recognised as one of the most flood-prone districts in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. The data over the past 100 years show a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of floods, which are now recurring every 3–4 years. Gorakhpur District is home to 4.4 million people, most of whom live in rural areas. Roughly 20% of the population is affected by floods, and in some areas, flooding has become an annual occurrence, causing huge loss of life, health and livelihoods for the poor inhabitants, and extensive damage to public and private property.

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World + 9 others
Global Health: Science and Practice Journal Volume 2 | Number 2 | 2014

Highlights from this issue:

  • Do improvements in child survival lead to population growth?

  • What will it take to get family planning and population efforts back on track?

  • Are pregnant women prioritized for bed nets?

  • Are cesarean deliveries rising among low-risk mothers in Jordan?

  • Can traditional healers and pharmacists contribute to improving TB detection?

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Ethiopia + 3 others
Invisible Helpers - Women’s views on the contributions of working donkeys, horses and mules to their lives

Executive Summary

In 2011 there were an estimated 112 million working equine animals in the world, with 43 million donkeys, 11 million mules, and 58 million horses.i The large majority of these animals live in developing countries and provide daily support to hundreds of millions of poor households by doing a wide range of work in both urban and rural areas.

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World + 6 others
Scaling Up Nutrition In Practice: Effectively Engaging Multiple Stakeholders

This series of briefings – entitled Scaling Up Nutrition in Practice - presents the experiences of SUN country governments, and other national stakeholders, as they scale up their efforts to ensure all people enjoy good nutrition. Each briefing in the series focuses on a theme selected by SUN country government focal points as a focus for sharing their experience during the meetings of the focal points and country teams that take place every two months by teleconference.